Türkiye Ne Okuyor – Türkiye’de En Çok Okunan Kitaplar

Türkiye’de en çok hangi kitaplar okunuyor? İl il en çok okuyan şehirler hangileri? Hangi yazarlar ve yayınevleri daha çok tercih ediliyor? Tüm bu soruların yanıtları “Türkiye Ne Okuyor?” sayfasında!

Kitap Okuma Oranı Nasıl Belirleniyor?

Kitap tutkunlarının üzerinden son 6 ayda gerçekleştirdikleri siparişler göz önüne alınarak hazırlanan okuma listesi, Türkiye’nin detaylı okuma haritasını ortaya çıkarıyor. İl il okuma oranları, bölge ve şehirlerin okuma sıralaması ve farklı şehirlerdeki okuyucuların daha çok hangi yazarları seçtiği gibi bilgilere bu kapsamlı çalışma sayesinde kolaylıkla ulaşılabiliyor. idefix Türkiye okuma endeksi; [Bir şehre son altı ayda tüm ülkede satılan kitap adedi / son altı ayda tüm ülkede satılan kitap adedi] / [Şehrin nüfusu / Türkiye Nüfusu] hesaplaması ile elde ediliyor. Bu sayede gerçekçi ve kapsamlı bir okuma haritası çıkarabilmek mümkün oluyor. Şehirlerin toplam sıralama içerisindeki yeri ve okuma alışkanlıkları da harita üzerinden kolaylıkla takip edilebiliyor.

En Çok Kitap Okuyan Şehirler

idefix tarafından gerçekleştirilen okuma endeksi sonucunda 2,08 okuma endeksi ile Ankara, Türkiye’nin en çok kitap okuyan şehirleri listesinde başı çekiyor. Ankara’yı 1,92 okuma endeksi ile İstanbul takip ediyor. Listenin 3. sırasında ise 1,54 okuma endeksiyle Eskişehir bulunuyor. İzmir, Tunceli, Muğla, Çanakkale, Karabük, Kocaeli ve Kırklareli de sırasıyla en çok kitap okuyan 10 şehir arasında yer alıyor. Ege, Marmara, Akdeniz Bölgeleri ve Anadolu Bölgesinin batı bölümü en çok kitap okuyan yerler olarak dikkat çekiyor. İç Anadolu Bölgesinin belli bölümleri, Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesi ve Doğu Anadolu’daki şehirlerin önemli bir kısmı daha az kitap okuyor. Bu bölümde bulunan Şanlıurfa, Yozgat, Diyarbakır ve Siirt gibi illerin büyük bir çoğunluğu okuma endeksi anlamında diğer şehirlerin altında kalıyor.

Daha Çok Hangi Yazarlar ve Yayınevleri Tercih Ediliyor?

Stefan Zweig, Zülfü Livaneli ve Yuval Noah Harari, birçok şehirde en çok sevilen yazarlar arasında bulunuyor. Sabahattin Ali, Yaşar Kemal ve Jules Verne gibi isimler de okurlar tarafından sevilen diğer yazarlar arasında öne çıkıyor. İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları, Can Yayınları ve Yapı Kredi Yayınları da en çok tercih edilen yayınevleri arasında dikkat çekiyor. Siz de bulunduğunuz şehrin kitap okuma oranını, en sevilen yazarları ve diğer detayları “Türkiye Ne Okuyor” haritası üzerinden ayrıntılı bir şekilde görüntüleyebilirsiniz.
(*)Türkiye Ne Okuyor Sayfaları En iyi Performansı Chrome ve Firefox ile sağlamaktadır.

Because back-to-school shopping is an all-ages affair.

You don’t need to be a kid to get giddy about shopping for stationery, backpacks, or new clothes this time of year. From sticky notes to sneakers to desk organizers, we’ve curated the supplies that will delight elementary school children, university students, and adults in the office alike.

Mudpuppy My ABC's Ring Flash Cards

Mudpuppy My ABC’s Ring Flash Cards

Have fun from from capital A to capital Z with My ABC’s ring flash cards from Mudpuppy. Amy Blay has illustrated an ant on an apple, a bird on a boat, and other whimsical scenes to teach the alphabet. 26 sturdy two-sided cards and a reclosable ring holds cards.
Penclic KB3 Mini Wireless Keyboard

Penclic KB3 Mini Wireless Keyboard

Wireless keyboard from Penclic with a sleek, compact design that enhances efficiency + comfort. Scaled down design features highly responsive, low-profile full-size keys that trigger easily to prevent strain.
Rustico Tornado Pen & Pencil Set

Rustico Tornado Pen & Pencil Set

A matching pen and pencil set for logging anything under the sun. They say the pen is mightier than the sword—that might be true if the pen under question is the Tornado Classic Lacquer Pen. Pair that with the Tornado Pencil and you’ve got a writing duo that’s truly limitless.
Everlane Denim Jacket

Everlane Denim Jacket

The essential denim jacket. Designed with a modern, relaxed fit, ours is made from a rigid Japanese fabric that’s garment-washed for a one-of-a-kind look—that just gets better with time.
Sonos One

Sonos One

The powerful smart speaker with voice control built in. Get rich, room-filling sound with Sonos One, and control it with your voice, the Sonos app, Apple AirPlay 2, and more. The compact design fits just about any space. Put it on your kitchen countertop or tuck it away on your office bookshelf.
Bellroy Classic Pouch

Bellroy Classic Pouch

The Classic Pouch is the humble sidekick that can make a big difference to your day. Don’t leave behind your pen, charger, gum or lip balm, just because you can’t keep track of your essentials. And don’t rummage around your bag looking for them, either.
Chronicle Books Forest Life Eraser Set by Nathalie Lete

Chronicle Books Forest Life Eraser Set by Nathalie Lete

This set of five erasers feature full-color sleeves with lovely images of birds, flowers, and other forest flora and fauna.
Good Thing Frank Tray

Good Thing Frank Tray

The Frank Tray transforms an industrial metal-forming technique into a decorative detail. This handsome catch-all is a useful tool for storing loose change, keys, makeup and desktop accessories.
The New York Times Truth Poster

The New York Times Truth Poster

Printed poster from The New York Times. Reprint of a page that appeared in The Times on Feb. 26, 2017. Taken from the newspaper’s first brand campaign in a decade.
B&O Play Beoplay H8i

B&O Play Beoplay H8i

Luxurious on-ear headphones designed for superior style and comfort. Up to 30 hours of wireless Bang & Olufsen Signature Sound.
LARQ Bottle

LARQ Bottle

The LARQ Bottle is the world’s first self-cleaning water bottle and water purification system.
Frank Lloyd Wright 2020 Wall Calendar

Frank Lloyd Wright 2020 Wall Calendar

Keep track of dates and appointments a month-at-a-glance with the Frank Lloyd Wright 2020 Wall Calendar from Galison. This dated wall calendar features the 13 Frank Lloyd Wright masterpieces covering 16 months (September 2019-December 2020).
Google Pixelbook

Google Pixelbook

The ultra-versatile Google Pixelbook offers multifunctional use with 360° hinges that convert from laptop to tablet. Equipped with Google Assistant and voice commands for effortless utility + access.
Kikkerland Design iBed XL Lap Desk

Kikkerland Design iBed XL Lap Desk

Breakfast and tech in bed thanks to this cushioned lap desk from Kikkerland Design. Equipped with a padded base and no-slip wooden top with a slotted section for holding your tablet. Use with your laptop or tablet to enjoy your tech right from the comfort of your bed.
Dodow Sleep Aid

Dodow Sleep Aid

Sleep easy with the Dodow, a metronome with a light system that helps ease you in to a night of deep sleep. Designed by fellow insomniacs, the Dodow’s sleep exercise lasts 8 or 20 minutes before switching off, and helps users to fall asleep (or get back to sleep) 2.5 times faster, on average.
Stojo Biggie Collapsible Cup, 16 oz.

Stojo Biggie Collapsible Cup, 16 oz.

Portable, lightweight, reusable cup with collapsible construction. Heat sleeve and optional straw fold up when cup is collapsed.
Monograph Ball Pen, Set of 3

Monograph Ball Pen, Set of 3

Set of three retractable ballpoint pens from Monograph. Compact, clipless plastic barrel with printed logo in solid navy, solid gray and navy/mustard. Creates a medium line in black ink. Photo Courtesy of Need Supply Co….
Hay Point Pencil Sharpener

Hay Point Pencil Sharpener

Point Pencil Sharpener can sharpen either one or two sizes of pencil. Made in natural beech wood with steel blades.
Amazon Echo Dot (3rd Gen)

Amazon Echo Dot (3rd Gen)

Our most popular Echo is now even better. With a new speaker and design, Echo Dot is a voice-controlled smart speaker with Alexa, perfect for any room. Just ask for music, news, information, and more. You can also call almost anyone and control compatible smart home devices with your voice.
BenjiLock Padlock

BenjiLock Padlock

Keep essentials safe and sound with this fingerprint enabled BenjiLock padlock. Stores up to 10 fingerprints (and unlocks with a just-in-case key, too!) within a highly-secure, chrome-plated steel shackle that stays locked to everyone but you (and whatever SO, friends or family you choose).
HAY Time Hourglass, Medium

HAY Time Hourglass, Medium

HAY is a Danish design company established in 2002 by Mette and Rolf Hay, who were driven by a desire to create straightforward, functional and beautiful products for daily modern living. Drawing from the best of architecture and fashion, HAY designers specialize in technology, innovation and color.
Mr. Boddington's Studio Set of 2 Composition Notebooks, Space/Sharks

Mr. Boddington’s Studio Set of 2 Composition Notebooks, Space/Sharks

Master Boddingtons take on the classic composition notebook – a signature tool for school and play! This set of 2 notebooks features perfect binding and wide ruled pages.
Appointed Adhesive Task Notes

Appointed Adhesive Task Notes

Prioritizing to-do pad from Appointed. Paperboard folio cover with printed logo. To-do pad with printed template and strong adhesive backing at interior.
Dagne Dover Dakota Backpack

Dagne Dover Dakota Backpack

Great Dakotas come in small packages too. Sometimes you don’t want to carry around a bunch of baggage, which is why the Small Dakota is perfect for you.
Craft Design Technology Eraser

Craft Design Technology Eraser

A simple, rectangular eraser from Craft Design Technology with soft texture. Features a unique design that produces little dust and offers minimal damage to the surface.
Muji Low Center of Gravity Mechanical Pencil

Muji Low Center of Gravity Mechanical Pencil

Dimension: 14.7cm  Pen Nib: 0.5mm Photo courtesy of Muji…
KeepCup Cork Edition 16 Oz Reusable Cup

KeepCup Cork Edition 16 Oz Reusable Cup

The KeepCup Brew Cork Edition is crafted from blown tempered glass and cork. A premium drinking experience best suited to a coffee ritual – beautiful to hold, handle with care.
Superga Core Classic Sneakers

Superga Core Classic Sneakers

Launched in Torino in 1911, Italian brand Superga supplied generations of chic Italians with footwear for their travels between the city and the beach.
Rosti Mepal Modern Large Bento Box

Rosti Mepal Modern Large Bento Box

It’s time to upgrade your lunch-to-go: These Dutch-designed beautiful bentos are big enough to hold a full meal’s worth of leftovers, or a pic-worthy not sad desk lunch that doesn’t leave your belly growling for more.
HAY Anything Stapler

HAY Anything Stapler

Michael Sodeau’s functional collection of office essentials comprises a stapler, tape dispenser and scissors in a stand.
Google Home

Google Home

Hands-free help from the Google Assistant. Get answers, play songs, tackle your day, enjoy your entertainment and control your smart home with just your voice.
Lékué To-Go Container With Handle (Set of 2)

Lékué To-Go Container With Handle (Set of 2)

It’s going places. In two ready-to-roll sizes, this little meal kit features a built-in compartment that can expand (think fruit for your yogurt) or go tiny (just-right dressing amounts) for all three meals and the snacks in between.
W&P Design Porter Bowl - Plastic

