What’s the significance of the discovery of a naked Cupid in a 350-year-old painting by Vermeer? After years of study, the hidden figure was revealed in the “Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window” painting, housed at the Dresden Gemäldegalerie. It was a sensational find.

The film traces the many twists and turns that this picture has experienced in its history. The justification for re-exhibiting the painting in its new form is a sensation: the Cupid was apparently painted over after the artist’s death.

The enigmatic paintings of Jan Vermeer have fascinated art lovers for centuries. His oeuvre has been one of the most difficult for experts to conclusively decipher and has frequently been the subject of controversial discussions on a global level. Now, a gallery in the German city of Dresden has assembled the world’s top Vermeer aficionados, high-tech imaging techniques and plenty of cash. Why? Because what began as a regular restoration of a painting has now resulted in the radical alteration of an iconic image.

But who decides how paintings from the past should be analyzed? And how to respond to any surprising findings? This film ponders the prerogative of interpretation in art, in the past and the present. Will the revelation of Cupid finally help to uncover the enduring secrets of Vermeer?

Oğlunun ısrarları üzerine ona bisiklet almaya niyetlenen baba, gazetede gördüğü bir haber üzerine fikrini değiştirir ve oğluna bir saz alır. O sazı çalmaya başlayan çocuk, Anadolu’dan, köklerinden hiç kopmaz ve büyüdüğünde ülkemizin en önemli değerlerinden biri olur.

İşte o çocuk, Zülfü Livaneli.

Sunay Akın’ın; değerli müzisyen ve yazar Zülfü Livaneli ile hayatı, sanatı ve darbe yıllarında yaşadıkları üzerine yaptığı; hem hüzünle hem gülümsemeyle hatırlanan anıların eşlik ettiği samimi sohbete siz de davetlisiniz.

İşte O Çocuk serisinde, Sunay Akın’ın her hafta bir dostunu konuk ederek İstanbul Oyuncak Müzesi’nde gerçekleştirdiği sohbetleri paylaşacağız. Sanatın her alanına, ülke gündemine, geçmişe ve geleceğimize dair kıymetli ve bir o kadar keyifli sohbetleriyle ve birbirinden renkli ve değerli konuklarıyla Sunay Akın’ın samimi sohbetlerini kaçırmamak için resmi kanalımıza abone olmayı ihmal etmeyin.

İşte O Çocuk Ekibi
Yapımcı: Ali Ozan Akın
Yönetmen: Mustafa Köksalan
Kamera: H. Serhat Ak
Kamera: Alperen Yılmaz
Kurgu ve Renk: Dua Özbilenler Pamuk
Işık: İsmail Şara
Ses: Kamen K. Pamuk
İçerik Asistanı: Samet Karahasanoğlu
Dekor Uygulama: Güray Morgül
Set: Barış Akbaba
Catering: Safinaz Çamlıca
Ulaşım: Hasan Kırca

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 12, 2022

Su Altında İnşaatlar Nasıl Yapılıyor?

İnşaat, ekonominin en eski, karmaşık ve aynı zamanda dinamik olarak gelişen dallarından biri. Piramitlerin inşasından bu yana insanlar dahiyane, çılgın, görkemli mimari ve mühendislik projeleri gerçekleştirdiler. Bazen bu inşaatları tamamlamak için en beklenmedik ve işe en elverişsiz yerlerde çalışmaları gerekti. Ancak binlerce yıl boyunca inşa edilen her şey de dünyanın yüzeyine yapıldı.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 12, 2022

#Corsica (Cinematic video)

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 12, 2022

Russia’s Hidden Paradises

The exclave of the Curonian Spit forms the westernmost tip of Russia with the oldest ornithological research station in the world. In the far east on Kamchatka, Lake Kuril offers a paradise for the world’s largest brown bears. High in the north on Yamal live the reindeer herds of the Nenets. Climate change and gas production are rapidly changing their icy world.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 12, 2022

How higher education lost its shine

There has been a significant and steady drop nationwide in the proportion of high school graduates enrolling in college in the fall after they finish high school. Credit: Yunuen Bonaparte for The Hechinger Report

LA VERGNE, Tenn. — As the football and girls’ soccer teams sweated through summer practice on the athletics fields at LaVergne High School, a small group of adult advisers inside shared tales of their own ordeals.

They spoke of high school graduates who had balked at writing essays or filling out the forms required to apply to college. Of parents suspicious about divulging what they earn so that their kids could get financial aid. Of students sure there was easy money to be made on TikTok or YouTube, or in jobs at the Volkswagen plant in Chattanooga.

Part of a cadre of advisers deployed by the state to prod more Tennessee high school graduates into college, the women in this conference room have suddenly found their jobs to be much harder.

The proportion of high school graduates in Tennessee who are going directly to college is plummeting. Last year, it was less than 53 percent. That’s down 11 percentage points since 2017.

“He starts telling me, ‘I don’t want to do this,’ ” one adviser, Portia Cook, was recounting to her colleagues from the state program, called Advise TN, about a student at the top of his class who had changed his mind about continuing his education. “ ‘You’re talking about four more years of school? No.’ ”

Similar conversations took place nationwide this summer as worried state officials grappled with a dramatic and continuing slide in the number of Americans willing to invest the money and the time it takes to go to college. It’s a trend that experts say is likely to diminish people’s quality of life and the country’s economic competitiveness.

“With the exception of wartime, the United States has never been through a period of declining educational attainment like this,” said Michael Hicks, director of the Center for Business and Economic Research at Ball State University’s Miller College of Business.

There has been a significant and steady drop nationwide in the proportion of high school graduates enrolling in college in the fall after they finish high school — from a high of 70 percent in 2016 to 63 percent in 2020, the most recent year for which the figure is available, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.

The proportion of high school graduates enrolling in college in the fall after they finish high school has dropped from a high of 70 percent in 2016 to 63 percent in 2020.

Many observers have suggested three principal explanations for the falloff: the Covid-19 pandemic, a dip in the number of Americans under 18 and a strong labor market sucking young people straight into the workforce.

But while the pandemic made things worse, the enrollment downturn took hold well before it started; there were already two and a half million fewer students at colleges and universities by the time that Covid set in than there were in 2012. Another million and a half have disappeared since then.

Demographics alone cannot explain the scale of this drop. And statistics belie the claim that recent high school graduates are getting jobs instead of going to college; workforce participation for 16- to 24-year-olds is actually lower than it was before Covid hit, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, or BLS, reports.

Myriad focus groups and public opinion surveys point to other reasons for the dramatic downward trend. These include widespread and fast-growing skepticism about the value of a degree, impatience with the time it takes to get one and costs that have finally exceeded many people’s ability or willingness to pay.   

“The expectations of going to college from their parents, it died down — that if you don’t go to college, you’re a bum,” Ever Balladares said about why many of his fellow graduates of LaVergne High, southeast of Nashville, don’t plan to continue their educations, as he does. “They don’t think that anymore.”

Tennessee is not the only place experiencing this trend. While not all states measure college-going in the same way or have data for the same years, some have also seen declines much higher than the national average.

The proportion of high school graduates going to college in Indiana dropped to 53 percent in 2020, down by 12 percentage points from five years earlier — a pace Commissioner for Higher Education Chris Lowery has called “alarming.” In West Virginia, 46 percent of 2021 high school graduates went on to college the following fall, 10 percentage points below that state’s high of 56 percent in 2010.

Fifty-four percent of 2021 high school grads in Michigan went straight to college, down 11 percentage points from 2016. In Arizona, 46 percent of high school graduates in 2020 went to college the following fall, a drop from more than 55 percent in 2017. In Alabama, recent high school graduates’ college-going in 2020 fell to 54 percent, down 11 percentage points since 2014; and in Idaho, to 39 percent, down 11 percentage points since 2017.

Americans are increasingly dubious about the need to go to college. Fewer than one in three adults now say a degree is worth the cost, according to a survey by the Strada Education Network.

“That conversation has come up more frequently — ‘Is it worth it?’ ” said Jennifer Kline, a counselor at Festus High School in Festus, Missouri, a state where the proportion of high school graduates going straight to college is down by 6 percentage points since 2017, to 61 percent. “I just have more and more parents who are saying, ‘Nope. You’re not going to do that. You’re not going to a four-year college.’ ”

Her students’ parents “just don’t value education the way they did in the past,” said Amanda DeBord, an Advise TN adviser in a rural part of Tennessee. “I feel like that’s been slipping for a few years.”

On top of all that is growing dissatisfaction among recent university and college graduates with the value of the education they received.

More than four in 10 bachelor’s degree holders under 45 did not agree that the benefits of their educations exceeded the costs, according to a survey by the Federal Reserve. Only a quarter of recent grads in another survey, by the educational publishing and technology company Cengage, said that, if they could do it again, they’d take the same educational path.

That adds up to a lot of bad reviews passed down to younger siblings and classmates, who consider family and friends the most trustworthy sources about whether and where to go to college, according to a survey by Vox Global, for the Indiana Commission for Higher Education, that also combed through social media.

“If you don’t believe your degree was worth the cost and you tell everybody that, that has a huge impact,” said Stephanie Marken, a partner at the Gallup polling organization in its education division.

Meanwhile, months of discussion about whether the Biden administration will forgive all or some student loan debt has had an unintended consequence: It has reminded prospective learners just how much people before them had to borrow to pay for college. So has the fact that many of their parents are still paying back their student loans.

“The conversation about student debt they’re hearing constantly is playing into their perception,” said Samantha Gutter, chief access and outreach officer at the Tennessee Higher Education Commission, which surveyed high school seniors about their college-going plans.

“These numbers have been around for quite some time,” said Kim Cook, chief executive officer of the National College Attainment Network. “But right now, it’s just a world where this is more headline news.”

Other headlines include the ones about resurgent scams and scandals that have forced taxpayers to assume the debt of students whose colleges and universities misled them. The U.S. Department of Education in June discharged $5.8 billion worth of federal loans borrowed by students of the defunct for-profit Corinthian Colleges, for example. Cases such as that have “really put a sour taste in the mouths of some people,” Hicks said.

Between 2015 and 2019, Americans’ faith in higher education dropped more than their confidence in any other institution measured by the Gallup polling organization — an extraordinary erosion of trust, considering that list includes the presidency, Congress, big business and the criminal justice system.

“There’s anti-elitism, anti-institutionalism, a perception that cost is out of control,” said Marken. “We’re also having a hangover from a lot of bad actors in higher ed who misrepresented their product.”

These problems, now coming home to roost, were evident for years, but colleges and universities in general have done little to address them.

They stick to a policy of advertising prices few consumers pay but that discourage many from applying. They bury students in red tape that is especially confounding for the increasing number of would-be applicants whose parents never went to college. And they often fail to make clear connections between academic disciplines and careers or keep up with the demands of the fast-moving labor market. 

“We have not focused enough on outcomes,” said Ruth Watkins, former president of the University of Utah and now president of Strada Impact, which does research into what drives student behavior. “We haven’t been clear. We can do so much better.”

A degree does, in fact, still pay off. Workers with bachelor’s degrees earn 67 percent more than people with only high school diplomas, according to the BLS. More than half of “good jobs” — meaning those with salaries of at least $35,000 for workers under age 45 and $45,000 for people between 45 and 64 — call for bachelor’s degrees, the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce estimates.

When her students tell her that they plan to forgo college, said Cook of Advise TN — she calls them “my babies” and “my sweethearts” — “My pushback is, ‘You can go to work at Volkswagen, but what happens five or six years from now when you want to move up? You’re not going to be able to.’ ”

Yet since the start of the pandemic, the proportion of 14- to 18-year-olds who think education is necessary beyond high school has dropped from 60 percent to 45 percent, the ECMC Group found. More than half of teenagers who are planning on some further education say they are open to something other than a four-year degree.

Even high school graduates who plan to go to college admit to doubts.

“My whole life has been sports, but at the same time it’s still, ‘Is college really for me?’ ” said Dillon Phillips, who played basketball at LaVergne High and hopes to go pro but will start at a community college to “give me time to prepare” for the requirements of a four-year university.

The pandemic only deepened the fears of students who were already struggling with self-confidence and skeptical about college, said Thea Cole, who also counsels students for Advise TN. “Their GPAs have suffered. So some of them are, ‘I don’t know if I can get in,’ or, ‘It will be too hard.’ ” Cook is more blunt: “My kids have a shorter fuse. When things start getting complicated, they’re done.”

It’s not only recent high school graduates who are turning their backs on higher education. The number of students over 24 who are going for the first time or returning to college has also steadily declined, by a total of 12 percent in the five years between the spring of 2017 and the just-ended spring semester, according to the National Student Clearinghouse Research Center.

Covid-19 accelerated that slide, too. Fewer than four in 10 people with an associate degree or less believe that further education will help them land a stable job in an economic slump — down from half who said so before the pandemic — a Strada survey found.

“I blame higher ed for that,” said Marken. “One reason is the cost is out of control, but another is how cost is presented,” with institutions listing prices much higher than what almost any students actually pay after discounts and financial aid are accounted for.

“Most students don’t know that, and most parents who didn’t pursue higher education themselves don’t know that,” Marken said. “They’re going to count themselves out before they even apply.”

People aren’t entirely imagining that college costs are up, of course. Even when financial aid is counted, the inflation-adjusted average cost of a four-year college education has more than doubled  since 1974. The inflation-adjusted cost of a two-year degree is up by 66 percent.

New financial worries and inflation are aggravating the affordability problem. Many students who are enrolled say they’re having trouble covering tuition — especially those who attend community colleges, which have seen the most dramatic declines in enrollment. More than a third of those students say their financial situations are worse than before Covid, the Center for Community College Student Engagement found.

Community colleges and regional four-year universities “have traditionally served the populations that have faced the greatest challenges: managing child care, transportation, food insecurity. And in this moment, it’s just one thing too many to try to manage postsecondary education or training,” Watkins said.

Trying to get at the reasons so many people have stopped going to college, some states have conducted focus groups and surveys, revealing that the complexity of getting a higher education is to blame for at least some of the antipathy toward following through with it.

