Yerce Mimarlık, “hiçbir şeyi atma”, “eklerden arındır” ve “yeniden işlevlendir” yaklaşımlarıyla ele aldığı St. Michel Fransız Lisesi Kütüphane Renovasyonu (Mediatheque) projesinde, kütüphaneyi farklı kullanım senaryolarına adapte olabilen, tarihi binanın içerisinde merakı tetikleyen, öğrencilerin çokça zaman geçirdiği, canlı ve yaşayan bir merkeze dönüştürmüş 1886 yılında kurulan ve İstanbul’un önemli tarihi okullarından biri olan St. Michel Fransız Lisesi Kütüphanesi, kitap sayısının artması ile kitaplıkların yetersiz kalması, zaman içerisinde tarihi yapı ile uyumsuz yeni ekler yapılmış olması ve mekanın yapı fiziği yönünden sıkıntılar içermesi sebebiyle okul yönetimi tarafından renove edilmeye karar verilmiş.

Renovasyon sürecinde açılan davetli yarışmanın sonucunda Yerce Mimarlık’ın öğrenmeye, sosyalleşmeye ve yeni dünyalar keşfetmeye olanak tanıyan, mümkün olduğunca esnek kullanıma sahip, çok işlevli, açık öğrenme alanlarının hedeflendiği kütüphane tasarımının uygulanmasında karar kılınmış.

Tasarımda “hiçbir şeyi atma”, “eklerden arındır” ve “yeniden işlevlendir” yaklaşımlarıyla hareket eden Yerce Mimarlık, kütüphaneyi farklı kullanım senaryolarına adapte olabilen, tarihi binanın içerisinde merakı tetikleyen, öğrencilerin çokça zaman geçirdiği, canlı ve yaşayan bir merkeze dönüştürmüş. Öncelikle mevcut mekandaki eski mobilyaların, ihtiyaç sahibi iki ayrı okula bağışlanması kararı alınmış. Bu mobilyalar, bakımları yapılarak, yeni yerlerine adapte edilmiş. Böylece proje başlamadan, eski kütüphanenin başka okullardaki iki ayrı kütüphaneye hayat vermesi sağlanmış.

Mevcut alanın olduğundan daha basık ve daha küçük algılanmasına neden olan eklerinden arındırılması tasarımdaki öncelikli yaklaşımlardan biri olmuş. Tavan, duvar ve zeminlerde zaman içerisinde yapılmış, artık herhangi bir işleve sahip olmayan ekler kaldırılıp, mümkün olduğunca öze ulaşılmaya çalışılmış.

Zeminde yüz yıllık tarihi altıgen karolara ulaşılmış. Bu karolarda eksik kalan bölümler tamamlanmış.

İki büyük odada ve koridorda bordo ve krem renkteki tarihi karolara ulaşılırken karolara ulaşılamayan iki küçük odada ise, mekanda ferah bir etki yaratacak, dil birliğini devam ettirecek, krem renkte altıgen karolar yeniden üretilerek zemine döşenmiş. Eski ile yeni zeminin kendisini belli edip anlaşılır kılması sağlanırken uyumlu bir birlikteliğin ve sürekliliğin parçası haline getirilmişler.

Taşıyıcı kalın yığma duvarların, kütüphane alanını ortadaki koridor alanından ulaşılan dört odaya ayırdığı ve tasarımın başında iç mekan bölümlenmesini tanımladığı projede her odanın iç perspektifini genişletmenin ve aldığı doğal ışık seviyesinin en üst noktaya taşımanın yolları araştırılmış.

Koridor ile odalar arasında kalan ara yüzde geniş cam yüzeyler tasarlanarak, odalar arası görsel geçirgenlik arttırılmış ve doğal ışığın mümkün olduğunca iç noktalara ulaşması sağlanmış. Dört odayı birbirine bağlayan koridor, her mekanın içinde neler olup bittiğine dair fikir sahibi olunabilecek bir iç sokağa dönüştürülmüş.

Gün ışığını gereken noktalarda destekleyen yapay ışık senaryoları ile iyi aydınlatılan, öğrencilerin içinde zaman geçirmekten keyif aldıkları, ferah etkiye sahip okuma alanları elde edilmiş. Odalarda çeperde, iki kenar boyunca yer alan kitap rafları sayesinde istenilen kitap sayısı karşılanırken, orta alanlarda esnek kullanım senaryolarına imkan tanıyacak modüler puflar ve masalar tasarlanmış.


İki büyük oda, Forum ve Atrium ana toplanma ve buluşma mekanları olarak işlevlendirilmiş. Studium, konsantre çalışma alanı olarak planlanırken Latince’de ‘Ada’ anlamına gelen Insula da kütüphane içinde öğrencileri sanatla, çizgi romanlar ve dergilerle buluşturan rahatlama noktası olarak düşünülmüş.

https://www.milliyet.com.tr/vitrin/mediatheque-6779750

https://pmb.sm.k12.tr/opac_css/

https://www.egemenyerce.com/

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 27, 2022

Moving forward after the Pandemic

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 27, 2022

10 Surprising Former Librarians

Author Lewis Carroll. / Culture Club/GettyImages

Everyone from authors and politicians to a former first lady and a comic book character once worked among the bookshelves at a library.

1. Mao Zedong

Before he led the Communist Party of China, Mao Zedong worked as a librarian’s assistant at Peking University between 1918 and 1919. He needed a job, and earned only $8 a month carrying periodicals to the readers and organizing shelves. “My office was so low that people avoided me,” he once said.

2. J. Edgar Hoover

The future FBI director got his start in government when he worked at the Library of Congress while attending night school at George Washington Law School. At GWU, you had to be a government employee to attend night school. He started as a messenger, but soon rose in rank to cataloger, then clerk. While working at the Library of Congress, Hoover mastered the Dewey Decimal System, which became the model for the FBI’s Central Records System.

3. Laura Bush

MANDEL NGAN, AFP/Getty Images

The former first lady holds a masters degree in library science from the University of Texas at Austin. In addition to teaching in the public schools, she was a librarian in the Houston, Dallas, and Austin school systems. Bush used her passion and enthusiasm for reading during her time in the White House, launching (with Congress) the first National Book Festival in 2001.

4. Lewis Carroll

The author of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass served as sub-librarian at Christ Church, Oxford University. The library was perfect job site for this avid reader: Carroll kept track of the library’s books and their borrowers in addition to tutoring students and lecturing in mathematics.

5. Jorge Luis Borges

Although he never won the Nobel Prize for his literary achievements in Latin America and beyond, writer and scholar Jorge Luis Borges did work as a public librarian in Buenos Aires. When Juan Perón became president of Argentina, he appointed Borges—who had “anti-Perón political affiliates,” according to Paul S. Piper in the journal American Libraries—to a poultry inspector position (Borges, however, resigned). Once Perón fell from power, Borges was appointed director of the Biblioteca Nacional, but stepped down when Perón regained control of Argentina in 1973. While serving in this prestigious position, Borges also taught literature at the University of Buenos Aires.

6. Giovanni Giacomo Casanova

Keystone, Getty Images

The world’s greatest lover worked for 13 years at the castle of Count Waldstein in Dux, Bohemia. Down on his luck and low on funds, Casanova asked for a favor, since the occultist count was known to have an affinity for fellow adventurers and fascinating people. Casanova set out to catalog the count’s more than 40,000 volumes and clean the library, but he spent most of his time writing. It was there that he wrote his famous Memoirs.

7. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe explained his passion for the details of a librarian’s job when he said, “The library organization proceeds little by little, slowly enough. I hold my course, and seek to push on from section to section. I profit occasionally from an hour of poetry, or a bit of scientific knowledge.” Goethe worked at the Weimer Library, one of the most important libraries in Germany, where he meticulously organized and cataloged. His success here led to other branches asking for his help.

When cleaning and organizing the disarrayed Jena library, Goethe needed more room for books, and his request to use an empty room was denied. He was determined to succeed, so much so that he broke through the brick wall to complete his project. Later, because the dampness of the library was damaging to the books, Goethe wanted to break down a city wall, and did the same thing.

8. Eratosthenes of Cyrene

In addition to measuring Earth’s circumference, Greek mathematician and geographer Eratosthenes served as head librarian at the library of Alexandria, and also personally tutored the Greek-speaking king of Egypt. Alexandria was considered the scientific and cultural center of the world in the 3rd century BCE, and being a head librarian gave Eratosthenes the reputation of a universal scholar. He was a model bibliographer and possessed an all-around broad knowledge of many fields of study.

9. Beverly Cleary

Public Domain, Wikimedia Commons

This Newbery Medal-winning author and creator of beloved characters such as Ramona Quimby served as a children’s librarian in Yakima, Washington.

After studying at the school of librarianship at the University of Washington in Seattle, she took the job, where she enjoyed interacting with all sorts of children. Cleary’s favorite guests were the ones who had homemade roller skates and scooters and asked her, “Where are the books about us?” Cleary answered by writing dozens of children’s classics, the first of which featured Henry Huggins and his dog Ribsy.

10. Batgirl

When DC Comics wanted to generate female interest, a “grown-up” version of Batgirl appeared in January 1967 in Detective Comics #359. In this later incarnation (the original character, Bat-Girl, had been created in 1961), Barbara Gordon was the grown daughter of a police commissioner and worked as a librarian. She only began her crime-fighting career by accident, breaking up a robbery when she happened to be wearing her Halloween costume. Who was the victim of this crime? Bruce Wayne, of course!

A version of this story ran in 2013; it has been updated for 2021.

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/21437/quick-10-10-surprising-former-librarians

From community meeting hubs to secluded refuges, places to learn and places to study, libraries can be so much more than just a place to a check out a book. With this in mind, we’ve rounded-up 15 awe-inspiring libraries, including a Canadian church that was converted into a library, the first library in Muyinga, Burundi – built using participatory design and local materials – and the largest academic library in Finland. See what makes each of the libraries unique after the break.

Rehabilitation of the National University Library / ANMA (Strasbourg, France)

© Vincent Fillon

Strasbourg’s National University Library (BNU) found new life in this rehabilitation project by ANMA. Located in a building from the German-occupation period (1871), the architects sought to maintain the monumental architecture style, emphasizing the molding and dome on the outside, while at the same time creating newer, modern spaces on the inside. A 27-meter spiraling staircase connects all of the library’s floors.

Cultura Bookstore / Studio MK27 – Marcio Kogan + Diana Radomysler + Luciana Antunes + Marcio Tanaka + Mariana Ruzante (São Paulo, Brazil)

© Fernando Guerra – FG+SG

While not technically a library, this bookstore – and 2015 Building of the Year winner — in São Paulo functions like one in many ways. Seeking to go beyond being a merely a place to purchase books, the architects sought to create spaces for people to read, hang out and meet up. To achieve this the top floor features 21-meter-wide bleachers, providing a place for visitors to sit and read as well as a spot where small concerts and lectures can be held.

Hyundai Card Travel Library / Wonderwall (Seoul, South Korea)

© Nacása & Partners Inc.

Built specifically for travelers, this library in South Korea is the perfect place for those with wanderlust. Seeking to create a form of travel itself, the library  “exhibits a thick accumulation of information, experience and objects, including a bookshelf that covers the entire wall from floor to ceiling.”

Vila Franca de Xira Municipal Library / Miguel Arruda Arquitectos Associados (Vila Franca de Xira, Portugal)

© Fernando Guerra – FG+SG

Known as the “Factory of Words,” this library in Portugal gets its nickname from its location on a site formerly occupied by a rice mill. A large triangular window cuts through the floors, providing natural light and connecting the building’s different spaces.

Seashore Library / Vector Architects (Hebei Sheng, China)

© He Bin

Enjoy the view of reading on the beach, but without all the sand (and no sunscreen required) in this seaside library in China. Designed to look like “weathered rock” each room in the library offers a unique connection with the ocean, letting in different amounts of light, wind and sound.

9 ¾ Bookstore + Café / PLASMA NODO (Medellín, Colombia)

© Daniel Mejía

Designed especially for children (and for the inner child in all of us), this bookstore and café in Colombia contains nooks for reading, drawing, resting and playing. There are also private reading rooms and tables for meeting up and chatting.

Story Pod / Atelier Kastelic Buffey (Newmarket, Canada)

© Shai Gil

This community lending library in Canada pivots open (like the covers of a book) during the day, inviting people to read inside and on the lawn in front. Featuring vertical slats of different sizes, the library allows light to filter through when closed, offering views of the book spines at the widest openings.

LiYuan Library / Li Xiaodong Atelier (Beijing, China)

Courtesy of Li Xiaodong Atelier

Offering a quiet refuge away from the village center, this library is nestled in the mountains, blending into the landscape and offering a secluded place to sit and read. Local materials – sticks used to fuel cooking stoves – were used to clad the building. The wooden sticks “temper the bright light and spread it evenly throughout the space to provide a perfect reading ambience.”

Library of Birmingham / Mecanoo (Birmingham, UK)

© Christian Richters

Located in the heart of Birmingham’s largest public square, this library has eight rotundas on the inside, each one containing a different function and culminating with the original Shakespeare Memorial Room from 1882. A cantilever provides shelter in front of the entrance and also acts as a balcony with views of events happening in the square.

Free University’s Philology Library / Foster + Partners (Berlin, Germany)

© Reinhard Gorner

Designed for students (who would presumably be spending “hundreds of hours” studying in the space), the library at the Free University in Berlin, “combines a massed concrete structure with a light diaphanous envelope.”  Natural light and air fill the space and reading desks wrap around each floor, while “the bibliographic collections are housed in a four-storey central core.”

Jaime Garcia Terres Library / arquitectura 911sc (Ciudad de Mexico, D.F., Mexico)

© Moritz Bernoully

Housed within an 18th century building in Mexico City, this library occupies just a 170-square-meter space. Dedicated to Mexican author Jaime Garcia Terres, the library features two long bookshelves that “are suspended from the walls,” creating a “syncopated rhythm that mirrors the floor pattern.” An “empty bookcase” hangs from the ceiling, filtering “the light through a series of mullions modulated in the same fashion as the bookshelves.” 

Helsinki University Main Library / Anttinen Oiva Architects (Helsinki, Finland)

© Mika Huisman

The largest academic library in Finland, this library was designed for a wide range of users, and includes a variety of functions such as sound-proof rooms for group work, quiet reading rooms, information and collections zones. Large arched openings give the library a distinct look from the outside and provide natural light on the inside, while the curved brick facades integrates the library “within the street line formed by the adjacent buildings.”