W&P Design Porter Bowl – Plastic

The Porter Bowl is a durable plastic lunch bowl that features a protective nonslip exterior, rigid plastic lid and snap-tight silicone strap. Perfect for transporting your salad, grain bowl or leftovers – wherever life may take you.
Appointed Workbook in Canvas White

Appointed Workbook in Canvas White

An everyday utilitarian notebook with a durable heavyweight cover from Appointed in Canvas. Features an interior pocket, gold pressed front logo, 75 perforated pages and rings.
The Elements of Style

The Elements of Style

SALE $15.50
The only style manual to ever appear on a bestseller list now refreshed by one of our most beloved illustrators. Every English writer knows Strunk and White’s The Elements of Style. The book’s mantra, make every word tell, is still on point.
Craft Design Technology Stapler

Craft Design Technology Stapler

From Craft Design Technology, a lightweight, minimalist solid plastic stapler. Features an angular design and small size for easy portability.
Braun ET66 Calculator in White

Braun ET66 Calculator in White

From Braun, a revival of the iconic ET66 calculator that originally debuted in 1987.
Thule Lithos Backpack

Thule Lithos Backpack

Padded sleeves dedicated for both your laptop and tablet are built inside the main compartment of this durably made ripstop backpack for easy organization and protection. Breathable mesh-padded back and straps enhance the comfort of carrying a heavy load.
Crosley Harmony Bluetooth Radio Speaker

Crosley Harmony Bluetooth Radio Speaker

Retro-look Bluetooth-enabled radio speaker from Crosley that blends modern technology with vintage appeal. FM radio features antenna and knobs for volume and tuning with play/pause, rewind and fast forward buttons for when you’re streaming your personal soundtrack from your smartphone or tablet.
Matt & Nat Magistral SM

Matt & Nat Magistral SM

Small note pad sleeve with removable paper pad and pencil. Two loops on the side to lock with pencil. Interior: paper pad, pencil. 100% recycled nylon lining.

We love the products we feature and hope you do, too.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 23, 2019

#MobileLibraries – More than Brick and Mortar


Mobile libraries are an advantageous addition to libraries and a library’s services. It is something that, if feasible, should be implemented. Globally, there are libraries facing challenges like activating non-users of the library as well as extending the “reach” of the library in effort to allow the resources therein to be obtainable by everyone. These dilemmas have led to amazing initiatives such as bookmobiles and mobile libraries.

The benefits of these mobile libraries are that it increases the reach and visibility of the fixed library or library branches. Commonly, the fixed libraries will allow access to a significant percentage of the users in that area. But what about that small percentage not covered? These could be frequent users or advocates of library services that just do not have the opportunity or ability to the access of the library. This could be due to many reasons but commonly it could be due to location, as in isolated rural communities.

Mobile libraries bring resources outside of the library’s fixed location to users who otherwise may not get a chance to benefit from them. It also effectively extends the reach of the library’s safe learning and social development areas. Below are some examples of mobile libraries.


Maybe the most common type of mobile library is the bookmobile. Usually, built around a van, bus or RV, the combination of mobility and space make it quite popular as an extension of the library. Being able to offer library services and experience within a larger area is extremely beneficial for library users and also a great way to activate library non-users.

An example is the Rochester Public Library’s Bookmobile in Rochester, Minnesota, USA, where the bookmobile helps provide library services to the community who may have barriers preventing them from getting to the physical library locations. The Rochester Public Library Bookmobile even has the option to request a “stop” in a specific location or neighborhood. This really provides a personalized touch to the mobile library model. Empowering the community to reach out and request the services knowing that there is a good possibility they will be able to have access to the bookmobile’s resources on demand.

Similarly, the State Library in New South Wales, Australia created a complete breakdown of mobile libraries highlighting bookmobiles (van and truck). The in-depth PDF document goes into great detail about such a service, with text emphasizing that mobile libraries are considered outreach services.

Outreach services are generally services delivered externally to library members, the community and other stakeholder groups (e.g. schools), and can be a version of services, programs or other activities already being delivered at the physical branch”.

It goes on to say “Outreach programming or services are also an effective way of promoting the library to a wider community, and a way of reaching those who are either unable (physical constraints, personal constraints e.g. carers) to utilise physical services (at a branch), or who are not traditional library users.”

Though a popular form of mobile libraries, bookmobiles may be more expensive than others. Cost will vary and if a library is planning on adding such a service, preparation and careful due diligence should go into figuring out the feasibility by providing an approximate number for budgeting. In a 2018 article in the American library magazine on bookmobiles, the average cost to purchase a bookmobile is $200,000. This however does not specify brand-new, customization, or second-hand.


Another great example of a mobile library service is a floating library. In this case, the mobile library is a boat. Whether over lakes, ocean or sea, a boat library is a great way to connect communities that may not have easy access to the services that a main branch library can provide to its residents.

A perfect real-life example of a library boat is in Norway with The Book Boat called Epos which serves coastal areas in Norway. There are many isolated areas along the fjords that make traditional transport more difficult. The boat library or book boat can access these areas and communities providing books and library resources. As stated on their website the idea came from librarians. The Epos was built in 1963 and carries approximately 6000 books. During its sailing period from September to April, the Epos visits about 150 small communities.

A boatmobile is such a unique and distinct way to provide library services. Like the mobile libraries that are van, bus or RV; the goal of allowing easy access for all members of the community are successfully accomplished.


Finally, there is what may be considered the most practical mobile library, the bike library or ‘books on bikes’ as some call it. This version of the mobile library is most likely the most affordable and can effectively extend the reach of public libraries and increase awareness of the library to users and non-users alike.

For example, the North Vancouver City Library has a book bike that came together through an idea from library staff and a local placemaking team. They saw that a mobile library was effective in San Francisco and Denver so they thought they would give it a shot. The book bike which looks more like a 3-wheeler can store approx. 100 books and has a Wi-Fi hotspot to signup new library members or help with tech questions.

Since getting the book bike the library has stated they have gone “library viral” and attracted a lot of media and public attention. The library also believes it is engaging more people overall. In fact, wherever the bike ends up turns into a mini pop-up library.  To read more, check out the article here.

There are many other examples of well-done mobile libraries involving bikes. One of the main advantages is the flexibility and relatively low operating cost.

There are other forms of mobile libraries being used around the world. For some of the more extraordinary examples check out this post here.

Getting started

In conclusion, whatever form of mobile library service you offer, it’s important to further the reach of the library and library services. Bringing the advantages of the library to remote or unique areas will only strengthen the benefits and perception of the library.

Some specific resources a mobile library should include when starting out to are as follows.

Parts of the library collection. Having the library’s collection will be important, having books, magazines and access to potential movies or music that the library offers will be appealing for the public.

Another important service is printing. Being able to offer a form of printing service would also be appealing for the public. Mainly, a printing service which allows the public to print from their own device at the mobile library will be great service and also generate income for the library. For example, Framingham Public Library’s bookmobile joined Princh for that exact reason. Check out the Princh printing service for libraries here.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 23, 2019

Top 10 World’s Best #Beaches (2019) #MojoTravels

Life’s a beach. Welcome to MojoTravels and today we’ll be counting down our picks for the Top 10 World’s Best Beaches in 2019, as ranked by TripAdvisor. For this list, we’re taking a look at beaches around the world that have the ideal balance of sand, sun, and H20.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 23, 2019

#MotherEarth #Karliene @KarlieneMusic

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Mother Earth

Listen to the animals
Listen to the trees
Listen to the spirits of the Earth
Begging us please
Stop listening to greed.
Listen to the rivers
Listen to the sea
Listen to the spirits of the deep
Begging us please
Stop listening to greed.
She sent the drought to warn us
She sent the storms to scold us
But we don’t listen
We burn and we break
And we take and we take
And we take
Till it’s too late.
Oh where did the beasts go?
Where did the trees go?
Where will man go
When he has lost
The heartbeat
Beneath his feet.
Oh this is our home
She gives us home
Mother Earth
Can you feel
Her heartbeat
Beneath your feet.
Beneath your feet
Beneath your feet.
Listen to the animals
Listen to the trees
Listen to the spirits of the Earth
Begging us please
Stop listening to greed.
Listen to the rivers
Listen to the sea
Listen to the spirits of the deep
Begging us please
Stop listening to greed.
Listen to the animals
Listen to the trees
Listen to the spirits of the Earth
Begging us please
Stop listening to greed.
Listen to the rivers
Listen to the sea
Listen to the spirits of the deep
Begging us please
Stop listening to greed.

Pia Klemp

Akdeniz’de mültecileri kurtaran Alman kaptan Pia Klemp, Fransa’nın başkenti Paris’in en önemli onur nişanını reddetti. Klemp, Paris Kent Madalyası’nı geri çevirirken, yetkililerin mültecilere yönelik tutumunu hatırlattı.

Akdeniz’de yüzlerce mülteciyi boğulmaktan kurtaran Alman kaptan Pia Klemp, Paris’in en önemli onur nişanını geri çevirdi. Fransa’nın başkenti Paris’in en saygın insani ödülü olarak bilinen Paris Kent Madalyası’nı (La Médaille Grand Vermeil de la Ville de Paris) reddeden Pia Klemp, yetkililerin mültecilere yönelik tutumunu hatırlatarak ‘ikiyüzlülük’ eleştirisinde bulundu.

Klemp, Facebook’ta paylaştığı mesajında, “Kimin ‘kahraman’ kimin ‘yasadışı’ olduğuna karar verecek otoritelere ihtiyacımız yok” ifadelerini kullandı. Paris Belediye Başkanı Anne Hidalgo’ya da seslenen Klemp, “Mürettebatımız her gün mültecileri zor koşullardan kurtarmaya çalıştığı için bana madalya vermek istiyorsunuz. Bu esnada sizin polisiniz, sokaklarda yaşamak zorunda bıraktığınız insanların battaniyelerini çalıyor. Siz de protestoları bastırıyor ve mültecilerin, iltica talep edenlerin haklarını savunan insanları suçlu gibi gösteriyorsunuz” dedi.

Bunun ardından bir açıklama yapan Belediye Sözcüsü, Klemp ile irtibata geçeceklerini belirtti. Açıklamada, “Paris şehri mültecileri desteklemek, onlara barınma imkânı sağlamak ve saygı görmelerini garantiye almak için tamamen seferberdir” denildi.


Pia Klemp, Akdeniz’deki yüzlerce mülteciyi kurtardıkları için ekip arkadaşı Alman kaptan Carola Rackete ile birlikte ödüle layık görülmüştü. Klemp, İtalya’da yasadışı göçmenliğe yardım etmekten yargılanıyor. Klemp, suçlu bulunması halinde 20 yıl hapis cezası alabilir. (Kaynak: Sputnik)



A mobile library in Rock, Cornwall: ‘One day a week, my mobile library stopped at a small rural community based around a bus stop.’ Photograph: Matt Cardy/Getty Images

For most of us, the library is a source of books and information. The core factor of the work of a librarian is absolutely vital and should never be forgotten. But something else is happening in our libraries, with repercussions for library workers.

I worked for a long time in public libraries and most of my day was not spent shelving books (or reading them). As much of my time was spent dealing with human beings as printed volumes. A passion for books and reading first drew me to library work, but empathy, belief in human rights and the importance of social activism kept me working in them. I’ve worked in libraries of all sizes, from large city ones to tiny mobile ones, but what they all had in common was how much they meant to the most vulnerable in their communities.

One day a week, my mobile library stopped at a small rural community based around a bus stop. My first visitors of the day were three older women who only left the house to come to the library. I was the first person they’d spoken to all week; sometimes I was the only person they would speak to all month. I put the kettle on, and we chatted.

The next person to drop in was a young mother feeling overwhelmed by her new life. Stuck at home alone all day with her baby, the only thing she had to break up the week was her visit to the library. More than once she told me that the only reason she had got out of bed was because the library was coming. It gave her a purpose and coming to get her favourite books while talking to someone meant the earth to her. I put the kettle on, and we chatted.

