“Hiç kuşku yok kî bu değerli yayın COVID-19 sonrası oluşacak yeni dünyada, toplantı süresince ortaya konulan içeriklerin teoriden pratiğe dönüşmesi için yol gösterici bir rehber olacaktır.”
Faruk Eczacıbaşı

‘Yeni normal, geniş bant internet ve bulut destekli bilişim altyapısı üzerine inşa edilecektir. Bu teknolojik dönüşüme ayak uyduran toplumlar refahlarını arttırmaya devam edecekler, uyduramayanlar mevcut ekonomik kazanımları dahi korumakta zorlanacaktır.”
Erdal Ankan

“Bu değerli çalışma, kırılma sonrası yeniden oluşturulacak paradigmaların mimarları, yaratıcı, yenilikçi, girişimci gençlerimiz için vazgeçilmez bir pusula olacaktır.”
Cengiz Ultav

“Teknoloji, üretim ve tüketim küresel bir hâl almıştır. Sermaye, haber ve bilgi akımı da benzer bir biçimde sınır tanımaz biçimde akışkanlık kazanmıştır.”
Ersin Kalaycıoğlu

“Analiz yapmayı, soru sormayı, sorgulamayı öğretemediğimiz bir nesile hangi bilgiyi verirsek verelim, sonuç almak mümkün değildir. Dolayısıyla eğitim sistemimizdeki bütün diğer ayrıntıları ayıklayarak sadece bilim, felsefe, mantık ve analiz yapmaya yönelik bir anlayış benimsenmediği sürece bu işlerin içinden çıkmamız olası değildir.”
Mahfi Eğilmez

‘Geleneksel endüstri sınırları yok oluyor, insanların içinde olduğu iş süreçleri hızla makineleşiyor. Ama yeni iş alanları da doğuyor. Korona ise bu patlama /kırılma anında Teknoloji, hemen şimdi’ dedi”
Füsun Sarp Nebil

“Pandemide dijital teknoloji kullanılarak yapılan toplantılar, uzaktan verilen dersler, çevrim içi yapılan sınavlar, web sitelerinden satın aldığımız ürünler hepimize çalışma hayatını ve yaşamı farklı bir boyutta sürdürebileceğimizi göstermiştir.”
Berrin C. Ataman

‘Dijital dönüşümle birlikte, ülkeleri değerlendirmede o ülkelerde yaşayan insanların mutluluğu, GSMH gibi konuların ötesinde önemli hâle gelecek, insan odaklı olmayan yaklaşımlar, sürdürülebilirliği gözardı eden yaklaşımlar kabul görmeyecek.”
Ercan Cegez

‘Emek, sermaye, toprak, müteşebbis: Hepimizin bildiği bu kavramlar üretim faktörlerini tarif ediyor. En azından tarif ediyordu, diyebiliriz çünkü bundan sonra başka üretim faktörlerinin de devreye girdiğine şahit olacağız, iki boyuta hapsedilmiş olan ekonomi, üç hatta dört boyuta çıkacak gibi görünüyor.”
Emre Alkin

https://www.nobelyayin.com/kitap_16301.html

Van’da polis ekiplerince yapılan 2 aylık çalışma sonucu, genellikle akademik unvan sahibi olan şahıslardan makalelerinin yayınlanması vaadiyle para talep ederek 50 şahıstan yaklaşık 1 milyon TL haksız kazanç sağlayan 4 şüpheli yakalandı.

Van Emniyet Müdürlüğünden yapılan açıklamada, intikal eden bir takım ihbar ve şikâyetler üzerine Siber Suçlarla Mücadele Şube Müdürlüğünce Van Cumhuriyet Başsavcılığı koordinesinde 2 ay süreli bir çalışma yapıldığı belirtildi.

Sabah’tan Emir Somer’in haberine göre, internet siteleri aracılığıyla Türkiye ve yurtdışında yaşayan genellikle akademik unvan sahibi olan şahıslardan makalelerinin yayınlanması vaadiyle para talep edildiği, bu yöntemi kullanmak suretiyle 50 şahıstan yaklaşık 1 Milyon TL haksız kazanç sağladığı (phishing / oltalama yöntemiyle nitelikli dolandırıcılık) tespit edilen şüphelilere operasyon için düğmeye basıldı.

Yönetici konumunda bulunan İran Uyruklu Y.E., K.A., M.G. ve H.A. isimli 4 şüpheliye yönelik olarak yapılan eş zamanlı operasyonda, 4 şüpheli de yakalanarak gözaltına alındı. Gözaltına alınan şüphelilerin ikamet, iş yeri ve üst aramalarında; 3.350 $, Çeşitli Ülke Konsoloslukları ve Konsolosluk Çalışanları Adına Düzenlenmiş Sahte Kaşeler, Sahte Bandroller, Sahte Mühürler, Suçun İşlenmesinde Kullanılan Çok Sayıda Dijital Materyaller ele geçirildi.

Gözaltına alınan şüphelilerin Siber Suçlarla Mücadele Şube Müdürlüğü’ndeki işlemlerinin ardından adli makamlara sevk edileceği öğrenildi.

https://www.basnews.com/tr/babat/637215

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 28, 2020

10 Signs you’re probably in a #Cult

Cults aren’t as easy to spot as you might think. Most cults don’t wear robes or live in communes. In fact, most cult members don’t even realize they’re in a cult.

During my 25 years as an unwitting cult member, I would often watch documentaries and read about other cults. As I researched, I noticed 10 specific patterns that helped me recognize that I myself was in a cult:

1. The leader is the ultimate authority
If you’re not allowed to criticize your leader, even if the criticism is true, you’re probably in a cult.

Cults begin with a charismatic leader who claims some supreme knowledge. They may call themselves a prophet, messiah, messenger, or an enlightened teacher. They can also be CEOs, military officials, politicians, and self-help gurus.

Cult leaders convince members to forfeit their critical thinking ability in return for a sense of belonging, authority, and purpose. To members, it doesn’t matter what the evidence or logic may suggest, the leader is always right, and their misdeeds are always justified. Criticism of the leader is forbidden.

2. The group suppresses skepticism
If you’re only allowed to study your organization through approved sources, you’re probably in a cult.

Cults view critical thinking as an infectious disease and every effort is made to suppress it. Doubting members are encouraged to isolate themselves from outside influences and focus solely on the doctrine of the cult.

Criticism is forbidden. People who contradict the group are viewed as persecutors and are often given labels like “anti,” “apostate,” or “suppressive person.” Members are discouraged from consuming any material that is critical of the group.

3. The group delegitimizes former members
If you can’t think of a legitimate reason for leaving your group, you’re probably in a cult.

Because the cult considers itself the ultimate authority on truth, it can’t imagine anybody leaving it with their integrity intact. Thus, it has to perpetuate a false narrative that former members were deceived, proud, immoral, or lazy.

If former members speak out, they are dismissed as bitter, angry, dishonest or evil. Cults often impose some kind of shunning to shame former members and prevent them from infecting other members with the truth.

4. The group is paranoid about the outside world
If your group insists the end of the world is near, you’re probably in a cult.

Cults position themselves as the sole refuge from an evil outside world that is intent on their destruction. Cults thrive on conspiracy theories, catastrophic thinking, and persecution complexes.

In an effort to draw in more paying members, cults are often very aggressive in their recruitment efforts which are usually justified as “saving” people from the evil world. Those who reject the cult’s message are unelect, prideful, evil, or stupid.

5. The group relies on shame cycles
If you need your group in order to feel worthy, loved, or sufficient, you’re probably in a cult.

Cult leaders trap members in shame cycles by imposing abnormally strict codes of conduct (usually prescriptions about diet, appearance, sex, relationships, media), guilting members for their shortcomings, and then positioning themselves as the unique remedy to the feelings of guilt which they themselves created.

Want to read this story later? Save it in Journal.

Cult members are made to believe they are insufficient or unworthy on their own and that the only way to become worthy is to confess their shortcomings to the group or leader. The leader then becomes the meditiator of worthiness and the foundation of the member’s self esteem.

Leaders who can make followers feel bad about anything can use shame to manipulate followers into doing anything, even if it’s against their own self-interest or better judgment.

6. The leader is above the law
If you’re held to a different moral standard, specifically in regard to sex, you’re probably in a cult.

A prevalent idea among cult leaders is that they are above the law, be it human or divine. This idea allows them to exploit their followers economically and sexually without repercussions.

When confronted, they do not confess, but create justifications for their impropriety. Sexual grooming of members is common. Loyal cult members will perform any amount of “mental gymnastics” to justify or ignore the leader’s behavior.

7. The group uses “thought reform” methods
If your serious questions are answered with cliches, you’re probably in a cult.

Indoctrination or “brainwashing” is the process through which a cult slowly breaks down a person’s sense of identity and ability to think rationally. Behaviors like excessive fasting, prayer, hypnosis, scripture reading, chanting, meditation, or drug usage can all be used to increase a person’s vulnerability to the leader’s suggestions.

The hallmark of indoctrination is the use of thought-terminating cliches. Platitudes like “follow the leader” or “doubt your doubts” are regurgitated over and over so that members don’t have to critically analyze complex issues.

8. The group is elitist
If your group is the solution for all the world’s problems, you’re probably in a cult.

Cults see themselves as the enlightened, chosen, and elect organization tasked with radically transforming individual lives and the entire world.

This elitism creates greater sense of group unity and responsibility centered on a united purpose. However, this sense of responsibility is often manipulated by cult leaders who coerce members into risky financial behavior, sexual favors, free manual labor, or heightened recruitment efforts in order to “further the cause.”

9. There is no financial transparency
If you’re not allowed to know what the group does with their money, you’re probably in a cult.

A group that refuses to disclose its finances is a huge red flag. Ethical organizations have nothing to hide. Cult leaders tend to live opulently while their followers are required to make financial sacrifices. Members are often encouraged to pay their offerings even if it means putting their families at risk.

10. The group performs secret rites
If there are secret teachings or ceremonies you didn’t discover until after you joined, you’re probably in a cult.

Cults use secret rituals as rites of passage that solidify a member’s loyalty to the group. Initiation into these rites usually only comes after a member has undergone certain tests or made adequate financial contributions.

Often, cult initiations are confusing, bizarre, or even offensive. This mental dissonance between their sense of confusion and their loyalty to the “inner circle” convinces the initiate to double their efforts in order to properly appreciate the proceedings. This only further entrenches them in a shame cycle, making them even more susceptible to manipulation.

https://blog.usejournal.com/10-signs-youre-probably-in-a-cult-1921eb5a3857

Libraries have always been spaces for discovery. But in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, they have been tasked with transforming themselves into places that allow users to physically distance while being more digitally connected than ever. As some institutions emerge from months of shutdowns, design and architecture experts seek to meet current health and safety challenges as well as safeguard these community spaces against an uncertain future.

Traci Engel Lesneski, CEO and principal at Minneapolis-based national architecture firm MSR Design, which has worked with hundreds of libraries across the country, says libraries are ideal spaces for innovative design solutions. “It’s not a stretch to think about the ways that libraries have modeled what’s next in the world,” she says. “Libraries can talk to the public about how important these things are and advocate [for them]. They can provide hands-on learning and access to certain technologies that people don’t have access to in their everyday lives.”

Yet libraries have had to find new ways to provide that access. “[COVID-19] is aggravating the digital divide,” says Susan Nemitz, director of Santa Cruz (Calif.) Public Libraries (SCPL). “There are a number of people who don’t have access to the internet and computers, because we haven’t opened up yet.” She says that effective design solutions will have to bridge not just physical and digital distance, but socioeconomic distance as well.

“We find that, more and more, our community is isolated,” she says. “And we’ve been moving away from being a warehouse of books to being a social connector.” Nemitz, whose library system passed a $67 million bond issue to replace and remodel all 10 of its buildings before the pandemic hit, says she’s had to reimagine her library’s mission. “The COVID crisis has thrown a wrench into who we are and what we believe,” she says. “Do we build our buildings for the situation we’re in now, or the situation in the long run?”