Library of Muyinga / BC Architects (Muyinga, Burundi)

Courtesy of BC architects

Inspired by vernacular design and built using “a participatory approach,” this was the first library to be built in Muyinga. “Locally-sourced compressed earth blocks” were used to allow for cross-ventilation and to give the library a luminous glow in the evening. A special reading space for children is covered by “an enormous hammock of sisal rope as a mezzanine, in which the children can dream away with the books that they are reading.”

Garden library / Mjölk architekti (Zadní Třebaň, Czech Republic)

© Barbora Kuklíková

The supporting frame of this library in the Czech Republic is the library itself, forming bookshelves that stretch from the ground to the observatory on top. 

Monique Corriveau-Library / Dan Hanganu + Côté Leahy Cardas Architects (Quebec, Canada)

© Stéphane Groleau

This stunning library in Quebec is housed in a former church, with the shelves and reading rooms bringing new life to the former nave.

https://www.archdaily.com/784703/these-awe-inspiring-libraries-will-make-you-want-to-read-all-day?

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 27, 2022

30 Greatest National Parks in the World

National Parks protect the greatest spectacles of the natural world. There are now over 4,000 of these protected areas worldwide, preserving the world’s most spectacular wildlife, some of the most interesting geological formations and, in some cases, important man-made structures. This large collection of national parks spans every corner of the globe and every imaginable setting from the mountainous peaks of the Himalayas to the coastal rainforests of Costa Rica. On this journey, we’ll explore 30 of the greatest national parks in the world and what makes them so captivating.

00:32 Galapagos, Ecuador 01:55 Pantanal, Brazil 03:07 Los Glaciares, Argentina 04:18 Virunga, DRC 05:47 Kruger, South Africa 07:21 Nakuru, Kenya 08:32 Simien Mountains, Ethiopia 10:00 Timanfaya, Spain 11:03 Plitvice Lakes, Croatia 12:27 Bavarian Forest, Germany 13:45 Vatnajökull, Iceland 14:55 Lake District, United Kingdom 16:00 Abisko, Sweden 17:22 Calanque, France 18:32 Göreme, Turkey 19:44 Sagarmatha, Nepal 20:48 Ranthambore, India 22:13 Gobi Gurvan Saikhan, Mongolia 23:17 Guilin & Lijang River, China 24:39 Fuji Hakone Izu, Japan 26:06 Hundred Islands, Philippines 27:18 Khao Sok, Thailand 28:35 Bromo Tengger Semeru, Indonesia 29:44 Uluru-Kata Tjuta, Australia 30:57 Fiordland, New Zealand 32:17 Rapa Nui, Chile 33:37 Manuel Antonio, Costa Rica 34:57 Tikal, Guatemala 36:19 Tulum, Mexico 37:30 Jasper, Canada 38:57 American National Parks Video

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 27, 2022

James Joyce Documentary

James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, poet, and literary critic. He contributed to the modernist avant-garde movement and is regarded as one of the most influential and important writers of the 20th century. Joyce’s novel Ulysses (1922) is a landmark in which the episodes of Homer’s Odyssey are paralleled in a variety of literary styles, most famously stream of consciousness. Other well-known works are the short-story collection Dubliners (1914), and the novels A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916) and Finnegans Wake (1939). His other writings include three books of poetry, a play, letters, and occasional journalism.

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 27, 2022

#HalukLevent (Sunay Akın ile İşte O Çocuk)

Dokuz çocuklu bir ailede büyüyen bir çocuk. Bir gün mutfaktan aldıkları kap kacakları enstrüman olarak kullanıp bir şarkı yarışması yapıyorlar aralarından. O dokuz kardeşten biri o kadar güzel şarkı söylüyor ki… Büyüdüğünde de vazgeçmiyor hiç şarkı söylemekten ve ülkemizin en sevilen sanatçılarından biri oluyor. İşte o çocuk, Haluk Levent. Sunay Akın’ın, müzik sanatçısı Haluk Levent ile çocukluğu, gençlik yılları, kariyeri ve müzik üzerine gerçekleştirdiği bu keyifli ve samimi sohbete siz de davetlisiniz.

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 27, 2022

The story behind the red roof towers in Kingston, Ont.

Something distinct about Kingston, Ont. is its fortresses and links to Canada’s military history. 

One of those important monuments can be found doting the shores of the St. Lawrence and Lake Ontario, the Martello Towers.

While they’re found all over the world, there are only nine left in Canada and Kingston has four, including the only one you can visit in Ontario. 

Many of the Martello Towers in the region can be found with a distinctive red roof. One is a museum, called Murney Tower Museum, and has opened its doors to a new exhibit after being closed for most of the pandemic. 

Museum Curator Simge Erdogan-O’Connor says that the towers were constructed in the 1840s by the British. 

“The whole reason for their construction was to defend the city against attacks that could come from the United States at any time,” Erdogan-O’Connor says.

But it wasn’t just a tower, this was also a home to soldiers and their families, explains Erdogan-O’Connor.

While in operation for its 40 years, two or three families may live inside, but experts have found proof that up to 22 people lived inside at its peak, and all on the same floor.

“Their private areas were separated by blankets hung up in between the beds,” she explains.

The towers are part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site that includes the Rideau Canal and Fort Henry. 

On a class tour, elementary school student Ruby Splinter says that she enjoyed seeing the history. 

“That soldiers used to live here and they’d fight with cannons,” she says of her favourite part. 

Mom Erica Splinter says it’s her first time visiting.

“It’s just amazing for her to learn about where our country comes from and all the history we have to offer,” she explains.

The museum is run by the Kingston Historical Society and runs on donations, it’s also the oldest operating museum in the city. The museum is open through the summer. 

https://ottawa.ctvnews.ca/the-story-behind-the-red-roof-towers-in-kingston-ont-1.5962448

Library of Birmingham / Mecanoo

As gateways to knowledge and culture, libraries play a fundamental role in society. Foundational in creating opportunities for learning, as well as supporting literacy and education, the resources and services each library offers all work towards helping to shape new ideas that are central to building a creative and innovative society.

Libraries also help ensure an authentic record of knowledge created and accumulated by past generations. If we were to exist in a world without libraries, it would be difficult to advance research and human knowledge, as well as preserve the world’s cumulative knowledge and heritage for future generations.

Despite the rise of the online age, therefore, resulting in what we believe is the death of printed books and a growing lack of interest in libraries, there are still more libraries in the U.S. than there are Starbucks or McDonald’s franchises. Public libraries have continually evolved throughout the years, serving as important community hubs to aid learning, professional development, and healthcare.

Even more so, in today’s political climate, libraries have become centers for the movement that supports women, immigrants, people of color, the LGBTQIA+ community, as well as those facing religious persecution. They stand as free public spaces that allow each individual to feel safe and to find a home away from home, where inclusivity is the standard. Now, more than ever, they are vital institutions that all members of the public should have access to, and here are several reasons why.

Libraries offer free educational resources

Libraries are synonymous with education, providing countless resources, namely books, internet access, printing facilities, and educational and professional training programs that can fuel economic, social, and cultural development. Libraries today not only provide their services face-to-face but since the light of the pandemic has also integrated e-learning to improve accessibility to the wider public. In addition to lending books and providing courses, libraries are also involved in copying materials for research or private study purposes. Not every student has the luxury of being able to afford every book or journal they require access to for their studies, therefore, they rely on the services of a library to sustain their academic consumption.

Libraries preserve history and cultural heritage

Recognizing the cultural importance of sharing, Mahatma Gandhi said that, “no culture can live, if it attempts to be exclusive”. The stimulus to share and reuse information and knowledge comes in many forms, and this is one of the most important functions of libraries. Libraries are rich repositories of significant historic and cultural collections, many of which are not available elsewhere in the world.

Libraries, which house centuries of learning, information, history, and truth, are important defenders in the fight against misinformation. Even though the past centuries have incurred many changes, as we have been subject to innovation, libraries continue to maintain their main purpose of providing visitors with the information they seek and are certain in providing only the truth.

Libraries help to boost local economies

As libraries are free for patrons, not many would consider the role they play in the economy, however, libraries do in fact play a key role in financially strengthening local communities. Libraries provide a workspace for telecommuters, supply free internet access for people looking for employment opportunities, as well as offer job and interview training for those in need without needing to spend enormous amounts of money on upskilling the workforce. The technology found in libraries today can be innovative, offering access to expensive tools, training, and skills that otherwise would not be available to everyone.

Libraries are safe and reliable spaces for all

One of the most valuable things libraries contribute to their communities is space. Whilst libraries are not substitutes for shelters, counseling centers, or long-term systematic solutions to homelessness, nevertheless, they are vital to public health and safety, offering support to those in need. Each morning when libraries open their doors, they essentially become shelters, learning centers, and employment centers for the most underserved population. In addition to serving patrons experiencing poverty and homelessness, libraries are simply safe and meaningful spaces for all members of the community.

Libraries help to build communities

Libraries not only serve the purpose of providing information but also serve as a social hub for individuals wishing to find themselves and their communities. Students meet up in libraries with their study groups for school projects, mothers join baby story-time clubs, the elderly attend events to inspire connection with others, and avid readers indulge in discussing their latest read with other like-minded individuals.

In addition, libraries serve as community centers for diverse populations by supporting non-English speakers to help them integrate into the community, hence, ensuring that the library’s selection is filled with books in different languages, as well as the staff often being multilingual to serve this necessity. Whoever you are and however you identify, all these communities come together to learn, share, and celebrate where they live, who they are, and what they want to become.

Whether a library boasts grand architecture or modest design, the physical space of a library has a way of communicating our underlying values as a society, providing resources and services for literacy and education, and aiding individuals in expanding their communal network. Libraries truly stand as remarkable spaces, playing the necessary role in ensuring that we continue to build up creative and innovative individuals to partake in our ever-evolving society. Therefore, the public’s need for libraries that serve as shared, community-centered spaces is unlikely going to change in the near future.

This article is part of the ArchDaily Topics: Democratization of Design. Every month we explore a topic in-depth through articles, interviews, news, and projects. Learn more about our ArchDaily topics. As always, at ArchDaily we welcome the contributions of our readers; if you want to submit an article or project, contact us.

https://www.archdaily.com/984145/the-important-role-libraries-play-in-building-a-creative-and-innovative-society

BDDK 24 Haziran 2022 tarihinde yeni bir kural açıkladı. 900 bin küsur Dolar üzeri Döviz bulunduran şirketlere kredi VERİLMEYECEK dedi. Detaylıca yazarsam: ” “bilançosundaki döviz miktarı 15 milyon lirayı aşan şirketler eğer döviz mevcutları aktiflerinin veya yıllık hasılatının %10’undan fazla ise bankalardan nakit tl ticari kredi kullanamayacak.” Bu kararın çok ciddi sonuçları olacaktır. Türkiye için olumlu mu, olumsuz mu olacak? Kısa vadeli çözümler ile nereye kadar gidilecek? Şirketler ne yapacak? Kişilere ne olacak ? …

Prof. Dr. Özgür Demirtaş

Özgür Demirtaş Ankara’da dünyaya geldi. İzmir Atatürk Lisesi’ni birincilikle bitirdi. Üniversite yerleştirme sınavlarında Türkiye’de ilk 50 öğrenci arasında yer alarak, 1998’de Boğaziçi Üniversitesi Elektrik Elektronik Mühendisliği Bölümü’nü tamamladı. Boston College’daki çalışmalarını 2003’te tamamlayarak 27 yaşında finans alanında doktorasını kazandı. Aynı sene, Baruch College City University of New York’ta Yardımcı Doçent pozisyonunda göreve başladı. “Öğretim alanında”, 2003 yılında Finans bölümü içerisinde, 2004 yılında ise İşletme Fakültesi’nde en iyi öğretim üyesi seçildi. 2005 yılında, tüm ana bilim dalları ve fakülteler arasında en iyi öğretim üyesi seçilerek “Üstün Öğretim Madalyası”na layık görüldü. Aynı zamanda New York University (NYU) Stern School of Business’ta en yüksek öğretim değerlendirmelerini aldı. 2007 yılında doçent unvanını kazanarak City University of New York’ta kalıcı bir akademik pozisyon elde etti. 2010 yılında, öğretim alanında, ABD, İngiltere, Kanada ve İskoçya’da 1 milyon profesör arasında yapılan 10 milyonu aşkın öğrencinin değerlendirmeleri sonucunda, ilk 20 içerisinde gösterildi. Çalışmaları dünyanın önde gelen akademik dergilerinde (Management Science, Journal of Financial Economics, Journal of Monetary Economics, Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Review of Finance ve Journal of Business & Economic Statistics) yayınlandı. 35’in üzerinde akademik yayın yaptı. Aynı zamanda özel yatırım fonları hakkındaki kitabı Academic Press tarafından basıldı. 2004 yılından başlamak üzere, araştırmaları City University of New York tarafından 6 sene boyunca ödüllendirildi. 2012 yılı Eylül ayında ABD’deki kalıcı pozisyonunu terk ederek Sabancı Üniversitesi’ne Finans Kürsü Başkanı olarak katıldı. Sabancı Üniversitesi bünyesinde yaptığı çalışmalar ile Marie-Curie Avrupa araştırma fonunu kazandı. Prof. Dr. Özgür Demirtaş, Sabancı Üniversitesi altında kurulan Finans Mükemmeliyet Merkezi (Center of Excellence in Finance) Kurucu Başkanlığı, Türkiye’nin önde gelen bankalarından Akbank’ın Yönetim Kurulu üyeliği ve Türkiye’nin ilk finansal okuryazarlık derneği FODER’in kurucu Yönetim Kurulu üyeliklerini üstlenmiştir. Birçok büyük şirket ve holding için danışmanlık yapmaktadır. Türkiye, ABD ve Avrupa’da onursal konuşmacı olarak etkinliklere ve panelist olarak düşünce kuruluşlarının faaliyetlerine katılmaktadır. Aynı zamanda, başta biyoteknoloji ve fintech sektörü olmak üzere birçok sektörde melek yatırımcıdır.

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 27, 2022

What Archaeological Sites used to actually look like

Let’s see what archaeological sites used to actually look like!