Around mid-afternoon, a widower came by to borrow a big pile of books. He was cripplingly lonely. He said he just liked to hear the sound of a woman’s voice. He missed his wife so much that a life without the sound of her voice was too much to bear. I put the kettle on, and we chatted.


‘The next person to drop in was a young mother feeling overwhelmed by her new life.’ Picture posed by model. Photograph: Alamy

None of these people would dream of reaching out for formalised social care, and the sad fact is that it’s unlikely that any of them would have received help had they done so. They didn’t think they had mental health needs, but there is a good chance that many of us will need extra support at some point in our lives. What is available for us when we do? There is really only one place in the community where people can receive that sort of informal help to get over a tricky patch in their lives, or to help them navigate an increasingly stressful world – and that’s the library. In 2017, my local authority cancelled all of its mobile libraries, saying that there was “no significant demand”, and all the library workers lost their jobs.

Austerity has added an increasingly problematic element to this informal social care. As community services such as drop-in centres and social support facilities are axed, the people who relied on them have been cut off. This means that vulnerable people with complex mental health and/or addiction issues are set adrift and in many areas the only thing that remains open to them is the library.

One library I worked in was around the corner from a residential mental health unit that had been closed because of the shift to “care in the community”. These vulnerable adults had nowhere else to go during the day, and so they came to the library. A month after the unit closed, a colleague was stabbed in the arm by an emotionally disturbed former resident of the home. On Monday morning, she was back at work and planning support sessions for other displaced residents of the unit in order to help them safely transition back into the community.

Every time a service is cut in a community, the public library has been expected to pick up the slack, but library workers have had little or no training in this and their own mental health is suffering. There are fewer and fewer of them, and many are now single-staffing libraries, while their own support networks have gone. Every day I’m contacted by library workers at the end of their tethers as they try to help people in their communities who have effectively been abandoned by the lack of available social care.

I’m on the verge of tears and looking for another job. We have no voices for fear of losing our jobs and pensions.

One email I received from a library worker said: “I’m physically and mentally exhausted doing a job that seems to expand on a monthly basis. In the past month, I have been verbally abused and have had issues with a library user with mental health issues such that I worry for their safety. I’m on the verge of tears and looking for another job. We have no voices for fear of losing our jobs and pensions.” This is just one of the many messages I receive every week.

Every day, library workers are quietly changing and saving lives. As well as providing informal mental health and wellbeing support, they are raising national literacy levels, supporting families and reaching out into their communities to make them stronger and more cohesive. Now picture what your communities would be like without those library workers. For many people they are literally the last line of mental health defence.

Since 2005 we have lost more than 10,000 library workers and more jobs are being cut all the time. Hundreds of libraries are being handed over to volunteers or are being left unstaffed. As a nation, we are not only haemorrhaging libraries but the highly experienced people who work in them. If we lose library workers, we are at risk of completely abandoning those people in our communities who just need someone to talk to, someone non-judgmental who can offer a helping hand, or maybe just a patient ear. Formalising what was once informal social care is expensive, and so is the failure to support mental health, and that will cost us all a great deal more than investing in library workers ever would.

 Dawn Finch is a children’s author, librarian and library activist. She is a trustee of the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals(CILIP)


On the latest Recode Decode, John Fallon explains why the education company is pivoting to digital textbooks.


“There’s a famous phrase: The first step in solving a problem is recognizing you’ve got one,” says Pearson CEO John Fallon. And for education company Pearson, the problem is also one of its key products: the textbook.

Since the 1970s, the business model for textbook makers has been to sell very expensive books to students, updating them every few years with new material to keep students paying top dollar. But online textbook rental services from companies like Chegg and Amazon have made it much easier to pay much less, and as a result Pearson’s revenues have fallen from $2 billion in 2013 to $1.3 billion today, Fallon said on the latest episode of Recode Decode With Kara Swisher.

So instead of selling giant hardcover textbooks like Calculus: Early Transcendentals (list price for a new hardcover copy: $277.20), Pearson is going to start renting digital textbooks for $40 to $80, updating them over the air. Next month, it will launch the first of a new series of mobile apps called Aida — a portmanteau of AI and Ada Lovelace — that will let calculus students take a picture of their homework and, Fallon said, get step-by-step corrections.

“There’s something like 100 different concepts that you have to master in introductory calculus,” he said. “If you’re designing your textbook or a lecturer designing your course, you teach those 100 concepts in a linear way, building on one another, which is the only rational way you can teach something when you’re trying to do it to large numbers of people. This enables us to then also teach them in a nonlinear way, which means it’s personal and adapts it to you.”

“It can provide individual feedback to the student,” Fallon added. “You can say, ‘Well, you’ve mastered this concept, but you’re struggling here. Here’s where you should focus more effort. Here’s a tip for you. Here’s a little snippet of a video. Here’s a person you can talk to. Here’s a classmate who’s actually mastered this.’ Actually, the classmate will learn as well, because we learn by teaching others what we know.”

Below, we’ve shared a lightly edited full transcript of Kara’s conversation with John.

Kara Swisher: Hi. I’m Kara Swisher, editor-at-large of Recode. You may know me as Mark Zuckerberg’s private tutor, but in my spare time, I talk tech and you’re listening to Recode Decode from the Vox Media Podcast Network.

Today in the red chair is John Fallon, the CEO of Pearson, which is the largest education company in the world, and the former owner of Penguin Random House and the Financial Times. Just recently, Pearson announced that it’s going to pivot away from print textbooks and into digital textbooks that can be updated over time. I’m doing this podcast from London, England. John, welcome to Recode Decode.

John Fallon: Thank you very much. Nice to be here. Welcome to London.

Thank you, I’m going to be here for 14 seconds.

I should just say we still own 25 percent of Penguin Random House. Bertelsmanns is majority shareholder, but we still own the other 25 percent of it.

We can talk about publishing in a minute. Let’s talk a little bit about your background. You replaced Marjorie Scardino, who had been on the Twitter board and been involved in a couple of digital things. Talk a little bit about your background, because I love to get how people got to where they got.

Well, I think you and I are probably of a similar generation. When I was in high school in Manchester in the north of England, three big passions of my life were football — or soccer — politics, and journalism. The first wasn’t a realistic career option, so I found a way of making a career out of the latter two, and actually I spent the first 10 years of my professional life working for the British Labor Party, in one form or another.

Then in my early 30s I made the switch over into business and corporate life and actually as one of Marjorie’s first hires when she became the CEO of Pearson in ’97, really to run all of corporate firsts. I ran investor relations, media, employee communications. I don’t know if you remember that time. At the time, Pearson was still a big conglomerate. People forget that actually the first acquisition Marjorie made as CEO of Pearson was of a company called All-American, and I still happily remember the afternoon that I spent on Baywatch Beach with David Hasselhoff and the like. And it was a period when we were just buying and selling a lot of companies.

Yeah. It was. It was your traditional publishing conglomerate. Right?

Yeah. Well, Pearson itself is … Company’s 175 years old. Actually started in construction. Built the railroad tunnels under the East and Hudson Rivers in New York amongst many, many other things. Marjorie was actually the first non-member of the Pearson family to be CEO. She was the first woman to be CEO of a Fortune 100 company. She hired me, and then at about that time, if you remember, this was the first dot-com boom, which you remember very well, this idea of, we’re going to be more of a knowledge-based economy. The fourth industrial revolution didn’t exist at the time, but you know this idea about …

Let me stop you. No, it didn’t sink in then. I recall being with a lot of the big publishers. In fact, I oddly enough went around to all the big publishers with Larry Page and Susan Wojcicki, who now runs YouTube, who was trying to digitize things, and at the time everybody gave them the long arm, essentially, including Random House, including others, and I remember them being very frustrated, talking… It was, oddly enough, there was a blackout and they were in my apartment. They were very frustrated with the state of things and talking about the digitization. Of course, they got in trouble for just doing it on their own. Talk a little bit about that time, because I think, just recently, Barnes & Noble was sold. It’s changed so drastically. Talk a little bit about what was going on at that time in publishing.

Well, and I think Pearson did so … Pearson made two big acquisitions at that time. We bought the Simon & Schuster education businesses and then we bought a company called NCS, which was an early-stage online testing and student information company.

So you pivoted out into other services … what you think of as services.

And pivoted out of it. And then … yeah. And then what we found at various points was that, I guess it’s the sort of the Bill Gates phrase, you sort of overestimate the change in three years and underestimate the change in 10. And I think we tried at that time, probably, to push technology harder and faster than any of our customers, which are … obviously universities, school superintendents, and the like were ready to go.

I think what you have seen, though, is a gradual change over a period of 15 years. We’ll have to talk a little bit about the evolution of the textbook in a little while, but I think the first stage was automating the setting and marking of homework in quantitative disciplines like math, science.

Where it could be.

Huge productivity gain for teachers. They could set homework without having to mark it. Good for students, because actually something like math, guess what, the more you do it, the better you get at it, and having personal feedback to you without your peers knowing is actually more encouraging, and it frees the teacher up to focus more on where they can add real value.

Value, the creativity.

So I think that sort of happened. I think then … but I think large scale adoption in, for example, the K12 sector I think is still challenging, just because of the sheer scale of the infrastructure changes that are required, the social roles that education plays, all of that.

But talk about …. I’d love to get … when you were watching this first dot-com boom happening from here, even though you’re a global company, what was the thinking? Was this going to go away? Or this was the future and uh oh? Or what was the mentality?

Well, I moved to … on the back of those two big acquisitions, Pearson was still a very much London-centered company. The two big acquisitions were in America. I actually moved to, with my family, to live and work out of New York at the end of 2000. I think the Pearson share price reached an all-time high of 23 quid, and I returned back to live out the UK four years later and I think we’d been as low as 5 pounds. It was on the back of the AOL-Time Warner boom and this idea that technology was going to take over everything.

I think with hindsight, clearly we were all very naïve, but I think Britain was caught up in the same thing that … I was with Brent Hoberman last night. He was the founder of, which again … so I think it was a smaller scale, but it was very much the same trends that you saw in the US you saw here as well.

So you worked your way up there and took over last year, correct?

Yeah. After spending 10 years running our education business around the world, outside of … I took over from Marjorie in 2013.

Break down Pearson, because people … It’s a company people don’t know, but it’s the biggest textbook distributor in the world, which of course would be deeply impacted by technology. There’s lots of companies like Chegg and others that are trying to do different things. Talk a little bit about what Pearson owns so people get a sense of it.

So we own … now, other than the 25 percent stake in Penguin Random House, it’s now all about learning. We are still the leading …

That was your consumer play.

Yeah. We’re still the leading education-related content business in the world. We lead in assessment and certification. But the fastest area of growth really is now in more services-type offerings and actually combining the content and the assessment powered by technology to really provide much more personalized and adaptive learning.

So, we were talking just before, I was with Michael Crow, president of Arizona State University, is in London for a few days, he’s a major partner. We help to run Arizona State University online, which provides a pure online university experience.

He’s a fascinating guy.

Fantastic. All the rigor, all the quality.

I think the most … they educate the most people around …

Absolute outcomes is good for the online students as their face-to-face students. The cost for a student who is out-of-state at Arizona is significantly lower online, much more flexible, much more adaptive, large numbers of working adults.

One of the biggest challenges I think America has, we have something like 30 million working adults who have paid for some form of university education, but have nothing to show for it, so a lot of it is around how do you help people to complete the university education, have the credential and badge that enables them to progress. So we do a lot of that. We work in 70 countries around the world, 24,000 people, big digital transformation. So we’re investing about a billion dollars a year in the research and development of things that help people to learn more effectively. That’s essentially what we do.

Right. But right now. But that’s what you’re moving to. But I just want give people a sense of what Pearson had done. When you’re thinking of textbooks. This is actual textbooks that you redo every three years. Explain how it’s been done.

Yeah. Still about just over 20 percent of our $5 billion in annual revenues come from our US higher education courseware or college publishing business.

These are these giant textbooks that you pay … either biology or history or whatever.