The answer may be both. “This will not last forever,” says Amanda Markovic, architect and associate principal at GBBN Architects, a multinational architecture and interior design firm that has built multiple libraries and civic spaces around the country. “But there’s a possibility that it will happen again. So I think [design] is about ensuring there’s flexibility, making sure there aren’t as many hard walls in these spaces to allow for the expansion and contraction [of our spaces] that will be necessary when these things arise.”

An early start

Libraries that were in the process of renovating before COVID- 19 almost immediately pivoted, repurposing certain design features to address the new normal. “There have been some fortunate coincidences that were not intended to be in reaction to a pandemic but that we can use,” says Markovic. “For instance, at Baldwin Borough Public Library [in Pittsburgh], we put casters on the stacks to make them easy to move around. We can now use them to create little pods. And at Carnegie Library [of Pittsburgh], we’re implementing cleanable surfaces and discussing an HVAC system that allows for increased ventilation.”

Some privacy features have been reimagined as safety enhancements. “We’ve been in a debate about gendered versus nongendered toilet rooms,” says Lesneski. “When you put the lens of the pandemic over that, we should be moving toward more privacy, and privacy that allows for parent and child, or parent and older parent, or people who need to use medication, or transgender people. So we’ve been talking more about [creating bathrooms that consist of] roomlets with a sink, where everything is all contained.”

Libraries that have been unable to provide public access during the pandemic may have an unusual opportunity to upgrade. “One of our libraries that was renovated had its entire collection digitized when it was removed for the renovation,” says Thomas M. Hotaling, architect and principal at Ann Beha Architects, a Boston-based design firm that works with education and cultural clients. “I’m wondering if this might be a good time for [other] libraries to digitize their collections. If the funding is available, this is an ideal time to think about that.”

Clean and simple

Certainly funding is an issue. But not all changes need to be expensive. In fact, some of the most effective enhancements libraries can employ involve only elbow grease and motivation. “One of the things that works is just cleaning,” says Markovic. “A good old ‘let’s wipe things down.’ And do that often.” She says that high-touch areas like doors and desks should ideally be nonporous and cleaned often. “I think of gyms,” she says. “You have to wipe down equipment after using it, and that becomes easy, because they put the wipes near the equipment. So putting wipes near furniture and the front desk and near where people might want to go would be a visual cue.”

Lesneski says that library guests should also be a part of that process. “We will have to take personal responsibility to clean up after ourselves and have trust in other people,” she says. “And we might have to start carrying around sanitizer.” She explains that rooms can be designed or redesigned to incorporate built-in receptacles for sanitizing wipes and feature signage that directs visitors to use them.

This will not last forever. But there’s a possibility that it will happen again.—Amanda Markovic, architect and associate principal at GBBN Architects

Technology solutions can also make spaces cleaner and safer. Touchless lights, faucets, and doors may become more common, and libraries may begin to experiment with automated cleaning protocols. “Maybe there’s an automatic occupancy sensor that turns on a UV light that [could kill] the most recent virus, like task lights at every computer,” says Cindy Kaufman, principal associate at Holt Architects, a New York design firm with offices in Syracuse and Ithaca that has worked on several university libraries and learning spaces. “Or what if it was a little machine that sits right next to you and does a quick cleaning?”

Kaufman cautions against the use of antimicrobials, as those treatments can be largely ineffective and potentially unhealthy. “I think some people are using antimicrobial treatments, but we [at Holt] don’t recommend them because we have a huge focus on sustainable design and healthy design,” she says. Antimicrobials can prevent the growth of microorganisms but won’t always kill them, she says. “If a facility is on top of cleaning, they can kill the virus that way.”

Products and placement

Design can do more than just help keep things clean. It can also provide visual reminders of social distancing, as seen in the large circles painted on lawns in New York City’s Domino Park and Chicago’s Millennium Park. Indoors, that can translate into strategic furniture placement. “Especially in facilities that don’t have money [to remodel], I see the possibility that furniture is arranged in a completely different way, so you spread out how people can sit,” says Kaufman. “You could spread out a row or a long table and remove every few chairs. If people need to face each other, you could put up a barrier or a sneeze guard or a panel. Mobile screens can be another way to create separate seating.”

Product design is quickly evolving to meet the needs of environments that practice social distancing. “You’re seeing products pop up”—such as planters, fabric screens, and marker boards that act as dividers—“[that] feel natural but also keep people at a distance,” Lesneski says. Furniture still needs to be welcoming, she adds, because otherwise people won’t want to be there. “We can’t look like we’re living in a surgical ward,” she says. “And we don’t want to end up in terrible places with windows that are sealed shut and seating that’s not comfortable, and furniture that’s been bolted into place to prevent people from moving too close.”

She says comfort is also about control. “The more control we have over our environment, the more content we feel,” says Lesneski. “Like controlling the lights, airflow, height of a table, or size of its surface. The more control, the more secure and able to focus we are.”

Libraries can also get their communities involved in the design process. Margaret Sullivan, principal at Margaret Sullivan Studio, a New York City–based design firm that specializes in libraries and learning institutions, says that working with local graphics shops and inviting artists and graphic designers to create temporary signage can help libraries find vibrant and playful ways to speak to their patrons. “This is a great time to pay young designers in your community,” she says. “A great impact investment strategy would [also] be to hire local architects and designers to come up with cool design solutions for social, learning, and community spaces that foster social distancing in a fun, creative way.”

Storage solutions will also need to be developed as spaces become more malleable. “Social distancing will impact the amount of furniture that’s in a space, at least for the present,” says Hotaling, who suggests libraries might even see a return to old-fashioned reading carrels. “We were asked [by a library client] what to do with all the furniture now there. Where will it be stored, and should library designers be thinking about library furniture that can be easily stacked?” Hotaling says storage considerations will also affect collections, as many libraries now have a process for quarantining materials. “Libraries have to dedicate space for books to sit for three days and then be cleaned too,” he says.

Outside the box

As scientists learn more about the transmission of COVID-19, the importance of using outdoor space as much as possible has repeatedly been stressed. “Outside is safer than inside,” says Sullivan. “So are the services going to be curbside pickup? Will there be outdoor programming?” She adds that librarians will need to think about how many people can be inside a facility and what those people will be doing. “Then you can start to get granular,” she explains. “For the first phase of opening, maybe we have this many tables we need to clean every night and this many computers that need to be sanitized. That’s an interesting way to think about the true cost of the work.”

Designers are also thinking about how to better ventilate indoor spaces. “Everyone is looking at improved indoor air quality for HVAC systems, more operable windows, more fresh air, and more air circulation,” says Hotaling. “Fresh air is proven to make for a healthier environment.”

Fostering the impression of a natural environment can also soften spaces and encourage spatial division. “I could see using a mobile system of translucent panels featuring images of greenery and nature,” says Kaufman. “Or what if there were curtains that were able to move around the ceiling on a track to create private areas, and that let light through, and that are cleanable, and that could be drawn from one position to another?”

Outside is safer than inside. So are the services going to be curbside pickup? Will there be outdoor programming?—Margaret Sullivan, principal at Margaret Sullivan Studio

As libraries bring the outdoors inside, they’re also bringing traditional indoor services outside. “There’s a trend in creating outside spaces and leaving our Wi-Fi on,” says Nemitz of SCPL. “Maybe even expanding coverage so we can be a Wi-Fi hotspot, so students can use it at 4 a.m. if they don’t have Wi-Fi at home, whether we’re open or not.” Nemitz is also considering a wireless printing service, so library guests can print from their connected devices for curbside pickup.

“We have a lot of people who love print books and who are suddenly motivated to download books,” says Nemitz. “This kind of thing is going to forever change us. There’s an audience that can’t physically come to our building, and this allows people who previously felt barriers to participate.”

Not all outdoor improvements are tech-driven. “Sometimes the old becomes new again,” says Nemitz, pointing to old book drops located near several branches in her system. “The public loves [them]. The staff collects and quarantines the books. And some of our libraries have a drop-off island, and with curbside pickup it’s ideal.”

Even entrances can become design features. “Our design allows the library to be open and closed in sections,” says Nemitz, who adds that SCPL adopted the concept from a library in Madison, Wisconsin. “We can open just the children’s area or just the adult area, and we can serve different client­eles at different times.”

Looking ahead

Designers say that the COVID-19 pandemic is an opportunity not just to modify libraries but to improve them for future use.

“This is about so much more than having less seating and different planning,” says Kaufman. “It’s about human-environmental interactions, and how can we affect human behavior with simple design tools. In my mind, it’s imagery and spatial reconfiguration that can help people feel more [connected] to each other. Buildings will need to create more usable spaces for people to spread out more, and users need to trust the staff.”

Lesneski says that a lot of existing built environments have barriers that hinder inclusivity at multiple levels, including racially and socioeconomically. She cites a discussion moderated by the Canadian Urban Institute. Ironically, a shift to more equitable spaces will happen because the virus has made decision makers “uncomfortable,” she says. “We [should] remember to expand our lens so that it’s not just about the pandemic but also a long-term overhaul.”

LARA EWEN is a freelance writer based in Brooklyn, New York.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 28, 2020

The Power of Mobile Communication (#infographic)

The number one rule of multi-channel communications is to meet customers where they are. Oftentimes this means social media, but more frequently now, because of the pandemic, it also means text messaging.

69% of customers would rather use their phones then approach a store employee, but that’s not the only time customers prefer to interact with retailers via mobile devices. Mobile communications have also become crucial for contactless customer interactions – and retailers need to take note.

Smartphones have changed the way we do most things, not just communicate. Last year:

  • 81% used a mobile device to manage finances
  • 79% used a mobile device to make online purchases
  • 32% used a mobile device to access government services

What’s more, 85% of smartphone users prefer messages to calls, and 29% don’t check their voicemail messages. But 90% of people open text messages within a few minutes, which means that retailers can zero in on this powerful medium when it comes to reaching potential customers.

Everything from restaurants to telehealth and traditional medicine are also using mobile communication to set appointments, remind people about reservations, help people follow social distancing procedures, and more. Smartphones have become a lifeline during the pandemic, enabling people to continue to access services safely.

Learn more about the rise of mobile communication from the infographic.

https://www.socialmediatoday.com/news/the-power-of-mobile-communication-infographic/584382/

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 28, 2020

Kitapla ceza mı olur? #AliFuatKartal

Kitapla ceza mı olur?

Türk Kütüphaneciler Derneği Genel Başkanı Ali Fuat Kartal, pek çok suç kapsamında verilen kitap okuma cezasının son bulması gerektiğini vurgulayarak, “Kitabın korkutucu ve caydırıcı bir müeyyide olarak kullanılması son derece yanlış” serzenişinde bulundu. En son Sakarya’da koronavirüs tedbirlerini ihlal eden kişilere kitap okuma cezası verildiğini anlatan Ali Fuat Kartal, uygulama ile ilgili şu değerlendirmede bulundu:

ARTIK SON BULMALI

“Ülkemizde alkollü araç kullanandan kadına şiddet uygulayana maske takmayandan gazeteciye kadar insanlara kitap okuma cezası verilmesi artık bir son bulmalı. Bu cezayı veren hakimler hangi düşünce ile bunu veriyorlar anlamış değilim. Zaten okuma sorunu olan bir toplumda bu tür cezalar, toplumda kitap okumanın ceza olarak algılanmasına yardımcı olmaktan başka bir işe yaramıyor.

Ceza niçin verilir? Topluma zarar veren filler karşılında verilen ceza korkutucu, caydırıcı bir müeyyidedir. Kitabın korkutucu ve caydırıcı bir müeyyide olarak kullanılması bana göre son derece yanlış bir şeydir. Bu cezayı veren hakimler, kitap okumanın suçluya olumlu katkı sunacağını düşünerek verdiklerini sanıyorum. Eğer kitap okuma cezasını bir cezai müeyyide olarak kullanacaksak bunu olumlu anlamda kullanalım.