In Indiana, 70 percent of residents said they found trying to understand the state’s financial aid options “overwhelming.” In Tennessee, many high school students said they didn’t think they were eligible for state financial aid for which they probably actually qualified.

“We need to make it simpler for people. We see in black and white that the majority of people think it’s too complicated,” said Charlee Beasor, associate commissioner for marketing and communications at the Indiana Commission for Higher Education.

Other explanations include a lack of child care, which 38 percent of adults cite as an important reason that they’re not in college, along with the need to care for other family members, according to a Gallup survey.

Among the other findings of the Vox study for the Indiana Commission on Higher Education: Some Americans these days “balk at the idea of being told what to do by out-of-touch elites who don’t know them,” such as whether they should go to college.

“And they especially don’t want to be told their life isn’t good enough,” said Beasor — “ ‘How dare you tell me what I need to do to make my life better?’ ”

The growing disparities in college-going could widen the fissures already polarizing American society, Hicks said.

“Places like Los Angeles or D.C. or Chicago, they’re going to continue to draw a lot of college graduates,” he said. “For places that have a smaller share of college graduates, you’re going to have a more uncertain economic climate and lower wages.”

The effects are already unavoidable, said Cook, of the National College Attainment Network.

“Even if in a best-case scenario, we address this and turn it around and enrollment is back up — and that’s a giant if — just the last two years, it’s more than a million students who are not going on to graduate.”

The United States has already fallen from second to 16th since 2000 among Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development member nations in the proportion of 25- to 34-year-olds with bachelor’s degrees. The countries ahead of the U.S. on that list have increased their bachelor’s degree attainment during that time by an average of 177 percent, an analysis by the Pell Institute for the Study of Opportunity in Higher Education found.

In one state, Massachusetts, a think tank has already projected that lower college completion rates combined with baby boomer retirements and less immigration mean that the number of workers with degrees will fall by 10 percent, or 192,000, by 2030 — much more steeply than previously projected — compared to a 25 percent increase in each of the last four decades. It warned of “serious implications for the state’s economy.”

Even before the pandemic, the nation was facing a shortage of more than nine million college-educated workers over the next decade, affecting nearly every state and costing nearly $1.2 trillion in lost economic output, the center-right American Action Forum estimated.

Economic competitors “could wish nothing better but to see the share of [American] adults who go to college drop by 12 percentage points,” Hicks said. “It is literally cataclysmic.”

This story about college enrollment decline was produced by The Hechinger Report, a nonprofit, independent news organization focused on inequality and innovation in education. Sign up for our higher education newsletter.

Oğlunun ısrarları üzerine ona bisiklet almaya niyetlenen baba, gazetede gördüğü bir haber üzerine fikrini değiştirir ve oğluna bir saz alır. O sazı çalmaya başlayan çocuk, Anadolu’dan, köklerinden hiç kopmaz ve büyüdüğünde ülkemizin en önemli değerlerinden biri olur.

İşte o çocuk, Zülfü Livaneli.

Sunay Akın’ın; değerli müzisyen ve yazar Zülfü Livaneli ile hayatı, sanatı ve darbe yıllarında yaşadıkları üzerine yaptığı; hem hüzünle hem gülümsemeyle hatırlanan anıların eşlik ettiği samimi sohbete siz de davetlisiniz.

İşte O Çocuk serisinde, Sunay Akın’ın her hafta bir dostunu konuk ederek İstanbul Oyuncak Müzesi’nde gerçekleştirdiği sohbetleri paylaşacağız. Sanatın her alanına, ülke gündemine, geçmişe ve geleceğimize dair kıymetli ve bir o kadar keyifli sohbetleriyle ve birbirinden renkli ve değerli konuklarıyla Sunay Akın’ın samimi sohbetlerini kaçırmamak için resmi kanalımıza abone olmayı ihmal etmeyin.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 12, 2022

Europe’s climate in 2050

The speed and magnitude of the climate change we are facing today is unprecedented. Heatwaves, droughts, floods… We are feeling its effects on our daily lives, year after year. Its impacts will increase at least until 2050 and every region of Europe will be affected. Based on the results of the latest available studies, and in particular, on the 6th IPCC report, this film, produced by scientists in the framework of the European project EUCP, aims to present to the general public the climate changes expected in Europe in 2050. The researchers explain in an accessible way the variations in temperature and precipitation as well as the extreme climate events that European inhabitants will have to face. This film provides the keys to understand how climate will reshape our landscapes and lifestyles over the coming decades. … and to enable us to better anticipate the need for human societies to adapt to this partly inevitable climate change.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 12, 2022

Harput Dibek Kahvesi: Yerli Starbucks Avrupa yolunda

StoryBox’ın bu haftaki konuğu Harput Dibek Kahvesi’nin kurucusu Soyer Orhan… Farklı işlerle uğraştıktan sonra 10 bin TL’lik yatırımla başladığı yolculukta 110 şubeye ulaşan markasının hikayesini anlatan Orhan, “14 ülkeye Elazığ’dan kahve gönderiyoruz. Starbucks, nasıl ki Türkiye’de kahve isimlerini insanlara ezberleten marka haline geldi, bizlere esin kaynağı oldu. Biz de yerli Starbucks mantığıyla bu markaya rakip olarak çıktık. Ömür biter ama hayal bitmez. İlla ki daha büyük hayallerimiz var, daha yurt dışına açılacağız. Amerika, Kanada ve Almanya üzerinden şu anda kafe görüşmelerimiz devam ediyor. Amacımız oralardan birer tane markalarımızı taşıyacak yerlerin olması” sözlerini sarf ediyor.

Gör Beni serisinde bu haftaki konuğumuz Kozmik Dede. Bilime, tıbba ve psikolojiye inanmadığını söyleyen Kozmik Dede, dünyanın en iyi doktorunun insanların kendisi olduğunu ifade etti. Aklın sadece alıcı ve verici olduğunu belirten Kozmik Dede, gerçek gücün kalpten geldiğini dile getirdi.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 12, 2022

Teens, Social Media and Technology 2022

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 11, 2022

Hikaye anlatım aracı olarak algoritmalar

Eskiden hikâye anlatımı sadece sanatsal bir amaç olarak öne çıkarken, şimdiyse pazarlamanın olmazsa olmazı olarak kabul ediliyor.

Medeniyetimiz, dünyada aynı anda yaşayan en çok insanı barındıran, hemen tüm yer altı kaynaklarının aynı anda kullanıldığı, insanlığın kırdan çok kentte yaşadığı bir döneme şahitlik ediyor. Bütün bu karmaşık ve kaotik durumun yönetilmesi, herhangi bir kriz çıkmadan koordine edilmesi, günümüzün en önemli meselesi. Bunu sağlamak içinse en büyük yardımcımız dijital akıllı sistemler.

Bugün kentlerde kullanılan akıllı sistemler, şirketlerin sahip olduğu verileri saklamak için ihtiyaç duyduğu dev veri bankaları, otomasyon sistemlerinin her geçen gün daha fazla akıllanması, yapay zekâ teknolojilerinin hayatımızın hiç olmadığı kadar merkezinde yer alması ve diğer pek çok dijital akıllı sistemlerin varlık sebebi, bu zorunluluğun bir sonucu. Gündelik hayat, eğer bir kaos ya da krizle yüzleşilmezse, bu yönde ilerlemeye, gelişmeye devam edecek ve bugün henüz adımlama aşamasında olan dijital akıllı sistemler yarın daha gelişmiş şekilleriyle hayatımızda olmaya devam edecekler.

Yaşamın sorunsuz ilerleme zorunluluğunun yanında, şirketlerin kârını optimum düzeye taşıyabilmesi, sermaye akışının düzenli sağlanması ve en önemlisi de insan ihtiyaçlarının fazla olduğu ve hemen her şeyi satın alabileceği bir algı düzeyine gelmesi için de akıllı dijital sistemler hayati öneme sahip. Zira sınırları gezegenimizin tamamını kapsayan tedarik zincirlerinin kârlı bir şekilde sürdürülmesi için tüketimin sürekli olması ve piyasaya sürülen hemen her ürünün bir şekilde alıcı bulması kaosun engellenmesi için elzem.

Medeniyetimiz birbirinden farklı yapıları bir şekilde içerisinde barındırırken aynı zamanda büyük bir standartlaşmayı da bizlere dayatıyor. Maliyetlerin düşürülmesi gerekliliği, üretilen hemen her farklı marka ürünün birbirine benzemesini zorunlu kılıyor. Benzer özelliklere sahip ürünler, her geçen gün, bir yenilik olarak insanlığın karşısına çıkartılıyor. Bu durumda da her benzer ürünün farklı kullanıcılar tarafından tercih edilmesi için manipüle edilmesi gereken kullanıcılara ihtiyaç duyuluyor. Bunu sağlamak içinse hemen her yerde karşımıza çıkan veri ekonomisi ve algoritmalar yardımıyla kişiselleştirilmiş hikayelerin üretilmesi bir zorunluluk oluyor.

Otur baştan yaz beni

Başarılı hikâye anlatımı için daha önceleri elimizde kalem, kâğıt, ilham, okumak ve elbette ciddi bir çalışma disiplini gerekliliği vardı. Günümüzdeyse artık iyi hikâyeler için biçimlendirilmiş verilere ve bu verileri anlamlandırabileceğimiz algoritmalara ihtiyacımız var. Eskiden mutlu ailelerin birbirine benzediği ve her mutsuz ailenin kendine özgü bir mutsuzluğu olduğuna inanabiliyorduk. Ama artık algoritmalar sayesinde herkese yaşadığı durumun kendine has ve hikâyesinin biricik olduğuna inandırabileceğimizi biliyoruz.

Günümüzde özellikle büyük şirketlerin hikâye anlatımına, oyunlaştırmaya, deneyim tasarımına fazlaca yatırım yaptığı bir gerçek. Daha önce hikâye anlatımı sadece sanatsal bir amaç olarak öne çıkarken, şimdiyse pazarlamanın olmazsa olmazı olarak kabul ediliyor. Çünkü hem standartlaşmayı aşmak hem de şirketin hemen her görüşten insanı müşterisi haline getirip bir bağlılık sağlaması için hikâye olmazsa olmaz bir görev görüyor.

Hikâyeler tarihsel olarak her zaman anlam inşa etmenin, inancı var etmenin ve bağlılık kazandırmanın ana aracı olarak süre gelmiştir. Toplumlar, belleklerinde yer eden hikâyelere bağlılık duyduğu ölçüde kendisini bir topluluğun üyesi olarak hissetmekte, devletler birtakım emellerine, tarihsel hikâyelerini öne atarak meşruiyet sağlayabilmektedir. Şirketler de müşterilerinin devamlılığını sağlamak, yeni müşteriler kazanmak ve kârını maksimize edebilmek için güçlü hikâyelere ihtiyaç duymaktadır.

Şirketler nasıl hikâye yazar?

Şirketlerin duygusu yoktur ancak emelleri vardır. Emellerine ulaşmak içinse herkesin kendisine inanmasına ihtiyaç duyarlar. Örneğin petrol piyasalarında faaliyet gösteren bir şirket, meşruiyetini yitirmemek için hem ilerlemeyi önemseyenleri hem de çevrecileri arkasına almalıdır. Bunun içinse her kesime özel hikâyeler üretmesi bir zorunluluktur.

Buna en güzel örneği, Amerika’da faaliyet gösteren Exxon Mobil Corporation şirketinin reklam çalışmasında görülür. Şirket reklam çalışmalarında petrolün çevreye verdiği zarardan dolayı yeşil enerjiyi savunanları yanına almak için çevrenin korunması ve iklim değişikliğine karşı neler yaptığıyla ilgili reklamlar yaparken, ilerlemeci ve petrolün olmazsa olmaz olduğunu düşünenlere karşı da şirketin işsizliği azalttığı, Amerika’nın gücüne güç kattığıyla ilgili reklamlar hazırlamaktadır. Bu hazırladığı reklamları da veri ekonomisini kullanarak kişiselleştirilmiş profillere özel olarak sunmaktadır. Çevreci olanlar şirketin yazdığı doğaya saygılı olduğu hikâyesini okurken, ilerlemeci olanlar şirketin ülkelerine güç kattığı hikâyesine muhatap olur. Şirket yazdığı hikâyelerin doğru kişilere ulaşması için algoritmaları kullanır ve bu sayede hikâyesi ne olursa olsun her zaman kazanan meşru bir yerde kendisini konumlandırır.

Sadece Exxon Mobile değil, bankalar, oyun şirketleri, teknoloji firmaları da üründen çok ürününün hikâyesine odaklanmaktadır. Bugün özellikle Android işletim sistemi temelli geliştirme yapan telefon şirketleri, kendi telefonlarının farklı olduğunu göstermek için ürünleri etrafında güçlü hikâyeler inşa eder. Çünkü sahip oldukları Ar-Ge ürünleri, kullanılan donanımsal özellikler hemen her şirkette aynıdır ve kendilerini farklı kılmak ve pazarda güçlü pay elde edebilmeleri için inandırıcı hikâyelere sahip olmaları gerekmektedir.

Algoritmaları kullanarak anlatacağı hikâyelere odaklanan bir diğer şirket ise, film izleme platformu olarak dünyada hemen her eve uğramış olan Netflix’tir. Şirket, baştan sona sinemayla hikâye anlatmayı öncelerken, anlatacağı hikâyelerin ne kadarının kime gösterileceğini, hangi hikâyelerinse kimlerle muhatap edilmeyeceğine yine algoritmalar aracılığıyla karar vermektedir. Şirket, geliştirdiği özel algoritmalar sayesinde izleyicilerinin platformda en uzun süre kalmasını sağlamaya özen göstermektedir. Kullanıcının hangi filmden kaçıncı saniyede çıkıp bir daha geri dönmediğini, hangi sahnelere ne tür tepkiler verdiğini verileştirdikten sonra bu verileri algoritmalar yardımıyla anlamlı çıktılara dönüştürmekte ve her kullanıcıya, kişiselleştirilmiş, bir diğerinde olmayan bir hikâye izleme deneyimi vadetmektedir.