Exactly. So if there is a … We are in the 14th edition of Philip Kotler’s Marketing, the bestselling marketing textbook in the world. There won’t be a 15th edition. Think of it more like FIFA 18, FIFA 19, FIFA 20. It will be Marketing 2020 version one, version 2. Digital first, designed for a mobile world. You update for when there’s changes in the field of study, scientific breakthroughs, new case studies. You update for advances in AI as we think of new ways that we can provide more personal adaptive learning. And because you’re breaking away from what was a very expensive and time-consuming analog-led model, it’s not just much more effective, much more personal, much better outcomes, it’s much lower cost, so the $300 textbook is dead.

So before we get to that, what you had done, you had … use that as an example. The marketing text which was 14 editions. Which was you keep updating it, you keep every … and there’s hundreds of books like that. These are the books that most college students and high school students use, whether it’s a history book or whatever and these are these big books that they now don’t need to have at all. That they presumably have on their laptops or somewhere else, or that they … What it moved to, besides buying them, was then renting them. There was a whole rental scheme at colleges and things like that. This is the entire elimination of them. Is that where you see …

Yeah, and I mean this is, you know, if you’ve …

How many millions of books did you distribute?

Well, if you follow … I mean, we … Yeah, I mean we sell a good sort of 10 million units of books a year. Hundreds of millions of books a year. If you think that that disruption of that has been financially painful … So, when I took over for Marjorie in 2013 — one in three courses in American universities uses Pearson content. Today, still one in three courses in America use Pearson content, but the revenues have gone from $2 billion to $1.3 billion.

Yeah, like a newspaper business.

Exactly. So the analog-to-digital transition in the short term has been painful, but now I think we’ve got a better, more sustainable business, you know, because …

So when you’ve seen that happening as an executive, I always like, you know … It’s interesting to talk to newspapers, I know that area a lot better. When you talk to people about this … What do you do when this is your business? I mean, look, Apple’s doing it. They’re moving to services. That’s becoming one of their big … selling more iPhones is not going to be their business going forward. But selling services related to iPhones, and obviously iPhones will be an important part but it’s a similar kind of thing as you. You were in this business for a long time. How do you shift your company when you’re thinking about that?

Well, the … you know, there’s a famous phrase: The first step in solving a problem is recognizing you’ve got one. I think we found, which I think many incumbents find, is the first stage is getting through denial as quickly as you can. Every fiber of the organization’s being grabs on every data point that tells you that the first dip in revenues is cyclical, not structural. I heard somebody in the advertising industry talk recently about all this is cyclical not structural, and I just winced because whenever there’s a cyclical problem there’s something structural lurking in the shadows. I think that.

And then I think being … having the … recognizing what you’re still good at. So, the fact that our content is no less highly valued, our assessment capabilities is no less highly valued. It’s still being used in much the same way. What’s happened is, you mentioned Chegg, Amazon moved into the rental market, so essentially what we found is actually our biggest competitor was second-hand sales of our own intellectual property.

Once you get your head around that and you just accept that actually the $300 textbook is dead, we have to reinvent and make a future for this company around $40 to rent an ebook, $80 for a completely integrated package that provides much more personalization, adaptive assessment capabilities that support faculty. That’s still a sustainable business, but then it provides a platform by which we can, if you like, be the disruptor. So the relationship with Arizona State University in powering a whole new range of online universities grew out of the fact …

Because you have the content itself.

Because they had the content, and they knew …

You have the content and they have the students.

And also because I think they would recognize that we have sort of an intellectual feel for the value of the academy, for the importance of teaching, that we recognize why faculty are good at what they do and we could work with them. A whole area where we work with professional certification. Recognizing that probably, even when I took over from Marjorie, we thought primarily in terms of K-12 and then higher education, maybe a little bit of graduate. Now we’re in a world of lifelong learning. The idea that you’ll need to retrain, re-skill throughout your working life. How do we think about that?

Having addressed the cost inflation issue in textbook publishing, which only accounts for 1 or 2 percent of total student spend, cost inflation in higher education in America over the past 30 years has been unbelievable. That issue needs to be addressed. How could we help and what role could we play in making high-quality education much more affordable, much more accessible, much more relevant to more people?

All right. We’re here with John Fallon. He is the CEO of Pearson, which is the biggest education company in the world. What do you call yourself now?

We call ourselves the “learning company.”

The learning company. I just want to know, because I know …

And the reason for that is because — this is the other big thing about this is — in [the] days when we were publishing all those textbooks, we invested so much time and effort in the greatest academic rigor. We had absolutely no way of knowing what outcomes they helped to achieve. Now for every product we launch, we know. So there’s really focus on an efficacy we describe. But outcomes is incredibly important.

When you decide you have digital efficacy, it’s a really interesting one, because first I want to talk about the disruptors that have been trying to move in on this. There’s Chegg, there’s so many Silicon Valley startups, many of which are struggling. A lot of these online universities, a lot of these things that are seeking to replace you. One of the things they are lacking — and it doesn’t bother them, I know that — is the actual content. They don’t have the educational content or the educational rigor.

Talk a little bit about the enormous money going into these startups. There were dozens of these edu-startups and I still am questioning whether any of them have really broken out in a really significant way. There’s ones that help… LinkedIn bought one, what was that one called?

It was You know, everyone’s trying to buy these, which is trying to get better at your job or get certification in computer stuff. There’s some that teach you to play the ukulele, there’s some that teach students. Mark Zuckerberg’s backed a number of initiatives in order to change education completely, to transform education, but at the heart of it is this idea that digital will solve everything. That if we are only able to model these things and understand what students want, we don’t need teachers, almost.

I know they say that they don’t, but it’s behind the eyes, that this can be done. “Everything that can be digitized, will be digitized,” is one of the things I say a lot. That’s the mentality. Talk a little bit about this, when you’re facing enormous amounts of venture funding, all kinds of new theories about that. Nothing wrong with that. Talk about what it’s like when you have one of these companies that has already been in this business for so long.

Well, I think you have to recognize, one, what it is you’re really good at, but also, really understand your customers. Really understand, to use a terribly old-fashioned word, the pedagogy. There is an art and science to learning and you learn by doing. You learn by teaching others. You have numbers people talking about, “Well, I’m going to be the Netflix.” Or, “I’m going to be the Spotify.” Or, “I’m going to be doing this.” There are things we can learn from that, because this is absolutely the Netflix or Spotify generation.

In terms of a business model, they want to rent or subscribe, they don’t want to own. They do want an incredible …

Which makes sense, on lots of levels, but even from an environmental point of view.

And they also want an incredible user experience, which is really important and is something that has been challenging for us and many other publishers over time. But, obviously, great television or great movies can make you laugh and make you cry and make you think. But, you sit back and you can chew. Education, you lean in and you do.

You sit back and chew? I love that.

If you don’t understand that, that learning is complex and it’s messy and you learn and you get some feedback and you go again. As I say, you learn by sharing and you learn by teaching somebody else.

I think education is riven with a lot of false dichotomies and perhaps the worst of them all at the moment is somehow, that this is “teacher or technology.” This is teacher and technology. It’s not human or machine, it’s human andmachine. I think we’ll talk a little about how we are deploying artificial intelligence. We very much think about it as an intelligence assistant. It’s there to support, enable and empower a teacher and a student. It doesn’t displace or change that human dynamic.

Wait, let’s talk about your news. What you’re going to be doing. What is this digital textbook?

We are launching, in September, the first of a new generation of apps called Aida, A-I-D-A.

It’s a very British name.

Is it a British? Well, it’s partly a tribute to Ada Lovelace.

I got it, yeah.

It’s partly a recognition that AI is about aiding.

Who was British, right? Ada Lovelace?

She was, yeah. Aiding and supporting and enabling.

I love that, I love that name. I don’t like most names, I’ll tell you that. I’m sorry, for those who don’t know who Ada Lovelace is, explain. They should know.

Ada Lovelace was one of the, I think, with Charles Babbage and one or two others, was one of the absolute pioneers of the earliest stages of the computer. Way before Alan Turing and what was happening out at IBM on the West Coast and all of that.

The first of these apps is really aimed at calculus, introductory calculus courses. It’s known in America, it’d be an introductory math course, that you take if you were doing any science or engineering degree.

Yes. I did not take that course, but move along.

It’s one of the hardest courses. One of the biggest reasons people drop out of STEM degrees is they don’t master calculus. Most of what we do, as I was explaining, is around helping and supporting the teacher-student relationship. This is the first app we’ve launched which is aimed directly at students.

You have the relationship?

We have a relationship. The way we work is, one thing we’ve learned is, the best way to solve a math problem is still to get a piece of paper and a pen. Write out the problem and then solve it, longhand. This will enable you to do that. Take a photo of what you’ve written on your mobile phone, send it to the Pearson app and within five seconds the machine has translated it into text, has marked it for you, and provided a view. So there may be seven steps in the problem. “You’ve got the first three right, you’ve struggled with the fourth.” It provides that feedback to you. It’s step-by-step to you.

There’s something like 100 different concepts that you have to master in introductory calculus. If you’re designing your textbook or a lecturer designing your course, you teach those 100 concepts in a linear way, building on one another, which is the only rational way you can teach something when you’re trying to do it to large numbers of people. This enables us to then also teach them in a nonlinear way, which means it’s personal and adapts it to you. It’s personalized and adaptive. But again, I would argue this is very much complementary and supportive of a teacher.

Right, so if you are going to have the relationship with the student directly, what is the need of the teacher?

Well, because I think this is not likely to be sufficient in itself to replace. The student’s still going to be studying at a university. We could see a scenario where it’s bundled with the course, where it’s feedback.

I was at a major university in the South of the US recently. One of the biggest and most forward-thinking math departments. I described it to him, he said, “We’d love to have that.” We’re launching it first as a direct-to-consumer, but you can imagine lots of different applications. We’re starting with calculus, but it could be across lots of different subjects.

Let me just break down: The student would get this and then just go through it themselves? You couldn’t teach yourself calculus with it, could you?

You couldn’t teach yourself calculus, but you could use it to …

Complement it.

”I’ve got an assignment, I’m struggling with this.”


”Maybe this will complement and supplement it.” As I say, if it was bundled, you could then see a scenario where, with the student’s permission, you could then share the insight and feedback with the teacher, who would then be able to say … Say they had 100 students in the class.

Well, my kids are already doing a little bit of a version of this in Spanish.


They do, they do. It’s more like practices.

Exactly. It’s practices. This will have a lot of rigor to it. I mean, the other interesting thing is, as part of it, we’ve created a lot of the content that goes with it and we’ve drawn very heavily on our experts. All, obviously, the capabilities we have in this area. But, when you are designing for a mobile app, you actually have to go back to very first principles and create a difference. I think you will see …

It’s phone-based or iPad-based?

Yeah, it’s mobile phone. This actually goes back to, you were asking me earlier about what lessons do you learn? We have to exist in a sort of like a twin track, almost two-speed world. We have to continue to transform and adapt courseware for professors to teach in campus-based situations or in institutions. In addition, there’s also a lot more informal, complementary, different types of learning, which is a different experience. Doing both draws on a lot of the same expertise, but it’s a different experience. It’s a different design.

So, Aida. One is in calculus, you’re releasing individualized ones?

Calculus is the first one and then there will be a whole other range of areas. Another area, big application for AI. We have used machine learning for many years in our high-stakes attachments, so if you take …

You’re assessing this way? You assess tests. People take a …

Yeah. If you take the Pearson Test of English, which is a test that’s used for immigration purposes in many countries, for citizenship purposes or for admission, if you’re a non-native speaker and you want to go and study at an English-speaking university. The speaking and listening, all elements of that test is marked by machines. We’ve taught the machines to mark that test. Something like speaking, the level of accuracy of the mark is much better, because you’ve removed all human bias, you get the result much more quickly and you get the feedback that is personal to you and helps you to improve, so it’s assessment for …

When you’re doing these assessments, I’m just going to use it, because there’s been so much controversy around predictive policing and everything else, in terms of, if they’re dealing with someone of color or someone not, does that go into your thinking of who you’re testing?