EN GÜZEL ÖRNEK BREZİLYA

Ali Fuat Kartal kitaplarla ilgili olumlu örnek olarak Brezilya Ceza Yasası’nı göstererek, “Bir yılda 12 kitap okuyan mahkûmların 48 güne kadar ceza indiriminden faydalanabilmesi sağlanıyor. Okunan kitapların felsefi, bilimsel veya edebi olması ve her kitabın en geç dört haftada tamamlanması gerekiyor. Kitabı bitiren mahkumların bir makale yazması ise şart. Bu makale, karalama yapılmadan ve kolay okunacak şekilde kaleme alınmalı. Bizim ceza kanunumuzda da böyle bir düzenleme yapılabilir” dedi.

https://www.hurriyet.com.tr/egitim/kitapla-ceza-mi-olur-41622017

12 Nisan 1993 yılında Türkiye’ye internetin ulaşımını sağlayan ekibin başındaki isim Prof. Dr. Kürşat Çağıltay, EBA sistemindeki çöküşü, Türkiye’nin internet altyapısını ve Ulaştırma Bakanlığı’nın ODTÜ’den domain (alan adlarını) devir alma sürecini Yeniçağ Gazetesi Ankara Temsilcisi Orhan Uğuroğlu’na anlattı.

TÜRKİYE’YE İNTERNETİN GELİŞİ

Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi Öğretim Üyesi Prof. Dr. Kürşat Çağıltay, Türkiye’ye 1993 yılında interneti getiren ekibin teknik yöneticisi olduğunu belirtirken “İlk bağlantı buradan ODTÜ’den yapılmıştı. Buradan bağlantı Ankara’dan Washington’a yapıldı. 64 Kilobaytlık bir hat… Oraya ilk bağlandığımızda odada 6 kişi vardı. Karşımıza bir ekranda “Login:” diye bir kod gelmişti. Burada bunu gördük ve tamam bağlandık dedik” diye konuştu.

“İNTERNET ALTYAPIMIZI TEK ŞERİTLİ YOL GİBİ DÜŞÜNÜN”

Cumhuriyet’in kuruluş yıllarındaki sloganı “demir ağlarla ördük anayurdu dört baştan” idi günümüzde de “fiber ağlarla ördük yurdu” dememiz gerektiğinin altığını çizen Çağıltay “. Ne yazık ki fiber altyapımız istenen boyutta değil, trafik ve kullanım o kadar hızlı artıyor ki bunu karşılayacak altyapı ve genişlik maalesef yok. Altyapımızı şu an tek şeritli yollar gibi düşünün herkes yola çıktığında trafik oluyor. Ayrıca şehir merkezlerinde iyi olabiliriz ama kasaba ve köylerde durum daha vahim” dedi. Çağıltay, ODTÜ’de bir internet probleminin yaşanmasının sebebini ise ön görülü çalışmalar ve yatırım olduğunun altını çizdi.

“ALTYAPI MALİYETLİ BİR İŞ DEĞİL, TÜRKİYE BUNU YAPAR”

Pandemi’nin başlangıcındaki internete erişim problemlerinin normal olduğunu fakat şu zaman kadar geçen süreçte iyileştirme çalışmalarının yeterince yapılmadığını belirten Prof. Dr. Çağıltay şunları söyledi.

“Bu güçlendirme ciddi maliyetli bir iş değil, Türkiye bunun altından kalkabilirdi. Facebook’a tüm dünyadan milyarlarca insan bağlanıyor ve bir çökme yaşanmıyor. Başka bir problem ise müfredatımız bu müfredat biraz rahatlatılabilirdi. 15 milyon öğrenci bir anda bağlanmayabilirdi, mesela mesai saatleri değiştirilsin denildi bu evden eğitimde de yapılabilirdi. Küçük bir çocuk düşünün sabahın köründen akşama kadar bilgisayar başında, televizyon başında. Burası okul değil burası ev. Maalesef Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı tarafından bizden bir fikir alınmadı. Üniversitenin bir takım projeleri var ama bu bağlamda bir çalışmamız olmadı. Pandeminin başında tüm Türkiye’den bir takım akademisyenler çağrıldı iki saatlik bir toplantı yapıldı o kadar uzun vadeli bir toplantı olmadı. Eğitimin her şartta devam etmesi lazım, milli mücadele yıllarında Ankara’da zorluklar var, düşman kapıda Atatürk ne yapıyor? Öğretmenleri burada topluyor ve öğretim nasıl devam edecek onu tartışıyor” dedi.

“DAVA METNİNDEKİ O SATIR ÇOK ACIYDI, HİÇ UNUTMAYACAĞIM!”

Ulaştırma Bakanlığı ve ODTÜ arasındaki alan adları problemi hakkında da açıklama yapan Çağıltay “Bir ülkeye interneti ilk getiren kurum o olan adlarının yönetimini de üstlenir. Bunu Türkiye’ye de 1993 yılında ODTÜ getirdi. 1991 yılında ”tr”’ kodunu Türkiye adına kaydettiren de bendim. 1993’den 2019’a kadar Türkiye’nin TR alan adları yöneticisi bendim.
Ulaştırma Bakanlığı “tr” alan adlarını ODTÜ yönetemez dedi bakanlık olarak bunu biz devralacağız dedi.

Hükümet interneti kontrol etmeye başladı sansürler, YouTube kapandı vs. Alan adlarının ODTÜ’de olmasının hiçbir zararı yoktu kimseye. Karşılıklı davalar açıldı, kişisel davalar açıldı hatta hiç unutmayacağım tam bu internet işleriyle uğraşırken kızım doğdu o esnada ben burada internette çıkan bir sorunla uğraşıyordum. Çok acıdır o dava metninde bir satır vardı diyor ki “ ODTÜ 93 yılında bu alan adlarını kaydettirerek bir nevi interneti gasp etmiştir” insanı üzen bir ibare vardı orada. Ben de gasp suçlaması ile yargılandım. Sonuç olarak üniversite karar verdi devretti bu
haklarını, davalar da düştü.”

https://www.yenicaggazetesi.com.tr/turkiyeyi-internete-baglayip-gasp-ile-suclanan-akademisyen-ebanin-neden-coktugunu-anl-10772v.htm

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 27, 2020

Internet Archive Scholar

This fulltext search index includes over 25 million research articles and other scholarly documents preserved in the Internet Archive. The collection spans from digitized copies of eighteenth century journals though the latest Open Access conference proceedings and pre-prints crawled from the World Wide Web.

https://scholar-qa.archive.org/

http://www.openculture.com/2020/09/internet-archive-scholar.html

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 27, 2020

What are #PublicLibraries for?

Out with the Dewey Decimal System. In with co-working spaces, podcast studios, and goats...

Growing up in Adams County, a sprawling, semirural community outside of Denver, Ser Herr visited his neighborhood library at least once a week, making a beeline to the children’s section. “It was just literally books,” Herr, 31, remembers. “Once in a while my mom would rent a movie for us. But it was about as simple a library as you could get.”

Today, Herr’s most-frequented Adams County branch is an open-concept building outfitted with a coffee shop and decorated with realistic-looking trees, complete with leaves that change color with the seasons. The library system’s name itself has changed; it now brands itself “Anythink.”

The temple of books is changing, as communities like Adams County reevaluate the institution’s role in public life. For over a century, that role was to be the main source of materials and information, says David Lankes, director of the school of library and information science at the University of South Carolina. “A lot of people think of libraries as a place that collects stuff, whether it’s books, documents, music, what have you,” he says.

But now, library patrons need fewer tangible things. Patrons still check out books: Library checkouts in the U.S. dwarfed Amazon book orders as of 2014. But people can also borrow books directly on e-readers, or access them through Spotify-esque subscription services.

Public libraries have to evolve into something more tailor-made to local communities — with uses so diverse they can look nothing like a library at all.

Overall, U.S. library visits still are trending downward. The White House’s latest federal budget proposes eliminating federal funding for libraries, an unlikely move that, if passed, would disproportionately affect areas that can’t rely as much on tax funding and friendly local governments.

That means that, to survive, public libraries have to evolve into something more attuned to modern needs and tailor-made to local communities — with uses so diverse they can at times look nothing like a library at all.

Farewell to Dewey

The transformation of the Adams County system owes a lot to broader economic fortunes. When Herr was growing up in the 1990s, much of the county was struggling economically. So was its library system, which had a $4 million operating budget and just four branches to serve 325,000 residents over 1,200 square miles.

“The buildings were kind of ’60s, aging, under capacity, dark,” recalls Pam Sandlian-Smith, who came on as director in 2007. “Eighty percent of the collections were older than 20 years. We didn’t have funds to buy basic supplies like pencils and tape and poster board.”

But by the mid-2000s, the Denver area was starting to transform into a booming tech and industry hub, and the Adams County libraries were granted an influx of additional funding — Because of a mill levy increase in 2006, the system was able to qualify for certificates of participation that helped fund a $60 million building project. Rather than spend it all on new editions and cosmetic repairs, the library system underwent a total facelift — from radically reconfiguring its physical spaces to retooling the way it catalogues books.

An avid reader, Herr still uses the library primarily for checking out books. But he finds himself sticking around for other reasons — to study, or hold offsite work meetings for his job at a marketing firm, or to book a conference room for his church leadership group. 

And there are other ways Anythink has found to get people into its seven campuses: studios for producing podcasts and music; 3D printers; ample programming. The libraries held 470 children’s programs in 2018, ranging from STEM workshops to music and movement classes. In the summer, goats visit the libraries, part of a program to teach children about farming. The broad menu has paid off: In 2018, the small county’s library system had 108,555 cardholders and 1,130,415 total visits, both increasing roughly 40 percent over 10 years.

“It’s always packed in there,” Herr says. “I’ve been there when they’re about to close and they have to turn off the lights to force everybody out.”

Some of what Anythink did was just a matter of rebranding. (Buzzy names are a trend; In London, libraries are called “Idea Stores;” a system in Montana goes by “ImagineIf”).

“People told me I was ruining the profession, I should give up my credentials.”

But changing the library’s image has also meant doing away with some staples of the library experience — most notably, the nearly-150-year-old Dewey Decimal System, which organizes nonfiction texts by way of an intricate, numbers-based hierarchy. After a few standalone branches across the country experimented with jettisoning Dewey, Anythink became the first library system in the U.S. to abandon it entirely.

At first, the move was all-but-scandalous in the staid world of information science. “People told me I was ruining the profession, I should give up my credentials,” Sandlian-Smith laughs. Even now, she’d advise against it for academic libraries, or bigger outfits with more complicated inventories.

But many of the focus groups Sandlian-Smith assembled before the Anythink overhaul said they couldn’t make sense of the catalogue, or find anything without help. The new system, modeled after bookstores, is word-based. So instead of listing all cookbooks under a master number — 641 — Anythink labels them “Cooking,” then creates new categories as needed: Cooking-Baking, Cooking-International, Cooking-Healthy, etc. Sandlian-Smith says this model also allows the library to separate academic textbooks from more popular reads, and to better account for other media: music, movies, even less-conventional items like recording equipment and outdoor gear.

Your friendly librarian

Like the library industry writ large, Anythink has also grappled with staffing. As programs and event planning become more intrinsic to the library’s role, the job of the librarian is becoming more customer-facing, geared toward community engagement, not always suitable to the stereotypical introverted bibliophile. Anythink has hired many people from the hospitality industry; its job postings include words like “generous” and “team-oriented.”

“The folks who might self-select to go to library school might not be the people who are going to be happiest or successful in public libraries now,” Sandlian-Smith says. “I have this conversation all the time with other library directors. You need to be recharged by being with people and making sure that they’re having a good experience. It’s a different type of work now, and everybody doesn’t fit.”