Hikâyelere en çok ihtiyaç duyanlar elbette özel şirketler değildir. Siyasi partiler de güçlü hikâyelere ihtiyaç duymaktadır. Kitleleri anlattığı hikâyelerin inandırıcılığı oranında arkasına alan siyasi partiler, günümüzde meydanlardan daha çok sosyal ağlardan hikâyelerini kitlelere sunmaktadır. Bunu yaparken de kitlelerin şirketlere verdiği verilerin yorumlanmasıyla yapmaya özen göstermekte, anlattığı hikâyenin kime ulaşacağını kestirmekte ve hikâyesini ona göre kurgulamaktadır. Cambridge Analytica şirketi, dünyada pek çok ülkede iki yüzden fazla seçim bölgesinde, liderlerin seçim çalışmaları ve propagandalarında verileri kullanarak algoritmalar yardımıyla hikâye anlatım süreçlerini inşa ederek seçimleri etkilemiştir.

Tüm bunların özeti olarak, günümüzde artık hikâyelerin dışında kurgulanan hikâyeler karşımıza çıkmakta ve anlatıcısının hikâyesinin de hikâyesini kurguladığı bir gerçeklikle birlikte yaşıyoruz. Hayatımızı sürdürmemiz için zorunlu olan dijital gelişmeler devletlerin, şirketlerin ve birçok şeyin varlığını koruması için bize karşı kullanılan aracılar olarak da görev gerçekleştiriyor. Bugün bizim verilerimizle bizi tanıyan makineler, hikâye anlatıcılarının hikâyelerini en verimli olacak şekilde algoritmalar aracılığıyla okuruna iletiyor. Okuduğumuz hikâyeler acıyı, öfkeyi, nefreti ve sevgiyi besliyor olsa da hemen hepsi üst planda kurgulanan daha büyük bir hikâyenin meşruiyeti için çaba harcıyor. Güldüğümüz, öfkelendiğimiz, nefretimizi artırdığını bildiğimi hikâyeler, bizim hikâyelerimizi bize karşı kullanarak algoritmalar karşısında bizleri güçsüz duruma düşürmek için kurgulanıyor.

Tüm bunlardan bize kalansa algoritmaların ağları arasında kendi hikâyemizin gerçekliğini arama çabamızı sürdürmek oluyor.


Posted by: bluesyemre | August 11, 2022

eGovernment Benchmark 2022

The eGovernment Benchmark compares how governments across Europe deliver digital public services.

The eGovernment Benchmark evaluates provision and delivery of eGovernment services in 35 countries across Europe, the 27 EU member states and Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, Albania, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey. Citizens from participating countries assessed digital government services, visiting and evaluating over 14,000 websites.

Malta emerged as the top ranked country in eGovernment with a score of 96%, followed by Estonia, Luxembourg, Iceland, the Netherlands, Finland, Denmark, Lithuania, Latvia, Norway, Spain and Portugal. The average performance across EU countries was 68%.

While administrations across Europe largely rose to the challenge and accelerated digital service transformation in the face of the challenge of the coronavirus pandemic, the report garnered three key recommendations aimed at improving eGovernment provision:

  1. Prioritise user-centric design to ensure that eGovernment services are inclusive to users in all their diversity, including users with poor digital skills or those living with disabilities;
  2. Rationalise the delivery of eGovernment services so that users may access all services related to their life event via single one-stop-shops.
  3. Streamline interoperability between the different layers and departments of government in order to provide a more coherent, less cumbersome experience.

The four dimensions used to evaluate online public services were:

  1. User Centricity – To what extent are services provided online? How mobile friendly are they? And what online support and feedback mechanisms are in place?
  2. Transparency – Are public administrations providing clear, openly communicated information about how their services are delivered? Are they transparent about policy making and digital service design processes, as well as about the way people’s personal data is being processed?
  3. Key Enablers – What technological enablers are in place for the delivery of eGovernment services?
  4. Cross-Border Services – How easily are citizens from abroad able to access and use the online services? And what online support and feedback mechanisms are in place for cross-border users?
  1. eGovernmentBenchmark 2022 – Insight Report (.pdf)
  2. eGovernment Benchmark 2022 – Background Report (.pdf)
  3. eGovernment Benchmark 2022 – Executive Summary EN (.pdf)
  4. eGovernment Benchmark 2022 – Executive Summary FR (.pdf)
  5. eGovernment Benchmark (2022) Factsheets (.pdf)
  6. eGovernment Benchmark (2022) Method Paper (.pdf)
  7. eGovernment Benchmark (2022) Source Data (.xlsx)
  8. eGovernment Benchmark (2022) Non-scored indicators (.xlsx)


1. İnsan Neyle Yaşar Her dönemde güncelliğini koruyan bir eser sunan Tolstoy, İnsan Neyle Yaşar? adlı kitabında  insanın özündeki iyilik, açgözlülük, hırs ve her anlamda birleştirici bir güç olan sevgi kavramlarını ele alıyor.

2. Saatleri Ayarlama Enstitüsü Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar’ın en ünlü romanlarından olan Saatleri Ayarlama Enstitüsü, Türk insanının Doğu ile Batı arasında bocalamasını irdeleyen bir eser. Konusu büyük ölçüde bir dolandırıcılık olayını temel alan kitapta ders çıkarılacak çok şey var.

3. Ermiş Halil Cibran’ın Ermiş’indeki sözleri herhangi bir dinden bağımsız olarak bilge bir rehberlik ve iç huzuru sunmaktadır. Kitap, ihtiyacımız olan bilginin zaten içimizde var olduğunu öğretir. Zamanın ötesinde bir kitap olan Ermiş, 100 yıldır raflarda yer alıyor.

4. Eğlenceli Bilimsel Deneyler Eğlenceli Bilimsel Deneyler serisi, hem çocuklara hem de yetişkinlere hitap eden bir dizi bilimsel deneyin yer aldığı bir kitap. Çocukların tek başlarına yapabileceği deneyleri barındıran kitap ile bilim ve teknolojiye olan ilgileri artacak.

5. Uçurtma Avcısı Afgan asıllı Amerikalı Yazar Khaled Hosseini’nin kaleme aldığı Uçurtma Avcısı, yazarın bizzat gözlemlerinden oluşan bir kitap. Kitap, uzun yıllardır siyasi karışıklıklar ve savaşlarla gündeme gelen Afganistan’daki insanlık dramına dikkat çekiyor.

6. Beyaz Gemi Geçmişi temsil eden dede ile geleceği temsil eden çocuk arasında dramatik bir ilişki kurarak insan duygu ve düşüncelerine kendine has yorumlar sunan Cengiz Aytmatov, kitaptaki çocuğun saf ve temiz dünyasından dünyanın acımasızlığına geçişini gösteriyor.

7. Küçük Prens Tüm zamanların en çok okunan ve sevilen çocuk kitaplarından olan Küçük Prens, yaş farkı olmaksızın herkesin gözdesi olmaya devam ediyor.

8. Beyaz Zambaklar Ülkesinde Beyaz Zambaklar Ülkesinde, özellikle Atatürk’ün önerdiği kitap olarak biliniyor. Petrov; eserinde ülkenin ekonomiden eğitime, sağlıktan tarıma kadar birçok farklı alandaki gelişimini kitabında herkese örnek olması için yazıyor.

9. İçimizdeki Şeytan Toplumsal gündemin kişilikler üzerindeki baskısını ve güçsüz insanın ‘kapana kısılmışlığını’ gösteren Sabahattin Ali, kitapta iki gencin bir anda alevlenen aşkının bencillikleri yüzünden ne derece değiştiğini ve çıkmaza girdiğini gösteriyor.

10. Kan ve Gül Fantastik bir polisiye kitabı olan Kan ve Gül’de aşk romanları çevirmeni Aziz, bir yangında küle dönüşmek üzereyken, zamanda yolculuk yaparak yirmi yıl öncesine döner. Üstelik yirmi yaş daha gençtir. Şimdi yıllar önce işlenen bir cinayeti çözmek zorundadır.



Gündeme ilişkin konuları yorumlamaya devam ediyoruz… Bu videomuzda karşınıza E-academy üzerinden gündeme gelen sahte üniversite diploması daha doğrusu parayı bastır al diplomayı konusu ile geliyoruz. Bilge Kağan isimli araştırmacı bir gencimizin ortaya koyduğu bu iş aslında çok yaygın ve bir çok kişi bu boşluktan doğan avantajdan yararlanıyor. Biz de bu konuyu ele alalım dedik…

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 10, 2022

12 Laws of Karma All Leaders Should Practice #JoshuaMiller

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 10, 2022

#TransformativeAgreements are not the key to #OpenAccess

Without a fuller embrace of repositories, the transition with be slow, partial and siloed, says Kathleen Shearer

For years, there has been a debate about the most effective strategy to achieve universal open access to scholarly publications. This has unnecessarily pitted two approaches against each other: the “gold” approach, based on open-access journals, and the “green” approach, based on open-access repositories. While there are strengths and drawbacks to each, both are critical – for the moment, at least.

The Plan S requirement for immediate open access has further fuelled the debate. In a recent article published in Times Higher Education, Springer Nature’s chief publishing officer, Stephen Inchcoombe, argues that transformative agreements (TAs) are the fastest route towards full open access. Yet these agreements – which allow researchers to both access journals’ subscription content and to publish in them open access – are only available to institutions or countries with the substantial funds required to pay for them. In addition, they sometimes take years to negotiate and, because most institutions will not be able to afford TAs with all publishers, they lock researchers into publishing in specific venues.

Moreover, TAs do not transform journals to open access, but make individual articles available for a fee. While such “transformative journals” are supposedly on a path to becoming fully open access, the real direction of travel is questionable. As such, transformative agreements alone will only result in a slow and partial transition to open access, with content remaining siloed in various publisher platforms.

That underlines the case for a parallel green route. Inchcoombe claims that repository content is of lower quality and has less visibility than the publishers’ version. But the accepted manuscript (the most common version found in repositories) contains the same content as the published version. In addition, articles in repositories such as arXiv, Pubmed Central and Zenodo, as well as many institutional repositories, are both highly used and highly cited.

Moreover, the repository route is much more than just a parallel system. It represents an investment in public research infrastructure that will expand over time and be responsive to the evolving needs of the research community. To optimise research communication, we need to have a diversity of content widely accessible for text and data mining. And not just articles: all valuable research outputs, such as data and code, should be made available through an interoperable network of trusted repositories.

Collectively, repositories represent a highly collaborative community. They are mostly hosted by long-lived research institutions and libraries whose missions are aligned with the aims of research and scholarship. And they are well positioned to support the innovation that is long overdue in article publishing itself. By linking articles to external peer review services and overlay journals, repositories offer a low-cost and flexible alternative to traditional academic publishing.

Moving towards a new ethos in scholarly publishing is important. The commodification of research outputs has not only led to unnecessarily high prices (first to access articles, and now to publish) and increasing market consolidation, it has also contributed to a significant decline in diversity and multilingualism in the academic publishing sphere, something critical for a healthy ecosystem. As the commercial publishers sought to increase their market share, they have taken over the smaller, more niche publications (often non-English journals, based at universities or academic societies) and transformed them into the kinds of “international”, English journals that are more likely to be recognised in the databases heavily used by universities and funders for research assessment and rankings.

The existence of a free version of a paper puts pressure on the publisher to reduce prices and improve services. This, of course, is why publishers resist the green route. They have a huge financial stake in transitioning the system to a pay-to-publish model to maintain their significant profits.

Of course, we could quickly get to universal open access if we paid publishers the vast sums in open access fees they demand. But, in a system where the actual costs of publishing represent a small portion of the per article fees charged, wouldn’t this money be better spent if it were invested back into research itself?

At the end of the day, we should be less concerned about the publishing industry’s desire to maintain its huge profits and focus on optimising publishing infrastructure and scientific funding to facilitate new discoveries and solve global problems.

As with Plan S, funders, which have an interest in maximising the impact of science, should set the terms and conditions for the availability of their funded research outputs. And universities and funders should redraw their assessment measures to recognise the quality of the research contained in the article, rather than the venue in which it is published.

The service providers will just have to adapt or perish.

Kathleen Shearer is executive director of the Confederation of Open Access Repositories.


Her yıl tatile çıkmadan önce evin salonundaki çiçekleri apartman koridoruna taşır ve sulaması için site görevlisi arkadaştan yardım isteriz. Döndüğümüzde tekrar yerlerine yerleştiririz. Tatilde iyi bakılmış olmalarına karşın genelde keyifleri kaçmış, bazıları solmuş, çiçekleri dökülmüş, yaprakları zayıflamış, yani eski neşelerini kaybetmiş buluruz onları. Bize biraz kızmış, darılmış ve küsmüş gibi görünürler. Bazıları da dayanamaz bu sürece, kuruyup ölür. Aslında kızdıkları, keyiflerinin kaçmasına neden olan şey sanırım o çok sevdikleri, alıştıkları, yaşadıkları yerlerinden, salondan uzaklaştırılmaları, başka bir yere götürülmeleri, göç ettirilmeleri. Kısa süreliğine de olsa yeni yeri sevmiyor, benimsemiyorlar. Orada aradıkları güneşi, ışığı, havayı, ortamı bulamıyorlar herhalde.

Yaşadığın yerden, toprağından, coğrafyandan, havandan, güneşinden uzaklaştırılmak, uzaklaşmak zorunda kalmak ne acı ve kötü diye geçirdim içimden. Çiçekler dahi dayanamıyor buna. Yıllar önce, başka bir ülkeden getirilen ve Ankara’nın anayol ortalarına dikilen ağaçların uzun süre hiç büyümemelerini, yeşermemelerini gördükçe de aynı şeyi düşünürdüm.