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 24, 2022

Bilgi ve belge yönetimi nedir? #ZehraTaşkın

Şekil 1. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Bilgi ve Belge Yönetimi Bölümü lisans ders programı kavramsal modeli[3]

Dünyada her saniye milyonlarca yeni veri/bilgi üretiliyor. Öyle ki her dönemde bu büyüklüğü açıklamak için yeni bir birimle tanışıyoruz: Terabayt, petabayt, exabayt, zetabayt, yottabayt… Bu terimlerin söylenmesi çok kolay ancak bu terimlerin temsil ettiği verinin/bilginin boyutu gittikçe yönetilmesi zor bir hal alıyor. Bu bilginin sınıflanması, düzenlenmesi, erişiminin sağlanması, yayınlanması, doğrulanması ve tüm bu süreçlerin hiçbir kesintiye uğramadan devam edebilmesi için profesyoneller yetiştiren bir bölüm var: Bilgi ve Belge Yönetimi Bölümü. Bu bölüm 2002 yılında Kütüphanecilik, Arşivcilik ve Dokümantasyon-Enformasyon bölümlerinin birleştirilmesiyle Bilgi ve Belge Yönetimi adını aldı.

En doğru bilgiye, en doğru kanaldan, en hızlı şekilde erişmek; bu bilgiyi doğru yorumlamak, analiz edebilmek ve sentezleyip sunabilmek tarihin her döneminde önemliydi. Bu işlev tarih boyunca kütüphaneler tarafından gerçekleştirildi ve gerçekleştirilmeye devam ediyor. Tıpkı kütüphanelerin dünya tarihinde önemli yeri olduğu gibi kütüphanecilik eğitiminin de önemli bir yeri var. Ülkemizde 1925’te kütüphanecilik kurslarıyla başlayan kütüphanecilik eğitimi, 1954’te Ankara Üniversitesi Kütüphanecilik Enstitüsünün kurulmasıyla resmî olarak profesyoneller yetiştirmeye başladı ve günümüzde Bilgi ve Belge Yönetimi adıyla lisans, yüksek lisans ve doktora düzeyinde uzmanlar yetiştirmeye devam ediyor.

Kütüphanecilikten bilgi okullarına

İnsanlar ve bilgi arasındaki bağlantıyı nasıl kurabiliriz? İnsanların potansiyellerini gerçekleştirmelerine yardımcı olmak için bilgiyi nasıl sunabiliriz? Olumlu değişimi sağlamak için bir aracı olarak bilgiyi nasıl kullanabiliriz?[1]

Bilgi ve Belge Yönetiminin temelinde bu sorular ve “bilgi” kavramı yatıyor. İnternetin yaygınlaşmasıyla toplumun kütüphanecilik ve bilgi hizmetlerine ihtiyacının kalmayacağı ile ilgili spekülasyonlar yapıladursun, “bilgi problemleri”ni nasıl çözebileceğini bilen ve bu yolları topluma öğretmek üzere yetiştirilmiş profesyonellere en çok ihtiyaç duyulan çağda yaşıyoruz. Dünyada bu okulların son 20 yılda “bilgi okulu” (i-school) olarak anılma sebebi de bu. Aktif çalışan bir Bilgi Okulları Örgütü (iSchools) bile var. 2005 yılında kurulan ve 2015 yılında Hacettepe Üniversitesi Bilgi ve Belge Yönetimi Bölümünün de üye olarak kabul edildiği Bilgi Okulları Örgütü (iSchools) bilgi, teknoloji ve insan arasındaki ilişkileri araştıran, her alanda bilginin rolünü öğrenmeye/anlamaya adanmış disiplinler arası eğitim veren okulları kapsıyor ve bilgi alanını ortaklaşa bir çalışma ile geliştirmeyi hedefliyor.[2]

Bilgi ve belge yönetimi eğitimi

Bilgi ve belge yönetimi eğitimini Hacettepe Üniversitesi Bilgi ve Belge Yönetimi Bölümü lisans programının kavramsal modeli üzerinden açıklamak isterim.

Bilgi ve belge yönetimi eğitiminde yedi temel bileşen bulunuyor ve bu yedi bileşen birbiriyle ilişkili (bkz. Şekil 1). Her bir bileşenin öğretildiği seçmeli derslerle öğrencilerin seçtikleri yolda uzmanlaşmaları sağlanıyor. Eğitim hayatı boyunca öğrencilere hem bilgi kaynaklarının, hem de bu kaynakları kullanan kişilerin özellikleri öğretiliyor. Bunun yanında bilgi kuramı, bilginin etkili şekilde düzenlenmesi, kullanıcının ihtiyacına ve bilgi kaynağının özelliğine göre bilgi sistemlerinin tasarlanması, bilgi merkezlerinin yönetilmesi ve bilimsel araştırmaların iyileştirilmesi gibi unsurlar da bölüm programında tanımlanmış durumda. Bu programı başarıyla tamamlayan öğrenciler çok çeşitli iş kollarında profesyonel yaşama adım atıyorlar.

Şekil 1. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Bilgi ve Belge Yönetimi Bölümü lisans ders programı kavramsal modeli[3]

Bilgi ve Belge Yönetimi mezunları nerelerde çalışırlar?

H.Ü. Bilgi ve Belge Yönetimi Bölümü lisans programı kavramsal modeli ve 50. yıl kutlamaları kapsamında gerçekleştirilen mezun izleme/tarama çalışması ön sonuçları[4]  mezunlarımızın nerelerde çalıştığına dair somut örnekler sunuyor:

  • Kütüphaneleri toplum için ev ve iş yerlerinden sonra üçüncü mekânlara dönüştürebilmek için kütüphanelerde,
    • Halk, üniversite ve araştırma, çocuk, okul, belediye kütüphaneleri…
  • Tarihi bilginin korunması, arşivlenmesi veya sayısallaştırılması için arşivlerde,
    • Devlet arşivleri, kurumsal arşivler…
  • Doküman yönetimi ve iş akışının büyük önem taşıdığı özel sektör kuruluşlarında,
    • İnşaat sektörü, sanayi kuruluşları vb.
  • Sosyal medya verisinin analizini yapan kuruluşlarda,
  • Bilimsel akademik veri tabanlarının tasarlanması, kullanıcıya sunulması, erişiminin sağlanması ve kullanım eğitimlerinin verilmesi süreçlerinde yayınevleri ve sağlayıcı firmalarda,
  • Bilimsel iletişim ve araştırma konularındaki öğrenme geçmişi sayesinde bilimsel ve teknolojik politika geliştiren kamu kuruluşlarında,
  • Elektronik belge yönetim sistemi (EBYS) gibi kurumsal veri yönetimi, Dspace gibi kurumsal arşiv yönetimi ve OJS gibi akademik dergi yönetim sistemlerinde geliştirme, tasarım ve uygulama yapan kurum ve kuruluşlarda,
  • Bilimsel araştırmalar kapsamında yürütülen çok çeşitli projelerde,
    • Dijital insani bilimler, dijital dönüşüm, kültürel miras, veri analitiği, veri bilimi…
  • Masa başı araştırmaları gerçekleştirmek üzere pazar araştırması yapan kurum ve kuruluşlarda,
  • Sağlık kuruluşları, ilaç firmaları ve vakıflar başta olmak üzere tıbbi bilginin yönetimi ve sağlık bilişimi alanında çalışan kurum ve kuruluşlarda bilgi profesyoneli şemsiye kavramı altında gruplandırılabilecek çok çeşitli ünvanlarla (kütüphaneci, arşivist, dokümantalist, elektronik kaynak yöneticisi, veri yöneticisi, sistem analisti, bilgi danışmanı, sağlık bilgi profesyoneli, kültürel miras yöneticisi gibi)

Yine aynı rapora göre[5] mezunlarımızın %86’sı aktif olarak çalışıyor. Mezunlarımızın yaklaşık yarısı mezun olduktan sonraki ilk üç ay içinde çalışmaya başlıyorlar.

Bölümün disiplinlerarası gücü ve yeni fırsatlar

Bilginin boyutunun, niteliğinin ve anlamının geçmişe nazaran çokça değiştiği günümüzde bu bilginin etkili bir şekilde yönetimi de artık disiplinlerarası bir güç birliği gerektiriyor. Dünyada, özellikle ABD’de, bilgibiliminin sıklıkla lisansüstü düzeyde eğitim vermesinin temel nedeni de bu. Örneğin, Bilgi ve Belge Yönetimi temel eğitimi olan bir kişi Çocuk Gelişimi alanında lisansüstü eğitimi aldığında (ya da tam tersi) çocukların istek ve beklentilerini çok iyi anlayıp bunu çocuk kütüphanelerine yansıtabilecek bir uzman haline gelebiliyor. Bu tür örneklere Türkiye’de rastlamak mümkün.

İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi Kütüphanesinde veritabanı ve süreli yayınlar takım yöneticisi olarak görev yapan Kerem Kahvecioğlu Hacettepe Üniversitesinde tamamladığı lisans eğitimi sonrasında aldığı Hukuk alanındaki yüksek lisansı sayesinde şu anda dünyanın en önemli hukuk kütüphanecilerinden biri olarak hukuk alanında hizmet veren kütüphane, bilgi merkezi, dernek, kurum ve bilgi profesyonellerini bir şemsiye altında toplayan Uluslararası Hukuk Kütüphaneleri Birliği (IALL) başkan yardımcılığı görevini sürdürüyor.

Ayrıca ülkemizde bahsedilen disiplinlerarası gücü sağlamak üzere açılmış lisansüstü bilgi yönetimi programları da var. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Bilişim Enstitüsü bünyesinde açılan Bilgi Araştırmaları Anabilim Dalına bağlı Bilgi Yönetimi Tezsiz Yüksek Lisans Programı bu disiplinlerarası gelişim imkanlarından birini sunuyor.

Bilgi ve Belge Yönetimi ile ilgili daha detaylı bilgi almak için aşağıda sıraladığım videoları izleyebilir veya bölümlerle doğrudan iletişim kurabilirsiniz.

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 23, 2022

The Global Liveability Index 2022

The Global Liveability Index quantifies the challenges presented to an individual’s lifestyle in 173 cities. In 2022, relaxed covid-19 restrictions in some parts of the world led to big shifts across the index, with one city claiming top place again.

https://www.eiu.com/n/campaigns/global-liveability-index-2022/?

https://www.gwi.com/consumer-dilemma?

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 23, 2022

It’s Good to be Back… But What Happens Now?

What is the future for all these artefacts? what new uses will they be put to? Image by the author

“Hey, how have you been?”

“Yeah, it’s been” (gestures)

“Yeah.”

A typical conversation from my first in person conference since I said goodbye to Todd and Alice and Jill and the rest of the NISO crew as well as other good friends who were at the event in Baltimore in February 2020. A few days later and Todd was writing to us all saying that someone had contracted COVID and also attended the event… and as history will no doubt put it; a few weeks later, we all went home.

And there I stayed pretty much. I next got on a plane in April 2022 – a holiday (After staying at Casa del Smith for two years we went somewhere spectacular – Mauritius) and then in May (just before the 44th SSP Annual Meeting) the first business trip – to India to see how all our friends and partners had fared, and meet, and hug, and take a moment to share the memories of those who didn’t make it. To hear the stories. To stare utterly gobsmacked at pictures of empty Mumbai streets. To share smiles and waves from fellow humans who are glad to see you, because you represent the turning perhaps; the reaching of the other side of the Rubicon, and whatever awaits on its banks and the land beyond.

So I find myself thinking more about the things surrounding the 44th Annual Meeting, than within it. Trying to put it all into the wider context of my recent experiences. It was great to see faces in the real. To discover the sudden ponytail! To hear lockdown stories and other matters of a life changing nature. The meeting was great. Kudos to everyone who worked so hard to put the program together. You can read up on some attendee perspectives in this blog post, or this blog post, or this blog post, or this blog post. But what I keep coming back to, rather than the detail of the sessions (though seriously, it’s bureaucracy we seem to be having to solve for these days? Not the building of awesome information tools on top of all this wonderful open access content?) is the experience of coming back from Africa and Asia through the UK and then to the USA, and what I saw.

In Mauritius, the locals were very very happy indeed to see us. Its lifeblood is tourism. And that tourism arrives by plane. And Mauritius is on the frontline of climate change – the island is protected from the ferocious southern Indian Ocean by a reef, and the cyclones seem to be following their Atlantic relatives in terms of frequency and ferocity. Yet, they need the planes.

In India, I saw a city (Bangalore) that had seemingly shaken off the pandemic and was back to the riotous chaos of the before-times. Insane TukTuk drivers, air you can taste, and (oddly) microbreweries and New Indian Cuisine places everywhere. The Indian hotel response to the lack of international visitors seems to have been to turn their lobbies into a variety of destinations for the locals to come to. And indeed they did. And it was loud.

I also saw another city that seems to have changed, Mumbai, where the traffic has NOT returned to pre-pandemic levels. And the air is cleaner. And there are many electric buses (and a few cars as well) on the streets. Will it last? Maybe, our return visit in November will bring further data. Oh, one other thing – the cash economy – seems to have gone. All the street traders can sell you food, trinkets, you name it, by mobile phone. QR code and go. The Indian government gets some tax revenue, and Google gets its cut of course.

And so to America. First sign that things might be different – I was through Immigration at O’Hare in 7 minutes. No that’s not a typo. 20 years I’ve been flying in, every summer. I have NEVER cleared immigration at O’Hare in 7 minutes, not even close. Clearly a portent. The traffic was bad – but downtown Chicago seemed quieter to me. And taking a stroll up Michigan Avenue came the next sign that things had changed. ‘Retail Opportunity’ after ‘Retail Opportunity’ on one of the most iconic retail streets in the world, let alone the US. So the death of the UK high Street seems to be infectious.

And as I wandered past every empty temple to consumerism, in architecturally wonderful buildings, I wondered ‘what happens now?’ The iconic (that word again) Tribune Tower building is being turned into luxury apartments (The Newspaper left the building in 2018). An information business that once had the heft to build a landmark temple to knowledge, converted to residential. But what then? Why live there? To go to the office? Everyone’s gone home. Mostly.