Well, as I say, the test itself does not know the person and it doesn’t know their nationality or ethnicity. It’s purely on the basis of the fluency of their …

Have you ever thought about, I mean, because facial recognition would work very well in your field. Could possibly, in terms of people interacting that way, how do you look at those things? I just did an interview with an Amazon executive where he said, “It’s not our responsibility how it’s used.” Essentially.

I think it is our responsibility as to how it’s used. Our responsibility is to empower people to progress in their lives through learning more effectively. Everything we do is about enhancing teaching and learning and we wouldn’t ever get caught in doing anything like that.

If you’re applying AI to a lot of learning, which obviously, testing — testing is a very good area, looking for patterns. When you get into a more complex thing, which is less, “This is the answer,” that makes sense. When it becomes more … Most of learning is about the more subtle things. How do you then apply AI to that?

It can provide individual feedback to the student. You can say, “Well, you’ve mastered this concept, but you’re struggling here. Here’s where you should focus more effort. Here’s a tip for you. Here’s a little snippet of a video. Here’s a person you can talk to. Here’s a classmate who’s actually mastered this.” Actually, the classmate will learn as well, because we learn by teaching others what we know.

I have a daughter who is just finishing at University College London, one of her complaints and one of her colleague’s complaints is, they submit an essay, it takes forever to get the essay back. When they do, they’ve got a fairly perfunctory mark, doesn’t provide them with a helpful feedback. A tool we have in development at the moment, would enable a professor to assign an essay, mark the first 20 or so herself. At which point, the machine would say, “I’ll take over from here and I can mark the rest of these essays to the rubric that you have taught.”

Watching, watching your progress.

”Watching you. You can come back in at any point and see how I’ve marked it.” How the machine has marked it and correct it and the machine will then learn that and refine it through.

That’s scary to people. That’s an essay. There is one thing, where the answer is “4” and it has to be “4” or whatever the answer is. When it comes to more thoughtful things, even though a lot of the technology is being used to see if kids are plagiarizing or using anything thing, too. There’s pattern matching and things like that. But, the idea of taking more sophisticated thoughts and letting the machine do it, I do think we’re not very far away from that. But how does that change the teacher technology?

To be clear, you’re right to say we’re not far away from it. What I’ve described is something we are trying to do, we’ve not yet mastered. I think, to me, the important thing is, the teacher is in control. It’s the teacher that sets the rubric and the machine that applies it. I think we are quite a long way from machines being able to apply. I think machines are very good at mimicking something that is set and directed for them.

I think that this is a big enhancement to the productivity of teachers, because it frees them up to more value-added things. It’s better for the student, because it provides quicker …

Getting rid of the rote parts?

Exactly, because it gives better feedback. But, what I do agree with you is, learning the lessons from some of the unintended consequences of social media …

They’re intended, but go ahead.

Well, but, what I mean is …

No, it’s not intent, they didn’t anticipate them.

I think adaptive, personalized learning has huge opportunities and huge excitements.

In order to reach more people.

Reach more people, provide them with more feedback.

Make it cheaper.

Do actually what the best teachers have always done. But, what is it we don’t know [that] we don’t know? How do we ensure, for example, that as we become more adaptive and more personalized, we’re opening up opportunities for people, not closing them down? One of the great benefits of education is the serendipity. That moment when you suddenly find that you love a subject or a passion, or you’re good at something that you didn’t know. How do we ensure that, as we adopt technology and apply it, it’s opening up those opportunities, not closing them down? We don’t know how the way the human brain functions will change.

I agree with you on this. How do you assess the efforts that Silicon Valley has done in these MOOCs and everything else? Where do you see it? It’s been very slow going, especially profits, has been extraordinarily slow going. How do you assess them all? Because there’s been so many and they were sort of all, “This is going to change everything.” It really hasn’t changed everything yet. It’s moving in that direction, obviously. You can see so much of education can be streamlined, I guess, in a lot of ways, including textbooks. It makes perfect sense. How do you assess where we are now?

Well, I think certainly a lot of what they have done, or what has come out of the Valley, has then enabled us to do what we’re now able to do. For example, we launched our first, what I was describing earlier about the generation of the next wave of digital courseware in the apps, that’s built on a lot of underlying technology. It’s based on technology that’s come out of Google, it’s based on technology that’s come out of Amazon. Our new global learning platform is built on Amazon Web Services.

That’s ironic.

We’ve taken a lot of the tools that they have created for wider applications and said, “How do we use our knowledge and insights on learning science and education to then apply them in a more specific way?” I think, on the MOOCs, on massive open online courses, I think yes, the hype far outlived …

They weren’t quite ready to move.

But, I mean, I think if you now look at what edX are doing. I mean, we partner with edX, we take in a lot of their short courses and are applying them in places like India and China, which is creating lots of sort of great opportunities. We have a very small shareholding in Coursera. I think they way they’re reinventing themselves now is quite interesting. I think, you know, back to your earlier point, a lot of the original technology money went into K12.


And I think that has proved very, very difficult, especially commercially. Now I think much more of it is going into employability, lifelong learning.

Lifelong learning, right.

This idea that, you know, if we’re all going to live to 100 and work well into our 80s and 90s and we’re going to have five or six different careers …

You have to have new skills.

You have to have new skills, and so that’s where … And there’s interesting companies like Pluralsight, for example, who are starting to move into our spaces. It’s a big area of growth where we’re making a lot of investment. I think those are probably more fertile ground because then you don’t have a lot of the other more institutional cultural challenges that probably you’ve got …

With K12.

With public education.

We’re here with John Fallon, the CEO of Pearson. We’re talking about edu-tech, which … I hate all these expressions, but I do think education is something that, just like health care, it’s been really slow to shift with technology beyond kids using iPads or Chromebooks in schools. That was, again, another thing, heralded that was going to change everything. It didn’t, it hasn’t.

How do you look at the school of the future? There’s been all kinds of predictions of what should happen. Let’s set aside K-through-12 because that’s been mired in troubles and all kinds of arguments, in the United States at least. Talk a little bit about once you launch these apps, you’re hoping students will use them in every subject, correct?


You’re starting with calculus or is there …

We’re starting in calculus, but it will apply across every, in time, across every subject range.

But math works first best?

Yeah, I think it’s a good area. I think you sort of need to take a step forward and then come back, if you like, and what does the world of work look like in 10 or 15 years time, in a world that is radically disrupted by sort of automation and robotics and the like? I don’t know if you remember, the first of the studies in this area was, I think, about five or six years ago and it was, you know, 47 percent of all jobs in America are going to be sort of automated within 15 years.

Right, sure. I keep saying … that’s what I keep saying.

That was … the co-author of that was a guy called Mike Osborne, the professor of machine learning at Oxford Martin School, obviously here in the UK. I remember we got talking to him and like all good academics, he told us all the things that were wrong with his own research and how it was sort of flawed. And so we commissioned another major piece of research, which basically combined human expertise and insight about the future of work with machine learning. So it was a combination of the two, and it looked not just at the impact of technology but of demographics, urbanization, growing political uncertainty.


And what it told you was … and we looked at not where there can be more jobs and where would there be less jobs in 10 years, but actually as importantly, what are the underlying skills that are most going to be in demand in the workplace?


The ability to learn how to learn, fluency of ideas, innovation, understanding and empathy of how others will react.


Things like sociology, understanding how organizations work, psychology, the things that make us uniquely human.


So if we’re designing … if you’re thinking about how education should evolve, those are things, the skills that have traditionally been taught by liberal arts degrees and have been seen to be things that the elite have clearly had. We see a world of talent, we see those as skills and knowledge that everybody in this world is capable of having and deploying. And so, how do we design education and learning in a way that enables everybody to acquire those skills, and do so not just in high school or between the ages of 18 and 22, but to go on …

Throughout their lives.

Doing so throughout their working lives. So I think that what you will see is education that becomes much more flexible, much more adaptive, that you don’t have to go away, you know, travel hundreds of miles away from home to acquire them. That you can acquire them in the workplace, that you can acquire them alongside bringing up a family or tending for an older relative.

Right, right.

And that everybody is capable of acquiring them and they’re capable of acquiring them at any time and at any stage in their life.

It’s an interesting time because, you know, one of my kids is about to apply to college and part of me is like, “Why? Why can’t he just learn this all somewhere?” What is the need to go somewhere and have me fork over all my money to do so? And I hate to agree with Peter Thiel on anything, but I have to say it’s a really interesting question as I start …

I have sort of mixed views on this, because the data will tell you that that’s still a smart decision. As of today, the earnings premium of someone who’s got a four-year degree is somewhere, well, it’s as low as 40 percent in North Dakota, but it’s as high as 102 in Peter Thiel’s state of California. A graduate with a four-year degree earns twice as much throughout their working life …

Yes, I got that.

As somebody who doesn’t, even somebody who got a …

I meant the physical part of it. It’s a really interesting.

I agree, I mean I think that’s …

I just think about that when I go to universities, and you have some beautiful ones here, by the way.

Yeah, back to where we were talking earlier, we were talking to our partners at Arizona State University, in the online business there, the online program. The typical student would be 26, 27 years of age. They’ve probably had a couple of goes at getting a university degree and failed. They’ve now got perhaps a family.

They’re working.

They’re working, but they’ve still got that burning desire to learn. Their confidence is fragile, the most unexpected thing can knock them off track, and so how we think about this in a much more flexible way, but maybe we give credit for prior achievement. Credentials become much more stackable and transferable.


Why couldn’t I take a course with King’s College London virtually and one with Arizona State University and one with the University of New South Wales.

Stackable, I like that expression.

And why couldn’t this time I spent at Microsoft, I got some credit for, and you know, using blockchain or related technologies, everybody has their learning passport which they take with them through life and which they develop and evolve.

That’s a great idea: learning passport.

I think that’s the way this is going, and it’s very much the way we’re trying to design and build our business.

Let me finish up. Think about your business, you know your competitors right now, your typical competitors, are McGraw Hill and I guess Hachette, I suppose.

Yeah, well, it’s sort of …

Who do you see as your competitors and then what do you do when the revenue is … You’re talking about a business that is contracted from a revenue. You’re selling $300 textbooks and now you’re selling these … you have to sell a whole lot more of them, that’s one part. And that’s great because you can sell a whole lot more of them, but who do you consider your competitors and how do you create a business like this? It’s just more people using your products, presumably.

I think we’re like a lot of incumbents in other sectors that have gone through this transformation. We’re now at a point where, as I say, we’re about $5 billion in annual revenue, so the third of our business that is growing at double digits every year is partnering …


With universities, launching purely online degrees, professional certification, virtual schools, teaching and learning English as a second language, work we’re doing in places like China. And then two-thirds of our business, which is the more sort of traditional analog business, where the rate of decline is slowing as we now get over the digital hump.

So we’re in this sort of exciting point where we’ve been through five really tough years, we’ve had to take a billion dollars of cost or more out of the business, create a much more digital platform-based company, but we’re now at a point where actually, the growth rate could get quite exciting, because the structural growth opportunities begin to so-

You have the goods that these Silicon Valley companies don’t. You have the content.

That’s the thing. And so our competitors are, you know, in one part of our business the competitors are Cengage and McGraw-Hill. In another part it would be K12 Inc, in another part it might be Coursera or 2U. In another part of the business, it’s sort of ETS or …


We compete across a whole range of different sectors. There’s no one quite trying to do what we’re trying to do.

Do you ever imagine a larger company wanting to … Like Amazon purchasing you would be fascinating to me. Would you ever think like that? And Google sort of dabbled in this for a while. They keep dabbling and undabbling.

What’s interesting is, if we’ve been having this conversation about Amazon five years ago, we’d have thought of it purely in terms of them as a bookseller. Now, as I mentioned earlier, Amazon Web Services powers the global learning platform.


But likewise, If you want a job in customer services, Amazon, in a non-English-speaking country, they use the Pearson Versant test. So there’s sort of the nature of the dynamic in the relationship between Pearson and Amazon becomes more multifaceted. We hope very much they’ll be a partner as we think about how we move into much more a subscription rental type.