Çiçeklerin bu durumu üzerine kafa yorarken, kendi ailemin yıllar önce, doğup büyüdüğü, yaşadığı Balkan topraklarından 25-30 yaşlarında, tahta bavullarla, kucaklarında ve ellerinde çocuklarla, yoksullukla, büyük bilinmezliklerle ve biraz da umutla buraya yaptıkları göçü, o göçün duygu ve zihin dünyalarına etkilerini düşündüm. Onlar da bu çiçekler gibi olmuşlardır diye tahmin ettim. Trenle geldikleri ilk durak İstanbul’da dolandırılmalarını, birkaç gün konakladıkları ahşap oteli ve Gülhane Parkı’na hayran kalışlarını anlatıp durdular yıllarca. Ailem gibi aynı coğrafyadan gelen binlerce göçmen ile küçük bir ilçede mahalle kurmaları, bildikleri o berbat tütün işini yapmaya koyulmaları ve dayanışma içinde yaşama tutunmaya, kök salmaya çalışmalarını anımsadım yeniden. Şiveleri, yemekleri, türküleri, oyunları, şakaları, öfkeleri, küfürleri, giyimleri kısaca yaşam biçimleri geldikleri yerdeki gibiydi uzun yıllar; ve aslında hala öyle.

Tam elli beş yıl sonra annemi doğduğu, ayrıldığı topraklara götürdüğümdeki sevincini, şaşkınlığını, karmakarışık ruh dünyasını, hallerini anlatamam ama “beni hacılığa götürmüş kadar oldun oğlum,” deyişi onun değer dünyası bağlamında özetler duygu durumunu. Sokaklarda soluk almadan, yorulmadan yürüyüşü, tanıdık evleri gördükçe çığlıklar atışı, bir bahçede çalışan çocukluk arkadaşına haykırışını, Balkan Dağlarına uzun uzun bakışlarını ve hele de gelin gittiği evin avlusuna girdiğindeki şaşkınlığını ve gözyaşlarını unutamam. Özlemenin ete kemiğe bürünmüş haliydi tüm bunlar. Üç günde alışıverdi hemen. Şive döndü, duyarlılıklar, muhabbetler değişiverdi, oralı oluverdi anlayacağınız.

Ayrılışı, dönüşü anlatmaya gerek yok. Yeniden göç ediyormuş gibiydi. O da, uğurlayanlar da gözyaşlarıyla sarıldılar birbirlerine. Helalleştiler. “Bir daha görüşemeyiz,” dediler; görüşemediler de sonra…

Yerinden, yurdundan, toprağından olmak zor. Göç zor. Göçmenlik zor. Türkiye göçler coğrafyası. Hepimiz bir yerlerden göçmüşüz buraya; ya da buradan bir yerlere. Dünyada savaşlar, açlık nedeniyle ve insanca yaşam için milyonlarca insanın binlerce kilometre uzaklıklara yaptıkları göçleri gördükçe annemin “bir daha görüşemeyiz artık!” sözü geliyor aklıma.

İnsanın her şey bir yana, anavatanı olan çocukluğu ile, o çocukluğu yaratan coğrafyası ile bir daha görüşememesi ne kötü bir şeydir.

İşte, çiçeklerin beni götürüverdiği yer, zaman ve kavram bu oldu sabah sabah.

10 Ağustos 2022

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 10, 2022

Anger rates of European countries

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 10, 2022

How Libraries Benefit The Community

A library is a collection of information resources, in print or in other forms that are organized and made accessible for reading or study. It is the hub of every learning institution and facilitates boosting literacy levels in countries, continents, and the world at large. Libraries offer past and present information that help and equip patrons with explicit knowledge hence assisting to articulate and handle issues in the future.

Libraries have been around for a very long time, they started in the 7th century BCE in Iraq. Back in the day, before the advent of online search engines like google which is commonly used, people with questions commonly turned to the most reliable source they knew which was their local library; be it public, academic, private, or special.  All you had to do was ask, and the librarian would answer your question directly or refer you to a book, containing the information you sought. Before the internet, we had community centers where readers could acquire information.

Even with the presence of the internet libraries are still relevant to communities. They are a repository of knowledge and provide a lot of different library services to their visitors.

Libraries offer plenty of benefits to the community, but to highlight the main ones read below.

They provide public spaces

They are safe spaces where everyone is welcome, and everyone belongs. Modern, purpose-built libraries are cultural and community hubs that anchor surrounding development and draw disparate groups to one space. Public and nation libraries are so of importance to their users since most give free access to patrons to a conducive environment, and are well equipped with facilities and space that can make their users comfortable while accessing the information materials.

The library is a disciplined area to study, and many people find it very difficult to study at home because of potential disturbances. Maybe your roommates are noisy eaters, and you cannot concentrate on your work because of their loud chewing and it is irritating you together with other reasons, the only safe place to study happens to be your nearest library.

Availability of information materials

Public libraries play an important role in providing safe, accessible, and free information resource centers for every member of communities across the continent and countries. At a library, it does not matter how much money you make, because every resource there is free of charge, including books, internet access, and educational and professional training programs. Individuals and families, no matter their socioeconomic status, can count on their libraries to provide them with the information resources they need to succeed and the answers to important questions they cannot otherwise find. The library offers books of all kinds, and you there are many sorts of books to choose from. There are types of genres such as science fiction, fiction, and a lot more that are kept in the library for people to borrow. I can say the library is the biggest resource for books, periodicals, and digital information materials, librarians will make sure every reader gets relevant information. S.R. Ranganathan’s second law of library science says, “Every person his or her book,” which means that librarians are to serve a wide collection of visitors and acquire literature to fit a wide variety of information needs. Many Libraries try to achieve this by ensuring their visitors have relevant information to benefit from.

Free internet connectivity

With life is changing to digital, most libraries now allow visitors to enjoy free Wi-Fi by creating hot spots at different points in and around the library. With the free internet access, you can easily have every available resource around you plus a quiet and comfy environment that you can easily study in. Libraries have even subscribed to E-books and journals for their visitors to access for free with the help of Libraries’ internet connectivity.

Well trained human resource

A library is run on the shoulders of librarians. Librarians add a lot more to the overall library experience. They can provide you with a lot of knowledge. You can ask them for book recommendations, and referrals and they will have all the recommendations at their fingertips. If you have an assignment and don’t know where to begin a librarian will guide you and point out all the treasures that are buried behind books. Librarians are highly intelligent people and can brighten your day with great suggestions. They make sure the books are classified, cataloged, and well arranged for easy access and retrieval. Although in some countries people don’t realize that to be a librarian you must go to college to study either information science or librarianship, they only see it as magic how librarians are so well versed with library operation and the way they take their duties with ease. Yes, we go through training and graduate at different levels with the knowledge to serve readers.

Libraries are a great place to socialize and network

In today’s life, networking is one key thing that enables the community to grow socially and economically. With your community members, you can get to know people that have the same interests you do. This will help you build relationships with people of similar interests. If you are new to society, going to the local library will be a great way to socialize with the community members and you will learn a lot about the norms of that community.

Although some countries do ask for a little service charge to subscribe to the services in libraries you cannot compare the benefit you get from these libraries. As Charles Duncan Mclver said: “Education is expensive; the only thing more expensive is ignorance.”

Mark Mwendwa

Library assistant (Head Library Technical Section) at Machakos University Library in Kenya. Have worked for more than 9 years in an academic library and around 2 years in a public library. Have written several articles in Local Dailies all advocating for Librarian recognition and employment in institution of learning.

Bookinton Çok Satanlar Seçkisi Nasıl Yapılıyor?

Türkiye’de satılan kitaplar hakkında ne yazık ki resmi verimiz yok. Bu nedenle farklı kitap satış sitelerine girerek “çok satanlar” hakkında bilgi edinmeye çalışıyoruz. Hem okurların hem de yayıncılık dünyasının merakını gidermek amacıyla tüm kitap satış sitelerini ortak listeleyen bir içerik hazırlamak için yola çıktık.

Bu listeleri Edebiyat, Kurgu dışı ve Çocuk Kitapları olarak üç kategoride değerlendirmek istedik. Farklı modellerle karşılaştırmalar yaptık ancak her kaynak kategorilerini farklı şekillerde oluşturduğu için tutarlı sonuç elde edemedik.

Bu nedenle D&R, Remzi Kitabevi, Amazon, Pandora sitelerinde yayınlanan ve İstanbul Kitapçısı mağazalarından aldığımız haftalık çok satanlar listelerini ele aldık.

Bu liste şimdilik kitapçı satış listelerini göstermiyor. İlerleyen zamanlarda kitapçılar bizimle listelerini paylaşırsa onların da çok satanlarını listelemek ve siz okurlarımıza daha kapsamlı veriler sunmak isteriz.

Listede kırmızı renkte göreceğiniz kitaplara tıklayarak Bookinton’da yayımlanmış inceleme yazısına ulaşabilirsiniz.

Verileri her Cuma günü paylaşmayı planlıyoruz. Bu çalışmayı gönüllü olarak yapan Sema Utkueri’ye Bookinton olarak teşekkür ederiz.

Her türlü görüşünüz, öneriniz veya katkınız için info@bookinton.com adresinden bizimle iletişime geçebilirsiniz.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 10, 2022

Z-Library (Free #ebooks and #articles since 2009)


Posted by: bluesyemre | August 10, 2022

Millennials (A Marketer’s Manual)

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 10, 2022

The Strange, Secret History of Tenure

Academic tenure is again the object of public criticism — but this time feels different.

Conservatives have long claimed that tenure allows professors to become lazy, politically intolerant elitists who are unaccountable to the public. Recently they’ve prosecuted this case with renewed vigor: In the last several years, governors, state legislatures, and university boards across the Midwest and South have debated or successfully passed new restrictions on tenure.

These developments, already cause for concern, are more worrisome still because of the growing momentum of a set of specifically progressive objections. These newer critics argue that tenure inhibits racial diversity and gender equity, authorizes an ugly sense of privilege and hierarchy, and wrongly protects professors accused of misconduct — all while also failing to protect the job security of the great majority of those who today are actually responsible for teaching and research in the academy.

Tenure may or may not survive this moment intact. But we shouldn’t abandon or diminish tenure without first considering all of the reasons for retaining and even expanding it. Opponents and proponents of tenure alike have left understudied one of its earliest and strangest justifications, which emerges when it’s understood by analogy with the lifetime tenure of federal judges.

This “judicial analogy,”as I’ll call it, has many surprising twists and turns, not all of them pleasant for those who care about academic freedom. But it also provides some of the strongest arguments in support of tenure, especially during a period of political polarization and democratic decline. It deserves a hearing.

Readers of The Chronicle will be familiar with the idea that academic tenure is necessary as a means to two ends: 1. It establishes independence in teaching, research, and extramural activities; 2. it provides enough economic security to make the academic profession attractive to talented individuals. Beginning in at least 1940, when these claims were codified in the American Association of University Professors’ Statement of Principles of Academic Freedom and Tenure, academic tenure has been justified with reference to this double purpose: academic freedom on the one hand, economic security on the other.

The problem with this justification, as stated, is that it obscures its own nonacademic origin, and thus dilutes its account of tenure’s relation to politics, morality, and history.

Consider the AAUP’s 1915 Declaration of Principles on Academic Freedom and Academic Tenure, which is widely considered the founding document of academic freedom in America. In what is perhaps its central paragraph, the Declaration explains academic freedom by likening it to judicial independence:

So far as the university teacher’s independence of thought and utterance is concerned — though not in other regards — the relationship of professor to trustees may be compared to that between judges of the federal courts and the executive who appoints them. University teachers should be understood to be, with respect to the conclusions reached and expressed by them, no more subject to the control of the trustees, than are judges subject to the control of the president, with respect to their decisions; while of course, for the same reason, trustees are no more to be held responsible for, or to be presumed to agree with, the opinions or utterances of professors, than the president can be assumed to approve of all the legal reasonings of the courts.

That lifetime tenure is implied in this argument should be plain. Writing in Federalist #51, James Madison argued that permanent tenure of office would allow judges to free themselves from the control of the authority who appoints them.

This argument would be enshrined in Article III, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution, which established judicial independence by guaranteeing federal judges lifetime tenure of office on condition of good behavior.

Well before lifetime tenure was justified as a means to ensure academic freedom, in other words, it had already been used to establish the independence of the federal judiciary.

The same goes for academic tenure’s second main justification. According to not only the 1940 Statement but also to the AAUP’s 1915 Declaration, one of academic tenure’s most basic purposes is “to render the profession more attractive to men of high ability and strong personality.” Because the “pecuniary emoluments” of the academic profession are not equal to those of other professions, the 1915 Declaration suggests, it’s all the more essential that “men of high gifts and character … be drawn into it by the assurance of an honorable and secure position.”

No reader of The Federalist Paperswill fail to recognize the source of this claim. In Federalist #78, Alexander Hamilton argued that judicial tenure was necessary because in its absence talented individuals would have no reason to quit their lucrative law practices to become judges. Here as before, therefore, there’s at least a prima facie case that the two strongest justifications for academic tenure are borrowed from earlier justifications for judicial tenure.

The case becomes stronger once we turn from text to history. In his book on the AAUP’s founding, Hans-Joerg Tiede notes that the judicial analogy was inserted into the 1915 Declaration by the controversial Harvard Law School professor Roscoe Pound — one of 15 committee members responsible for drafting the Declaration between 1913 and 1915. Pound came by it, in turn, by revising a text first penned by John Henry Wigmore, an influential scholar of comparative law who was then dean of Northwestern Law School and who, in 1916, succeeded John Dewey as the AAUP’s second president.

Significantly, these two scholars had also worked together to challenge the system of the elective judiciary that had come to dominate state courts since the mid-19th century, when a wave of Jacksonian democracy abolished state judges’ lifetime tenure of office. In contrast to other legal progressives, whose outrage over the Supreme Court’s Lochner-era jurisprudence focused on the court’s composition, Pound and Wigmore favored structural reforms designed to improve public trust and confidence in the judiciary more generally.