And then the Annual Meeting. And yes it was good to meet up with folk in person. It really was. A reminder that the qualia of a Teams/Zoom/Meet/WebEx (if you must) meeting is not the same as being in the real. But then of course we know each other right? Old friends. Over there in the monitor, I hear folks who are underrepresented, speak about how actually those imperfect replicas of a physical space have been an improvement in many ways. Women more easily able to speak up – apparently not being talked over or interrupted as much as the before-times, more able to advance their arguments and points of view. Is it true? Is it anecdote? I don’t know, but it feels important – in racing back to the real, are we leaving behind improvements for others not so comfortable or accepted? Here’s a quote from someone I follow on Twitter: “Virtual conference spaces are more acceptable, especially for people who are disabled and trans. Cis het white guy… Isn’t something lost when you shift to hybrid conferences?” There are many experiences and positions here, and validity to most of them (though, y’know). Being heard and being seen, is important regardless of the medium.

But this, and the walk up Michigan, got me thinking about the space. About the experience, and the cost and the consequences. Fact is, an international meeting, is not cheap. It’s not cheap to put on. And it’s not cheap to attend either. Sponsors, Attendees, Organizers and Organizations are all investing time and money to make it happen. There’s another expenditure as well. The CO2e footprint.

I flew to Chicago to speak about the work my organization (The IET) is doing to achieve our goal of being Net Zero by 2030. Yes, the irony (only actually no – I’ll write about this shortly [I promise, Ed]). Anyway, having gone through the exercise of trying to arrive at an actual number for how much CO2 is emitted by the IT department at The IET, I wondered what the approximate footprint on the 44th Annual Meeting was.

The answer I arrived at, is 308.5 tCO2e (That’s metric tonnes – I’m using the European notation here) The hotel space is roughly 27tCO2e for the duration of the event. The rest is the commute so to speak. Flights from the east and west coast, and all of us who flew across the Atlantic to be here. By the way – a special shout out to one attendee who managed to come by train rather than plane. But for most, air was the only viable route. My bit of this footprint was 4 times that of someone coming from the east coast more or less. But the average for each physical attendee? 487Kg of CO2e

Meeting up in the real is not without its cost. And we MUST bring that cost down. It’s not optional.

Which brings me back to spaces. Chris Herd, the CEO of a company called FirstbaseHQ, a company that enables remote working, has had quite the pandemic. Go find him on Twitter, he’s worth following. His view (and yes, clearly it’s biased) is that what happens now, is that we basically do NOT go back to the office in anything like the way we did before. Other opinions are available of course, but I think he’s more right than not. And that has consequences. What happens to the wonderful buildings of downtown Chicago if their utility as office space is coming to an end? It’s not easy to convert to residential – and even if you did, does a purely residential downtown work? What happens next?

He believes that with the rise of working from home, there will be a need to have events where the workforce meets up for the qualia of the physical experience, and that those events will not happen at a Holiday Inn just outside Heathrow (or even a Sheraton in downtown Chicago), but in places and spaces that offer something different. Something more valuable. And it is THIS, that I’m thinking about a lot. If an International meet up is going to cost circa 500 tCO2e per 1000 attendees, then how can we bring that down, but also how can we make sure that the value of that burning is truly worth it. This feels to me like an opportunity. Do/should organizations think of events such as the annual meeting as part of the reconnection of the remote to the physical? How do we maximize the efficiency and the utility of an international meeting?

Over here, a digital media operation called Tortoise (Investigative journalism by membership subscription) is doing an experiment. They are holding a festival. An actual ‘in a field in England’ festival. With tents. And no doubt various classes of portable sanitation. There are keynotes, and discussion sessions, and food, and music and other stuff to do. This feels genuinely innovative to me. Bringing people together and turning a conference into a celebration, an emotional reconnection, and the opportunity to reaffirm values and a shared aesthetic. And maybe to experience some different things as well.

Sounds lot like the emotions that were being aired many times during the Annual Meeting. What might the SSP Annual Meeting (or the ALPSP, or UKSG, or STM meetings, and would that mean Frankfurt is Glastonbury in this metaphor?) look like reimagined as a different space? Might this be the way to better enable a hybrid experience? Might they actually occur locally – distributed across nations, to minimize the footprint to get there?

It was good to be back. What happens now, I do not know. But I don’t think we can go back to the way things were before. The world has changed. Time to cast off some comfortable old clothes, and go seize the opportunity that this horrific disease has given us.

David Smith

David Smith

@DRS1969

David Smith is a frood who knows where his towel is, more or less. He’s also the Head of Product Solutions for The IET. Previously he has held jobs with ‘innovation’ in the title and he is a lapsed (some would say failed) scientist with a publication or two to his name.

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 23, 2022

Map of the #literature

The Map of the Literature is a truly gargantuan visualization of the 5000 years of literary masters and their works, showing how the different literary genres sprouted, branched and eventually evolved to their modern state.

The high-resolution map catalogues over 7000 writers, poets and dramatists and the novels, poems and dramas that they published.

Every dot on the map represents a single author and every small rhombus represents a literary work. The most important and well-known writers of every genre and epoch have their own small “country” dedicated to them, which features their most important works as “cities”

The Map unfolds from its very centre outwards, beginning with the literature of Ancient Sumerians, Akkadians and Egyptians, that forms the very core of what we might regard as a western literary tradition. Closely located are the religious texts of the three major Abrahamic religions, that share many tropes and myths with the middle eastern cultures in whose vicinity it formed.

From the center, we move forwards to the archipelago of the ancient Greek authors, where we can see the early beginnings of the distinct literary forms of prose, poetry, drama and philosophical non-fiction.

Every single of these forms then spirals and branches outwards with the dimensional flow of time, with the map overall being split into several “continental” formations, wholly dedicated to prose (by far the largest), poetry, non-fiction and drama.

The origins of prose begin with the very earliest books ever written, however, it was massively overshadowed by poetry almost everywhere in the world, with poetry being considered a far more artistic and masterful method to convey thoughts and emotions. Only in the wake of the Renaissance did prose start to rival poetry, with masterworks such as Miguel de Cervantes’s Don Quixote, or Geoffrey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales.

Only with the Renaissance does prose and poetry split into two distinct and diverging “continents”. Continuing throughout the Age of Enlightenment, with such authors as Daniel Defoe or Jonathan Swift, we reach the realm of Romanticism in the late 18th and early 19th century. It is often considered a golden age of literature, featuring immortal authors such as Victor Hugo, Goethe, Stendhal, Jane Austen or Edgar Allan Poe.

After Romanticism, realms of prose truly diverge and diversify into dozens of colorful forms.

One branch is dedicated to popular genre fiction, and includes many of the books and authors an average person will find in their bookshelf, with the massively popular genres of Fantasy, Sci-fi, Romance, Children’s literature, Adventure literature, Young adult fiction, Thrillers, Mystery novels, Horror and even a peculiar genre of “Transgressive fiction”, that includes a variety of cult authors such as Anthony Burgess, George Orwell or Chuck Palahniuk.

The other, probably just as interesting branch is dedicated to the art movements and “high prose”, which doesn’t belong to any particular genre. Romanticism transitions into Realism, which unlike Romanticism doesn’t try to depict an idealized version of the world, but instead tries to convey the world as close to its true form, through the eyes of ordinary people. It includes many authors almost everybody has heard of, such as Leo Tolstoy and Fyodor Dostoyevsky from Russia, Charles Dickens and the Bronte sisters from the UK, and Mark Twain or Jack London from the United States.

After realism, it becomes really hard to keep track, with the appearance of modernism – not a coherent literary genre in and of itself, but instead a cornucopia of many art movements, such as the Lost Generation, the Beat Generation, Surrealism, Expressionism and Magical Realism, finally reaching Postmodernism, represented by Paulo Coelho, Yann Martel or Salman Rushdie.

A very similar historical evolution of genres also applies to poetry and drama, and is represented on the map in a very similar way.

After the middle ages, we meet some of the most famous poets of the renaissance, such as Giovanni Boccaccio, Petrarch, John Milton or Edmund Spenser, before moving through enlightenment into Romanticism. There, poetry, especially English poetry, reached its zenith, with Alexander Pushkin, Friedrich Schiller, Lord Byron, Robert Burns, Percy Bysshe Shelley and also the famous English poets of the lake district, such as William Wordsworth.

The diversity of modernist genres in the realm of poetry was even greater than in prose, with such peculiar artistic movements such as Dadaism, Futurism, Parnassism, Symbolism and Decadence, which chiefly prospered in the late 19th and early 20th century France

In another massive segment, the map showcases the history of drama and theatre, beginning with Ancient Greek playwrights such as Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, moving through the christian mystery plays of the middle ages, and then entering the renaissance.

By far the single largest territory dedicated to a single author can be found in this part of the map with William Shakespeare – more than 30 of his most famous plays, such as Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet or Othello can be found here. Moving through enlightenment and romanticism we reach Realism, when theatre experienced a major boom, with playwrights such as Henrik Ibsen, Anton Chekhov and George Bernard Shaw

Realism then transitions into an archipelago of modernism and postmodernism, including the Epic Theatre with Bertolt Brecht, Theatre of the Absurd with and Samuel Beckett, and finally the contemporary drama of Tracy Letts and Tennessee Williams

Considerable part of the map is also dedicated to non-fiction. Beginning with the scientific treatises, historical chronicles and philosophical theses of the ancient era, it shows the most important works of Euclid, Herodotus, Plutarch, Plato and Aristotle of Greece and Tacitus, Seneca, Cicero of ancient Rome. Church fathers such as Augustine of Hippo and Tertullian that shaped much of the medieval european theology are also represented.

Moving through the Middle ages of Thomas Aquinas, Duns Scotus and Venerable Bede, and the Renaissance with Machiavelli or Leonardo da Vinci, we reach the age of enlightenment, that marks the beginning of the age of reason, the rise of modern science and philosophies of empiricism, rationalism and idealism. Isaac Newton, Euler, Leibniz, Voltaire, Locke, Kant, and also many of the Founding Fathers.

Subsequently, we enter the realms modern philosophy, psychology and science, a true cornucopia of great minds that helped to make our world and our culture what it is. Scientists such as Charles Darwin, Albert Einstein, Richard Feynman and Stephen Hawking all have a small realm dedicated to them, as well as psychologists Sigmund Freud and Stephen Pinker, and philosophers including Bertrand Russell, Albert Camus, Sartre, Karl Marx, Hegel, and even Ayn Rand

Nearby, close to the very edge of the map, a large islan is dedicated to popular non-fiction, one of the best selling type of books in the modern day, including popular science of Carl Sagan, Michio Kaku or Jared Diamond, self-help/motivational books, manuals and tutorials, including cookbooks, and finally memoirs, featuring Nelson Mandela and the Diary of Anne Frank

Finally, a microcontinent on the upper-right quadrant of the map is dedicated to graphic novels, including comic books and manga. While a relatively young literary form in the big picture, it has left a massive mark on our culture during the last 80 years, with readership approaching the billions.

It features many of the legendary comic book writers, such as Stan Lee and Rene Goscinny, along with the authors of graphic novels including Alan Moore and Frank Miller.

All of this, and much, much more, all condensed into a single poster for the first time in history!

Designed in a grandiose and detailed beaux-arts style with a hint of baroque, this map is guaranteed to be a grand attention-grabbing centerpiece of any room!

https://www.halcyonmaps.com/map-of-the-literature

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 23, 2022

Is #Google dying? Or did the web grow up?

The Open Secret of Google Search
One of the most-used tools on the internet is not what it used to be.

By Charlie Warzel

About the author: Charlie Warzel is a contributing writer at The Atlantic and the author of Galaxy Brain, a newsletter about the internet and big ideas.

This article was featured in One Story to Read Today, a newsletter in which our editors recommend a single must-read from The Atlantic, Monday through Friday. Sign up for it here.

Afew weeks ago my house had a septic-tank emergency, which is as awful as it sounds. As unspeakable things began to burble up from my shower drain, I did what any smartphone-dependent person would: I frantically Googled something along the lines of poop coming from shower drain bad what to do. I was met with a slew of cookie-cutter websites, most of which appeared hastily generated and were choked with enough repetitive buzzwords as to be barely readable. Virtually everything I found was unhelpful, so we did the old-fashioned thing and called a professional. The emergency came and went, but I kept thinking about those middling search results—how they typified a zombified internet wasteland.

Like many, I use Google to answer most of the mundane questions that pop up in my day-to-day life. And yet that first page of search results feels like it’s been surfacing fewer satisfying answers lately. I’m not alone; the frustration has become a persistent meme: that Google Search, what many consider an indispensable tool of modern life, is dead or dying. For the past few years, across various forums and social-media platforms, people have been claiming in viral posts that Google’s flagship product is broken. Search google dying on Twitter or Reddit and you can see people grousing about it going back to the mid 2010s. Lately, though, the criticisms have grown louder.

In February, an engineer named Dmitri Brereton wrote a blog post about Google’s search-engine decay, rounding up leading theories for why the product’s “results have gone to shit.” The post quickly shot to the top of tech forums such as Hacker News and was widely shared on Twitter and even prompted a PR response from Google’s Search liaison, Danny Sullivan, refuting one of Brereton’s claims. “You said in the post that quotes don’t give exact matches. They really do. Honest,” Sullivan wrote in a series of tweets.

Brereton’s most intriguing argument for the demise of Google Search was that savvy users of the platform no longer type instinctive keywords into the search bar and hit “Enter.” The best Googlers—the ones looking for actionable or niche information, product reviews, and interesting discussions—know a cheat code to bypass the sea of corporate search results clogging the top third of the screen. “Most of the web has become too inauthentic to trust,” Brereton argued, therefore “we resort to using Google, and appending the word ‘reddit’ to the end of our queries.” Brereton cited Google Trends data that show that people are searching the word reddit on Google more than ever before.

Instead of scrolling through long posts littered with pop-up ads and paragraphs of barely coherent SEO chum to get to a review or a recipe, clever searchers got lively threads with testimonials from real people debating and interacting with one another. Most who use the Reddit hack are doing so for practical reasons, but it’s also a small act of protest—a way to stick it to the Search Engine Optimization and Online Ad Industrial Complex and to attempt to access a part of the internet that feels freer and more human.

Google has built wildly successful mobile operating systems, mapped the world, changed how we email and store photos, and tried, with varying success, to build cars that drive themselves. This story, for example, was researched, in part, through countless Google Search queries and some Google Chrome browsing, written in a Google Doc, and filed to my editor via Gmail. Along the way, the company has collected an unfathomable amount of data on billions of people (frequently unbeknownst to them)—but Google’s parent company, Alphabet, is still primarily an advertising business. In 2020, the company made $147 billion in revenue off ads alone, which is roughly 80 percent of its total revenue. Most of the tech company’s products—Maps, Gmail—are Trojan horses for a gargantuan personalized-advertising business, and Search is the one that started it all. It is the modern template for what the technology critic Shoshana Zuboff termed “surveillance capitalism.”