Sure, well, they’re good at that.

So it becomes a different type of dynamic and a different type of relationship.

Right. Do you see any of the big tech companies moving … they have, but they’ve been largely unsuccessful.

I would say that we work … likewise, we have very close relationships with Microsoft. Again, Microsoft is actually a big customer of ours. We run all of the Microsoft certification, which I should hasten to add, we run on Azure, not on AWS! So we have an extensive range.

Back to my earlier point, I largely see what they do as …

Complementary. Right.

Complementary, and we’re building on the platform and scale, but what we’re doing requires a much deeper understanding of teaching and learning.


Which we’ve obviously acquired over many, many years.

All right, I’m going to finish up. You’ve been in politics for a long time watching this, a lot of techs have gotten involved in politics, there’s all kinds of things going. How do you look at it from here? What is the … You’re about to have Boris Johnson as your PM, I think. Sorry to put you on the spot about this.

I think that … speaking from a Pearson perspective, obviously, we operate in seventy countries around the world.

Right, you’re a global company.

We’re bipartisan, we’ve gotten used to working with governments of all sort of political hues. I sort of do worry there’s a rancor and a bitterness to the public discourse that is not doing anybody any good. Here in Britain, as in America and elsewhere, we have to learn to find ways to disagree with each other in a more respectful way than we have.

I think the other thing that’s interesting, observing this, is that we have a two … an electoral system that was designed for a two-party world.


Where those two parties were normally sort of varying hues of the same color. We’re now in a world where there’s perhaps more, sort of, stronger — I’ll avoid using the word extreme, because that’s probably a bit too pejorative. I think it’s leading a big part of the center ground, certainly here in the UK and arguably elsewhere, on … there’s a lot of people who, frankly, who are politically homeless.


And the electoral system as it stands is not able to accommodate.


And I don’t know how that changes.


That is clearly …

I’m going to let you off the hook.

That is a clearly important. Thank you for letting me off the hook.

No problem, it’s no problem.

There’s no way of winning with an answer there, is there?

It’s really interesting to see, it’s the same thing worldwide. I’ve traveled recently a lot, and it’s fascinating to watch what’s going on, rendered asunder by tech and there’s ways tech can really be … I’m trying to lean in to solution-based tech this year.


And I’ve been chastising them quite a bit for … I don’t think they were unintended consequences, I think they were fully intended in a different way than you’re thinking.

Anyway, biggest prediction — last question — will there be an Oxford/Cambridge in 50 years?

Yes. I think there will.


Because I think they are …

Because they’re pretty. I’m teasing.

Yeah, but also I think they … I think, one, there will be a … they have a niche and an important role.

These kind of schools.

In the market, but I think there is also a new type of institution that will emerge. I think you could see the first truly global university that could emerge. Perhaps American, Chinese, British, Australian, India, you know, I think that is focused not on the top 1 percent but the top 100 percent that takes the view that every person in this world is capable of learning and achieving more of themselves. And that excellence and quality does not mean exclusion.

Absolutely, I think the problem in our world is …

That can mean inclusion. That’s what will emerge. Quite what that looks like, I don’t know, but I tell you I very much want Pearson to be at the heart of making it happen.

Good, good. Well done. I always do think that the problem, I’ve been saying this a lot, is that there’s not a lack of talent, it’s opportunity.

Yeah, exactly.

Which is interesting. I really appreciate it, this has been a fascinating conversation. This is John Fallon, who is the CEO of Pearson, which is the largest education company in the world, I think. John, thank you for coming on the show.

Thank you.

Recode and Vox have joined forces to uncover and explain how our digital world is changing — and changing us. Subscribe to Recode podcasts to hear Kara Swisher and Peter Kafka lead the tough conversations the technology industry needs today.


Librarians can continue to acquire millions of ebook titles through preferred acquisition platforms…

ANN ARBOR, MI and IPSWICH, MA, August 19, 2019 – ProQuest and EBSCO Information Services (EBSCO) have extended their existing ebook partnership, which will continue to enable librarians to acquire ProQuest ebook titles through EBSCO’s GOBI®Library Solutions platform, as well as EBSCO ebook titles through ProQuest’s OASIS platform and – in the future – the ProQuest Rialto™ marketplace, currently under development.

This relationship was originally announced in 2015 after EBSCO acquired YBP Library Solutions and its GOBI platform, and ProQuest acquired Coutts and its MyiLibrary and OASIS platforms. The partnership has now been extended for an additional four years. There will be no changes to customer contracts or account contacts. The agreement allows librarians to continue to purchase titles from the vendor of their choice within their preferred ordering platforms.

“ProQuest is committed to unbiased access to information,” said Rich Belanger, Senior Vice President and General Manager, ProQuest Books. “We’re pleased to renew our relationship with EBSCO and GOBI Library Solutions, supporting our library customers’ workflows and giving them choice.”

“We believe librarians should be able to order their books and ebooks from their preferred book vendors using the workflows that best meet their collection development strategies,” said Darby Kopp, GOBI Library Solutions from EBSCO’s Senior Vice President and Chief Operating Officer. “We aim to serve the needs of our customers by offering the widest choice of resources available in an open environment.”

About EBSCO Information Services & GOBI Library Solutions

EBSCO Information Services (EBSCO) is the leading discovery service provider for libraries worldwide with more than 11,000 discovery customers in over 100 countries. EBSCO Discovery Service™ (EDS) provides each institution with a comprehensive, single search box for its entire collection, offering unparalleled relevance ranking quality and extensive customization. EBSCO is also the preeminent provider of online research content for libraries, including hundreds of research databases, historical archives, point-of-care medical reference, and corporate learning tools serving millions of end users at tens of thousands of institutions. EBSCO is the leading provider of electronic journals & books for libraries, with subscription management for more than 360,000 serials, including more than 57,000 e-journals, as well as online access to more than 1,000,000 e-books. For more information, visit the EBSCO website at: EBSCO Information Services is a division of EBSCO Industries Inc., a family-owned company since 1944.

GOBI® Library Solutions from EBSCO, formerly YBP Library Services, offers more than 15 million print and e-books to academic, research and special libraries worldwide. From streamlining workflows to partnering with library staff, GOBI Library Solutions is committed to providing the best solution for libraries’ acquisition, collection development and technical service needs. For more than 40 years, the mission has remained same — to partner with libraries in providing access to the broadest selection of scholarly content available. For more information, visit the GOBI Library Solutions website at:

About ProQuest (

ProQuest supports the important work in the world’s research and learning communities. The company curates six centuries of content – the world’s largest collection of journals, ebooks, primary sources, dissertations, news, and video – and builds powerful workflow solutions to help libraries acquire and grow collections that inspire extraordinary outcomes. ProQuest products and services are used in academic, K-12, public, corporate and government libraries in 150 countries.

Along with its companies and affiliates Ex Libris, Alexander Street, and Bowker, ProQuest helps its customers achieve better research, better learning and better insights. For more information, visit our ProQuest and Extraordinary Stories blogs, and follow us on TwitterFacebook or Instagram.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 20, 2019

Top 10 most #ExtremeSports

This video shows the extreme sport that involves risk, adrenaline, speed, jumps from heights, deep diving, climbing and more. For the most extreme sports is needed the highest level of physical exertion and highly specialized gear and equipment.


İnsanlığın ortak mirasına ait en önemli örneklerin bulunduğu Dünya Mirası Listesi, gezegenin tarihinin zenginliği ile doğasının çeşitliliğini kutluyor.

Farklı kültürlerin, medeniyetlerin, dinlerin ve tarihi dönemlerin küresel kültürde bıraktığı izler arasından en nadide örnekleri seçip listeleyen UNESCO, Dünya Mirası Listesi’ne 29 yeni yeri ekleyerek insanlığın ortak mirasını biraz daha zenginleştirdi. Birçok farklı kritere göre seçilen bu yerler tarihi, doğal ya da bilimsel açılardan çok önemli rollere sahipler. UNESCO bu şekilde, bazıları herkes tarafından çok da bilinmeyen bu yerlere hak ettikleri değeri verip daha görünür olmalarını sağlıyor.

Eklenen 29 yerle birlikte artık 1.211 adet yer içeren UNESCO Dünya Mirası Listesi’ndeki her bir yer kendine has karakteristik özelliklere sahip ve hepsi bir arada, dünya tarihinin önemli bir arşivinioluşturuyorlar. Bu yıl listeye eklenenler arasında Çin’deki göçmen kuş yollarından İtalya’nın Prosecco tepelerine, Birleşik Krallık’taki Jodrell Bank Rasathanesi’nden Polonya’daki taş ocaklarına dek birçok farklı yer bulunuyor.

İşte gezegenin her bir köşesinden, 2019’da UNESCO Dünya Mirası Listesi’ne yapılan ilginç eklemeler.

Jaipur, Hindistan

‘Pembe Şehir’ olarak da bilinen Jaipur, kafes gibi tasarlanmış, çağının ötesinde bir şehir planlamasına ve olağanüstü bir mimariye sahip. 1729’da kurulan Jaipur’un Hawa Mahal ve Birla Mandir gibi birbirinden güzel yapılarının renkli cepheleri, şehri Hindistan’ın en popüler destinasyonlarından biri kılıyor.


Vatnajökull Milli Parkı, İzlanda

On adet yanardağa ev sahipliği yapan ve İzlanda yüzölçümünün yaklaşık %14’ünü kaplayan bu görkemli park, buz mağaraları, buzul vadileri ve diğer tüm etkileyici manzaraları ile İzlanda’nın eşsiz doğasını deneyimlemek isteyen herkesi cezbediyor.


Antik Kavanozlar, Laos

Laos’un kuzeyindeki bir düzlükte bulunan 2 binden fazla taş kavanoz Demir Çağı’nda cenazeleri gömmek amacıyla kullanılmış. İnsanlığın milattan önce 500 yıllarındaki çarpıcı bir eseri niteliğindeki bu kavanozlar aynı zamanda insanlığın o zamanlardaki varlığının en somut kanıtı.


Şeki Han Sarayı, Azerbaycan

Tarihin en önemli ticaret yolu olan İpek Yolu üzerinde bulunan Şeki Han Sarayı, 1700’lerde ipek ticaretinin ne kadar güçlü olduğunu bütün lüksüyle ortaya koyuyor. Birkaç stilin bir araya geldiği bir mimariye sahip olan saray, vitraylı pencereleriyle büyüleyici bir yer.


Bagan, Myanmar

Myanmar’ın kutsal düzlükleri, Budist sanat ve mimarinin en nadide örneklerine ev sahipliği yapıyor. 9. yüzyıldan 13. yüzyıla dek Pagan imparatorluğunun başkenti olan Bagan’da, 10 binin üzerinde Budist tapınak, pagoda ve manastır yer alıyordu; bugün ise bunlardan 2 binden fazlası hala ayakta. Göz alabildiğine uzanan bu mistik bölgeyi farklı bir açıdan göstermek için güneş doğarken sıcak hava balonu gezileri de düzenleniyor.


Prosecco Tepeleri, İtalya

İtalyan çiftçilerin ünlü Prosecco şarabını üretmek için farklı tekniklerle yetiştirdikleri asmalar, buradaki tepeleri bereketli ve yemyeşil bir hale büründürmüş. Küçük kasabalarla birbirinden ayrılan bu zümrüt tepeler, aynı zamanda bağcılık kültürünün yüzlerce yıllık varlığını da kanıtlar nitelikte.


Dilmun Mezar Höyükleri, Bahreyn

12 binden fazla antik mezarın yer aldığı bölge, UNESCO’ya göre, hem sayılarının çokluğu hem de mezar odalarının detaylarıyla dünyanın herhangi bir yerinde benzeri olmayan özellikler sergiliyor. Milattan önce 2050 ve 1750 yılları arasında, Bahreyn adasına yerleşen insanların kullandığı bu mezarlıkta, hem kraliyet ailesinden hem de halktan kişiler gömülmüş.