Not coincidentally, judicial tenure was a consistent theme in Pound’s scholarship during these years. In 1914, one year after the philosopher Arthur Lovejoy invited Pound to help draft the 1915 Declaration, Pound published an article criticizing what he called a “false idea of democracy” — the view that any difference in training is a class distinction inimical to the spirit of American popular government. This false idea, Pound argued, was at the heart of the “change in the tenure of judicial office that swept over the country about 1850.” Pound furthermore argued that the crisis of the judiciary was due in large part to “illiberal decisions” made by popularly elected judges with short tenures of office. The institution of an “elective judiciary, holding for short terms,” Pound said, was not adequate to the task of the development of common law under conditions of rapid industrialization, intensifying urbanization, increasing economic complexity, and radical social transformation. Judges, he concluded, need more than just “popularity, honest mediocrity, or ignorant zeal for the public weal.” Before real social progress could be possible, it would first be necessary to repair a judiciary that had been stripped of the protections of lifetime tenure.

The influence of Pound and Wigmore certainly helps explain why the 1915 Declaration justified academic tenure by analogy to judicial tenure, not least because that analogy is missing from that era’s many other statements on academic freedom. But it also helps explain the curious way the Declaration takes up one of academic freedom’s most vexed questions — the problem of “extramural utterances.”

The ugliest disputes over tenure tend to begin when professors make controversial public statements about topics that fall outside of the four walls of their academic training. In recent years the rise of social media has intensified this problem, offering the professoriate’s fiercest critics a reliable source of perpetual outrage. But well before the problem of extramural utterances became the chronic crisis it is today, it was first a response to a set of questions generated by the judicial analogy.

The judicial analogy’s link to these questions is apparent in Wigmore’s December 1916 essay in The Nation called “Academic Freedom of Utterance: An Analogy Drawn from Judicial Immunity.” A version of the text he earlier circulated to Pound, Wigmore’s essay argued that academic freedom should be modeled squarely on judicial immunity. Judges, Wigmore argued, are protected against civil action from individuals claiming to have been wrongfully treated by judges acting in their official capacity as judges. In just the same way, he continued, professors whose utterances remain within the jurisdiction of their expertise should be able to expect absolute protection against anyone who might feel wronged by those utterances.

From this, Wigmore drew several conclusions. The first was a claim that persists today in the debate over extramural utterances. Just as judicial immunity protects judges from civil action only in their official capacity, and not in all domains of their life, so too “academic immunity” (as Wigmore called it) should protect professors only when they speak to matters related to the fields to which they’re appointed, and not in everything they say. For this reason, Wigmore suggested, professors should act like judges in another way as well: They should refrain from the most extreme forms of direct involvement in partisan politics (such as giving stump speeches or interviews in general newspapers). Because professors enjoy speech protections that ordinary citizens lack, in other words, it’s not unreasonable to expect professors to relinquish certain other rights in exchange.

A week later Lovejoy published a critical response to Wigmore. He pointed out, among other things, that federal judges are exempt from presidential control not only in their decisions but also in their purely personal expressions and their off-bench activities. As such, Lovejoy reasoned, the judicial analogy’s true corollary is that academic freedom should imply no restraints whatsoever on professors as citizens.

This exchange between two of the AAUP’s leading lights (Tiede calls Lovejoy the AAUP’s “primary founder”) helps clarify why the 1915 Declaration ultimately endorsed the judicial analogy only in limited fashion. It also helps explain the Declaration’s various equivocal remarks about extramural utterances. On the one hand, the Declaration stated, academic teachers should have minds untrammeled by party loyalties, enthusiasms, antagonisms, and personal political ambitions — a position that seemed to vindicate Wigmore. But the Declaration also repeated the claim that “it is neither possible nor desirable to deprive a college professor of the political rights vouchsafed to every citizen.” This, basically, had been Lovejoy’s point.

As for the problem of extramural utterances itself, the Declaration referred only to professors’ “peculiar obligation to avoid hasty or unverified or exaggerated statements, and to refrain from intemperate or sensational modes of expression.” At no point, however, did it connect the problem of extramural utterances to the contentious analogy that appears to have generated the need to speak of a “peculiar obligation” in the first place. By remaining silent on the obligation’s origins, the Declaration refrained from sharing the reasoning that led to its position on extramural utterances, thus limiting that position to mere exhortation.

But words that can’t be fully understood can’t give rise to fully effective norms either. If today the polemics over extramural utterances have become so painful, confused, and repetitive — turning the knot between free speech and academic freedom into a tangle — it’s in part because we’ve forgotten that the problem of academics’ “peculiar obligation” is anything but peculiar to academe.

The juridical analogy can help resolve some of this obscurity. Beginning at least with the 1804 impeachment trial of Samuel Chase — the only Supreme Court justice to have been tried for impeachment — federal judges have faced the question of what laws and norms ought to regulate their official conduct as judges, and how, if at all, those laws and norms ought to impinge upon their unofficial speech and conduct as citizens.

The Constitution offers two different answers to this question. On the one hand, Article II, Section 4 allows for the impeachment and removal of federal judges who are convicted of “Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.” On the other hand, Article III, Section 1 holds that federal judges “shall hold their Offices during good Behavior.” Between these two standards there exists a vast gray area, for there are countless ways for tenured judges to fall short of “good Behavior” without also committing high crimes and misdemeanors. For these sorts of bad behavior, judicial tenure seems to preclude the possibility of removal from office.

Here, as elsewhere, what holds for judicial tenure holds for academic tenure as well. The language in Article III, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution is derived from England’s 1701 Act of Settlement, which declared that judges should hold permanent tenure of office “on condition of good behavior” (quamdiu se bene gesserint). Significantly, the first charter of Yale University, which was also written in 1701, used the same Latin formula to describe the terms on which its rectors, masters, ushers, and other officers could expect to continue to hold office. Yale was no outlier. Over a century later, Thomas Jefferson would use the good-behavior formula to describe the sort of permanent professorships he envisioned at the University of Virginia.

These origins offer a stark contrast to the usual history of academic freedom. The conventional wisdom is that American academic freedom derives mainly from late-18th and early-19th century Germany, which gave us Lehrfreiheit and Lernfreiheit, the interlinked freedoms of teaching and learning. But to justify academic tenure, and to work through the tensions and ambiguities of extramural utterances, the founders of the AAUP didn’t turn to Kant, Fichte, and Humboldt. They looked to the norms of judicial tenure in the American judiciary. If today we seem to lack persuasive justifications for tenure, perhaps that’s because we’ve been looking for them in the wrong places.

The Act of Settlement’s legal Latin, in any event, didn’t make its way into the AAUP’s 1915 Declaration. What did is the related assumption that the well-behaved professor should behave like a well-behaved judge. Insofar as a professor is “fit for his position,” the Declaration states, he should be “a person of fair and judicial mind.” When he’s instructing young and immature students, it continues, he shouldn’t indoctrinate them with his own opinions but should instead habituate them to look patiently and methodically on both sides of an issue. Or, as Lovejoy himself would put it in 1930, the office of the scholar “has some analogy to that of the judge. His opinions must be not only competent but also disinterested.”

Professors should be impartial and even-handed. If this normative claim about professorial fitness seems to work, it’s because it works by analogy. It transposes a familiar legal maxim — audi alteram partem, “listen to the other side” — into a nonlegal domain, academie, where it quickly begins to malfunction and misfire. Are there really two sides to the idea that Jews are not lice but humans? That the Earth is not flat but round? That evolution and anthropogenic climate change are scientific facts? That there are no microchips in the Covid-19 vaccine?

At its strongest, the point of saying that professors should act like judges is simply to suggest (as AAUP co-founder Edwin Seligman did in 1930) that professors shouldn’t act like lawyers (hired guns whose expertise serves the interests of their paying clients). But pressed beyond a certain threshold, the image of the even-handed judge doesn’t clarify the question of what good professorial behavior is. It distorts it. It handcuffs professors to a sterile, formulaic epistemology (“substantive neutrality”) that stifles intellectual judgment before it even begins.

Those who criticize tenure today, of course, don’t limit themselves to claims about partisanship. They also say that lifetime tenure of office is an elitist, antidemocratic concept. In academe it therefore should be eliminated or reduced (and public accountability increased) by means of posttenure performance reviews, term limits, or outright abolition. And in the Supreme Court, it should be diminished (and, again, public accountability increased) by means of mandatory retirement, rotating court membership, or (again) term limits.

In both cases, we witness today a revival of the criticism Pound called pseudodemocratic over a century ago. Its claim is that lifetime tenure arrogates excessive power to out-of-touch elites who then, by virtue of tenure’s protections, become unaccountable to the very public on whose trust and taxes they rely. And in both cases, contemporary life has provided us with so many egregious examples of unaccountable judges and badly behaved academics that today nothing seems more reasonable than loss of confidence in these two ostensibly antidemocratic institutions of tenure.

But take a step back, and this lost confidence appears in a new light. Our present is characterized by worldwide democratic decline. The symptoms are everywhere: open disregard for the rule of law, marked decreases in competitive elections, rejection of ethnic pluralism and tolerance, growing civil conflict, deadlocked legislatures, and brutal assaults against the postwar international order. Under these conditions, readers should wonder whether our collective loss of confidence in lifetime tenure is really as reasonable as we suppose. Perhaps our new impatience with this old practice might be better interpreted as one among many worrisome signs of our worrisome times — which, not coincidentally, are defined by socio-economic acceleration, time-space compression, ever-shorter attention spans, and general pessimism about the future. Perhaps, indeed, what we need more than yet another attack on tenure is a chance to rethink the concept of public accountability that, at least in principle, is already immanent within it. And for this we need to turn from history to theory.

In the modern democratic tradition, where the place of the sovereign is occupied by the idea of the people, the danger of tyranny doesn’t disappear. It changes shape. It begins when a majority decides to rule in its own exclusive interest, without consideration for what Madison called the community’s “permanent and aggregate interests.” The authors of The Federalist Papers proposed to guard against this danger by designing offices whose counter-majoritarianism hinged on their specifically durable or lasting character. And they did so because considerations of time were central to the way they understood the problem they called “faction.”

Conceived as a kind of illness in which the public became internally divided against itself, attacking itself as if it were an external enemy, faction was also understood to afflict the public’s capacity for continuity over time. The danger of faction is that it permanently reduces politics to the pursuit of a series of opinions, whims, fits, caprices, and passions that are not only fleeting but also, for that reason, internally disconnected from one another. And where democracy’s ideas are short-lived, democracy itself is not long for this world either.

To help prevent this illness, the authors of The Federalist Papers proposed offices whose tenures were longer rather than shorter. Because short-term elective offices are exposed to faction’s vagaries and vicissitudes, any enduring democratic republic needs to be supplemented by long-term unelected offices.

Too many offices of this sort obviously mean death for democracy. But taken in the right dose, this same poison provides the cure for the disease, tyranny of the majority, to which democracies are uniquely susceptible. Long-term appointive offices, which may at first seem antithetical to democracy, thus have a very specific place and function with them: they immunize democratic communities against the form of self-destruction to which they’re constitutively vulnerable.

Judicial tenure of office, at least as Hamilton imagined it, is immunitary in exactly this way. The judiciary’s famous countermajoritarianism — which is better understood as an inoculation against the disease of faction — is conditional upon its undemocratic duration. Lifetime tenure of office may be the very antithesis of elective office, but it isn’t then the antithesis of democracy itself.

Quite the opposite, in fact. Its explicit goal is to allow judges to dedicate their lives to no other interest except the pursuit of justice, freeing them up to decide cases exclusively on no other basis except their professional conscience. And this goal implies a duration that, in turn, correlates to an obligation — call it a duty to continuity — that’s otherwise lacking in the elective institutions and practices of democratic politics.

Understood in this way, it’s a mistake to assume that lifetime tenure is necessarily elitist. Tenure’s wager is much simpler and also much more intricate than that. Its claim is that any public office that allows its holder to dedicate their life to “long and laborious study,” as Hamilton put it in Federalist #78, is also, at least in theory, an office that allows the public to immunize itself against faction’s fleeting fevers. Calling that antidemocratic is like saying a vaccine is the disease itself.

Is there a similar obligation implicit in lifetime tenure of academic office? According to Section 3 of the AAUP’s 1915 Declaration, titled “The Function of the Academic Institution,” the answer is yes.

[T]he most serious difficulty [of the problem of the university’s relationship to politics is the set of] dangers connected with the existence in a democracy of an overwhelming and concentrated public opinion. The tendency of modern democracy is for men to think alike, to feel alike, and to speak alike. Any departure from the conventional standards is apt to be regarded with suspicion. Public opinion is at once the chief safeguard of a democracy, and the chief menace to the real liberty of the individual. [An earlier draft indicated that the menace was to “the real liberty of democracy.”] It almost seems as if the danger of despotism cannot be wholly averted under any form of government. In a political autocracy there is no effective public opinion, and all are subject to the tyranny of the ruler; in a democracy there is political freedom, but there is likely to be a tyranny of public opinion. An inviolable refuge from such tyranny should be found in the university.

Fewer passages provide more prescient guidance for those who today worry about the tension between academic freedom and free speech. Because public opinion in democracies is double-sided — at once a promise and a threat — the academy’s relation to public opinion must also be twofold. Universities that propose to affirm free speech in its most libertarian form — turning the academy into a pure marketplace of ideas — consequently suffer a double failure. They not only lose any ability to distinguish a university campus from an internet chatroom; they also lose any ability to protect democracy against the tyranny of public opinion. Clearly, then, universities that think of freedom in terms of free speech alone thus risk neglecting academic and political obligations alike. But universities that turn away from the First Amendment altogether run another risk: They leave themselves without a good account of the academy’s relation to the public and to the Constitution.

The dilemma is resolved somewhat by the Declaration’s judicial analogy. It suggests that the university, no less than the judiciary, is necessary to the American democratic experiment. It furthermore suggests that lifetime tenure is the indispensable condition for the university’s performance of its countermajoritarian obligations. In just the same way that judicial tenure is the means by which the independent judiciary protects democracy’s ongoing capacity for justice, so too academic tenure is the means by which the autonomous university protects democracy’s ongoing capacity for truth. This is what it means for academic and judicial tenure to share not only a set of constitutional justifications but also a set of public obligations. The purpose of lifetime tenure, in academy and judiciary alike, would seem to be to protect the public’s permanent and aggregate interests under conditions where public opinion becomes so factious that it destroys its own fidelity to those interests.