Lankes, at the University of South Carolina, says the college curriculum for library sciences is starting to evolve accordingly. “If we’re talking a century ago, [the prerequisites were] being tall enough to reach the top stacks and clear handwriting,” he says. “Now our curriculum has to deal with yes, cataloging and management — but increasingly soft skills, and figuring out what a specific community needs. It’s a big shift.”

And what communities need from their libraries varies as much the communities themselves. Even within Adams County, that changes from branch to branch. Poorer neighborhoods might need more in the way of basic utilities and internet access; those with more families need after-school programs and bigger children’s sections; other branches have maker spaces and piano rehearsal rooms.

Those needs evolve in surprising ways. When Anythink launched a decade ago, its flagship branch boasted a vast, state-of-the-art computer lab. From the start, almost no one used it, something the rise of the iPhone only exacerbated. “It was a huge surprise to us,” Sandlian-Smith says. The room was soon converted into a printmaking studio.

According to Lankes, that ethos of flexibility is a far cry from the original, Industrial Revolution-era conception of libraries, which tended to all look the same. Anythink’s transformation has been widely lauded in library circles; Sandlian-Smith is a frequent speaker everywhere from industry conferences to the Aspen Ideas Festival. Library directors across the country and as far away as The Netherlands get in touch for advice.

And the changing needs of consumers are prompting changes in academic libraries, as well. “At the same time that books increasingly lie dormant, library spaces themselves remain vibrant,” wrote Dan Cohen, Northeastern University’s Dean of the Library, in a recent piece in the Atlantic. “Snell Library at Northeastern now receives well over 2 million visits a year—as retreats for focused study and dynamic collaboration, and as sites of an ever wider array of activities and forms of knowledge creation and expression, including, but also well beyond, the printed word.”

Not all library systems can reinvent themselves so dramatically; $60 million funding hikes don’t grow on trees. But both Lankes and Sandlian-Smith say libraries have the chance to be resilient, in part because of their baked-in emphasis on sharing.

Rural systems that can’t invest in new buildings or Anythink-style rebranding can still get resources more easily, thanks to the internet. New York’s public library has a program to license WiFi hotspots to low-income neighborhoods, making resources independent of a physical space whatsoever. “If you have a phone that can connect, you can have a library wherever you are,” Lankes says.

But, he adds, “the physical space, that’s something that all the great virtual services in the world can’t provide.” For Sandlian-Smith and Anythink, space — and how to use it — remains the central concern in the library system’s future plans. “We need more,” she says. Future branches may include gallery spaces for touring art exhibits to come through, or co-working spaces for startup businesses and freelancers.

Sandlian-Smith says her team is working with local neighborhood developers on how and where to include new library buildings in their plans — something that “never would have happened 10 years ago.”

“We’re not working in isolation,” she says. “We’re being asked to be part of the conversation — not just about the future of libraries, but the community. I think that’s remarkable.” 

Julia Beck contributed to this article.

Canada’s population is passing 38 million and new immigration plans will push annual immigration over 400,000 per year.

Canada’s immigration plan targeted a level of 361,000 immigrants in 2022 but the high range would allow 390,000 immigrants in 2022.

Canada will release a 2021-2023 immigration plan in October, 2020. Canada has been increasing annual immigration by 10,000-20,000 per year. 2020 saw reduced and delayed immigration because of COVID.

It is likely that there will be a 20,000 immigration level increase in 2023 with a high range of 410,000. Canada will likely continue to edge up annual immigration to 500,000 by 2030.

SOURCES- Toronto Star, Stats Canada
Written by Brian Wang, Nextbigfuture.com

Brian Wang

Brian Wang is a Futurist Thought Leader and a popular Science blogger with 1 million readers per month. His blog Nextbigfuture.com is ranked #1 Science News Blog. It covers many disruptive technology and trends including Space, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Medicine, Anti-aging Biotechnology, and Nanotechnology.

Known for identifying cutting edge technologies, he is currently a Co-Founder of a startup and fundraiser for high potential early-stage companies. He is the Head of Research for Allocations for deep technology investments and an Angel Investor at Space Angels.

A frequent speaker at corporations, he has been a TEDx speaker, a Singularity University speaker and guest at numerous interviews for radio and podcasts.  He is open to public speaking and advising engagements.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 27, 2020

Calgary’s new Central Library

Categories: Architecture, Landscape, Interior, Library, Public Space

Timeline: 2013 – 2018

Status Completed

Location: Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Typology: Main public library

Size: 240,000 sqft (2/3 larger than original library)

Client: Calgary Municipal Land Corporation (CMLC)

Collaborators: DIALOG

Calgary’s new Central Library has opened its doors to the public. The building, designed in collaboration with DIALOG, aims to welcome over twice as many annual visitors to its expanded facilities, filling a vital role for the rapidly expanding city. Calgary Public Library is one of the most actively used library systems in North America, where more than half of its residents are active cardholders, and accordingly, the new main branch was created for and inspired by its diverse inhabitants.

The building is sited within a complex urban condition, where a fully functional Light Rail Transit Line crosses the site from above to below ground on a curved half-moon path, dividing Downtown and East Village. In response, the design lifts the main entry over the encapsulated train line. Gently terraced slopes rise up to the heart of the building, allowing for people arriving from every direction to interact with the library. Doubling as a portal and a bridge, the entry plaza heals the previously-split seam between the two neighborhoods and re-establishes visual and pedestrian connections across the site.

https://snohetta.com/projects/407-calgary39s-new-central-library

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 27, 2020

Top 100 Most Banned and Challenged Books: 2010-2019

The American Library Association’s Office for Intellectual Freedom (OIF) has been documenting attempts to ban books in libraries and schools since 1990. OIF compiled this list of the most banned and challenged books from 2010-2019 by reviewing both the public and confidential censorship reports it received.

This list draws attention to literary censorship but only provides a snapshot of book challenges. About 82-97% of challenges remain unreported, estimates OIF, which compared results from several independent studies of third-party FOIA requests documenting school and library book censorship with the information in its database.

OIF offers direct support to communities to defend their right to access information. If you’re able, please consider a donation to OIF to ensure this important work continues.

  1. The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian by Sherman Alexie
  2. Captain Underpants (series) by Dav Pilkey
  3. Thirteen Reasons Why by Jay Asher
  4. Looking for Alaska by John Green
  5. George by Alex Gino
  6. And Tango Makes Three by Justin Richardson and Peter Parnell
  7. Drama by Raina Telgemeier
  8. Fifty Shades of Grey by E. L. James
  9. Internet Girls (series) by Lauren Myracle
  10. The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison
  11. The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini
  12. Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins
  13. I Am Jazz by Jazz Jennings and Jessica Herthel
  14. The Perks of Being a Wallflower by Stephen Chbosky
  15. To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
  16. Bone (series) by Jeff Smith
  17. The Glass Castle by Jeannette Walls
  18. Two Boys Kissing by David Levithan
  19. A Day in the Life of Marlon Bundo by Jill Twiss
  20. Sex is a Funny Word by Cory Silverberg
  21. Alice McKinley (series) by Phyllis Reynolds Naylor
  22. It’s Perfectly Normal by Robie H. Harris
  23. Nineteen Minutes by Jodi Picoult
  24. Scary Stories (series) by Alvin Schwartz
  25. Speak by Laurie Halse Anderson
  26. A Brave New World by Aldous Huxley
  27. Beyond Magenta: Transgender Teens Speak Out by Susan Kuklin
  28. Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck
  29. The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood
  30. The Hate U Give by Angie Thomas
  31. Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic by Alison Bechdel
  32. It’s a Book by Lane Smith
  33. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain
  34. The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien
  35. What My Mother Doesn’t Know by Sonya Sones
  36. A Child Called “It” by Dave Pelzer
  37. Bad Kitty (series) by Nick Bruel
  38. Crank by Ellen Hopkins
  39. Nickel and Dimed by Barbara Ehrenreich
  40. Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi
  41. The Adventures of Super Diaper Baby by Dav Pilkey
  42. This Day in June by Gayle E. Pitman
  43. This One Summer by Mariko Tamaki
  44. A Bad Boy Can Be Good For A Girl by Tanya Lee Stone
  45. Beloved by Toni Morrison
  46. Goosebumps (series) by R.L. Stine
  47. In Our Mothers’ House by Patricia Polacco
  48. Lush by Natasha Friend
  49. The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
  50. The Color Purple by Alice Walker
  51. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time by Mark Haddon
  52. The Holy Bible
  53. This Book is Gay by Juno Dawson
  54. Eleanor & Park by Rainbow Rowell
  55. Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close by Jonathan Safran Foer
  56. Gossip Girl (series) by Cecily von Ziegesar
  57. House of Night (series) by P.C. Cast
  58. My Mom’s Having A Baby by Dori Hillestad Butler
  59. Neonomicon by Alan Moore
  60. The Dirty Cowboy by Amy Timberlake
  61. The Giver by Lois Lowry
  62. Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank
  63. Bless Me, Ultima by Rudolfo Anaya
  64. Draw Me a Star by Eric Carle
  65. Dreaming In Cuban by Cristina Garcia
  66. Fade by Lisa McMann
  67. The Family Book by Todd Parr
  68. Feed by M.T. Anderson
  69. Go the Fuck to Sleep by Adam Mansbach
  70. Habibi by Craig Thompson
  71. House of the Spirits by Isabel Allende
  72. Jacob’s New Dress by Sarah Hoffman
  73. Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov
  74. Monster by Walter Dean Myers
  75. Nasreen’s Secret School by Jeanette Winter
  76. Saga by Brian K. Vaughan
  77. Stuck in the Middle by Ariel Schrag
  78. The Kingdom of Little Wounds by Susann Cokal
  79. 1984 by George Orwell
  80. A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess
  81. Almost Perfect by Brian Katcher
  82. Awakening by Kate Chopin
  83. Burned by Ellen Hopkins
  84. Ender’s Game by Orson Scott Card
  85. Fallen Angels by Walter Dean Myers
  86. Glass by Ellen Hopkins
  87. Heather Has Two Mommies by Lesle´a Newman
  88. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou
  89. Madeline and the Gypsies by Ludwig Bemelmans
  90. My Princess Boy by Cheryl Kilodavis
  91. Prince and Knight by Daniel Haack
  92. Revolutionary Voices: A Multicultural Queer Youth Anthology by Amy Sonnie
  93. Skippyjon Jones (series) by Judith Schachner
  94. So Far from the Bamboo Grove by Yoko Kawashima Watkins
  95. The Color of Earth (series) by Tong-hwa Kim
  96. The Librarian of Basra by Jeanette Winter
  97. The Walking Dead (series) by Robert Kirkman
  98. Tricks by Ellen Hopkins
  99. Uncle Bobby’s Wedding by Sarah S Brannen
  100. Year of Wonders by Geraldine Brooks

http://www.ala.org/advocacy/bbooks/frequentlychallengedbooks/decade2019

New York Public Library. Ron Adar/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

Since the early 19th Century, public libraries in the United States and throughout the world have thrown open their doors to people from all backgrounds, offering the gift of reading, supporting education and encouraging a sense of community. Sadly, some of the services offered have been undervalued in recent years—with budget cuts both in the U.K. and U.S. leading to shortages in funding for some libraries.

Meanwhile libraries, whose free resources can be a lifeline for both readers and the wider community, have been quietly adapting to a changing world—improving and expanding their offering, introducing more online access and continuing to provide an invaluable service.

This behind the scenes diligence meant that during the pandemic, libraries were able to prove themselves to be more resilient, future-proof and adaptable than many of us may have realized. In fact, the coronavirus crisis has enabled many libraries to truly prove their worth.

When the U.K. and U.S. imposed lockdown measures in March, libraries were forced to close their doors to the public, causing great consternation among users and library staff. “Our Chief Executive, Fiona Williams spoke for all of us when she said that she was heartbroken when we had to close libraries following government advice in March,” Gillian Holmes, executive assistant of Explore York Libraries and Archives in the U.K. told Observer. “We understand that libraries have an essential role to play in these challenging times, especially for our most isolated and vulnerable.”