The internet has grown exponentially and Google has expanded with it, helping usher in some of the web’s greediest, most extractive tendencies. But scale is not always a blessing for technology products. Are we wringing our hands over nothing, or is Google a victim of its own success, rendering its flagship product—Search—less useful?

One can’t really overstate the way that Google Search, when it rolled out in 1997, changed how people used the internet. Before Google came out with its goal to crawl the entire web and organize the world’s information, search engines were moderately useful at best. And yet, in the early days, there was much more search competition than there is now; Yahoo, Altavista, and Lycos were popular online destinations. But Google’s “PageRank” ranking algorithm helped crack the problem. The algorithm counted and indexed the number and quality of links that pointed to a given website. Rather than use a simple keyword match, PageRank figured that the best results would be websites that were linked to by many other high-quality websites. The algorithm worked, and the Google of the late 1990s seemed almost magical: You typed in what you were looking for, and what you got back felt not just relevant but intuitive. The machine understood.

Most people don’t need a history lesson to know that Google has changed; they feel it. Try searching for a product on your smartphone and you’ll see that what was once a small teal bar featuring one “sponsored link” is now a hard-to-decipher, multi-scroll slog, filled with paid-product carousels; multiple paid-link ads; the dreaded, algorithmically generated “People also ask” box; another paid carousel; a sponsored “buying guide”; and a Maps widget showing stores selling products near your location. Once you’ve scrolled through that, multiple screen lengths below, you’ll find the unpaid search results. Like much of the internet in 2022, it feels monetized to death, soulless, and exhausting.

There are all kinds of theories for those ever-intrusive ads. One is that the cost-per-click rates that Google charges advertisers are down, because of competition from Facebook and Amazon (Google is rolling out larger commerce-search ad widgets in response this year) as well as a slowdown in paid-search-result spending. Another issue may stem from cookie-tracking changes that Google is implementing in response to privacy laws such as Europe’s General Data Protection Regulation and the California Consumer Privacy Act. For the past two years, Google has been planning to remove third-party cookies from its Chrome browser. And though Google Search won’t be affected by the cookie ban, the glut of search ads might be an attempt to recoup some of the money that Google stands to lose in the changes to Chrome. If so, this is an example of fixing one problem while creating another. But when I suggested this to Google, the company was unequivocal, arguing that “there is no connection” between Chrome’s plans to phase out support for third-party cookies and Search ads. The company also said that the number of ads it shows in search results “has been capped for several years, and we have not made any changes.” Google claims that, “on average over the past four years, 80 percent of searches on Google haven’t had any ads at the top of search results.”

Any hunt for answers about Google’s Search algorithms will lead you into the world of SEO experts like Marie Haynes. Haynes is a consultant who has been studying Google’s algorithms obsessively since 2008. Part of her job is to keep up with every small change made by the company’s engineers and public communication by Google’s Search-team blog. Companies that can divine the whims of Google’s constantly updated algorithms are rewarded with coveted page real estate. Ranking high means more attention, which theoretically means more money. When Google announced in October 2020 that it would begin rolling out “passage indexing”—a new way for the company to pull out and rank discrete passages from websites—Haynes tried to figure out how it would change what people ultimately see when they query. Rather than reverse engineer posts to sound like bot-written babble, she and her team attempt to balance maintaining a page’s integrity while also appealing to the algorithm. And though Google provides SEO insiders with frequent updates, the company’s Search algorithms are a black box (a trade secret that it doesn’t want to give to competitors or to spammers who will use it to manipulate the product), which means that knowing what kind of information Google will privilege takes a lot of educated guesswork and trial and error.

Haynes agrees that ads’ presence on Search is worse than ever and the company’s decision to prioritize its own products and features over organic results is frustrating. But she argues that Google’s flagship product has actually gotten better and much more complex over time. That complexity, she suggests, might be why searching feels different right now. “We’re in this transition phase,” she told me, noting that the company has made significant advancements in artificial intelligence and machine learning to decipher user queries. Those technical changes have caused it to move away from the PageRank paradigm. But those efforts, she suggested, are in their infancy and perhaps still working out their kinks. In May 2021, Google announced MUM (short for Multitask Unified Model), a natural-language-processing technology for Search that is 1,000 times more powerful than its predecessor.

“The AI attempts to understand not just what the searcher is typing, but what the searcher is trying to get at,” Haynes told me. “It’s trying to understand the content inside pages and inside queries, and that will change the type of result people get.” Google’s focus on searcher intent could mean that when people type in keywords, they’re not getting as many direct word matches. Instead, Google is trying to scan the query, make meaning from it, and surface pages that it thinks match that meaning. Despite being a bit sci-fi and creepy, the shift might feel like a loss of agency for searchers. Search used to feel like a tool that you controlled, but Google may start to behave more like, well, a person—a concierge that has its own ideas and processes. The problematic effects of increased AI inference over time are easy to imagine (while I was writing this article, a Google researcher went viral claiming he’d been placed on administrative leave after notifying the company that one of its AI chatbots—powered by different technology—had become sentient, though the company disagrees). Google could use such technology to continue to lead people away from their intended searches and toward its own products and paid ads with greater frequency. Or, less deviously, it could simply gently algorithmically nudge people in unexpected directions. Imagine all the life decisions that you make in a given year based on information you process after Googling. This means that the stakes of Google’s AI interpreting a searcher’s intent are high.

But some of Google’s lifeless results are made by humans. Zach Verbit knows what it’s like to serve at the pleasure of Google’s Search algorithms. After college, Verbit took a freelance-writing gig with the HOTH, a marketing company that specializes in search-engine optimization. Verbit’s “soul crushing” job at the HOTH was to write blog posts that would help clients’ sites rank highly. He spent hours composing listicles with titles like “10 Things to Do When Your Air-Conditioning Stopped Working.” Verbit wrote posts that “sounded robotic or like they were written by somebody who’d just discovered language.” He had to write up to 10 posts a day on subjects he knew nothing about. Quickly, he started repurposing old posts for other clients’ blogs. “Those posts that sound like an AI wrote them? Sometimes they’re from real people trying to jam in as many keywords as possible,” Verbit told me.

That his hastily researched posts appeared high in search results left him dispirited. He quit the job after a year, describing the industry of search-gaming as a house of cards. His time in the SEO mines signaled to him the decline of Google Search, arguably the simplest, most effective, and most revolutionary product of the modern internet. “The more I did the job, the more I realized that Google Search is completely useless now,” he said. HOTH’s CEO, Marc Hardgrove disputed the notion that its client blog posts were “over-optimized” for SEO purposes and that the company discourages jargony posts as they don’t rank as high. “Overusing keywords and creating un-compelling content would be detrimental to our success as an SEO company, he wrote in an email. “That’s why The HOTH does not require, or even encourage, the writers we work with to overuse keywords into their blog posts to help with optimization.”

Google is still useful for many, but the harder question is why its results feel more sterile than they did five years ago. Haynes’s theory is that this is the result of Google trying to crack down on misinformation and low-quality content—especially around consequential search topics. In 2017, the company started talking publicly about a Search initiative called EAT, which stands for “expertise, authoritativeness, and trustworthiness.” The company has rolled out numerous quality rater guidelines, which help judge content to determine authenticity. One such effort, titled Your Money or Your Life, applies rigorous standards to any pages that show up when users search for medical or financial information.

“Take crypto,” Haynes explained. “It’s an area with a lot of fraud, so unless a site has a big presence around the web and Google gets the sense they’re known for expertise on that topic, it’ll be difficult to get them to rank.” What this means, though, is that Google’s results on any topic deemed sensitive enough will likely be from established sources. Medical queries are far more likely to return WebMD or Mayo Clinic pages, instead of personal testimonials. This, Haynes said, is especially challenging for people looking for homeopathic or alternative-medicine remedies.

There’s a strange irony to all of this. For years, researchers, technologists, politicians, and journalists have agonized and cautioned against the wildness of the internet and its penchant for amplifying conspiracy theories, divisive subject matter, and flat-out false information. Many people, myself included, have argued for platforms to surface quality, authoritative information above all else, even at the expense of profit. And it’s possible that Google has, in some sense, listened (albeit after far too much inaction) and, maybe, partly succeeded in showing higher-quality results in a number of contentious categories. But instead of ushering in an era of perfect information, the changes might be behind the complainers’ sense that Google Search has stopped delivering interesting results. In theory, we crave authoritative information, but authoritative information can be dry and boring. It reads more like a government form or a textbook than a novel. The internet that many people know and love is the opposite—it is messy, chaotic, unpredictable. It is exhausting, unending, and always a little bit dangerous. It is profoundly human.

But it’s worth remembering what that humanity looked like inside search results. Rand Fishkin, the founder of the software company SparkToro, who has been writing and thinking about search since 2004, believes that Google has gotten better at not amplifying conspiracy theories and hate speech, but that it took the company far too long. “I don’t know if you searched for holocaust information between 2000 and 2008, but deniers routinely showed up in the top results,” he told me. The same was true for Sandy Hook hoaxers—in fact, campaigns from the Sandy Hook families to fight the conspiracy theories led to some of the search engine’s changes. “Whenever somebody says, ‘Hey, Google doesn’t feel as human anymore,’ all I can say is that I bet they don’t want a return to that,” Fishkin said.

Google search might be worse now because, like much of the internet, it has matured and has been ruthlessly commercialized. In an attempt to avoid regulation and be corporate-friendly, parts of it might be less wild. But some of what feels dead or dying about Google might be our own nostalgia for a smaller, less mature internet. Sullivan, the Search liaison, understands this longing for the past, but told me that what feels like a Google change is also the search engine responding to the evolution of the web. “Some of that blog-style content has migrated over time to closed forums or social media. Sometimes the blog post we’re hoping to find isn’t there.” Sullivan believes that some of the recent frustrations with Google Search actually reflect just how good it’s become. “We search for things today we didn’t imagine we could search for 15 years ago and we believe we’ll find exactly what we want,” he said. “Our expectations have continued to grow. So we demand more of the tool.” It’s an interesting, albeit convenient, response.

Google has rewired us, transforming the way that we evaluate, process, access, and even conceive of information. “I can’t live without that stuff as my brain is now conditioned to remember only snippets for Google to fill in,” one Reddit user wrote while discussing Brereton’s “Google Is Dying” post. Similarly, Google users shape Search. “The younger generation searches really differently than I do,” Haynes told me. “They basically speak to Google like it’s a person, whereas I do keyword searching, which is old-school.” But these quirks, tics, and varying behaviors are just data for the search giant. When younger generations intuitively start talking to Google like it’s a person, the tool starts to anticipate that and begins to behave like one (this is part of the reason behind the rise of humanized AI voice assistants).

Fishkin argues that Google Search—and many of Google’s other products—would be better with some competition and that Search’s quality improved the most from 1998 to 2007, which he attributes to the company’s need to compete for market share. “Since then,” he said, “Google’s biggest search innovation has been to put more Google products up front in results.” He argues that this strategy has actually led to a slew of underwhelming Google products. “Are Google Flights or Google Weather or Google’s stocks widget better than competitors? No, but nobody can really compete, thanks to the Search monopoly.”

“Is Google Search dying?” is a frivolous question. We care about Search’s fate on a practical level—it is still a primary way to tap into the internet’s promise of unlimited information on demand. But I think we also care on an existential level—because Google’s first product is a placeholder to explore our hopes and fears about technology’s place in our life. We yearn for more convenience, more innovation, more possibility. But when we get it, often we can only see what we’ve lost in the process. That loss is real and deeply felt. It’s like losing a piece of our humanity. Search, because of its utility, is even more fraught.

Most people don’t want their information mediated by bloated, monopolistic, surveilling tech companies, but they also don’t want to go all the way back to a time before them. What we really want is something in between. The evolution of Google Search is unsettling because it seems to suggest that, on the internet we’ve built, there’s very little room for equilibrium or compromise.

Charlie Warzel is a contributing writer at The Atlantic and the author of Galaxy Brain, a newsletter about the internet and big ideas.

https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2022/06/google-search-algorithm-internet/661325/

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 23, 2022

The experimental Research funder’s handbook

https://rori.figshare.com/articles/report/The_experimental_research_funder_s_handbook_final_version_/19459328

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 23, 2022

Everything you always wanted to know about Irish Libraries

The content for this informative online event comes from the Library Association of Ireland, the Local Government Management Agency and local libraries. The perfect combination to get us ready for the live WLIC in #Dublin on 24-26 July! The event focused on sharing best practices, bringing on important themes of today and tomorrow, and enhancing the local approaches, in order to deal with current challenges. There was also an outlook on the upcoming IFLA WLIC in 2023 in the Netherlands, Rotterdam and messages from IFLA President Barbara Lison and Theo Kemperman, chair of the National Committee of the Netherlands. The event was recorded at Ballyfermot Public Library in Dublin on Monday 20th June at 14:00 Irish Standard Time (15:00 CEST) and live-streamed worldwide with a chance to ask questions.

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 22, 2022

What #inflation really looks like

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 21, 2022

A library social media manifesto #NedPotter

Last night at quarter-past-midnight, I sat in my kitchen and was live-streamed into a #VALA2022 conference room in Melbourne. The hybrid thing worked really well, more on which below, but first things first, here are my slides.

When I was invited to present on the topic of social media I wasn’t initially sure how to frame it. I talk about social media in workshops all the time but that’s a different thing, really – 3 hours instead of 30 minutes, hands-on rather than a talk, and normally quite focused so for example just covering one tool or approach. In the end I submitted an abstract I was not quite happy with, and then about a month later was struck by the ‘manifesto’ framing for the info and asked the organisers if I could change my plans! They kindly said yes, updated the website etc, and so the slides above are the product of all that.

I’ve tried to create something universal, so whether you work in public, academic, health, school, law or business libraries this should apply equally. I’ve also tried to create something that will help libraries feel refreshed and re-energised – some people I’ve spoken to have talked about a bit of a lull in their social media progress, after making some real progress a year or so into the pandemic… Anyway, check out the slides and see if the ideas help you. The video of the talk will be available in due course.

I absolutely love, love, love this sketch-note of my talk from Kim Williams. It captures all the key points and works as a companion piece to the slides above. Thank you Kim!