But with this, the judicial analogy also hits a decisive limit. When judges speak in their official capacity as judges, their speech is protected by Article III, Section I of the U.S. Constitution. No similar constitutional basis exists to protect academics when they speak in their official capacity as academics. Instead, professors must rely upon Supreme Court holdings that imperfectly assimilate academic freedom to the norms of the First Amendment, and on trustees and administrators who don’t always seem convinced of the idea that, by preserving tenure, they’re serving the public interest in its highest and best form. The 1915 Declaration suggests that healthy democracies need their universities to be just as countermajoritarian as their courts. But when professors attempt countermajoritarian speech without also enjoying the immunities that protect judges, how salutary can we really expect that countermajoritarian speech to be?

This question is especially relevant today, when free-speech jurisprudence has become increasingly incoherent, and when too many university leaders believe that fiduciary responsibility means that academic appointments should assume the form of precarious, short-term contracts. Here the verdict of the judicial analogy is clear. Whatever their intentions may be, university leaders who abandon or diminish tenure aren’t at all living up to their responsibilities. They’re failing utterly to bequeath intact to the next generation of Americans an institution that, for all of its many flaws, nevertheless has an indispensable place and function in American democracy. And if the Declaration is right, the erosion of academic tenure that’s happened on their watch won’t at all remain merely academic.

This democratic theory of academic tenure is certainly compromised by the elitism tenure often entails. But notice how much the elitist concept of tenure depends on a prior elision in the way we today talk about tenure. In current parlance, tenure is either something an individual scholar “gets” or “has,” or else a set of long-term commitments an institution attaches to a “track” or “position.” The 1915 Declaration, by contrast, consistently speaks of tenure as an attribute of office. For the founders of the AAUP, at least, lifetime tenure seemed to be less a property interest or institutional commitment than the name for a certain kind of “duty” (the usual modern translation for the Latin officium).

Why is it that today not even the most ardent defender of academic freedom speaks of office? It’s as if we believed that the perplexities of office — the vast set of philosophical questions pertaining to moral and juridical obligation — were somehow inessential for our defenses of tenure. Or worse: that we’re unable to say what academic tenure is really for — what its deeper point or purpose is.

It’s telling, in fact, that those we today call “university officials” aren’t professors (only administrators) whereas those who (we say) “get” and “have” tenure aren’t “university officials” (but rather professors). Professors, once understood as the university’s permanent conscience, today no longer seem to speak about their office, whereas those in the university who do speak about their office don’t themselves pursue the truth, only propose to manage those who do.

Once tenure is disconnected from questions of obligation, in any case, there’s very little preventing it from being privatized into a special kind of property interest — job security — that a few academics possess and most lack. It only adds epistemic insult to economic injury that those who possess this job security sometimes also claim a corresponding liberty interest — the freedom to pass judgment on the opinions of their colleagues and fellow citizens, most of whom also lack the job security they enjoy. If this is all there were to tenure, who would dare defend it?

But this isn’t all there is to tenure. Taken to its logical conclusion, the judicial analogy discloses that lifetime tenure of office implies a fourfold theory of obligation. 1. Tenure isn’t a possession; it’s the prior condition for the performance of epistemic duties that are lifelong and indeed intergenerational. 2. It’s never individually owned; it’s only ever held in the name of the public interest. 3. It’s justified because the pursuit of truth, like the pursuit of justice, is permanently in the public’s interest. And 4. It sometimes obliges those who hold it to speak difficult truths to those on whose behalf it’s held.

This is all no doubt easier said than done. In today’s polarized world it seems delusional to speak of the public interest at all, for increasingly we experience only a set of open animosities, separate realities, and relations of mutual incomprehension. But the public the academy serves has always been factious to some degree. The 1915 Declaration itself was no mere scholastic exercise; it was occasioned by crisis, conflict, and chaos. It responded to a public riven by extraordinarily bitter divisions, fears, and hatreds (over monetary policy, Darwinian evolution, whiteness, and women’s suffrage, to name a few).

Today’s public may lack the shared epistemic horizons that allow for rational, civil debate. But it’s illusory to suppose that the birth of academic freedom dovetailed with some prelapsarian public that faction somehow left unscathed. It’d be better to say that the public interest the academy serves has always been less an empirical fact than an ongoing desire, an exhausting and perpetually disappointing aspiration we cannot not have — one that we abandon only at the cost of embracing something worse.

These deadlocks are as old as faction itself. But today they seem to have reached an unprecedented form. In the U.S., as in most countries, institutions of higher education have long been more secular and liberal than the communities around them. In the last several years, meanwhile, the federal judiciary has veered sharply right, handing down decisions that are less conservative than radical — and that seem destined to intensify the very forces of faction the judiciary is supposed to help calm.

Faction thus seems to have taken ahold of the two institutions that, in principle, are most capable of remedying it. And because these two cousined institutions each generate enduring forms of intergenerational continuity — the formation of enforceable precedents on the one hand, the education of young adults on the other — it seems unreasonable to hope that the fever will break anytime soon.

Today, indeed, it appears that the judicial analogy is less a figure of speech than a map for a collision course. Even in this newer and grimmer form, however, it remains instructive. If we don’t want to go down the road it allows us to foresee, we need to have the humility to admit that today we lack the language we need to name a better destination. Invention, that long-forgotten part of the art of rhetoric, should once again be our art too. Where words fail, after all, force must decide.

Adam Sitze

Adam Sitze is a professor of law, jurisprudence, and social thought at Amherst College. In the spring of 2022, he was a visiting fellow at the Institute for Human Sciences, in Vienna.


University of Leeds Libraries are one of the major academic research libraries of the UK, with globally significant collections and a strong service ethos. We play a crucial role in the creation, dissemination, application and preservation of knowledge, critical to the success of the University’s strategic ambitions. We are a major cultural hub, enriching the University and the wider community through our unique collections, rich resources, expertise and innovative services.

The world around us is rapidly transforming. We continue to act as agents for knowledge, but the form and channels through which this knowledge is created, curated, accessed and preserved has changed. It is time for us to accelerate our journey towards digital, to embrace open education whilst continuing to enrich the academic and cultural life of the University and our communities. We aim to achieve this through our vision for 2030, Knowledge for all.

Knowledge for all consists of four strategic programmes and three underpinning themes to support the University strategy Universal Values, Global Change. It builds on our past and acts as a compass for navigating our future. It positions us to become one of the greatest libraries in the world.


Posted by: bluesyemre | August 9, 2022

Metro of the World

All data about the subways are relevant at the time of the release of the video (July 2022). The author does not claim their accuracy. The video is based on the article – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of…

0:00 – 19th century 0:38 – 20th century 10:24 – 21th century

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 9, 2022

Voice Teacher reacts to #CemAdrian #Summertime

Today’s reaction was such a blast! This is my first time hearing Cem Adrian, and we’re listening to him sing Gershwin’s Summertime.


Welcome back to the Fluctus Channel for a feature on the laborious installation process of submarine power cables, and what makes these powerful cables so expensive to build and install.

Welcome to the World Green Building Council’s case study library. Here you can find examples of the world’s most cutting edge sustainable buildings. Each case study demonstrates a building that has enhanced performance in relation to health benefits and net zero operational carbon; as verified by established certification schemes, rating tools or other verification systems. Explore the map below to find examples from across the globe!


Posted by: bluesyemre | August 9, 2022

İyi Bir Araştırma Nasıl Yapılır? #AkademikLink

İyi bir araştırma yapmak, iyi bir tez konusu bulmak ve bunları doğru bir şekilde raporlamak, iyi bir makale yazmak ya da tüm bunların ötesinde kendinizi geliştirmek için doğru bilgiye ve kaynaklara ulaşmak. Günümüzde aslında en büyük yeteneklerden biri de bu, iyi bir araştırma yaparken doğru kaynaklara ulaşmak. İşte bu videomuzda, iyi bir araştırma yaparken yararlanabileceğiniz kaynaklar ve yöntemlere ilişkin bilgi vermeye çalıştık. Faydalı olması dileğiyle.

Quillbot’u incelemek isterseniz: https://quillbot.grsm.io/g2zmhh64zisu

Quillbot ve rakiplerine ilişkin yapılmış olan bir testin sonuçları: https://cplt.uitm.edu.my/v1/images/v1…

Google aramalarına ilişkin twitter bilgi selimiz: https://twitter.com/istatistikvean1/s…

Google Scholarda arama yapmak için: https://scholar.google.com/

Tüm alanların sınıflandırıldığı veri tabanı bilgileri: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of…

Yök tezleri aratmak için: https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 9, 2022

AirPano (A virtual journey around the world)


İş yerinde kadın olmayı FluTV’nin kadınlarıyla konuşuyoruz: Ebru Tabak Canikligil, Serpil Özcan, Mina Ekeman ve Beyza Kara bize kendi deneyimlerini aktarıyor. İş yerinde kadın olmanın avantajları, dezavantajları neler? Pozitif ayrımcılığa gerek var mı? Beyaz yakalı dünyada kadınların karşılaştığı zorluklar neler? Cam tavan nedir? Kadın dayanışması çalışma yaşamında geçerli mi? Kadınlar ve erkekler eşit mi değil mi? Kadın-erkek eşitsizliği ne zaman çözülür? Çeşitlilik nedir, neden önemlidir? Evli kadın mı, bekar kadın mı tercih ediliyor? Erkeklerle mi çalışmak daha kolay kadınlar mı? Kadın kadının kurdu mudur? Kadın patron mu daha iyi, erkek patron mu? Kadınları güçlendirme çalışmaları neler? Sosyolojiye göre güç çeşitleri nelerdir? Regl izni olmak zorunda mı? Doğum izni ne kadar olmalı mı? Süper anne sendromu nedir? Kadınlar neden bir sorun çıktığında ağlar? Erkekler neden ağlamaz? İş dünyasında anne olmanın dezavantajları neler? Kadınlar iş yaşamından uzaklaştırılıyor mu? Kadınların eşit ücret hakkı var mı?

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 9, 2022

History of the Istanbul Metro 1875-2022

The history of Istanbul’s transport, which is depicted on the official metro map (except metrobus). Thanks for watching!

0:00 – 19th century 0:20 – 1980s 0:40 – 1990s 2:05 – 2000s 3:54 – 2010s 7:12 – 2020s

Pandemide kapanmalarını engellemek üzere kitabevleri için para toplandı şimdi de çevrimiçi satış ile desteklenmeleri gerekiyor. Çünkü Hunter’a göre, kitapları odağına alıp gelişen toplumlar için kitabevlerinin önemi hayati! 10. Türkiye Yayıncılık Kurultayı kapsamında Andy Hunter’ın “Online Satışta Yeni Bir Seçenek: Bookshop Örneği ” başlıklı konuşmasını mutlaka izleyin.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 9, 2022

Luko Global Bicycle Cities Index 2022

The Dutch city of Utrecht has been named as the world’s most bicycle-friendly city by the Global Bicycle Cities Index 2022. The study, conducted by digital insurance company Luko, analyzed 90 cities across the globe, based on indicators grouped under six categories: the weather, bicycle usage, crime & safety, infrastructure, bike sharing opportunities and awareness events such as ‘No Car Day’. The final results are presented on a scale from 0 to 100, where the higher the score, the better the city. Utrecht is joined by eight other European cities in the top 10, with Hangzhou (China) the only non-European city in the top tier of the ranking.

As our chart shows, no American cities have made it onto the top 10 roundup, with San Francisco the highest-ranked U.S. city coming in at 39th place. Portland and Seattle are also among the top 50, in 41st and 50th respectively. U.S. metropolises aren’t known for being as bike-friendly as many of their European counterparts, where cycling for everyday transportation is more deeply ingrained in the culture.



Posted by: bluesyemre | August 9, 2022

Istanbul: Love of the continents

A full screen, 360-degree image lets you virtually travel to some of the most beautiful sites in the world, and the ability to look in any direction gives you the feeling of standing at on Mars, in Machu Picchu, on top Mt. St. Helens, or any of the other destinations we feature. The beautifully detailed, full screen panoramic photos give travelers a perspective unlike any other form of photograph. Destination360 and its team is the inspiration behind Fullscreen 360.


Posted by: bluesyemre | August 9, 2022

Yorgun Matador 1990 (#Ortaoyuncular #FerhanŞensoy)

İçinden Tramvay Geçen Şarkı’yı izledikten sonra Haldun Taner bana üstünde “CAMI” yazan, gizli mizah serisinden bir kitap getirdi. Kendine özgü alaycı gülüşüyle: – Karl Valentin’den sonra sen bunu yap!
dedi. Harıl harıl okudum, tanımadığım, kimsenin tanımadığı Cami ‘yi……. Çok ilginç… Beckett, Lonesco, Artaud, Arrabal hepsi var sanki içinde……. Hepsinden etkilenmiş demek ki bu Pierre Henri Cami, diye düşünüyor insan… Daha sonra anlıyorsunuz kimin kimden etkilendiğini, çünkü Cami’nin tevellütü 1884!
Karl Valentin’le akran. iki dünya savaşı görerek yitip giden kuşaktan.
Fakat Cami’nin oyunlarını sahnede gerçekleştirmek olanaksız geldi bana önce. Kimi oyunları bir sayfa… Kimi oyunları yarım sayfa…..
Dört perdelik oyunlar var, örnegin Haçlı Seferleri, birinci perde Paris, yarım sayfa, ikinci perde Anadolu’da geçiyor bir sayfa, üçüncü perde Kudüs yarım sayfa……. Son perde Paris’te aradan bilmem ne kadar zaman
geçtikten sonra….. Afallamış bulunuyorum Cami karşısında. Bir fotokopisini çıkarıp kendime kitabını götürüyorum Haldun Taner’e:

  • Nasıl olacak hocam bu iş?
    —Sen kotarırsın.
    diyor Haldun Taner, ağzının kıyıcığında o her zamanki alaycı gülücük.
  • Çok zor, hocam.
  • Karl Valentin kolay mı sanki?
    diyor Haldun Taner, gözlerinin dibi gülerek.
  • Bana yardımcı olursanız, birlikte belki bir şey çıkarabiliriz.
  • Hele sen bir başla !
    diye sırtımı sıvazlıyor, gülerek.
    Girişiyorum Cami’ye Haldun Taner’e güvenerek, Haldun Taner hiç ölmeyecek sanarak… Kısa süre sonraki ilk görüşmemiz Haldun Taner’in cenazesi.
    Cami bana, ustamın vasiyeti, fakat işin hüzünlü yanı, ustam izleyemeyecek oyunu.