Kladruby Nad Labem, Çek Cumhuriyeti

440 yıldır, kladruber adlı özel at cinsinin Habsburg İmparatorluğu’nun törenlerinde kullanmak için üretildiği ve eğitildiği Kladruby Nad Labem, Avrupa’nın önde gelen at yetiştirme yerlerinden. Kasabanın sadece at yetiştiriciliği için tasarlandığı düşünüldüğünde, atların insanlık tarihinde ticaret, tarım ve askeri amaçların yanı sıra, aristokratik temsil için de ne denli büyük bir öneme sahip olduğu anlaşılıyor.


New Inscribed Properties (2019)

mind the gap

The number of open source (OS) online publishing platforms, i.e. production and hosting systems for scholarly books and journals, launched or in development, has proliferated in the last decade. Many of these publishing infrastructure initiatives are well-developed, stable, and supported by a small but vigorous distributed community of developers, but promising new ventures have also recently launched.

The notable increase in the number of OS platforms suggest that an infrastructure ‘ecology’ is emerging around these systems. Distinguishing between systems that may evolve along competitive lines and those that will resolve into a service ‘stack’ of related, complementary service technologies will help potential adopters understand how these platforms can or should interoperate.

In 2018 the MIT Press secured a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon foundation to conduct a landscape analysis of open source publishing systems, suggest sustainability models that can be adopted to ensure that these systems fully support research communication and provide durable alternatives to complex and costly proprietary services. John Maxwell at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver conducted the environmental scan and compiled this report.

MIND THE GAP (A Landscape Analysis of Open Source Publishing Tools and Platforms)

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 20, 2019

#BigDeal Knowledge Base by #SPARC


This database puts libraries on a more level playing field with vendors by detailing what thousands of peer institutions have paid for journal subscription packages. Institutions can leverage this pricing data, as well as the other resources on this site, to make clearer assessments about the suitability of these Big Deals and to strengthen their negotiating power.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 19, 2019

Want to live longer? #Read a #book


Reading magazines or newspapers didn’t have the same effect.

Could a bit of light reading every day add years to your life? A new study by Yale University found that reading books was positively correlated with increased lifespan — people who read books lived for around two years longer than those who didn’t.


Adding a few more pages

In the study, published in the journal Social Science and Medicine, researchers evaluated data on 3,635 Americans aged over 50. Respondents were separated into those who read for 3.5 hours or more a week, those who read for up to 3.5 hours a week, and those who didn’t read at all, controlling for factors such as gender, race and education. The researchers discovered that those who read for more than 3.5 hours a week were 23% less likely to die within 12 years, while those who read for up to 3.5 hours a week were 17% less likely to die within that period. Co-author of the study, Becca R. Levy, Professor of Epidemiology at Yale University, told the New York Times, “People who report as little as a half-hour a day of book reading had a significant survival advantage over those who did not read.”


Have you read?

6 books Emma Watson thinks you should read

The other benefits

The researchers found that people who read books showed stronger cognitive abilities, such as recall and counting backwards. However, reading magazines or newspapers didn’t have the same effect unless readers spent more than seven hours on the activity each week. This was associated with an 11% reduction in mortality. It is not clear why there is such a strong association between reading and longevity although previous studies have suggested that people who read books tend to be healthier, richer, and better educated in general, all of which could contribute to a longer life.


separate survey of 4,164 adults in the UK, including both those who read and those who don’t, found that adults who read for just 20 minutes a week are 20% more likely to feel satisfied with their lives. By contrast, non-readers were 28% more likely to report feelings of depression than those who read regularly for pleasure. One in five readers said that reading helps them to feel less lonely. Josie Billington, Senior Lecturer and Deputy Director of the Centre for Research into Reading, University of Liverpool, helped to conduct this research. She explains that reading can help to improve well-being:

“Reading not only helps to introduce or reconnect readers to wider life systems and more broadly shared meanings. It can also remind people of activities or occupations they once pursued, or knowledge and skills they still possess, helping to restore their sense of having a place and purpose in the world,” she writes“It can also remind people of activities or occupations they once pursued, or knowledge and skills they still possess, helping to restore their sense of having a place and purpose in the world.”

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 19, 2019

Digital Needs – Pyramid of Maslow 2.0


download (1)

Guest author Kate Torney, Chair of National and State Libraries Australia (NSLA) and CEO, State Library Victoria shares her reflections on a remarkable project

This month something truly remarkable has happened for Australia. It won’t make front page news or cause a Twitter storm, but it exists for every one of us.

The national, state and territory libraries joined forces to launch one giant national digital collection of Australian publications. It’s called National edeposit – or NED for short.

By ‘Australian publications’ we’re talking books, journals, magazines, music, pamphlets, newsletters, novels, children’s stories, self-published poetry anthologies, maps, government reports. You name it, regardless of where it was published in this vast continent, NED will have it.

NED is a website. It’s a system and a service, connecting a network of publishers and libraries.

Publishers go to the NED website to deposit and describe their electronic publications using a simple tool, choosing where and how they want them to be accessed. For the rest of us, these publications show up through the national discovery service, Trove.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 19, 2019

Rethinking the role of #libraries


The Calgary New Central Library in Canada has train tracks running through it.PHOTO: NYTIMES

NEW YORK • About a decade ago, libraries across the world faced a dilemma. They were being replaced by Amazon and e-books.

To fight for their survival, said Ms Loida Garcia-Febo, president of the American Library Association, libraries tried to determine what other role they could play.

In the past few years, dozens of new libraries have opened around the world. To attract visitors, many feature advanced, even quirky, amenities.

Here is a look at some of the newest and most creative libraries. Helsinki Central Library in Finland: Only one-third of the 185,000 sq ft space is allocated to books – the rest is community space for meetings and activities.

An urban workshop on the second floor, for example, has sewing machines, scanners and printers as well as laser cutters and soldering stations, with spaces allocated to sewing, making badges and even playing the drums. Calgary New Central Library in Canada: It has train tracks running through it, as the site was designed to accommodate an active Light Rail Transit Line that already existed.

The lobby is an arched bridge that lets locomotives go under it and in “living rooms”, patrons can sit on swirly chairs and watch them zoom by all day.

On lower floors, there are two cafes, a teen centre, a children’s space and a 320-seat theatre.

The highest floor is the Great Reading Room, a more traditional library space surrounded by wooden planks. Qatar National Library in Doha: Its design, by Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas, is eye-catching, but so is its programming.

Every month, the Qatar Philharmonic Orchestra performs for free.

This is only one of the 80 to 90 free events the library holds monthly. One of the most popular activities is a knitting group. Tianjin Binhai Library in China: It has everything you would expect from a library: reading rooms, learning spaces, book storage and a large archive.

But the majority of guests visit from all over the world to see the fantastical architecture created by Dutch firm MVRDV and architects from Tianjin Urban Planning And Design Institute.

“I think for the first week, the library had about 10,000 visitors a day,” said Mr Winy Maas, a founding partner with MVRDV and the architect responsible for the library. “People were lining up in the street to enter.”

The 363,000 sq ft space is painted floor to ceiling in pure white. In the middle of the space is a spherical auditorium nicknamed “the eye”.

Around it are undulating floor-to-ceiling shelves that form waves. Central Library in Austin, Texas: It opened with the Texas belief that bigger is always better. With six floors and 200,000 sq ft of space, it is twice the size of the former Old Faulk Central Library.

The library sits next to Shoal Creek and Lady Bird Lake, areas of natural beauty. Many amenities take advantage of the location by focusing on the outdoors.

Wrap-around porches serve as reading rooms. The children’s room has a reading porch adjacent to it and a giant chess set just outside.

One of the quirkier features of the new library is a “technology petting zoo” on the fifth floor where visitors can play with new gadgets.

They can draw on tablets, test Philips Hue smart Wi-Fi lights, create their own model on a 3D printer or record a song on a Spire Studio.


Posted by: bluesyemre | August 19, 2019

Do #Publishers suddenly hate #Libraries?


Joseph Janes

Why the tension between libraries and publishers is ramping up in the e-book market—and why we must tamp it down…

I was just re-re-rewatching an old favorite movie the other day, The Philadelphia Story. Witty dialogue delivered by skilled and glamorous actors—what more could one ask for on a summer evening? And, as a bonus, a pivotal scene is set in the local public library!

In the scene, Jimmy Stewart, an author reduced to working at a tabloid magazine, runs across Katharine Hepburn, a socialite about to be married, who is reading a book of his stories at the library. As they wander back to her estate, she expresses shock that he’s not able to support himself as an author.

“People buy books, don’t they?” Hepburn asks.

“Not as long as there’s a library around,” Stewart replies.

Anybody reading this column likely knows where I’m going with this: the tensions now flaring in the library e-book market. In a memo to authors and agents last month, Macmillan CEO John Sargent all but blamed libraries for depressing book sales and author earnings. “Historically, we have been able to balance the great importance of libraries with the value of your work,” Sargent claimed. “The current e-lending system does not do that.”

I’m far from the first to observe this, but the claims in Sargent’s memo are questionable at best. Still, as the scene between Stewart and Hepburn illustrates, the antagonism between the publishing and library worlds reflected in Sargent’s memo is hardly new. And in watching recent events unfold in the library e-book market, it strikes me that the perennial question at the heart of the e-book debate predates and extends beyond the current state of the market: do publishers and authors see the library’s relationship to them as more symbiotic, or parasitic?

Librarians and library supporters are quick to cite numerous anecdotes and statistics to bolster claims that libraries benefit authors and publishers. Libraries encourage reading, which in turn generates sales, and, equally importantly, inspires future generations of authors. Yes, libraries also buy a ton of books every year. But throughout history, libraries have shown that their most critical role in the broader ecosystem of books and literature is to provide access to books to people who otherwise would not have it.

In the wake of Toni Morrison’s passing, her story about why she was fired from a library job as a teenager has been making the rounds. To summarize: instead of reshelving all the returned books, she read them. “That experience opened my eyes and shaped my future,” Morrison said. “That’s what libraries do.”

Yes. That’s what libraries do. So why is it now seen as a good strategy for publishers to choke off digital access to reading in libraries? Especially at a moment when so many diverse, fresh new voices are emerging in popular literature, and when so many other digital (often free) mediums are competing for the attention of readers and would-be authors, à la the teenage Toni Morrison?

Part of the problem, of course, is that the library e-book market is still fairly new. It’s been just over eight years since HarperCollins announced its 26-loan limit on library e-books, a halting attempt at thinking through the library e-book market that initially raised hackles among many librarians before cooler heads largely prevailed. And it took until the end of 2014 for the other major publishers, using a variety of models, to jump into the library e-book market. But whatever market equilibrium libraries and publishers had reached a few years ago now looks more like a fragile armistice than peace. And whatever it was, it appears to be ending, leaving us all to wonder, What happens now? How do we move forward?

The perennial question at the heart of the e-book debate predates and extends beyond the current state of the market: do publishers and authors see the library’s relationship to them as more symbiotic, or parasitic?

Let’s start by stating the obvious: just about everybody who works in a library recognizes the value of publishers and authors. Librarians know that publishers and authors, both big and small, have to make money. We get it. Librarians also get that authors are under increasing pressure in the digital world, and that the publishing marketplace is increasingly complicated, with the rise of self-publishing, digital audiobooks, podcasts, and of course Amazon’s dominance.

Indeed, there are dark hints that the hand of Amazon is at work in the current tensions over library e-book lending, including reports that Amazon reps have been showing publishers data to portray library e-book lending in a negative light. That’s not surprising. It’s widely known that Amazon’s greatest and most valuable asset is the abundance of data it collects. And though we don’t know for certain whether Jeff Bezos is Claudius pouring poison in the ear of publishing executives (amusing as that is to envision), we do know that Amazon is using and will continue to use its dominant position and proprietary data to move the book business in ways that serve its interests, which could certainly include exploiting the natural tension between publishers and libraries.