THE HYBRID EXPERIENCE

I realised on the afternoon of the presentation that my slide theme of slate grey and yellow matched my kitchen… What hadn’t twigged at that point was that I’d be presenting in that same kitchen! (The main ‘home office’ space is in our bedroom, in which my wife was asleep due to it being 12:15am, so the kitchen was really the only opion for this.) The people of #VALA2022 must think I’m REALLY serious about slide design and always match it to the room…

ANYWAY the hybrid experience worked really well for me, and gave me hope for the future of conferences. I just attended UXLibs in person and, of all the conferences I’ve ever attended, I think that is the least doable online – we absolutely HAVE to be in the space together to make it work. So it’s a stark choice of, either have it in person or don’t have it at all. But for most conferences, hybrid can work well and VALA2022 is a great example of that.

I was on Zoom, and both my webcam and my slides appeared on the big screen in the room in Melbourne. I could also see and hear the room audience through Zoom, which makes a huge difference to how connected I felt – when I said I was drinking gin while presenting for the first time, and heard people laugh, I settled in right away.

The other key thing to all this was the conference app. People could ask questions the whole time on the app, whether they were watching online or in the room. I had these up on my second screen and responded to them in real time, which I really enjoy. Interactivity all the way through is always my preference over ‘questions at the end’.

Anyway, I had a great time, people said nice things on twitter so I’m assuming it worked well from their end too (much as I would have LOVED to be there – libraries of Australia, please invite me back over to your wonderful country! Running marketing workshops a few years back in Sydney, Brisbane and Melbourne was on of the best things I’ve ever done professionally). If you’re thinking of running a hybrid conference, talk to the VALA2022 people, they know what they’re doing!

(And if you’re wondering why hybrid is necessary, read Fobazi Ettarh’s post on the subject, and have a look at the Twitter conversation it sparked.)

Thanks to VALA for inviting me, thanks especially to Sam Gibbard, thanks to the organisers for letting me change my talk details and also for recording the session, and thanks SO much to the audience who came along – making your way early to the earliest session of Day 3 no less, and knowing it was a streamed presentation: I appreciate you!

https://www.ned-potter.com/blog/a-library-social-media-manifesto

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 21, 2022

In the Weeds #EmilyHamptonHaynes

This is my first summer keeping up with a whole yard’s worth of weeding. When I was a kid, weeding the family garden was a sweaty neck, mosquito bites, and work that never seemed to end. As an adult, I might still sweat and itch, but now I get the appeal of weeding — it’s oddly satisfying, similar to peeling sunburn or plucking a stray hair.

Weeding in an academic library is satisfying in its own way. It’s also an essential summer project for us; our library is only 2 stories, with the majority of the circulating collection on the lower level. After 2 summers postponing weeding due to the pandemic, the collection is bursting at the seams. 

It’s going to be a lot of work for all departments. In addition to librarians weeding, the circulation department is doing a library-wide inventory. And on top of that, the Director is planning a diversity audit of the collection. So we’ve got 3 projects that have us scrutinizing the collection, or as my coworker says, “communing with the books.” I think these overlapping projects will yield good results for us, as we learn what we have too much of and what we’re missing.

We have a paperbacks collection that I tackled in one week, with the help of our Circulation staff. We weeded about 740 titles, largely based on condition and circulation stats. While we send qualifying titles to Better World Books, they don’t accept mass market paperbacks, so these would normally be put on our book sale cart.

But since we were weeding so many paperbacks at once, my coworker had the great idea to host a Paperback Giveaway to kick off the summer. We arranged all the books on two folding tables, all their spines facing up, and faculty, staff, and students could come to the library all week to take as many books as they wanted. We also provided canvas totes with the school’s logo on them, and that made patrons take even more books home with them.

Patrons sometimes feel alarm when you’re removing a bunch of books at once, even if it’s to make room on the shelves for new things. Inviting our campus community to pick up free discards gave us a chance to explain this sometimes-controversial phase of collection management. One library’s trash, another patron’s treasure!

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 21, 2022

Tibet: The path to Wisdom

Ani Rigsang has chosen a nomadic lifestyle in the land of white clouds. The Buddhist nun felt confined in Lhasa, and so today she has taken to the road to reconnect with her country’s spiritual traditions, which are now threatened by rapid modernisation and the reinforcement of Chinese control over the region. From snowy mountains to green valleys, from monastery to monastery, this documentary accompanies Ani as she makes her way through Tibet. A moving testimony that brings together age-old traditions and legends, this film takes us through stunning landscapes, revealing to us a contrasting Tibet, jostled by modernisation and the upheavals of its holy geography.

Documentary: “Tibet, the path to wisdom”
Direction: Hamid Sardar
Production: DreamCatcherMotionProductions, les gens bien productions for France Télévisions & Ushuaïa TV

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 21, 2022

Recruiting New Librarians #VeronicaArellanoDouglas

It’s been such a tough pandemic for academic librarian job seekers, particularly new graduates. Enrollment declines led to shrinking budgets which in turn meant disappearing job opportunities when so many librarians needed them most. I feel very lucky to be in a library that has had the budget, personnel, and time to hire several new librarians this academic year. Later this summer I’ll be in a position to hire both a Teaching & Learning Librarian and a Student Success Librarian. I’ve been working on the job description and thinking a lot about the recruitment of new colleagues. I definitely have the usual concerns about the construction of the job advertisement:

  • Is the language used to describe the position responsibilities accessible to librarians new to the profession?
  • Are we including a salary range?
  • Am I asking too much under Required Qualifications?
  • Does the job ad emphasize our library’s commitment to anti-racism, equity, and inclusion?
  • Will the position description sound appealing and welcoming to librarians from different backgrounds and communities?
  • Does it make our department sound like a good place to work?

I shared my initial draft with our assistant department head and two new(ish) librarian colleagues who had recently been through the job search process. They offered helpful edits and suggestions, and I was able to pass on our draft to our Associate Dean for Organizational Development and Learning.

But there are the OTHER factors to consider when thinking about recruitment, ones inextricably linked to the pandemic, politics, and legislation. The last few years have been and continue to be difficult for people with disabilities, compromised immune systems, families, income precarity; and all of the most vulnerable individuals. Are new or experienced librarians in a position–financially, emotionally, personally–to move for a new job? What kind of support and flexibility can we offer to individuals who may have unique health, family, or other needs? Are we prepared to have those conversations when negotiating with potential candidates? I hope that we’re ready.

Living in Texas I’m familiar with the common refrains online urging people to either (a) get out and vote or (b) get up and move. Both make a lot of assumptions about finances, personal situations, and other extenuating circumstances. So as we are hiring I will continue to think about how we can make work as safe and welcoming a place as it can be for the people who work within it.

Are you also hiring and onboarding new librarians this year? If so, what’s been your approach?

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 20, 2022

Map of Indigenous Australia

This map attempts to represent the language, social or nation groups of Aboriginal Australia. It shows only the general locations of larger groupings of people which may include clans, dialects or individual languages in a group. It used published resources from the eighteenth century-1994 and is not intended to be exact, nor the boundaries fixed. It is not suitable for native title or other land claims. David R Horton (creator), © AIATSIS, 1996. No reproduction without permission.

https://aiatsis.gov.au/explore/map-indigenous-australia

Big Think

Çok net bir şekilde vurgulamakta fayda var: Hipotezler, teoriler ve kanunlar arasında merdiven türü bir hiyerarşi bulunmaz! “Gözlemler sonucu hipotezler geliştirilir, hipotezler ispatlanınca teori olur, teoriler daha da ispatlanıp daha fazla kişi kabul edince kanun olur.” şeklinde özetlenebilecek söz konusu hiyerarşi, uzun yıllar boyunca okullarımızda okutulmuştur. Ancak bu hiyerarşi, bilimsel camiada geçerliliğini asırlar önce yitirmiş, skolastik düşünceden kalma, kısıtlı ve hatalı bir yaklaşımdır. Geride bıraktığımız yıllarda, ülkemizde de bu çarpık anlatım biçiminden vazgeçilmiştir.

Modern Bilim Teoride Nasıl Çalışır?

Bilimde hipotezler, kanunlar ve teoriler arasındaki ilişkiyi tam olarak anlayabilmek için, bilimin gerçekten nasıl çalıştığını iyi kavramamız gerekir. Bunu, bilimi başlatan temel unsurlardan başlayarak takip edebiliriz.

Bilimin en başta gelen amacı, Evren’i anlamaktır. Bu amaca ulaşma çabasında bilim, keşfettiği olguları betimleme (“tasvir”) ve açıklama (“izah etme”) yollarına başvurur. İşte “bilimsel yöntem” dediğimiz şey, doğa bilginlerinin ve bilim insanlarının ortaklaşa kullandıkları bu betimleme ve açıklama yollarını kapsayan, bir yanı ile eylemsel, öbür yanı ile düşünsel bir süreçtir. Bilimsel yöntem, bilgi edinmek için kullanılan, empirik yaklaşıma sahip bir yöntemdir.

Az sonra da detaylarını göreceğimiz üzere bilimin, olguları açıklama etkinliği de vardır. Bilimde olgulara yönelik ilk zihinsel işlem betimlemelerdir. Betimleme, olguları saptama, sınıflandırma, adlandırma ve kaydetme etkinliğidir. Bunun için bilim; gözlem, deney, ölçme, sayım vb. gibi işlemlere başvurur. 

https://bit.ly/3xCVgpP

175 years ago, the young mechanic Carl Zeiss opened a small workshop for precision mechanics and optics. These humble beginnings in the German city of Jena were the foundation of the Zeiss technology company, which today operates worldwide. The production of glass with game-changing optical properties was one of the developments that helped Carl Zeiss create a company that valued scientific research highly, while never forgetting science’s social impact. Zeiss microscopes have been used by more than 30 Nobel Prize winners. To this day, these instruments offer unrivaled image resolution, with lenses that can display structures one thousand times smaller than a human hair. Light microscopes allow living cells to be examined with extreme gentleness and speed, as well. The Zeiss company was involved in the moon landing in 1969, and thus helped redefine the limits of what humans are capable of. Images of the historic event were captured using Zeiss camera lenses developed specially for space. These lenses were key to the later development of photolithography, which plays a decisive role in the production of microchips. Developments in extreme ultraviolet lithography led to Zeiss winning the German Future Prize together with the Fraunhofer Institute and the Trumpf company.

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 20, 2022

Türkiye: Acı Vatan

“Acı Vatan…” Bu tanımlamaya Türk milleti pek uzak sayılmaz. 60’lı yıllarda Almanya ile yapılan işgücü anlaşması sebebiyle göç eden Türk işçilerin, Almanya için kullandığı bir tabir bu. O zamanlardan yaklaşık 60 sene geçmişken, dünyanın en büyük göç dalgalarından biriyle karşı karşıya kaldı Türkiye. Suriye iç savaşından kaçan Suriyeli mülteciler akın akın sınırı geçtiler ve Türkiye’ye yerleştiler. Bu göç dalgası ve yerleşim meselesini sürekli geçici bir durum olarak görerek yaşadığımız yalancı tatmin duygusu, yerini acımasız bir gerçekliğe bıraktı. Şimdi Türkiye’de “kayıtlı ve kayıtsız” yaklaşık 5 milyon mültecinin yaşadığı iddia ediliyor. Bu 5 milyonluk yeni nüfus, Türkiye’de doğup büyümüş 750 bin bebek ve tükenmek bilmeyen tartışmalar… Bir memleketin sınavı, bir milletin yeni ‘acı vatanı’ ile birleşiyor. “Türkiye: Acı Vatan” hikayesi, coğrafya ve kaderin zahiri ve muzip iş birliğini anlatacak.

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 19, 2022

Travel & Tourism Development Index 2021

A direct evolution of the Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index, the new Travel & Tourism Development Index benchmarks and measures “the set of factors and policies that enable the sustainable and resilient development of the Travel and Tourism (T&T) sector, which in turn contributes to the development of a country”. The 2021 edition of the index highlights the vital need to invest in T&T, the impact of COVID-19 and how sector stakeholders can draw on T&T development strategies to build back better. In particular, amid the current challenges, shifting demand dynamics and future opportunities and risks, a more inclusive, sustainable and resilient sector must be created.

https://www.weforum.org/reports/travel-and-tourism-development-index-2021

Ankara’da sel: Başkent nasıl bir dere mezarlığına dönüştü? İklim kriziyle sebebiyle yaşanan ani ve şiddetli hava olayları, tüm dünyanın gündeminde. Uzmanlara göre Dünya sıcaklığının ortalama 2 derece artması demek, Ankara’da ani yağışlar ve sel baskınlarının giderek artması anlamına geliyor. Öte yandan başkenti ani sel baskınlara karşı riskli hale getiren sadece iklim krizi değil: Yıllar içerisinde içerisinde üzeri asfalt ile kapatılmış, beton kanallara alınarak kanalizasyon haline getirilmiş 200’ün üzerinde dere. İncesu, Bent Deresi, Akdere, Bülbülderesi, Hoşdere, Kavaklıdere, Çayyolu… Yüzbinlerce kişini yaşadığı bu yerleşim alanları ismini, üzeri betonla kapatılan derelerden alıyor. Peki Ankara, sellere ne kadar hazır? Son 20 yılda kentte artan yapılaşma, sel ihtimalini nasıl etkiliyor? Ankara’da suyun kaçacak yeri var mı ve derelerin yok olması, iklim krizinin sonuçları nasıl etkileyecek?

Sophie Lavaud has already tried to climb Dhaulagiri in the Himalayas – twice. Both times, she was forced to turn back before she reached the summit of the world’s seventh-highest mountain. Will her third attempt be successful? Originally, Sophie wanted to become a dancer. Instead, she went into business. For years, there was little to suggest that this businesswoman would one day stand on the summit of Mount Everest or K2. But the financial crisis of 2008 forced Sophie Lavaud to rethink what she wanted out of life. Since turning to mountain climbing, Sophie has climbed eleven of the 14 highest mountains in the world. On 18 expeditions, she has headed for the highest peaks of the Himalayas. Of course, not all of these attempts were successful. But what does success really mean, in the mountains? Sophie believes it is less about attaining a goal than about perseverance, courage and dealing with setbacks. Director Lisa Röösli accompanies Sophie Lavaud on her expedition in spring 2021 and tells a moving story of failure and the art of getting back up again. The expedition team was made up entirely of women, including the film crew.