Ferhan Şensoy
Arnavutköy, 18 Temmuz 1990


Pierre-Henri Cami / Ferhan Şensoy

22 Kasım 1990, ORTAOYUNCULAR

fotoğraf ve program kitabı düzenlemesi HEZARFEN FOTOGRAFYA
Afiş / Ön kapak MENGÜ ERTEL
Afiş / Arka kapak FERHAN ŞENSOY

gibi yapanlar

Çekim ve restorasyon: Bengitek – Ömer Şahin – http://www.bengitech.com

Yükseköğretim Kurumları Sınavı’nın (#YKS) tercih dönemi sona erdi. Üniversite tercihleri öğrencilerin geleceklerini ve belki de tüm yaşamlarını şekillendiriyor. Üniversite masraflarını karşılamak öğrenciler ve aileleri için her geçen yıl daha da zorlaşıyor. Peki, artan fiyatlardaki mevcut şartlarda öğrenciler gönüllerinden geçen üniversiteleri ve dolayısıyla meslekleri ne kadar tercih edebiliyor?

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 9, 2022

The Promise with #RogerFederer and #Zizou

A surprising story about a fan, one question, and one of the greatest tennis players of all time. It’s been 5 years since Izyan Ahmad, known to most as Zizou, challenged Federer to a match during the U.S. Open press conference. Together with Barilla, Roger Federer decides to surprise his fan by flying him to Zurich and fulfilling his promise. It’s time for Zizou to play against Federer, who has 20 Grand Slam titles to his name.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 8, 2022

Bu kelime yok


Posted by: bluesyemre | August 8, 2022

Inflation rates OECD June 2022


Posted by: bluesyemre | August 8, 2022

LAB25 (Libraries and Archives Blueprint 2025)

A five-year plan reimagining the future of libraries and archives.

“The pandemic has shown us that there is not much that can be predicted with absolute certainty. In this changed world and the world that we will transit into, we have to be prepared to adapt and ride on possibilities that present themselves. LAB25 is NLB’s response in this spirit and sets out how we will be with you as together, we refocus libraries and archives to empower you to learn and discover continuously to be ready for the future.

At its heart, LAB25 is an invitation to partners and the community to collaborate with NLB on a journey of innovation and experimentation to reimagine libraries and archives in Singapore.”

Ng Cher Pong, Chief Executive, NLB


Bazen en zorlu iş görüşmesi soruları en basit ve doğrudan olanlardır. Şu soruyu duymanız kesindir ve buna hazırlanmanız gerekir:

“Neden burada çalışmak istiyorsunuz?”

Benzer şekilde problemli “Kendinizden bahseder misiniz?” sorusunda olduğu gibi “Neden burada çalışmak istiyorsunuz?” sorusu belirli bir cevaba odaklanmanızı gerektirir. Görüşmeci herhangi bir ipucu veya bağlam vermez. Bir boşluk vardır. Peki bu doğaçlama yaparak herhangi bir şey söyleyebileceğiniz anlamına gelir mi?

“Neden Burada Çalışmak İstiyorsunuz?” Sorusunu Nasıl Yanıtlayabilirsiniz?

Bir iletişim koçu ve görüşme masasının iki tarafında da bulunmuş biri olarak ve 16 yıllık deneyimlerime dayanarak üç basit yaklaşım öneriyorum:

1. İşverenin ürünü/hizmeti/misyonuyla ilgili kişisel tutkunuzu ifade edin.

2. Bu roldeki sorumluluklardan neden keyif alacağınızı açıklayın.

3. Beceri ve deneyimlerinizi kullanarak bu rolde nasıl başarılı olacağınızı tarif edin.

Kısa ve öz konuştuğunuz sürece bu üç yaklaşımın herhangi bir kombinasyonunu kullanabilirsiniz. Aşağıda her bir yaklaşımı etkili bir şekilde nasıl ele alabileceğinizi açıklıyorum ve rehber olarak örnek cevaplar veriyorum.

1. İşverenin ürünü/hizmeti/misyonuyla ilgili kişisel tutkunuzu ifade edin.

İşverenler, işiniz hakkında tutkulu olduğunuzu bilmek isterler. Bu bir ürün, hizmet, misyon veya markayla ilgili olabilir. Ayrıca tutkunuzu şirketin temel değerlerine bağlayabilirsiniz. Bu değerler şirketin web sayfasında bulunabilir. Pozisyon hakkında tutkulu olduğunuzu göstermek, özellikle de kâr amacı gütmeyen bir kuruluşa başvurduğunuzda ve kişisel değerleriniz kurumun misyonuyla uyumlu olduğunda önemlidir.

Peki bu istekliliği nasıl iletebilirsiniz? CEO danışmanı Sabina Nawaz, “How to Show You’re Passionate in an Interview” başlıklı HBR makalesinde faydalı tavsiyeler sunuyor: “Bir şey hakkında tutkulu olduğunuzda, bu hayatınızın diğer yönlerine yayılır.” Hayatınızdaki bu örnekleri saptayın ve görüşme sırasında bunları paylaşın. İsteklilik ifade etmek “yüksek sesli konuşmak gibi şirketlerin tutkuyla bağdaştırdığı davranışlar anlamına gelmez.” Bu sizin için önemli olan şeyleri iletmekle ilgilidir.

Ayrıca, neden tutkulu olduğunuz konusunda açık olun. Sadece tutkulu olduğunuzu iletmeniz yetmez. Simon Sinek, nedenlerin öneminden bahsediyor. Nedenler bir satış konuşması veya CEO açılış konuşmasında olduğu kadar iş görüşmelerinde de önemlidir.

Örnek Yanıtlar

İşte tutkuyu etkili bir şekilde misyona bağlayan yanıt örnekleri.

  • “Hayatımın çoğu kısmında X’i elimden geldiğince destekledim, çünkü Y’ye inanıyorum.”
  • “X hem profesyonel hem kişisel yaşamım için çok önemli. Çünkü şuna inanıyorum…”
  • “X hakkında tutkuluyum ve aynı temel değerleri paylaşan bir kurum için çalışmaktan heyecan duyarım.”

2. Bu roldeki sorumluluklardan neden keyif alacağınızı açıklayın.

Bir işten keyif aldığımızda daha sıkı, daha iyi ve daha uzun süreler çalışabiliriz. Bir işveren de çalışanlarından böyle bir bağlılık bekler. İş ve keyif arasındaki bu bağlantıyı kurmak sizin sorumluluğunuzdur. Bu bağlantı “X’le ilgili çalışmaktan keyif alıyorum” kadar basit olabilir. Bununla beraber nasıl ve nedeni ifade etmek, söylediklerinizin daha değerli olmasını ve akılda kalmasını sağlar.

Örnek Yanıtlar

 İşte işi ve keyfi bağlayan yanıt örnekleri.

  • “Diğer insanların bir şeyler öğrenmesine yardımcı olmaktan her zaman keyif aldım. Okuldaki özel öğretmenlik deneyimim ve son işimdeki eğitim deneyimlerimden oldukça keyif aldım. Bu sebeple öğrenme ve gelişim departmanında çalışmaktan memnuniyet duyacağım.”
  • “Yazmaktan ve yazı düzenlemekten her zaman keyif aldım. Üniversitede gazete çıkardım ve stajyer olarak çalışırken web içerikleri hazırladım. Bu işin önemli bir kısmı yazmakla ilgili olduğu için heyecan duyuyorum.”
  • “Veri analizi yapmaktan, sayıları kullanarak bir hikaye anlatmak ve bir fikir iletmek zorluğundan her zaman keyif aldım. Bu işteki ekiple yapacağım veri görselleştirme işi için heyecan duyuyorum.”

3. Beceri ve deneyimlerinizi kullanarak bu rolde nasıl başarılı olacağınızı tarif edin.

Bir görüşmeci sizi kim olduğunuz ve şu anda ne yapabildiğiniz sebebiyle olduğu kadar gelecekte başarabilecekleriniz sebebiyle de işe alır. Sonuçta, sizi sadece işe almakla kalmaz, size yatırım yaparlar.

Bu rolde başarılı olup gelişebileceğinize dair özgüven ifade edin. “X’le ilgili deneyimlerimi düşündüğümde başarılı olacağımı düşünüyorum” veya “Becerilerimi X için kullanmak konusunda heyecan duyuyorum” veya “X yaparak katkıda bulunacağımı düşünüyorum” gibi ifadeler kullanabilirsiniz. Önemli olan, geçmiş deneyimlerinizin nasıl sizi şu ana getirdiğini açıklamaktır.

Örnek Yanıtlar

İşte neler olabileceğine dair bir resim çizen yanıt örnekleri.

  • “Bu pozisyonda başarılı olacağımı düşünüyorum. Çünkü geçmişte benzer işler yaptım ve bu müşterileri bağlamak için ne yapılması gerektiğini biliyorum.”
  • “İşbirliği ortamlarında en iyi şekilde çalıştığımı biliyorum. Dolayısıyla, hedeflerimizi uyumlu hale getirmek ve hedeflerimize ulaşmak için birden fazla departmanla çalışacağımdan dolayı heyecan duyuyorum.”
  • “Bu iş hakkında daha fazla bildi edindikten sonra projeleri daha verimli ve etkili yönetmeye yardımcı olabileceğimden eminim.”

Üç Yaklaşımı Birleştiren Örnek bir Yanıt

Yazma, yaratıcılık ve işbirliğinin temel öncelikler olduğu bir sağlık şirketi için varsayımsal bir pazarlama pozisyonuyla ilgili örnek bir yanıt:

“Burada çalışmak istiyorum çünkü ailemdeki doktorlarla birlikte, insanların sağlık sorunlarını çözmelerine ve bedenleri ve yaşamları hakkında akıllı kararlar almalarına yardımcı olma konusunda tutkuluyum. Ayrıca metin yazarlığını ve özellikle sosyal medyada editoryal stratejiyle ilgilenmeyi seviyorum ve en iyi yaratıcı fikirleri bulmak için meslektaşlarımla beyin fırtınası yapmaktan keyif alıyorum. Bu rolün gerektirdiklerini ve kurumsal misyonun bütünlüğünü düşündüğümde inanılmaz ilham alıyorum ve büyük ölçüde katkıda bulunacağımı düşünüyorum.”

En önemli tavsiye: Spesifik konuşun.

Yanıtınızı hazırlarken ne kadar spesifik olursanız, söyledikleriniz o kadar güçlü bir şekilde yankı bulacaktır. Aksine, ne kadar muğlak konuşursanız, söyledikleriniz o kadar jenerik ve basmakalıp algılanacaktır.

Yukarıdaki örnekte, kişi ailesindeki sağlık çalışanlarına, yazarlığa ve editoryal stratejiye odaklanıyor. Sadece yazmaktan bahsetmiyor ve işbirliğini ifade ederken daha spesifik bir işbirliği şekli olarak beyin fırtınasından bahsediyor. Bunların hepsi yanıtınızı daha kişisel ve benzersiz yapacak detay örnekleridir.

Ne Söylememelisiniz?

“Neden burada çalışmak istiyorsunuz” sorusunu nasıl yanıtlamamanız gerektiği açık olsa da belirtmekte fayda var. Şunları neden olarak söylemeyin:

  • Maaş hoşuma gitti.
  • Faydalar hoşuma gitti.
  • Unvan hoşuma gitti.
  • Uzaktan/X konumda çalışmak istiyorum.
  • Gerçekten istediğim başka bir işe giremedim.


Bir sonraki görüşmenizden önce, “Neden burada çalışmak istiyorsunuz?” sorusuna verdiğiniz yanıtın pratiğini yapın. Bunu yüksek sesle yapın, sadece kafanızda değil. Ve en iyi cevabın, onları neden istediğinizden çok, onların sizi neden istemesi gerektiğiyle ilgili olduğunu unutmayın. Tutku, coşku ve iyimserliği spesifik bir şekilde aktardığınızda görüşmecinin “İşte bu yüzden burada çalışmanızı istiyoruz” diye düşünmesini sağlayabilirsiniz.


Posted by: bluesyemre | August 8, 2022

Ya sizin isminiz nedir? #ZeynepDemir

İsim analizi, gezegenlerin harfleri nasıl etkilediğini ortaya çıkaran “akrofonoloji” denilen bir bilim koluyla açıklanıyor. Bu bilimde, harflerin karşılığı olan gezegenlerin özelliklerinin belirlenmesi ile isimlerin karakterlerini ortaya çıkarılıyor. Analiz buna göre çıkarılınca, genel özellikler ile isminizin karakterinize nasıl etki ettiğini siz de görmüş oluyorsunuz.

İsim analizi, gezegenlerin harfleri nasıl etkilediğini ortaya çıkaran “akrofonoloji” denilen bir bilim koluyla açıklanıyor. Bu bilimde, harflerin karşılığı olan gezegenlerin özelliklerinin belirlenmesi ile isimlerin karakterlerini ortaya çıkarılıyor. Analiz buna göre çıkarılınca, genel özellikler ile isminizin karakterinize nasıl etki ettiğini siz de görmüş oluyorsunuz.