Finances were also affected by lockdown measures, and while some libraries benefited from a financial boost during the crisis—with York libraries receiving an additional £17,000 ($2,200) from the city council to extend their range of virtual services—others were forced to shift their budget or even found their finances taking a hit. “We closed on March 14, but by the first week of May we knew that as a city we were facing a pretty big budget shortfall, so the library placed 60 percent of our staff on temporary furlough,” explains Kate Larsen, director of Tacoma Public Library. “That was just to realize some of the immediate budget savings for this current budget year.”

“We were able to reallocate almost overnight a small portion of our print budget because we were buying fewer copies of new releases, etc, in their current form,” says Brian Bannon, the Merryl and James Tisch director at the New York Public Library.

After the initial shockwave caused by lockdown measures, libraries were quick to spring into action, promoting existing online content, providing new remote services and finding safe ways to keep the public connected with both their reading and the wider library community. Luckily, most libraries were already much better equipped to do this than many of their customers realized, with online services available but often underused until this year.

“The good news was that many of our online services were already live, for example, our reading app has been running for over a decade,” Bannon told Observer. “So we were able to improve our visibility and advertise the 300,000 materials we had available.”

“We had a strong digital presence already,” agrees Bruce Leeke, chief executive of Suffolk Libraries in the U.K. “Apps and programmes available saw a great uptick in use—with our press reader app use increasing by over 287 percent during lockdown.”

The public’s discovery and use of existing online content is one of the few upsides of the pandemic, as many libraries saw their hard work on undervalued virtual content pay off: “For us we felt as if we were finally being seen and valued,” Larsen told Observer of the response from the surrounding Tacoma community.

As well as relying on existing materials, many libraries also worked to develop additional content for customers stuck at home, despite staff shortages caused by furloughs or lack of childcare. “We’ve launched a number of online services including live book readings, education programmes, painting classes and games,” Leeke told Observer. “Over lockdown we also started live streaming of services through Facebook live—everything from early years activities to networking groups for older people. Between March and the end of May we livestreamed nearly 2,500 live events.”

This increase in digital offerings may well be something that continues even after the pandemic has ended. “When we locked down, those staff who were not furloughed worked tirelessly to take libraries online. Now we are physically open again, we have two services running in parallel with many new users through our online services,” Holmes told Observer. “We are seeing bigger audiences online and we will be continuing these kinds of events alongside in-person programs as soon as these are safe to restart.”

Despite the challenges and the necessity to protect public health, libraries also worked to find a solution for those who wished to enjoy physical books. New York Public Library and Tacoma Library, neither of which have yet been able to open their doors, have worked hard to introduce a curbside pickup service where customers are able to reserve their favorites for librarians to pick from the shelves. Books are then collected without direct contact and returns quarantined for 72 hours or more to ensure minimal risk.

A similar service has been developed in many other libraries across the U.K. and U.S., with some now also offering limited access to traditional visitors again. “In the start of July, about a week and a half after opening, we started our reservation service so you could reserve the books you wanted and collect them. And more recently, over the last two to three weeks, we’ve reintroduced browsing with one-way systems and social distancing and limited people depending on the size of the site,” Leeke told Observer.

Readers who think of library services as simply offering opportunities for reading and research may also be surprised to learn of the valuable and usually free community outreach that many libraries provide. Such services are not usually quantifiable in a monetary way, however a review of Suffolk Libraries by an accountancy firm recently estimated that the services they run to help mental health and wellbeing generate £2 million ($2.5 million) of what is known as “social value”—the saving to society made by intervening at an earlier stage and providing a lifeline to those who might otherwise need more medical support or intervention.

Knowing that some of their customers would be particularly vulnerable without the human contact provided by their local library, Suffolk libraries began a “lifeline telephone service” where library staff made calls to vulnerable or potentially isolated users. “We made 6,700 calls between March and the end of May to vulnerable people—we helped people to access help and support but also just provided access to a friendly voice on the phone,” explained Leeke.

New York Public Library also worked to ensure that underprivileged users had access to the technology required to take advantage of library services through a partnership with the department of education. “We were able to work together on the distribution of 300,000 internet-enabled devices to our existing families at home who needed to complete the school year,” Bannon told Observer. “We also started a ‘book away’ program where we gave out free books, particularly for kids who weren’t able to check out materials online.”

Libraries in London also “set up virtual IT training sessions to help people at home who would otherwise be completely isolated to Zoom to keep in contact, use the internet to order groceries and other useful tasks,” Caroline Rae, chair of London Libraries, told Observer.

These new initiatives have flagged up all the more the need for intervention in certain areas, and many libraries are hoping to keep some or all new services running. “We’re trying to create a hybrid now of what we did during lockdown. We want to make sure we can reach people wherever they are and whatever their circumstances,” Leek says.

Moving forward, as well as continuing to offer their existing service, libraries may take on a new importance in what is likely to be a tough economic time for many. “Libraries also have a role to play right now in skills enhancement, job-seeking, and bolstering and supplementing children’s education,” Rae told Observer.

During this time of crisis, libraries have shown not only their resilience and value but the fact that they are able to adapt, and continue to support local community members even in the direst of circumstances. More importantly perhaps they have alerted both the public and those in government to their importance in the modern world.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 27, 2020

#Feminizm Nedir? (#SözSokakta 4)

Kadının siyasal ve toplumsal haklar bakımından erkekle eşit olması gerektiğini savunan ve bunu gerçekleştirmeye çalışan bir düşünce olan Feminizm insanlar tarafından ne kadar biliniyor. Sıklıkla duyduğumuz bu kavramı Diyarbakırlılar nasıl tanımlıyor, nasıl bakıyor? Diyarbakırlılar bu konuyu dair düşüncelerini Ortadoğu News mikrofonlarına anlattı.

*Bu haber HeinrichBöllStiftung Derneği tarafından desteklenen “Covid_19 Döneminde Kadın Gazeteciler” projesi kapsamında yapılmaktadır.

Yanlış kullandığımız bazı kalıplar, söylemler…

1- Tell to me ( TELL ME )
2- Say me ( SAY IT TO ME )
3- Ask to me ( ASK ME )
4- Married with him ( MARRIED TO HIM ) TO BE MARRIED TO
5- laughing at someone – Birine gülmek
6- Laughing with someone – Biriyle gülmek
7- Angry to me ( TO BE ANGRY WITH SOMEONE )
8- What is your age ( HOW OLD ARE YOU )
9- What do you say? ( WHAT ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT )
10- What is your name ( Demet …..) :-))
11- Children – KIDS
12- To cheer someone up – Neşelendirmek
13- To be fed up – Burasına kadar gelmek!

Senin de listen varsa paylaş…
Kocaman sarıldım, iyi ki varsın yahu!!!

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 27, 2020

Fatsalılar madene karşı yalın ayak #kitap okuyor

Altıntepe Altın Madeni İşletmesi’nin kapasite artırımı onaylanınca Fatsalılar Cumhuriyet Meydanı’nda yalın ayak kitap okuma eylemine başladı.

Ordu’nun Fatsa ilçesinde kapasite artırımına gidilecek Altıntepe Altın Madeni İşletmesi’nin Çevresel Etki Değerlendirmesi (ÇED) raporu olumlu sonuçlanınca Fatsalılar kitap okuma eylemine başladı.

Raporun ‘olumlu’ çıkmasıyla aktivist Onur Güngör’ün tek başına başlattığı yalın ayak kitap okuma eylemine dokuzuncu gününde yaklaşık 200 kişi katıldı.

Siyanürle altın aramaya karşı olan Fatsalılar, her akşam saat 17.15-17.45 arasında Cumhuriyet Meydanı’nda toplanıyor.

TEMA’DAN MADENE KARŞI VİDEO

Türkiye Erozyonla Mücadele, Ağaçlandırma ve Doğal Varlıkları Koruma Vakfı (TEMA) da ÇED raporuna tepki gösteren bir video yayınlamıştı. Video altın madenlerinin beş yılda Fatsa’ya verdiği zararı gözler önüne serdi. Twitter hesabından paylaşım yapılan TEMA açıklamasında, “Altın madeni hakkında Fatsalıların anlatacakları var! Altın madeni sadece 5 yılda, Fatsa’da geri dönülmez kayıplara neden oldu” denildi. (HABER MERKEZİ)

https://www.gazeteduvar.com.tr/fatsalilar-madene-karsi-yalin-ayak-kitap-okuyor-haber-1500045

Yaşar Tonta ve Orçun Madran Akademiden Notlar’ın bu bölümünde Elektronik Yayınlara Erişim Lisansları, Konsorsiyumlar ve Lisans Anlaşmalar ile ilgili konuşuyor.

Yaşar Tonta hakkında: http://yunus.hacettepe.edu.tr/~tonta/
Orçun Madran hakkında: http://www.madran.net/

Yayında geçen bağlantılar ve kaynaklar:

Yaşar Tonta ve Orçun Madran Akademiden Notlar’ın bu bölümünde Av. Gülşah Deniz Atalar’la birlikte Akademik Özgürlükler ve Yeni Sosyal Medya Yasası ile ilgili konuşuyor.

Yaşar Tonta hakkında: http://yunus.hacettepe.edu.tr/~tonta/

Orçun Madran hakkında: http://www.madran.net/

Yayında geçen bağlantılar ve kaynaklar: – İnternet Ortamında Yapılan Yayınların Düzenlenmesi ve Bu Yayınlar Yoluyla İşlenen Suçlarla Mücadele Edilmesi Hakkında Kanunda Değişiklik Yapılmasına Dair Kanun: https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskile… – Gülşah Deniz Atalar’ın düzenleme ile ilgili görüşlerini aktardığı Webinar (Yeni Sosyal Medya Yasası ve İfade Özgürlüğü): https://youtu.be/py3uZ2dEtgc?t=2243

ANKOS E-Kitap Çalışma Grubu işbirliği ile ANKOS Akademiden Sayın Emre Hasan AKBAYRAK’ın moderatörlüğünde ANKOS E-Kitap Çalışma Grubu Koordinatörü Sayın Dr. Ebru KAYA’nın konuşmacı olduğu “Konsorsiyum Kapsamında E-Kitap Sağlama Modelleri : İşbirliğinin Önemi” adlı webinarın video kaydıdır.

Bişeyler Konuşuyoruz’un 4. bölümünde konuğumuz herkesin tanıdığı ve sevdiği, değerli ağabeyimiz Vedat Milor. Doğulu ve Batılı olmak kavramlarından başladık, laf lafı açtı. Vedat Milor’un çocukluk ve lise anılarından ilk kez istiridye yemesine, İstanbul’dan demokrasiye kadar hayata dair çok samimi bir sohbet oldu. İlker Kocael ve Gülener Kırnalı’nın hazırladığı Bişeyler Konuşuyoruz’u ısrarla takip ediniz.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 27, 2020

Dört Mevsim Magazin (#allianz)

https://cnt.allianz.com.tr/dort-mevsim/2020-09-14/

Tasarımcı Barış Şehri ile kapak tasarımını, tasarımın sanatla ilişkisini ve beslendiği kaynakları konuştuk. Şehri, “Zamanla mesleğimin kendisi beni besleyen bir kaynağa dönüştü” dedi...

Kitaplarla dolu bir evde büyüyen, küçük yaşlarda edebiyatla tanışan Barış Şehri’nin, grafik tasarıma olan ilgisi, henüz ortaokul yıllarında Anadolu Üniversitesi’nde okuyan amcasını ziyaret etmesiyle başlar. Ardından İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi Görsel İletişim Tasarımı Bölümü’ne kaydını yaptıran Şehri, mezun olduktan sonra çeşitli reklam ajanslarında kötü şartlarda çalışır. “Hayalim her zaman kitap kapağı tasarımcısı olmaktı” sözlerinden hareketle, 2017 yılında Dedalus Yayınları’ndan çıkan kitapların kapaklarını tasarlamaya başlayan Şehri, o tarihten bu yana, Bant, Tuhaf, Kafkaokur, Arkakapak gibi dergilere illustrasyonlar yapıyor.