The travel and tourism sector is slowly beginning to recover.
Image: Unsplash/Eva Darron
  • The World Economic Forum has published its inaugural Travel and Tourism Development Index.
  • It focuses on the growing role of sustainability and resilience in travel and tourism growth.
  • Recovery for the sector is uneven and tourist arrivals in January 2022 were still 67% below 2019 levels, according to the World Tourism Organization.
  • Here are some key findings from the index on how the sector can build back better.

In 2018, international tourism grew for the ninth consecutive year. Tourist arrivals reached 1.4 billion and generated $1.7 trillion in export earnings, according to the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO).

Travel and tourism: post-pandemic

The picture looked very different two years later, as COVID-19 lockdowns hit the travel and tourism (T&T) sector hard. In 2020 alone, it faced losses of $4.5 trillion and 62 million jobs, impacting the living standards and well-being of communities across the globe.

While the roll-out of COVID-19 vaccines and easing of restrictions means a recovery has now started, it’s proving gradual and uneven largely due to variations in vaccine distribution, and because of Omicron and its BA.2 subvariant. And customers are not only being more cautious when it comes to health, but also around the impact of travel on the environment and local communities.

International tourist arrivals rose by 18 million in January 2022 compared with a year earlier. This equals the increase for the whole of 2021 from 2020, but January’s numbers were still 67% below the same month in 2019, according to the UNWTO.

The war in Ukraine has added to instability and economic disruption for the sector. Against this backdrop, the World Economic Forum’s inaugural Travel and Tourism Development Index reflects the growing role of sustainability and resilience in T&T growth, as well as the sector’s role in economic and social development more broadly.

The Travel and Tourism Development Index 2021

The index covers 117 economies, which accounted for around 96% of the world’s direct T&T GDP in 2020. It measures the factors and policies that will enable sustainable and resilient development of the sector.

These include everything from business, safety and health conditions, to infrastructure and natural resources, environmental, socioeconomic and demand pressures.

“As the sector slowly recovers, it will be crucial that lessons are learned from recent and current crises and that steps are taken to embed long-term inclusivity, sustainability and resilience into the travel and tourism sector as it faces evolving challenges and risks,” says the publication, a collaboration between many of the sector’s stakeholders.

The index consists of five subindexes, 17 pillars and 112 individual indicators, distributed among the different pillars, as shown below.

On average, scores increased by just 0.1% between 2019 and 2021, reflecting the difficult situation facing the sector. Only 39 out of 117 economies covered by the index improved by more than 1.0%, while 27 declined by over 1.0%.

Nine of the top 10 scoring countries are high-income economies in Europe or Asia-Pacific. Japan tops the ranking, with the United States in second, followed by Spain, France, Germany, Switzerland, Australia, the United Kingdom and Singapore. Italy completes the top 10, moving up from 12th in 2019.

Viet Nam experienced the greatest improvement in score, with a rise of 4.7% lifting it from 60th to 52nd on the overall index. Indonesia achieved the greatest improvement in rank, increasing its score by 3.4% to climb from 44th to 32nd, while Saudi Arabia achieved the second greatest improvement in rank, moving up to 33rd from 43rd as its score rose by 2.3%.

Rebuilding travel and tourism for a sustainable and resilient future

Here are some of the key findings from the publication:

1. The need for travel and tourism development has never been greater

The sector is a major driver of economic development, global connectivity and the livelihood of some of the populations and businesses most vulnerable to, and hard hit by, the pandemic. In 2019, T&T’s direct, indirect and induced GDP accounted for about 10% of global GDP. For many emerging economies, T&T is a major source of export revenue, foreign exchange earnings and investment. Research has shown that T&T growth can support social progress and create opportunities and well-being for communities, so supporting travel and tourism development and recovery will be critical.

2. Shifting demand dynamics have created opportunities and a need for adaptation

In the shorter term, challenges such as reduced capacity, geopolitical tensions and labour shortages are slowing recovery. However, opportunities have been created in markets such as domestic and nature-based tourism, the rise of digital nomads and “bleisure” travel – the addition of leisure activities to business travel. Many countries have provided incentives to boost domestic tourism. For example, Singapore, South Korea, Japan and Hong Kong SAR, China, have rolled out programmes that provide discounts, coupons and subsidies for domestic travel. The trends towards more rural and nature-based tourism offer an opportunity for less-developed economies to harness the benefits of travel and tourism given that the distribution and quality of natural assets are less tied to performance in economic development, with natural resources being one of the few pillars where non-high income economies typically outperform high-income countries. The travel and tourism sector stakeholders’ ability to adapt under these conditions highlights its capacity for adaptation and flexibility.

3. Development strategies can be employed to help the sector build back better

Amid the current challenges, shifting demand dynamics and future opportunities and risks, a more inclusive, sustainable and resilient travel and tourism sector can be – and needs to be – built, says the publication. But this calls for thoughtful and effective consideration. It also requires leveraging development drivers and strategies. This can be done by: restoring and accelerating international openness and consumer confidence through, for example, improved health and security; building favourable and inclusive labour, business and socioeconomic conditions; focusing more on environmental sustainability; strengthening the management of tourism demand and impact; and investing in digital technology.

A note on the methodology

Most of the dataset for the Travel & Tourism Development Index (TTDI) is statistical data from international organizations, with the remainder based on survey data from the World Economic Forum’s annual Executive Opinion Survey, which is used to measure concepts that are qualitative in nature or for which internationally comparable statistics are not available for enough countries. The index is an update of the Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI), but due to the altered methodology, framework and other differences, the 2021 TTDI should not be compared to the 2019 TTCI. To help address this, the 2019 results were recalculated using the new framework, methodology and indicators of the TTDI. Therefore, all comparisons in score and rank throughout this report are between the 2019 results and the 2021 results of the TTDI. Data for the TTDI 2021 was collected before the war in Ukraine.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2022/05/travel-tourism-index-resilience-sustainability?

Oliver Munday

When i was a kid, the axis around which Dublin revolved was a huge Doric column that had stood at the center of the city since 1809. On the top was a statue of the English naval hero Vice Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson. Even to a child, his presence seemed anomalous. It was as if Washington, D.C., were dominated by a giant memorial to King George III.

One day, when I was 8 years old, my father and his cousin Vincent led me and my brother up the 168 steps that wound through the hollow interior of the monument we Dubliners called Nelson’s Pillar. I had never before seen the city from a vantage point so high that you could take in the whole place, the bay to the outlying mountains.

But there was, for me, an edge of unease. Vincent had bought half a dozen plums in a fruit shop. When we got to the top of the pillar, he opened the brown paper bag and gave us each one. He and my father started laughing about how they could spit the stones down on the people below. I found this deeply unsettling because I did not know my father could be like that, that he could joke about something I was sure would get us into big trouble. It was also darkly mysterious. The adults clearly thought there was some meaning in all of this—but what did plums have to do with Nelson?

More than a decade later, I found out. I was reading, for the first time, James Joyce’s Ulysses. The centenary of the novel’s publication is being marked in Dublin with official enthusiasm climaxing on Bloomsday, June 16. But back then it was still—as it should be—a thrillingly strange and dirty book, full of provocations and subversions. I came to an episode in which the author’s alter ego, Stephen Dedalus, is passing Nelson’s Pillar with some other men. He tries to impress them with a story about two middle-aged Dublin women who save their money for a day out. They buy a lot of plums and climb the pillar. Then “they put the bag of plums between them and eat the plums out of it, one after another, wiping off with their handkerchiefs the plumjuice that dribbles out of their mouths and spitting the plumstones slowly out between the railings.”

Reading this took me back to my childhood and explained an incident that was both vivid in my memory and oddly obscure. Now I knew what my father and Vincent were joking about and why we were eating plums way up there above the streets of Dublin. The book was in their heads, and they were inhabiting simultaneously Joyce’s comic parable and the present-day city. But if the passage in Ulysses illuminated a moment in my own past, I still could not understand Stephen Dedalus’s story. Why were those apparently respectable women spitting the hard pits of a fruit down onto the heads of their fellow citizens?

Back when I first read Ulysses, it was still—as it should be—a thrillingly strange and dirty book.

What I wanted to do then was go back and climb the pillar again. Surely the best way to grasp what the women were doing was to retrace their steadily mounting steps. This was the great privilege of reading Ulysses as a native of the city it has immortalized: The fictional world of the book mapped onto the physical reality of the streets and buildings, so that each could radiate into the other.

Except that, by the time I was reading Joyce, the pillar had vanished. In 1966, not long after our family adventure with the plums, some members of an Irish Republican Army splinter group had planted a bomb under Nelson’s statue that blew it off its plinth and shattered the top part of the column. The sad stump was then demolished by the authorities.

The bombers very deliberately erased one kind of memory—the idea of Dublin as a British city, visually dominated by a very English hero. But they also obliterated an important part of Joyce’s city.

In Ulysses, the pillar is described as the “heart of the Hibernian metropolis.” That heart was ripped out. From that moment, a very specific experience became impossible—a visual and spatial sensation of hauling your bones up through the dark interior of a huge stone tube, emerging into the light and then seeing the city and its hinterland in every direction. Joyce undoubtedly did that, and the topography imprinted itself on his imagination. I had been lucky enough to do it once, but I was painfully aware that no one could ever do it again.

Only much later, reading Ulysses for a second time, did I realize that in the book itself there is also an absent monument. If you know Dublin, you will be familiar with the obelisk just a few hundred yards up O’Connell Street from where Nelson’s Pillar had stood. It commemorates a much more appropriately Irish hero: Charles Stewart Parnell, who drove the cause of Irish Home Rule to the very center of British politics in the 1880s. The statue of Parnell is the only monument by the great sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens in the artist’s native city. For Joyce, it would have had a special significance—at the age of 9, he wrote a poem in praise of Parnell, his first published work; his proud father had it printed up as a broadside. The fall of the leader of Irish nationalism in the late 19th century, brought down by a scandal over his adulterous liaison with a married woman, was for him the most embittering event in recent Irish history. “ ’Twas Irish humour, wet and dry,” Joyce wrote later, “Flung quicklime into Parnell’s eye.”

The foundation stone for Parnell’s monument was laid in 1899, but by 1904, when Ulysses is set, it had still not been built. Joyce saw this failure as emblematic of what he called the paralysis of Irish life. In a lecture in 1907, he noted sardonically that “in logical and serious countries, it is customary to finish the monument in a decent manner … but in Ireland, a country destined by God to be the eternal caricature of the serious world … they rarely get beyond the laying of the foundation stone.”

Charles Stewart Parnell, who championed the cause of Irish Home Rule, is the unquiet ghost who haunts the book.

In Ulysses, on the morning of June 16, 1904, as the protagonist Leopold Bloom is riding in a carriage to Glasnevin Cemetery for the burial of the hard-drinking Paddy Dignam, he passes an empty plinth at the top of O’Connell Street. His silent thought is: “Foundation stone for Parnell. Breakdown. Heart.” This is the other heart of the Hibernian metropolis, the broken one. It marks a place so sunk in lassitude that it cannot even honor its lost leader.

The sour irony is that Nelson, too, had an affair with a married woman. Stephen Dedalus calls him the “onehandled adulterer.” (Nelson had lost his right arm in battle.) Nelson’s sexual transgression does not prevent him from being immortalized in Dublin—while Parnell’s similar sin still clouds his memory. Because Parnell has not been properly memorialized, it is, in Ulysses, as if he has not been laid to rest at all. He is the unquiet ghost that haunts the book.

When Bloom is in the cemetery, one of his companions points to Parnell’s tomb: “With awe Mr Power’s blank voice spoke:—Some say he is not in that grave at all. That the coffin was filled with stones. That one day he will come again.” This notion is made all the more real because at various points during the day, we encounter Parnell’s living doppelgänger, his brother John Howard Parnell. (“There he is: the brother. Image of him. Haunting face.”)

Joyce embeds in Ulysses a complex set of thoughts and feelings about these two monuments—what’s there and not there, what is imposed on Ireland as official British memory and what has yet to be properly remembered at all. And all of this had become mixed up for me with my own memories of my family and my hometown. Nelson’s now nonexistent pillar, that paradoxical monument to oblivion, was, for me, an image of both the evanescence of the past and the way that odd parts of it linger and persist—an image, too, that had a beautiful color and a sharp taste: plum.

I still didn’t know, however, what Stephen Dedalus’s parable was about. In the bizarre but very Joycean logic of association that makes Ulysses such a constantly changing book, the meaning came to me from an apparently unrelated source. The chapter in which the parable is told is largely about rhetoric, and the conversation that precedes it recalls a speech by a 19th-century Dublin lawyer that alludes to Moses leading the Jews out of Egypt. While I was rereading the section, I also read Martin Luther King Jr.’s staggering final oration, on the eve of his assassination, in Memphis: “I’ve been to the mountaintop … And I’ve looked over. And I’ve seen the promised land. I may not get there with you.” King transforms himself into Moses, who gets to see Israel from the top of a mountain but at the same time is told by God that he himself will not live to enter it.

If I had read my Bible, which I had not, I would have known that the name of the mountain is Pisgah. In Ulysses, Stephen calls his odd story “A Pisgah Sight of Palestine or the Parable of the Plums.” If I’d had one of the many annotated editions of the novel that have since appeared, or if the internet had been invented, I would have understood the allusion. But I thought that Pisgah was just a Joycean invention—it does, in my defense, sound like a plausible vulgar expression of disgust that might have been current in 1904.

Stephen’s acrid joke is that the Moses who was supposed to lead Ireland to its promised land—Parnell—is unremembered; meanwhile, despite the expansive view, no Irish future can be seen from the top of the very British monument to Nelson. The women who take such trouble to climb it will not even be granted a sight of a new Ireland, let alone get to live in it. And why plums? Maybe just because they have the bittersweet tang of memory.