Dünya kuruldu kurulalı insan gözüyle görüp, elleriyle tanımlayabildiği her şeye isim atfetmeye başladı. Ardından bu isimler yeterli gelmeyince elleriyle tutup, göremediği ve duyabildikleri soyut kavramlara da isimler vermeye başladı. Canlı veya cansız varlıkların dışında eylemlere karşı da isim vermeye başlayınca şu düşünceyi idrak etti. “Eğer bir varlığa, bir duyguya, bir nesneye veya bir olguya isim verebiliyorsa, onu resmi olarak tanımış ve varlık vermiş oluyordu.” Bir nevi insanın üç boyutlu algısında tanımlamış oluyordu.

Peki, isim analizi nasıl yapılıyor?

İsim analizi, gezegenlerin harfleri nasıl etkilediğini ortaya çıkaran “akrofonoloji” denilen bir bilim koluyla açıklanıyor. Bu bilimde, harflerin karşılığı olan gezegenlerin özelliklerinin belirlenmesi ile isimlerin karakterlerini ortaya çıkarılıyor. Analiz buna göre çıkarılınca, genel özellikler ile isminizin karakterinize nasıl etki ettiğini siz de görmüş oluyorsunuz.

Bu şekilde yapılan çalışmada, aynı ismi taşıyan insanların aşağı yukarı analizleri aynı oluyor. Bu da sizin “isimsel özellikleriniz” oluyor. Bu çalışma aynı astrolojide ki burçlar mantığıyla aynı çalışıyor. Aynı burcu taşıyan insanların genel hat analizleri nasıl aynı oluyor ise, isimsel analizleri de aynı şekilde aynı oluyor. Örneğin aslan burçlarının genel özelliklerini taşıyan kişiler gibi.

Evrende her sözcük bir enerjidir. Sesler de birer titreşim. Çıkan her farklı sesin bileşeninin titreşimi birbirinden farklıdır. Tıpkı parmak izleri gibi dersek daha kolay tanımlamış oluruz. Çıkan bu sesler evrende asla yok olmaz, sonsuzlukla serbestçe gezinir. Bu yüzden isimlerimiz de birer sözcük olduğundan her bir harfiyle geçmişimizden, soyumuzdan, ırkımızdan, rengimizden, dilimizden bugüne gelen geçit görevi üstlenir.

İsimlerimiz hayat boyu bize milyonlarca kez tekrarlanır. Bize ne isim takılırsa, o bizim duyularımızdan geçer ve titreşimi bizi şekillendirir. “Bir şeyi kırk kere söylersen gerçek olur” atasözünde söylendiği gibidir. Bize verilen isimlerimiz de böyle büyülü bir etkiye sahiptir. Bir süre sonra isimlerimiz biz, biz isimlerimiz oluruz.

Hadi hep beraber aşağı yukarı isimlerimiz bizi nasıl tanımlıyor bulalım mı? (Tabii ki, bu işin uzmanlarının yaptığı analizler gibi detaylı ve bilimsel bir çalışma yapmayacağız. Sadece genel hat çıkaracağız.)

Öncelikle, özelliklerimizin analizini yaparken alfabedeki her harfin zodyaktaki burçların enerjisine denk gelerek ilişkilendirildiği bir listeden yararlanacağız.

A: Liderlik, baskın olma, yöneticilik, önderlik. B: Duygusallık, önsezileri kuvvetli olma, ağırbaşlılık, naiflik. C: Güzel sanatlara yatkınlık, kendini kolay ifade etme, dışa dönük olma. Ç: Zevk ve sefa düşkünlüğü, eğlenceyi sevme, dünyadan tat alma isteği. D: Hırs, başarı isteği, girişim, başarıya odaklanma. E: Aynı anda zıt duyguları yaşama, içedönüklük, merhamet. F: Güvenilir kişilik, sorumluluk duygusu, sosyallik. G: İnatçı, gergin, güven arayışı, içedönüklük, hayal kurma gücü. H: Sakin, gerginlik, önde gitme duygusu, istikrarsızlık. I: Hassas, orijinallik, yalnızlığı sevme, duygusal, ince ruh. İ: Kırılgan, detaycı, kibar ve zarif. J: Kıskanç, istikrarlı, marjinal olmayı seven, yaratıcı düşünebilen.

K: İlham dolu, ikilem yaşayan. L: Sanatı seven, kabiliyetli, seçici, kendine güvenen. M: Yüksek zekalı, çalışmayı seven, eğlenceye düşkün, gerçekçi. N: Sağduyulu, cesaretli, değişikliği sevmeyen. O: Toplumu önemseme, ün sahibi olma isteği, gizemli olmayı seven. Ö: Duygularını dışa vuramama, utangaçlık. P: Kendinden emin kişilik, sakinlik. R: Heyecanlı yapı, kinli, affetmeyen, karar vermede zorlanma. S: Aşırı hayal kuran, entrikayı seven, hırslı. Ş: Hızlı, üretken, ileriyi gören. T: Ketum, güçlü, büyük idealleri olan. U: İnançlı, sakin, yardımsever, hümanist. Ü: Başarılı olmayı kendine hedef koyan, ağırbaşlı. V: Değişikliği seven, farklı tarzı benimseyen. Y: Geçmişle yaşayan, duygusal, kararsız. Z: Bilime önem veren, maddiyatı seven, hırslı.

 “İ-Ö-M-B-D-R-İ-Ç-C” harfleri eğer isimin başında ise bu kişilerin; ağırlıklı olarak huzur arayan kişiler olduğu söyleniyor. Bütün zorlukların üstesinden gelebilecek, geçmişiyle yüzleşmiş ve her şeyi geride bırakma sabrına ulaşmış kişiler yine başlangıç harfleri bunlar olan isimlerden çıkıyor. Ayrıca istediği zaman susmayı çok iyi becerebilen kişiler, başlarında yine bu harfler olan insanlardan çıkıyor.

“H-Ş-İ-M-B-Y-T” ile başlayan isimler ise; ortaklıklarla içe içe olunan ilişkilerde, fedakarlıklar ve yanılgılar ve kararsızlıklar yaşayabilecek kişiler olma ihtimali yüksek olan kişiler olduğu düşünülüyor. Bulunan ortamlara göre kariyer konusunda ki belirsizliklerin eğer bir tetikleyici ile tetiklenirse değişebilecek insanlar olduğu söyleniyor. Çünkü bu harflerle isminiz başlıyor ise, yeniden başlama enerjinizi kalbinizin en derinliklerine sakladığınızı ve bu ateşin ortaya çıkması için bir sebebe ihtiyacınız olduğunu söylüyor. Astrolojik olarak harfleriniz size artık kim dostunuz kim düşmanınız bilmeniz gerektiğini söylüyor. Hayat bu insanları biraz yoruyor olabilir, büyük bir açılımda büyük resmi görmenizi söylüyor.

“”K-M-N-V-Z” harfleri eğer isminizin içinde bir yerdeyse; çevreden gelen desteklerin sonunda yeteneklerin ortaya konulmasıyla mutlak başarı elde edebileceğini, ama artık işi ele almanız gerektiğini, aslında çok güçlü karakter olduğunuzu söylüyor. Bu harflere sahip olanlar; duygularını artık bir kenara koyarak mantığını devreye sokmalarını belirsizliklerin üzerini kapatıp, güçlü insanlarla yola çıkmalarını zayıfları bırakmalarını, anca bu şekilde sahip oldukları bilgiyi kullanabileceklerini ve de maneviyatının da ancak bu şekilde kuvvetlenebileceğini söylüyor. Unutmayın, hayat zor ve zayıflarla sizi yarı yolda bırakabileceklerle bu yola çıkılmıyor.

Bir de başarılı bir meslek hayatı için hangi harfler tercih edilebilir?

Bunun için bazı literatüre giren görüşleri söylemek istiyorum. Sadece 1945 yılında Shirley isminde bir astrolog on binden fazla ismin doğum haritasını çıkartarak analiz etmiş; 1980’den bu yana tüm dünyada seksen yedi binden fazla ismin doğum haritası çıkarılmıştır. Buna göre isim yelpazesinde; seslerin titreşimine göre, kariyer konusunda “K” harfinin baskın olduğunu belirtemeden geçemeyeceğim. Özellikle “A” ile başlayan isimlerde de enerjinin en yüksek olduğu görmüş bulunmaktayım. Bu konuda en açık örnek; Kemal Atatürk’tür.

Yine bir astroloğun kariyer konusundaki harf listesini de sizlerle paylaşmak isterim. Kendi hayatınızdaki kişilere göre analizinizi kendiniz yapabilirsiniz. İsimlerinde “A-K-S-M-U-Y” harfleri olanları şanslı olarak belirlemiş, bu kişileri borsa ve finans mesleği için uygun bulmuş. Bu kişileri özellikle borsa, finans, muhasebe, maliyet konularında yani sayısal mesleklerde başarılı olabileceğini söylemiş. “S” harfini, mimar, mühendis, yazarlık, gazetecilik ve medya konusunda yolunun açık olacağını; “M” harfinin finans, pazarlama, ticaret işlerinde başarılı olma ihtimalini yüksek bulmuş.  “K” harfinin yönetmekte iyi olacağını, dolayısıyla yönetici olması gerektiğini söylemiş. “L-C” harfi sanatın her kolunda kendini göstereceğini, “B” harfinin insanların çalışma hayatlarında, prosedür işlerini halletmekte uzman olacağını söylemiş. Yani idari işler ve insan kaynakları diyebiliriz.

Bundan dolayıdır isim analiziniz der ki, ya farkında olarak olman gereken kişi olursun ya da sana yakıştırıp verilenler seni tam da olman gereken kişi haline getirir.

En büyük sihir, dilden çıkan kelimelerdir. Diliyorum; güneşe aşık olmasına rağmen adı “ayçiçeği” konan çiçek kadar insanlar tarafından yanlış tanımlanmazsınız.


Posted by: bluesyemre | August 8, 2022

Most Powerful Tech Quotes (The Ultimate List)

The list includes classic quotes by Douglas Adams, Albert Einstein, and Thomas Edison, but also lesser-known thoughts that have been coined in the recent years.

A bit of reflection on how deeply we depend on technology is good for anyone, especially if you spend too much time in social media networks. This list of the most insightful technology quotes was first published at our sister site Ebook Friendly. Some quotes are visualized to let you easier share them in social networks. Cory Doctorow said once “This is why I loved technology: if you used it right, it could give you power and privacy.” The choice between using or not using technology. The challenge is to use it right.

Just because something doesn’t do what you planned it to do doesn’t mean it’s useless.– Thomas Edison

Our technology forces us to live mythically.– Marshall McLuhan

Technology is just a tool. In terms of getting the kids working together and motivating them, the teacher is the most important.– Bill Gates

It has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity.– Albert Einstein

All this modern technology just makes people try to do everything at once.– Bill Watterson

It’s supposed to be automatic, but actually you have to push this button.– John Brunner

Books may look like nothing more than words on a page, but they are actually an infinitely complex imaginotransference technology that translates odd, inky squiggles into pictures inside your head.– Jasper Fforde

I think that novels that leave out technology misrepresent life as badly as Victorians misrepresented life by leaving out sex.– Kurt Vonnegut

Technological progress has merely provided us with more efficient means for going backwards.– Aldous Huxley

The human spirit must prevail over technology.– Albert Einstein

Technology… the knack of so arranging the world that we don’t have to experience it.– Max Frisch

Technology frightens me to death. It’s designed by engineers to impress other engineers. And they always come with instruction booklets that are written by engineers for other engineers – which is why almost no technology ever works.– John Cleese

The great myth of our times is that technology is communication.– Libby Larsen

Technology made large populations possible; large populations now make technology indispensable.– Joseph Wood Krutch

TV and the Internet are good because they keep stupid people from spending too much time out in public.– Douglas Coupland

This is the whole point of technology. It creates an appetite for immortality on the one hand. It threatens universal extinction on the other. Technology is lust removed from nature.– Don DeLillo

The greatest achievement of humanity is not its works of art, science, or technology, but the recognition of its own dysfunction.– Eckhart Tolle

First we thought the PC was a calculator. Then we found out how to turn numbers into letters with ASCII – and we thought it was a typewriter. Then we discovered graphics, and we thought it was a television. With the World Wide Web, we’ve realized it’s a brochure.– Douglas Adams

Communications tools don’t get socially interesting until they get technologically boring.– Clay Shirky

Any sufficiently advanced technology is equivalent to magic.– Sir Arthur C. Clarke

Ethics change with technology.– Larry Niven

So much technology, so little talent.– Vernor Vinge

Programs must be written for people to read, and only incidentally for machines to execute.– Harold Abelson

For a list of all the ways technology has failed to improve the quality of life, please press three.– Alice Kahn

As a technology, the book is like a hammer. That is to say, it is perfect: a tool ideally suited to its task. Hammers can be tweaked and varied but will never go obsolete. Even when builders pound nails by the thousand with pneumatic nail guns, every household needs a hammer.– James Gleick

The ultimate promise of technology is to make us master of a world that we command by the push of a button.– Volker Grassmuck

Hardware: the parts of a computer that can be kicked.– Jeff Pesis

Technology presumes there’s just one right way to do things and there never is.– Robert M. Pirsig

Getting information off the Internet is like taking a drink from a fire hydrant.– Mitchell Kapor

If we continue to develop our technology without wisdom or prudence, our servant may prove to be our executioner.– Omar N. Bradley

Technology has to be invented or adopted.– Jared Diamond

Technology… is a queer thing. It brings you great gifts with one hand, and it stabs you in the back with the other.– Carrie Snow

The art challenges the technology, and the technology inspires the art.– John Lasseter

Computers are heaven-sent when they work and hell-spawn when they don’t.– Dani Harper

All of our technology is completely unnecessary to a happy life.– Tom Hodgkinson

Technology is anything that wasn’t around when you were born.– Alan Kay

Science and technology revolutionize our lives, but memory, tradition and myth frame our response.– Arthur M. Schlesinger

Technology is nothing. What’s important is that you have a faith in people, that they’re basically good and smart, and if you give them tools, they’ll do wonderful things with them.– Steve Jobs

Please, no matter how we advance technologically, please don’t abandon the book. There is nothing in our material world more beautiful than the book.– Patti Smith

Technology is teaching us to be human again.– Simon Mainwaring


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