Her kitap tasarım süreci bir yolculuktur da aslında… Nasıl gelişiyor süreç? Bu süreçte değişen ve dönüşen şey ne oluyor?

Her kitabın editörü ile mümkün olduğunca yakından çalışıyoruz. Genelde yazarın derdini, onu metni yazmaya iten sebebi bulmaya uğraşıyorum. Yakalamaya çalıştığım şey kitabın derdi. Sonunda dönüştüğü şey benim yorumum ama mümkün olduğunca kendimi geri planda tutmaya çalışıyorum.

‘KİTABIN RAFTA NASIL GÖRÜNECEĞİNİ DÜŞÜNMEK ZORUNDAYIM’

Tasarım, özü itibariyle görsel sanatların bütün öğelerinin de bir sonucu nihayetinde… Özellikle resim, fotoğraf ve grafik bu ilişkinin en gözdeleri… Sanat geçmişi ve tasarımcı arasındaki bağlamı nasıl yorumluyorsunuz? Gelenek ve sanat anlayışı tasarımcıya nasıl katkı sağlıyor?

Üretirken bir sanatçının sahip olduğu özgürlüğe sahip değilim. Ben bir ürün tasarlıyorum ve işe başlarken istesem de açılamayacağım yerler oluyor. Bu bağlamda ben aralarında ciddi bir uzaklık görüyorum. Örneğin kapağa yayınevinin logosunu ve çevirmenin adını koymak veya kitabın rafta nasıl görüneceğini düşünmek zorundayım. Hepsi için bir çözüm üretmek zorundayım. Bunlar sanatın uğraşmak zorunda olmadığı problemler. İkisinin de entelektüel üretimler olması ve üretim biçimlerinin benzerlikleri dışında bir yakınlık göremiyorum.

İmge denilen olgu, çağa ve o çağın insanlarına göre yeni yeni anlamlar kazanabiliyor. Siz, dünyadaki yeni gelişmeler ve yerli okur nezdinde bu hususu nasıl açıklıyorsunuz? Bir fikir somut bir tasarıya bürünürken, dönemsel kriterleriniz oluyor mu?

Bu konu kitap kapağı tasarımında metin ile birlikte ele alındığı için hiçbir zaman tek başına değerlendirmek zorunda kalmadım. Ya evrensel bir anlatım üzerinden ya da metin özelinde çalışıldığı için de hazırladığınız görsel, bu tip etkileşimlerin dışında daha sınırlı bir yerde duruyor. Dönemden çok kültürel farklılıkların etkili olduğunu gördüm. Türkiye için hazırladığım bir kapağı yurtdışındaki arkadaşlarım daha farklı okuyabiliyor.

‘MESLEĞİMİN KENDİSİ BENİ BESLEYEN BİR KAYNAĞA DÖNÜŞTÜ’

Bir tasarımcı nelerden beslenir? Zihninizi diri tutan, beslendiğiniz kaynaklar nelerdir?

Bir kitap kapağı tasarımcısı olarak size vereceğim ilk cevap “edebiyat” olur. Bunun dışında kendi adıma mesleki pratiklerin hayata bakışımı çok derinden şekillendirdiğini söyleyebilirim. Gündelik hayatta karşıma çıkan her şeye yaptığım iş doğrultusunda bakmaya çalışıyorum. Bu benim için antrenman gibi oluyor. Örneğin, beyzbola olan ilgim ilk başta spora olan ilgiden çok takımların formalarının üzerindeki kaligrafiye, takım logolarına ve formalarınaydı. Bunları incelerken zamanla oyunu da öğrenmeye başladım ve beyzbol birden hayatıma girmiş oldu. Zamanla mesleğimin kendisi beni besleyen bir kaynağa dönüştü.

Gerek yayınevi, gerekse de yazar açısından bakıldığında, kitabın “görünürlüğü”yle ilgili temel değerlendirmelerden biri de o kitabın kapağıdır. Bu durum size nasıl bir sorumluluk yüklüyor?

Teknik bir durumdan bahsetmiyorsak (örn: tipografinin okunurluğu) bir kitabın “görünürlüğü” sadece tasarımın üzerinden değerlendirilecek bir şey değil. Kapak tasarımının tek başına bir kitabı görünür kılmasını beklemek haksızlık olur çünkü bir şeyin görünürlüğü bazen öznel bir durum olabilir. Bu tip beklentiler “kitabın adını daha büyük yazabilir miyiz?” gibi çok kötü isteklere yol açıyor. Bir kitabın görünürlüğü sadece kapak tasarımı ile değil yayınevinin o kitap için yapacağı tüm hazırlığını kapsamı ile ilintili. Kapak tasarımı bunun sadece bir parçası.

“Yaptığım şu kitap kapağı, kariyerimde dönük noktası oldu” dediğiniz bir çalışma var mı?

Bunu söyleyecek pozisyonda olduğumu düşünmüyorum açıkçası. Kendi işlerim ile ilgili yorum yapmayı çok sevmem ya da bunu kendime saklarım. Yine de sorunuza cevap vermiş olmak için şunu söyleyebilirim; Laurent Quintreau’nun Dedalus’tan 2017 yılında çıkan kitabı ‘Cennet, Cehennem ve Araf’ın bendeki yeri ayrı çünkü hiçbir müdahale olmadan kafamdakini yapabildiğim kariyerimdeki ilk iş olmuştu. Bu tip işlerin tasarımcının özgüveni ve mesleki gelişimi için önemli olduğunu düşünüyorum.

Günleriniz nasıl geçiyor? Hazırladığınız yeni çalışmalardan bahsetmek ister misiniz?

Mesleğimi daha iyi yapmaya, yeni şeyler öğrenmeye ve kendimi geliştirmeye çabalıyorum. Şu an pek çok yeni proje var fakat farklı yerlerle ile çalıştığım için onların onayı olmadan paylaşmam doğru olur mu, emin değilim.

https://www.gazeteduvar.com.tr/baris-sehri-kitabin-rafta-nasil-gorunecegini-dusunmek-zorundayim-haber-1500013

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 26, 2020

Beyond the #Pandemic, #Libraries Look Toward a New Era

Dale Crosby Close

With a shift to online resources well underway, “the most trusted civic institutions” are in a good position to deal with the changing future.

Many companies and public institutions were unprepared for the pandemic and the ensuing lockdown. There was one notable, perhaps even surprising, exception: the nation’s public libraries.

For more than a decade, these seemingly traditional institutions had been investing in a range of technologies and media. Libraries now balance two stacks: the physical with the so-called digital full stack.

With a wealth of electronic books, streaming platforms and of course Zoom, many were ready, with some adjustments, to provide services for their communities. But no one could have predicted that 2020 would create the moment when “our libraries, the most trusted civic institutions in the country, would become totally virtual,” said Anthony Marx, the president and chief executive of the New York Public Library, the nation’s largest library system after the Library of Congress.

But will virtual offerings eclipse physical locations?

Librarians across the country foresee institutions that will blend the physical with the digital, increasing their emphasis on their critical community role by offering free Wi-Fi and social services as well as a place where physical books and DVDs coexist with e-books and online platforms.

For example, the Midtown branch of the New York Public Library, the largest in the system, is waiting to reopen after a total overhaul. Renamed the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Library, the location will now include classroom space and an entire floor dedicated to adult learning, such as teaching English and technology, Mr. Marx said.

The reimagined branch also has programming areas, a rooftop terrace designed for events, quiet spaces for patrons and sound studios for recording podcasts.

Other cities have similar plans, which often also include maker spaces for artisans, “which have grown like crazy,” said Anthony Harris, an architect with the design firm Gensler. Wish lists now often include 3-D printers and additional mobile hot spot devices that can be checked out to provide Wi-Fi at home for the many Americans who still lack broadband.

“All of our goals will be just as important after we’re past this period as they were when we were planning. We will need these spaces,” said Michelle Jeske,the executive director of the Denver Public Library and the current president of the Public Library Association, a division of the American Library Association. The pandemic-induced recession could prompt greater need for physical locations, she added, as people come in for help with job searches or filing for unemployment benefits.

Although renovations already factored in technological advances, in a few instances, some tinkering was in order.

Before the pandemic, the big information and circulation desks that were often a fixture in library design had fallen out of favor, Jo Giudice, the director of the Dallas Public Library, said.

“We instead started using mobile desks that we could move around the floor,” she said. “But these are open on all four sides and we want to keep our staff safe. So now we’re moving these desks back to a wall because we don’t want people standing shoulder to shoulder.”

Ms. Giudice added that the library is also forgoing the communal tables that had become ubiquitous in office design across many industries.

“We were going to use larger tables that were hard-wired, but we’re instead going to have smaller public tables that seat one or two people that will have access to outlets, but not hard-wired, so we can move the tables,” she said. Smaller tables not only reflect coronavirus concerns, but also afford more flexibility for the use of the room.

AT HOME TEST

How can we help you lead a better, more fulfilling life at home during the pandemic?Ask us a question or tell us what’s on your mind.

Some of the changes enacted during the pandemic at first glance appear small, but are actually significant and will remain. Curbside pickup or grab-and-go services allow people to retrieve selections without stepping foot inside. A few libraries had already experimented with this option, but it is likely to become a mainstay in the future.

“We only had this option at one of our 29 branches in Dallas, at a location that served many senior citizens and where access was difficult for some,” Ms. Giudice said. “But it will remain with us. I think it will be a long time before people will be comfortable coming back in to a large building.”

“People like the option,” Ms. Jeske, of the Denver system, said, “so why not continue to keep allowing people to get books this way? It also removes barriers about access and convenience.”

The research arm of Gensler, the architecture and design firm, has been studying libraries for several years. In a 2019 report Gensler found that libraries were now “people-centered not collections centered,” a change that upended popular preconceptions, said Mr. Harris, who participated in the study, as well as a survey this spring of more than 200 librarians to determine how the pandemic has affected them.

Besides the obvious concerns of closed buildings and staff safety, Gensler asked librarians which attributes would “comprise the next generation of libraries.”

Those ranked the highest were community and social services; decentralized library space; more pop-ups and bookmobiles; low-touch kiosks; drive-up pickup; webinar-based story times and programs; technology-integrated conference spaces available to the community; and remote reference and information search services.

The increased reliance on digital works has also highlighted a problem that libraries face: the cost of technology. OverDrive, a popular platform, provides e-book downloads to library cardholders. The New York Public Library employs SimplyE, its own proprietary system, which Mr. Marx says embeds strong privacy protections for its users.

But the libraries still need to purchase a license for each e-book. Publishers typically charge libraries more than consumers, based on the assumption that the lending of e-books erodes profits, since they can be read by multiple users. (Typically, only one user can download an e-book at a time.)

Macmillan Publishers last fall prevented libraries from acquiring the electronic versions of its titles until eight weeks after publication. But with the pandemic, the publisher in March did an about-face. It declined, however, to respond to questions about its change of heart.

Amazon Publishing, an arm of the tech giant, had gone one step further in limiting access. While its physical books, along with their audio versions, are available for purchase, libraries cannot buy electronic books. Libraries protested and last October, the A.L.A. filed a report with the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives on the negative impact of the practice.

Alan Inouye, director of the association’s Office for Information Technology Policy, said it has “had a few calls with Amazon in 2020, but they didn’t see a way forward and I haven’t spoken to them since the pandemic began.”

In an email, an Amazon spokesperson said, “We believe libraries serve a critical purpose in communities across the country, and we are exploring ways to make Amazon Publishing e-books available to libraries in a way that best reflects the needs of libraries, patrons, and authors.”

Libraries are also embracing their role in providing community services, including having social workers on their staffs to help the homeless or those with emotional problems who may frequent the library.