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2022/07/ulysses-book-james-joyce-100-years/638447/

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 19, 2022

More relevant  than ever before (Library Plan 2022–2025)

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 17, 2022

The high price society pays for social media

Sitting exams is unpleasant at the best of times, but my daughter believes she has extra cause to complain. Two of her A-level papers are scheduled for the same time, so she must take a break between them with only an invigilator for company. “I can’t even have my phone,” she protests. Because I am the worst parent in the world, I opine that it would be very good for her mental health to be without her phone for a couple of hours. She could challenge me to prove it, but more sensibly, she rolls her eyes and walks away. Ernest Hemingway once declared that “what is moral is what you feel good after and what is immoral is what you feel bad after”. I’m not sure if that stands up to philosophical scrutiny, but I do think it’s worth asking ourselves how often we feel bad after spending time on social media. I usually feel disheartened and a little self-loathing after doomscrolling on Twitter in a way that I never feel after reading a book or a decent magazine. That’s the experience of a middle-aged man on Twitter. What about the experience of a teenage girl on Instagram? A few months ago the psychologist Jonathan Haidt published an essay in The Atlantic arguing that Instagram was toxic to the mental health of adolescent girls. It is, after all, “a platform that girls use to post photographs of themselves and await the public judgments of others”.

That echoes research by Facebook, which owns Instagram. An internal presentation, leaked last year by Frances Haugen, said: “Thirty-two per cent of teen girls said that when they felt bad about their bodies, Instagram made them feel worse.” In the UK between 2003 and 2018, there was a sharp increase in anxiety, depression and self-harm, and a more modest increase in eating disorders, in people under the age of 21. In absolute terms, anxiety, depression, self-harm and eating disorders were higher in girls than boys. Similar trends can be found in the US and elsewhere in the English-speaking world. And a team of psychologists including Haidt and Jean Twenge has found increases in loneliness reported by 15 and 16-year-olds in most parts of the world. The data often seem to show these problems taking a turn for the worse after 2010. There are other explanations for an increase in teen anxiety (the 2008 banking crisis; Covid-19 and lockdowns; school shootings; climate change; Donald Trump) but none of them quite fits the broad pattern we observe, in which life started to get worse for teenagers around 2010 in many parts of the world. What does fit the pattern is the widening availability of smartphones. This sort of broad correlational data is suggestive of a problem, but hardly conclusive. And a large and detailed study by Amy Orben and Andrew Przybylski of the University of Oxford found very little correlation between the amount of time spent on screens and the wellbeing of adolescents. This study seems to me more robust and rigorous than most, with one major weakness: it lumps together all forms of screen time — from Disney+ to Minecraft, TikTok to Wikipedia.

Three recent pieces of analysis approach the subject quite differently. One from Luca Braghieri and two fellow economists looks at the campus-by-campus rollout of Facebook across US colleges between early 2004, when it was launched at Harvard, and late 2006, when it was made available to the general public. Because this rollout is sharply staggered, it creates a quasi-randomised trial, which is a better source of data than broad correlations. The researchers find a large negative effect of the launch of Facebook on mental health — somewhere between one-quarter and one-fifth as bad as the effect of losing one’s job. The Facebook of around 2005 is not the same as the social media of today: it was probably less addictive and less intrusive, and was not available on smartphones. If it was bad then, one wonders about the impact of social media now. I usually feel disheartened and a little self-loathing after doomscrolling on Twitter in a way that I never feel after reading a book or a decent magazine The other two studies were charmingly simple: they asked experimental participants, chosen at random, to switch off social media for a while — while a control group continued as before. The larger study by Hunt Allcott, Braghieri and others asked people to quit Facebook for four weeks during the 2018 midterm US elections. A smaller but more recent study by researchers at the University of Bath had people eschewing all social media for a week. The results in both cases were striking, with clear improvements in a variety of measures of happiness, wellbeing, anxiety and depression. It seems that a break from social media is good for your soul. Intriguingly, the largest effect of all in the Allcott and Braghieri study is that people who had temporarily left Facebook for the experiment were much less likely to use it afterwards. I don’t know whether a two-hour break from her phone really would be good for my daughter’s mental health. Nor do I think the wellbeing case against social media is proven beyond doubt. But that should not be a surprise. It took time to demonstrate that cigarettes caused lung cancer. If social media causes depression and anxiety, it will take time to demonstrate that, too. But at this stage, one has to wonder. Tim Harford’s new book is “How to Make the World Add Up”

https://www.ft.com/content/a81ad7f0-37be-49f1-a7ac-f0e4c57c4342

Kibele; en eski Anadolu tanrıçalarından biri olarak bilinmekle birlikte kökeni milattan önce 6500-6000 yıllarına kadar uzanıyor ve hikayesi antik insanların şahit olduğu bir asteroid düşmesiyle değişiyor. Kibele Hristiyanlıkta Meryem Ana, Yunanlarda Artemis, Sümerlerde İnanna , Babil’de İştar, Roma’da Diana, Nebatilerde Allat ve İslam’da Hacerü’l-esved mi oldu ? Bu dinlerin ortak sembolü ise tanrıçanın bir kara taş ile özdeşleşmesidir. Dinler tarihine yön veren bu antik inancın şekil alışını birlikte inceliyoruz.

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 17, 2022

Libraries are our future, but they need our help!

a digital image I made for this article, Library of the Future, 2022

I made my first website in 2000, as a student at George Mason University. I bought the domain Studioamelia.com and I have had that domain as my art space, I called it Studioamelia.com: Virtual Studio Space. Over the years I have had a lot of different jobs, opportunities, and life changes. But the ability to make my art in my digital studio space (online and from anywhere) is something I’ve treasured.

Every few years, I go to the Wayback Machine, a way to stroll through the Internet Archive, a vast digital archive that holds everything that was and is online, like a library of everything that happened in the digital communication temple of knowledge we call the web/net/phone. The Wayback Machine has a URL search bar and you can view that website at various collection points and literally travel back in time to see some of your favorite websites as they once were. Now maybe a broken flash link or a full-page gif (remember when we had those enter here gifs?) and other questionable conventions of surfing the old-timey web (cringe).

The ways I have used the Archive personally have been so fundamental to how I understand the internet, its history, and the concept of the digital commons. This archive and its 25-year mission contain our values to democratize information for the benefit of the planet.

Of course, the Internet Archive doesn’t just exist so I can be nostalgic and embarrassed, its mission is to provide universal access to all knowledge, something those of us who were around this digital zip code in its beginning deeply cared about, some of us still do. Democratizing access to books, and written materials is central to its mission. From a statement from The Internet Archive:

“has been working with other libraries for almost a decade to digitize and lend books via Controlled Digital Lending (CDL)…

This service has been especially crucial during the pandemic, but will be needed long afterwards. Many families cannot afford to buy all the books they and their kids want or need to access, and look to libraries to fill the gap. Researchers may locate books they need, but discover they are out of print. Others simply want access to knowledge. And all of these people may not be able to visit the physical library that houses the works they need. CDL helps to solve that problem, creating a lifeline to trusted information. It also fosters research and learning by keeping books in circulation when their publishers are unable or unwilling to do so.”

But in a few months, the Archive will face a court case– Hachette v Internet Archive– whose plaintiffs seek to prevent the institution from helping our national libraries bring information forward into the future. Four large publishers have sued the Internet Archive, alleging that its digital lending program violates their copyrights and threatens their businesses.

I am not sure why the plaintiffs, in this case, feel they are entitled to make every instance of knowledge-sharing into a revenue stream, but there you have it. Perhaps there is some legal precedent for this. I invite you to look it up, for free, online.

For those of you who would like to make a real contribution to the Internet Archive’s ability to continue preserving and sharing the digital commons, you can now donate to the Internet Archive and their DWEB Camp Fellowship program. Thanks to Gitcoin’s Quadratic funding model your $3 could end up as a $400 donation. This program launched on June 8th, 2022, today the day I’m writing this.

The Internet Archive needs our help. If you would like to donate please keep reading as I go through how to do this with a GitHub account, if you are not interested in donating but would like to support the archive please use it, share it, write about it, and keep information and access open!

Learn more (and browse a lot of fun archives) at https://archive.org/

https://studioamelia.medium.com/libraries-are-our-future-but-they-need-our-help-75461ddc8c08


Batılıların doğulu diye küçümsediği, doğuluların batılı diye yüz çevirdiği medeniyet elçileri… Geçmişte bini aşkın aile olarak söz edilen İzmir’in 400 yıllık Hristiyan topluluğundan bugün kalanların sayısı, 100 ile 150 aile arasındadır… Masalın Aslı belgesel dizisinde İzmir’in kadim Hristiyanları Levantenlerin tarih, dil, kültür ve edebiyatına baktık…

Hep şunu duyarız: Askeri çalışmaların bilimsel çalışmalara etkisiyle İkinci Dünya Savaşından sonra büyük bir bilgi patlaması yaşandı. Elde ettiğim bulgular, bu bilginin doğruluğunu bozmamakla birlikte sanki biraz eksik bilgi olduğunu düşündürüyor.

https://www.egitimajansi.com/cem-ozel/savaslarin-bilimsel-calismalar-uzerindeki-etkisi-ikinci-dunya-savasi-ornegi-kose-yazisi-3547y.html

A decade working in museums, art galleries, and heritage sites across the United Kingdom, Canada, and Turkey has led Simge Erdogan-O’Connor to Kingston where she is now working as the manager and curator of the Murney Tower Museum.

She, along with assistant curator Jjoanna Dermenjian has created a new exhibit, The Voices of Murney, a unique journey into the history of the Martello Tower. Part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the Rideau Canal and Kingston Fortifications, the museum is operated by the Kingston Historical Society and is the oldest operating museum in Kingston with over a thousand domestic and military artifacts.

Martello Towers are squat, round towers with a gun platform. Despite their relatively small size, these little fortifications were adept at preventing attacking ships from landing.

“I am now a PhD candidate in Cultural Studies in the Faculty of Arts and Science but I’ve loved museums all my life,” Erdogan-O’Connor says with a smile. Her PhD research focuses on museums as sites of relevance and social change and explores the links between museums and global citizenship. “Creating this unique exhibit at the Murney Tower was an amazing opportunity and a chance to tell the story of the Tower.”

Built in 1946, the Tower was never needed in combat, but it did not sit empty. The Tower was used for decades as a barracks for soldiers and their families. At one point, she explains, six families lived inside together. Using interesting and unique artifacts housed within the Tower, Erdogan-O’Connor has recreated that life so visitors can really appreciate the cramped living conditions and the challenges that came from living in the Tower.

“The Tower has a very social history as the families that called this home lived, slept, and dreamed in it,” she explains. “There were at times 22 people living on one floor in the town with a communal cooking, sleeping, and living area. A baby was even born here in 1882. The men did take civilian jobs including cobblers, farmers, and blacksmiths so they were able to leave the Tower during the day.”

Along with The Voices of Murney exhibit, Erdogan-O’Connor has mounted the exhibit #hopeandhealing Canada by Métis artist Tracey Mae-Chambers(link is external). Currently on display at the Murney Tower’s gun platform, the project features a series of site-specific art installations across Canada. Each installation is made using crochet, knit, and woven red yarns. This ongoing body of work is used to illustrate connections between Indigenous, Inuit, and Métis peoples with Canadians, while also addressing the decolonization of public spaces.

“I was really inspired by this exhibit and am exploring options for an artist in residency program and also featuring more art installations in the Tower,” she says. “My idea is to make this space accessible to everyone and ensure the Tower is used for much more than a display of military history. This space could become a focal point in Kingston.”

There are currently four Martello Towers in Kingston: Shoal Tower, Fort Frederick, Cathcart Redoubt, and Murney Tower but only Murney Tower is operational and open to the public.

To learn more about Murney Tower Museum, visit the website(link is external). The Tower is open from Wednesday to Sunday between 10 AM and 5 PM. Admission is by donation.

https://www.murneytower.com/

https://www.queensu.ca/artsci/about/in-the-news/curator-brings-murney-tower-to-life

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 16, 2022

Making the most of technology in education

14 Haziran 2022 Salı günü gerçekleştirilen Söyleşinin video kaydıdır.

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 15, 2022

Direk dansı nedir?

Direk dansı (pole dance), fitness, akrobasi ve dansın birleştiği; son yıllarda Türkiye’de de çok popülerleşti. Peki pole dance nedir? Direk dansı nasıl yapılır? Evde yapılır mı? Direk dansının türleri nelerdir? Herkes yapabilir mi yoksa belli bir altyapı gerektiriyor mu?

Birçok kadın, direk dansının bedenleriyle kurdukları ilişkiyi olumlu yönde değiştirdiğini, bir taraftan güç, esneklik kazanırken aynı zamanda bedenleriyle barıştıklarını, öz güvenlerinin arttığını anlatıyor. Çoğunlukla kadınların ilgilendiği bir spor gibi görünse de direk dansıyla ilgilenen erkekler de var.

+90 direk dansını, kadın ve erkek dansçılar ile mercek altına altı.

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 15, 2022

Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2022

This year’s report reveals new insights about digital news consumption based on a YouGov survey of over 93,000 online news consumers in 46 markets covering half of the world’s population.

The report documents ways in which the connection between journalism and the public may be fraying, including a fall in trust following last year’s positive bump, a declining interest in news and a rise in news avoidance. It also looks at audience polarisation and explores how young people access news. 

https://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/digital-news-report/2022

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 15, 2022

Sosyal Bilimler Ansiklopedisi #TÜBİTAK

https://ansiklopedi.tubitak.gov.tr/

Posted by: bluesyemre | June 15, 2022

#AnaPopovic Shows

00:00:00 Instrumental 00:02:15 If Tomorrow Was Today 00:07:14 Can You Stand The Heat? 00:11:54 Object Of Obsession 00:15:55 Love You Tonight 00:23:17 Train 00:29:05 Long Road Down 00:34:32 New Coat Of Paint 00:43:20 Night By Night 00:46:54 Is This Everything There Is? 00:51:39 Last Thing I Do 00:57:39 Fencewalk 01:04:14 ? 01:07:33 Boys’ Night Out 01:14:35 Can’t You See What You’re Doing to Me? 01:22:35 Brand New Man 01:30:12 Lasting Kind Of Love 01:36:43 Too Late 01:48:19 How’d You Learn To Shake It Like That? 01:55:22 We Can Change The World

Ana Popovic – Lead Vocals & Guitar
Buthel Burns – Bass & Backing Vocals
Jeremy Thomas – Keyboards
Evan Knight – Saxophone
Jordan Carr -Trumpet
Kwesi J Robinson – Drums & Backing Vocals

Thanks to Albert Poliak & Ira Maltz for The Funky Biscuit
Props to Jeff Kissinger for the original audio magic!
Audrey Michelle & True Definition Media
Kudos to Sharon Wolf for the help filming
Special Thanks to Jesse Finkelstein & Audrey Michelle of Blues Radio International

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