That sometimes brings about design challenges, Ms. Jeske said. Denver law, for example, requires bathroom stall doors to be short, so that if an individual overdosed in the bathroom, he or she could be discovered and treated.

But smaller doors may be at odds with the desire to provide privacy. How those two competing concerns can be reconciled is still being worked out, Ms. Jeske said.

“We welcome everyone. We want to keep people in, not keep people out.”

Overall, there is a recognition that libraries are often the melting pot of a community, bringing together diverse ages, races and interests. “Given that the country is tearing itself apart,” Mr. Marx said, “perhaps libraries can help to repair our civic fabric.”

When it comes to protecting users’ personal information and providing a safe online environment, social network users in the US give lower marks to Facebook, TikTok, and Twitter. According to Insider Intelligence’s annual “US Digital Trust Survey,” LinkedIn is the most trusted social platform overall. We define digital trust as the confidence users have in a social media platform to protect their information and provide a safe environment for them to create and engage with content.

In the 2020 “US Digital Trust Survey,” we evaluated consumer perceptions of the major social networks within five categories of trust: security, legitimacy, community, ad experience, and ad relevance. We ranked nine platforms—Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, Pinterest, reddit, Snapchat, TikTok, Twitter, and YouTube—according to how our respondents perceived them along those five pillars of digital trust. We fielded the online survey of 1,865 US respondents ages 18 to 74 between May 28, 2020 and June 3, 2020, using a sample provided by a third party.

We found that Facebook was the least trusted social media platform regarding data privacy. Nearly one-third (32%) of US Facebook users at least somewhat disagreed that they had confidence in the platform to protect their data and privacy. Just 10% of LinkedIn’s users said the same of the professional network.

“Two years after the Cambridge Analytica scandal, we expect that Facebook’s massive data privacy issues during that time have persisted in public memory and continue to be a black mark on its record,” said Audrey Schomer, senior research analyst at Insider Intelligence. “This is likely driving nearly one-third of US Facebook users to continue to view Facebook as a platform that doesn’t adequately protect their data. Our research highlights the great importance of data privacy protections by social networks to ensure that user engagement data isn’t mishandled or misappropriated.” 

A majority (53%) of US Facebook users at least somewhat agreed that the platform protects their data and privacy, but this was the lowest share of respondents among all platforms we measured. 

“To Facebook’s credit, it has made efforts to give users more control over their data through opt-in and opt-out features tied to what data is shared and what ads they’re shown, as well as by increasing its own transparency into what data is collected,” said Daniel Carnahan, research analyst at Insider Intelligence. “Nevertheless, it appears that these efforts are still having only minimal effects on US user sentiment.”

TikTok and Twitter were the next-to-worst performers when it came to confidence in their user data and privacy handling. About one in five US TikTok and Twitter users (22% and 21%, respectively) at least somewhat lacked confidence in the platforms to protect their data and privacy. While majority shares of the two platforms’ respective users felt confident that their data and privacy was being protected, they were still less confident compared with users of other platforms. For TikTok, intensifying scrutiny from the US government has likely had a negative impact on some users’ confidence in the app. When our survey was conducted, many US legislators were voicing their concerns about TikTok’s connections to the Chinese government. As for Twitter, it had already come under fire in 2019 for sharing some users’ data with advertisers without their permission. It also fixed a bug that accidentally collected and shared user location data.

LinkedIn and Pinterest ranked highest when it came to confidence in their ability to provide security. Nearly three-quarters (73%) of LinkedIn users and 66% of Pinterest users at least somewhat agreed that the respective platforms protect their privacy and data. LinkedIn and Pinterest have each received very little media attention related to data privacy issues, which likely contributes to their more positive perceptions among users.

What the Results Mean

Digital trust is important for brands and advertisers to consider because US social users say it impacts whether they will interact with the ads they see on social platforms. Even if security scandals don’t drive users to stop using social platforms, our data indicates that the trust users have—or don’t have—in social platforms could impact their interactions with ads or sponsored content. In fact, 79% of respondents said whether a platform protects their privacy and data was either extremely or very impactful when it comes to their decision to engage with ads. And 30% of respondents said that whether a platform shows them relevant ads had an extremely or very high impact.

https://www.emarketer.com/content/facebook-ranks-last-in-digital-trust-among-users?ecid=NL1001

Goethe-Institut | created with Canva | CC BY 4.0

In the pandemic the digital services has proven as the library’s lifeline, the principal way to reach out to the community and help them with their needs.

By Allana S. Delgado, RL, MLIS

Nowadays, libraries have no choice but to go online. A library without any sort of online presence would be considered outdated. Digital services in any library are a must, especially at this time of rapid information access. More people are relying on the online delivery of goods, services, and of course, information.
 
Most libraries have their collections accessible online in repositories, digital libraries, and online public access catalogues (OPACs). Aside from access to library resources, digital services are also a means for libraries to reach their users. Social media, email, instant messaging, websites, and other electronic means have been used by libraries to promote their services and reach out to their community.
 
Digital services have long been embraced by Philippine libraries. Innovations usually come from the community of academic libraries. As early as the 2000s, major universities in the capital region of Metro Manila have adopted online reference services (Ramos and Abrigo, 2011).
 
Common digital services include online public access catalogues, online indexes, bibliographic and online databases. In reference services, popular platforms used by libraries include Facebook, social media, instant messaging, email, web forms, and ‘ask a Librarian’ services.
 
Many libraries still rely on face-to-face interaction as the main component of service. However, this year, the COVID-19 pandemic has affected libraries. Physical distancing measures and other health protocols were imposed by the government. From March 2020 until the present, lockdowns and community quarantines in the Philippines were implemented, which led libraries to close temporarily. Those libraries that have reopened have to follow guidelines to mitigate the spread of the virus.
 
Libraries in the school and academic communities have also been affected. Most schools have adapted to online learning, which brought a new challenge to libraries and librarians: how do we deliver services when our users can no longer access the library physically? Many libraries have already established digital services, while there are also libraries with none or those whose services might need to improve to adapt to the changes.
 
There are also libraries in the Philippines with their digital resources available online such as the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center – Aquaculture Department (SEAFDEC AQD) Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD) digital library; Filipinas Heritage Library; the National Library; and others. These libraries have an advantage as all or part of their collections can be accessed online. Most academic libraries also subscribe to online resources. However, not all libraries have extensive digital collections.
 
Due to the lockdown, many libraries link to and curate open access resources on their websites and platforms that users can access remotely. There are vast quantities of information on the internet, but the average user may be confused and overwhelmed. The librarian as a professional who can distinguish quality information is a big help in this regard, and can teach users how to select the right sources.
 

There are vast quantities of information on the internet, but the average user may be confused and overwhelmed. The librarian as a professional who can distinguish quality information is a big help in this regard, and can teach users how to select the right sources.

Allana S. Delgado

In my own experience as a librarian at Central Philippine University, the Henry Luce III Library already had an online presence: a website, OPAC, online databases, and a Facebook page. However, the website was not up to date and the Facebook page was inactive. The marketing of the online databases was also inadequate. Since the services in the physical library were good enough for the community, enhancing the digital side of services had not been a priority. That changed due to COVID-19.

When the long lockdown from March to May 2020 was lifted, the library faced a new challenge, shared by libraries all over the country. Libraries and librarians are not highly valued by the public and many have questioned why libraries need to be open at all. In my university, students have asked why they still needed to pay a library fee if the library is closed to the public. We also had to prove to the university administration that the library could still function – that the library may even be more relevant during the pandemic.

In a short time, the library established its own digital services. New services had to be
implemented: virtual reference services, document delivery, scanning, email, and a chat service. The website and Facebook page also had to be improved. Since the library also had young and tech-savvy staff and librarians, it was possible to tap into skills that they hadn’t previously used in the library setting.

Since the library also had young and tech-savvy staff and librarians, it was possible to tap into skills that they hadn’t previously used in the library setting.

Allana S. Delgado

The virtual reference services were launched, along with a revamped Facebook page and improved website. The Facebook page has expanded its content to promote the library and its services, link to online resources, and reach out to the university community. This was used as the community – especially the college and high school students – is active on social media. The page’s followers have grown from fewer than 2,000 in June 2020 to almost 5,500 at the time of writing. As for the new chat service, the library receives questions and requests daily from students, faculty, staff, alumni, and external researchers. Though there are still many challenges ahead for us in the digital realm, we have definitely had a good start.

More useful content is planned for the website and it now features a blog with the latest news and events that the library is involved in. The library is also planning to expand onto further social media and online platforms in the future.

Many other libraries have followed suit and established or improved their own digital services. The pandemic is challenging, but digital services are the library’s lifeline, as the principal way we can reach out to the community and help them with their needs. Even with limited physical access and ever-evolving technology, the library’s core roles remain constant: to organise and provide access to information; and to help its community.

References:
Ramos, M.S. and Abrigo, C.M. (2012), “Reference 2.0 in action: an evaluation of the digital
reference services in selected Philippine academic libraries”, Library Hi Tech News, Vol.
29 No. 1, pp. 8-20. doi.org/10.1108/07419051211223426

ABOUT THE PROJECT

„Emerging international voices“ is a joint project of the Goethe-Institute and IFLA. Its long-term purpose is to establish an international network of young individuals engaged in library advocacy in their countries.

https://www.goethe.de/en/kul/bib/ser/lib/eiv/21984924.html

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 25, 2020

Eğitimin kara gün fonu nerede kaldı? #AkifBeki

Salgın zamanı Milli Eğitim’in imdadına yetişecek bir fon vardı.

Adı da varlığı da unutulmuş bir fon. Ama neredeyse bugünler için düşünülmüş… 

2006’dan beri, telekomünikasyon sektörünün gelirlerinden kesilen paylarda oluşuyor. Kanunla düzenlendi. Birçok ülkede muadilleri bulunuyor. 

Amacı, özel sektörün karlı görmeyip yapmadığı haberleşme yatırımını ve ulaştırmadığı internet hizmetini, dezavantajlı yerlere yapıp ulaştırmak. Onun için de adı Evrensel Hizmet Fonu. 

T24’te Füsun Sarp Nebil ısrarla peşine düşmese akıbetini soran, haber veren olmayacaktı. 

Meğer 2010’da başlatılıp tamamlanamayan Fatih Projesi’nde bu fon kullanılmış. 

Fonun yarısı harcanmış. 12 milyar lira toplandığı hesap ediliyor. Kalan bakiyenin akıbeti meçhul. 

Turşusu mu kuruldu? 

Merkez Bankası’nın ihtiyat akçesi gibi, amacı dışında başka ihtiyaçlara mı gitti? 

Kötü gün paraları yenip bitirilmiş. Bireysel emeklilik birikimlerine bile göz dikilmiş. Özel sektörün canlandırılması için piyasaya yedirme hazırlıkları yapılıyor. Evrensel Hizmet Fonu’na mı dokunulmamış olacak? 

Memleketin kenarda köşede sakladığı bütün zulaları yutan kara delikten şayet kurtulduysa, bu fona büyük iş düşüyor. 18 milyon öğrencinin yarısının evinde internet ve bilgisayar yok. 

Eğitim Bilişim Ağı EBA, 18 milyona göre planlansa ve yoğunluktan çökmese bile en az yarısı uzaktan eğitime katılamayacak. Ders kırmaktan başka seçenekleri yok. 

Eğitimdeki eşitsizlik, korkunç bir uçuruma dönüşüyor. Bugün değilse ne gün kullanılacak Evrensel Hizmet Fonu? 

Makas açılıyor. Ve tam da bu makası kapatmak için toplanan fon ortada yok. 

Varlığını bize hatırlattığı için Füsun Sarp Nebil’e teşekkür ediyor ve kampanyasını destekliyorum. 

Çağrısı şu: 

#FonlarDoğruYerdeKullanılsın  #EvrenselHizmetFonunuÖğrencilereTahsisEtŞimdi

MUHALEFETİ ŞAKŞAKÇI SANIYOR

İktidardayken bile devletin antidemokratik ve yasakçı uygulamalarını, dış politikada kırmızı çizgi dayatmalarını dünyaya şikayet eden partinin sözcüsü ne dedi, duydunuz mu? 

Muhalefet, hasım devletlerin eline koz veriyormuş. İktidarın dış politikasına getirdikleri eleştiriler, diğer devletlerce bize karşı kullanılıyormuş. 

Dış politikanın genetiğine uymazmış. Sorumsuzlukmuş. Milli menfaatlerimize aykırıymış. 

AK Parti Sözcüsü Ömer Çelik, CHP’ye söylüyor. 

Bazı CHP’liler önce “Yanlış yapıyorsunuz, dünyada yalnız kaldık” demişler. 

“Oruç Reis’in bakım için limana çekilmesi sonrasında ise sırf muhalefet yapmak adına ‘taviz vermeyin’ demeye başlamışlar.” 

Yunan tarafı ve hasımlarımız da bunu kullanıyormuş. 

‘Taviz vermeyin’in nesini, nasıl kullanmış Yunanistan, meçhul. 

Tam aksine,  iktidarın ‘bak baskı altındayım’ diye Yunanistan’a karşı kullanacağı, müzakerede elini güçlendiren bir koz değil mi? 

Unutuyor ayrıca. CHP’yi, Sosyalist Enternasyonal’den attırmak için çağrılar yapan iktidar partisi adına konuşuyor. 

Kapatma davasında, Anayasa Mahkemesi’ne karşı haklı olarak dünyadan demokratik destek toplayan parti CHP miydi? 

CHP tarafından Türkiye’yi dünyaya karalamak ve kötülemekle, kendi devletine karşı yabancı devletlerle dayanışmakla az mı suçlandı AK Parti? 

Sözcü Çelik, sadece bunu unutmamış. Bir demokraside muhalefet partisinin işinin ne olduğunu da unutmuş. 

Dış güçlere yarayacağı için, iktidarın sıkıştırılıp eleştirilemeyeceğini hangi demokrasi teorisinde okudu acaba? 

Muhalefet partisini, şakşak bölüğüyle karıştırıyor olmasın. Ama Osmanlı Sarayı’nın hademe alayındaydı o. Bir de eski tiyatrolarda, alkış çalması için parayla tutulurdu şakşakçı. 

Ana muhalefeti, iktidarın alkış ağası sanıyor. Hiç eleştirmeyecek, hep ‘yaşa, var ol, bravo’ diye tezahürat yapacak. Eleştirirse düşman kullanıyor. Öyle mi! 

Bunu Güldür Güldür Şov’da söylese alkışın yanında müthiş bir kahkaha tufanı da kopardı, banko. 

Fakat ‘atanamayan Napolyon, kifayetsiz muhteris, pislik içinde öten Fransız horozu’ gibi ince dokundurmalardan sonra…’Diplomasi devletiyiz, müzakere devletiyiz, devlet aklıyla devlet adamlığı ve olgunluğu bizde, konuşmak için bizden iyi muhatap bulamazsınız’ tiratları atması mı daha komik, muhalefete çektiği ayar mı, bilemedim. 

Tunus Büyükelçisi zatın “Bekleme yapma Macron, ilerle” diye, dolmuşçu ağzıyla bir cumhurbaşkanına laf sokuşturmasındansa eminim. Güldürmede birinciliği alır.

https://www.karar.com/egitimin-kara-gun-fonu-nerede-kaldi-1587230

Cem Yılmaz: Aşıyı Ya Acun Bulacak Ya Da Nusret. Nusret Bulursa Altın Kaplamasını Da Yapar. Cem Yılmaz Candaş Tolga Işık’ın sunduğu Az Önce Konuştum programına konuk oldu. Esprileriyle programa damgasını vuran Cem Yılmaz, sayısalcılar sözelciler esprisiyle gündem oldu. Cem Yılmaz Erşan Kuneri dizisinin geleceği müjdesini de verdi.

Bir babanın evladını kurtarma çabası ve cezaevi hikayesi.

1) Yaprak Özdemiroğlu… Ünlü oyuncu, Türk sinemasının şekerparesiydi. Babası Atilla Özdemiroğlu ise ruhumuza kazınan efsane şarkıların bestecisi… Türk müziğinin usta isimleri, şarkıların ‘altın çocuğu’ Atilla Özdemiroğlu için bir araya geldi; onun en güzel şarkılarını okudular. 7 farklı enstrüman çalarken 60 yaşında viyolonsel çalmayı öğrenmeye çalışan Atilla Özdemiroğlu’nun bilinmeyenlerini beyaz perdenin ünlü ismi Yaprak Özdemiroğlu Hayatın İçinden’de anlatıyor.

2) Hayat biz planlar yaparken istesek de istemesek de bize film gibi roller biçmiş oluyor ya da bir oyunun en sert senaryolarını yazdırıyor. Furkan Özbalkan, oyunculuk kariyerini kaderin oyunuyla değiştirdi. Otizmli oğlu Hakan’a hayatını adadı. Oğlu için kariyerini en güzel yerinde bıraktı. O; oğluna hem anne hem baba oldu.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 25, 2020

#Felsefe Öğrencileri İçin 44 Temel Film

Felsefi Film” ifadesini duyduğunuzda aklınıza ne geliyor? Büyük ihtimalle Matrix (The Matrix). “Biz kimiz?” ya da “Gerçeklik nedir?” gibi zamansız soruların keşfine yardımcı olan film veya film serisine verilebilecek en bariz örnek. Yoksa hayatlarımız aşırı zeki süper bilgisayarlar tarafından programlanmış, özenle hazırlanmış simulasyonlardan başka bir şey değil mi? Tamam, bu sonuncusu yakın döneme ait klasikleşmiş bir fikir olabilir ama Platon’un bu dünyadaki deneyimlerimizin görünüşün dışında gizlenmiş olan “gerçek” bir dünyadan kaynaklanan illüzyondan başka bir şey olup olmadığını değerlendirmesini istediği Antik mağara alegorisi ile yakından ilişkilidir. Matrix filmini etkileyen bir diğer fikir ise Rene Descartes’in bilinç ve bedenin ikicil ayrışma düşüncesidir ve bu konu zaten filmde de maksimum derecede dramatik bir yaklaşım ile ele alınmıştır.

Ama Matrix kendini klasik felsefe problemleri ile ilişkilendiren birçok başarılı filmden sadece bir tanesi. Mubi için 2010’da yayınlanan bir yazı yazan Matt Whitlock, “Felsefe Öğrencileri için 44 Temel Film” isimli bir liste derledi. Matrix’in yanı sıra, listede son yirmi yıl içerisinde yapılan – Truman Show [The Truman Show (“Plato’nun mağarasının modern filmlerdeki asıl evi”)], Sil Baştan (Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind), Tesadüfler (I Heart Huckabees), John Malkovich Olmak (Being John Malkovich), Başlangıç (Inception) –filmlerinden söz ediliyor. Listede ayrıca Akira Kurosawa’nın Raşomon (Rashomon) ve Whitlock’un belirttiği “Absürd’ün Endişesi” ni örneklendiren Ingmar Bergman’ın Yedinci Mühür (The Seventh Seal) filmi gibi klasikler de mevcut. Tüm bu filmler “Ünlü Düşünce Deneyleri veya Ünlü Bir Felsefe Problemi Tartışması” alt başlığında görülebilir.

Listedeki bir başka kategori de “Bir Felsefeciyi Konu Alan Filmler”. Medya bilgini Slavoj Zizek’in bu kategoride söz ettiği iki film var. 2006 yapımı Sapığın Sinema Rehberi (The Pervert’s Guide to Cinema) ve 2005 yapımı Zizek!. Whitlock’ın listeyi derlediği zamandan bu yana Zizek, başka bir uzun metraj daha yaratma şansı yakaladı. 2012 yapımı Sapığın İdeoloji Rehberi (The Perverts Guide to Ideology). Zizek! filminin yönetmeni Astra Taylor, aynı zamanda ona 2009 yapımı Sorgulanmış Yaşam (The Examined Life) filminde de Peter Singer, Michael Hardt, Judith Butler, Sunaura Taylor ve Cornel West gibi isimler ile birlikte rol verdi. Belgesellerden sonra ise “Ana Karakteri Felsefeci Olan Filmler” kategorisi var. Bu kategoride Clancy Chassay’ın “huysuz mantıkçı”yı oynadığı Derek Jarman’ın Wittgenstein filmi, Jean Sylvere’nin başrolde olduğu Roberto Rosellini’nin 1958 yapımı Socrates* ve tabii ki Tony Steedman’ın “So-Crates” karakterini canlandırdığı Bill ve Ted’in Maceraları (Bill and Ted’s Excellent Adventure) filmleri gibi yapımlar mevcut.
Whitlock’ın listesindeki son üç alt kategori ise “ Belirli Felsefecilerin düşüncelerini konu alan filmler”, “ Ünlü Felsefecilerin Yazdıkları Kitapları Konu Alan Filmler” ve “ Diğerleri”. Son sıralara ise Whitlock, PBS kanalının sicim kuramı belgeseli Einstein’ın Rüyası (The Elegant Universe) ve Finlandiyalı performans sanatçısı M.A. Numminen’in farklı bir yorum kattığı Wittgenstein’ın Tractatus* yapımını koymuş. Whitlock araştırma alanını “ Bizleri derin ve çılgın olaylar düşünmeye sürükleyecek filmler” veya “ Klasik konu başlıklarına yeni varoluşsal şaşırtmacalar” gibi kategorileri eleyerek daraltmış. Bunların yerine “ Klasik felsefi düşünce deneylerinin vücut bulmuş hali gibi görünen filmleri ya da ana teması büyük bir felsefe problemi olan ve ciddi bir felsefe öğrencisinin anlaması gereken konu başlıklarını içinde barındıran filmler…” gibi kategorilere yer vermeyi tercih etmiş.

Bu tarz birçok listenin aksine bu liste kusursuz olduğunu iddia etmiyor ve dört yıl önce derlendiği tarihten bu yana listeye katılımı garanti olabilecek yapımlar üretti. Verilebilecek bir başka referans ise 2010 yapımı William G. Smith’in Socrates and Subtitles: A Philosopher’s Guide to 95 Thought-Provoking Movies from Around the World.* Bu kitap daha geniş bir araştırma alanına ulaşmamızı sağlıyor. Ama bana göre Whitlock’ın listesi Felsefe ve Film arasındaki ilişkiyi anlayabilmemiz için başarılı bir başlangıç noktası. Aşağıda listedeki ilk on filmi görebilirsiniz.
Zizek! (2005)
Examined Life (2008)
Derrida (2002)
The Ister (2004)
The Perverts Guide To Cinema (2009)
Being In The World (2010)
Bill And Ted’s Excellent Adventure (2001)
When Nietzsche Wept (2007)
The Last Days Of Immanuel Kant (1994)
The Alchemist Of Happiness (2004)

Konuyla ilgili bağlantılara gözatabilirsiniz.

Wittgenstein: Watch Derek Jarman’s Tribute to the Philosopher, Featuring Tilda Swinton (1993)
Watch The Reality of the Virtual: 74 Minutes of Pure Slavoj Žižek (2004)
Watch The Idea, the First Animated Film to Deal with Big, Philosophical Ideas (1932)
Daniel Dennett and Cornel West Decode the Philosophy of The Matrix in 2004 Film
Two Animations of Plato’s Allegory of the Cave: One Narrated by Orson Welles, Another Made with Clay
The Drinking Party, 1965 Film Adapts Plato’s Symposium to Modern Times
Download 100 Free Philosophy Courses and Start Living the Examined Life

Yazar: Josh Jones
Çevirmen: Gökhan Çuhacı
Kaynak: openculture.com

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