Do I think that the major publishers are restricting e-book accessbecause they don’t like libraries? No. But in competitive and fast-changing markets, people often act out of fear and shortsightedness at the expense of their long-term interests. What I do think, is that Macmillan and a few other major publishers’ actions in the e-book realm are based less in reality than in a specific perception (or misperception) of reality. And I’m afraid that until a more accurate perception of libraries takes root among publishing executives, it’s hard to see the library e-book market improving.

We have our work cut out for us. I’m not naive enough to think that some reincarnation of Bennett Cerf is going to show up and save the day. And I’ll admit it’s hard not to wonder who in publishing’s C-suites today recognizes that libraries are not the problem—that libraries are in fact publishers’ most steadfast partners in a literary ecosystem that, for generations, has fostered the highest-quality writing, generated sales, and helped society learn and grow. I am still idealistic enough, however, to believe that we can have a constructive and meaningful discussion. And I believe that if we do that, we will find a way to accommodate everybody’s interests—authors, publishers, libraries, booksellers, and, especially, readers. Remember them?

Cut back to the movie to close: as Hepburn and Stewart leave the library, he tells her that the title of her favorite story comes from an old Spanish peasant proverb—“With the rich and mighty, always a little patience.” Sound advice, then and now.

Joseph Janes is an associate professor at the University of Washington Information School and the author of Documents That Changed the Way We Live (Rowman & Littlefield).


31 Mart yerel seçimlerinde CHP’den AKP’ye geçen Bergama Belediyesi’nde skandallara bir yenisi daha eklendi. Bergama Araştırmaları Kütüphanesi’nde görev yapan Aydın İleri’nin İstanbul’da 23 Haziran’da yapılan tekrar seçimlerinin hemen ertesi günü görev yeri değiştirilerek Mali Hizmetler Müdürlüğü’nün ve Temizlik İşleri Müdürlüğü’nün malzeme deposu çalışma alanı olarak gösterildi. Üç kitabı bulunan İleri, aynı zamanda Türk Kütüphaneciler Derneği Genel Başkan Yardımcılığı ve Okul Kütüphanecileri Derneği Başkanlığını yapıyor. Aynı zamanda BirGün Kitap’ın yazarlarından olan Aydın İleri’nin sürgünü sonrası sosyal medyadan kendisine büyük destek geldi.

Konu hakkında BirGün’e açıklamalarda bulunan İleri, basında çıkan haberlerin doğru olduğunu belirterek, “Yeni yönetim geldiği günden bu yana tüm çalışanlara baskı uygulamış. Memur ve işçi sendikalarını kendi istedikleri sendikayla değiştirmiştir. Ben sözleşmeli devlet memuruyum, sendika değişim sürecinde özellikle sözleşmeli memurlara sendika değiştirin, sene sonunda sözleşmenizi yenilerken size sorun çıkartmayalım diyerek ‘sözleşme yenilememekle’ işveren baskısı uygulandı. Göreve başladığım 3 Ekim 2016 tarihinden bu yana Tüm-Bel-Sen’e üye oldum. Yeni yönetimin baskılarına rağmen sendikamı değiştirmedim. 20 Mayıs 2019 günü İnsan Kaynakları Müdürü tarafından ‘tanışma’ bahanesiyle belediye binasına müdürün odasına çağrıldım. Görüşmede açıkça ‘yeni yönetim seninle çalışmak istemiyor, yukarıdan baskı var. Sosyal medyanda paylaştıkların yönetime ters, burada istenmiyorsun, sene sonuna kadar kendine iş bul, sene sonunda sözleşmen yenilenmeyecek, istersen daha önce ayrıl’ dendi” diye konuştu.


24 Haziran günü Belediye Başkanı imzalı bir tebligat düzenlendiğini söyleyen İleri, “Sürgün için müdürlük kuruldu. Başkan bey gördüğü lüzum üzerine kadrom ve maaşım aynı kalarak beni Arşiv Müdürlüğüne Arşiv Memuru olarak görevlendirmişti. Bu görev değişikliği sürecinde hiçbir görüşüm ve rızam alınmadı. Buraya kadar her şey normal. Belediyenin arşiv müdürlüğü yoktu. Haziran ayı Belediye Meclisi toplantısında beni sürgün etmek için apar topar Arşiv Müdürlüğü kurulmuş. Benim sözleşmem gereği Teknik Kadro/Kütüphaneci olarak çalışacağım 2 yer var Kütüphane ve Arşiv. Benim eğitim aldığım alanın bir parçası arşiv. İşimizi yaparız diye görevi kabul ettim. Bana Bergama Belediyesi Merkez Binasında eksi 1. katta halen Ayniyat Deposu olarak kullanılan Mali Hizmetler Müdürlüğü’nün ve Temizlik İşleri Müdürlüğü’nün malzeme deposu çalışma alanı olarak gösterildi. Çalışma yeri olarak gösterilen yer; bir çalışma alanı, çalışma odası, bir ofis değildi, depoydu” diye belirtti.


Fiziksel koşulların sürgünlüğü dışında İnsan Kaynakları Müdürü tarafından odasına çağırıldığını ve mobbing konuşmalarına muhatap olduğunu vurgulayan İleri, “Sosyal medyamı yedeklemişler. Sosyal medyamda paylaştıklarımdan halk tarafında belediyeye şikâyet edenler olduğunu söyleyerek paylaşımlarımın ekran görüntülerini ve kâğıt çıktıları gösterildi. Ekrem İmamoğlu seçim kampanyasına desteğim, arabamla İstanbul’a ücretsiz seçmen taşıyacağımı ilan etmem ve tekrarlanan seçim için İmamoğlu seçim kampanyasına para bağışımın dekont görüntüsü bana gösterildi” ifadelerine yer verdi.


Görev değişikliği sebebinin 23 Haziran İstanbul seçimlerinde Ekrem İmamoğlu’nu desteklemek olduğunu söyleyen İleri, “İmamoğlu seçim kampanyasını destelemek ‘Her şey çok güzel olacak’ demek suçmuş. 23 Haziran İstanbul seçimleri hemen sonrası günü Sürgün atamam yapıldı. ‘Her şey çok güzel olacak’ paylaşımım suç olarak önüme sürüldü. Sosyal medya paylaşımlarımın bölücü/terör içerikli olduğunu iddia etti. Belediyede 650 çalışanım var sende başka siyaset yapan yok. ‘Devlet memurusun siyaset yapamazsın’ dedi. ‘Bende bir suç unsuru varsa savcılar var, beni yaptığım iş ile değerlendirebilirsiniz, özel hayatım sizi ilgilendirmez, paylaşımlarım demokratik tepkilerim’ dedim. Odadan ayrıldım” dedi.


İleri, sözlerine şöyle devam etti: “3 yıldır ailemden ayrı Bergama’da yaşıyorum. Ailem İstanbul’da bayram tatiller ve yıllık izinlerde uzun süreli vakit geçirebiliyoruz. Eşimin izin formunu eke koyarak, ayrı şehirlerde yaşadığımızı da belirterek yıllık izin talep ettim. Herhangi bir gerekçe sunulmadan izin kullanma hakkım engellendi. İkinci kez izin dememem Kurban bayramı sonrasına gelen 2 gün için izin talep ettim, bayram izni ile 9 gün ailemle zaman geçirecektim. Dilekçeme sözlü veya yazılı yanıt bile vermediler. Çalışma ortamım havasız, pencere yok, klima yok. Hava almak ve çay içmek için kısa süreli ara verip belediyenin 4. katındaki çay ocağına çıkıyorum. 9 Ağustos günü çay ocağındayken İnsan Kaynakları Müdürü tarafından mobbinge maruz kaldım. Küfür etti. Bergama Adliyesi’nde Cumhuriyet Savcılığı’na giderek suç duyurunda bulundum.”


İleri, sözlerine şu şekilde sonlandırdı: “Mayıs ayından bu yana Belediye Başkanı ile görüşme talebim var. Sekreterliğine görüşme talebim oldu. Ağustos ayı ortasındayız. Halen randevu alamadım. Halka açık olduğu iddia edilen belediye yönetimin kapıları çalışanlarına kapalı tutuluyor. İnsanca çalışma koşulları talep ediyorum. Belediye’de -1. katta bir depoda işlevsizleştirilmek bana çok ağır geldi. Bergama’da çalıştığım dönemde yaptığım başarılı çalışmalar herkesçe bilinmekte. Psikolojim bozuldu. Tedaviye başladım. İlaç kullanıyorum. Yaşanan süreçle ilgili haftaya mahkeme başvurumu yapacağım. Beni işlevsizleştirerek kamu zarara uğratılıyor. Üretmeden maaş almak vicdanımı sızlatıyor. İşime kütüphaneme geri dönmek istiyorum. Bir depoda işlevsiz kalmak onuruma dokunuyor. Çalışma koşullarım onur kırıcı.”

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 16, 2019

Our View: #Libraries can reach people in deep need


With a social worker on staff, a library is uniquely positioned to connect patrons with mental health and other services.

People don’t go to the library only when they need to borrow a book. Sometimes they go because they need a job or an apartment. Sometimes they just need to get warm.

Public libraries around the country have become unofficial service hubs for people whose needs go far beyond getting on the waiting list for the latest best-seller. People who are homeless and people who have mental illness or substance use disorders often end up in public libraries because they have no here else to go. And libraries, including the Portland Public Library, are stepping up to the challenge by putting a social worker on staff.

Some people will perceive a library needing to hire a mental health professional as a sign of social decline, but it makes more sense to see it as a positive development, even if it is not how libraries were originally set up. Libraries, like schools, jails and emergency rooms, are among the public institutions that can do something about a community mental health system that is not functioning. Doing that doesn’t get in the way of a library performing its core mission – in fact, it enables the library to do a better job.

A library is a great place to reach out to people who need help. There is no stigma to visiting a local library, as there might be with a clinic or a homeless shelter. The doors are open to everyone, and the facilities are used by every stratum of society. Library staff talk to patrons and get to know them. They can introduce patrons to a social service system that isn’t always easy to access.

And taking on this challenge instead of ignoring it keeps the library a comfortable place for its traditional clientele. In a recent social media post, the Portland library staff said they were proud of the facility’s role as a free public space that is open to the whole community: “Homelessness and mental illness are complex issues; however, most urban libraries, including Portland Public Library, rise to meet the realities of our diverse communities. We are grateful for our trained staff and onsite social worker for creating a safe and welcoming space for all of our patrons.”

The information revolution has changed the role of libraries in ways that could not have been imagined a generation ago. But it hasn’t made them less important as centers of civic life. It’s encouraging to see libraries step up to meet the needs of the communities they serve.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 16, 2019

The Haskell Free Library straddles the border of two countries



You enter the Haskell Free Library and Opera House in Derby Line, Vermont, but if you venture toward the nearby bookshelves, you’ll find yourself in Stanstead, Quebec. The building sits directly on the border between the U.S. and Canada, and its unusual location is no accident.


The library was commissioned by Martha Stewart Haskell and her son Colonel Horace Stewart Haskell in dedication to Mrs. Haskell’s late husband, Carlos, a prominent merchant in the border community. Martha was Canadian and Carlos was American, so it only made sense to erect a building that united the two countries under one literal roof. That location wasn’t the only border-blurring detail about the library: the building was designed by Quebecois architect James Ball and his American partner, Gilbert Smith. The construction, likewise, was overseen by Masons from both sides of the border.

Record Breaker

Its spot on the border gives it a few remarkable claims to fame: since the library books and circulation desk are on the Canadian side but the entrance is on the U.S. side, the building has been called the only library in the U.S. with no books. Likewise, the opera-house stage is in Canada and its seats are in the U.S., so it’s the only U.S. opera house with no stage. And though the building was conceived as a gift to both countries, the border on each side of the building is fenced off. The only way to walk freely between Derby Line, Vermont and Stanstead, Quebec is to visit the library.

For more stories and vivid imagery of this little-known border community, check out “The Vermont-Quebec Border: Life on the Line” by Matthew Farfan. We handpick reading recommendations we think you may like. If you choose to make a purchase through that link, Curiosity will get a share of the sale.


Posted by: bluesyemre | August 15, 2019

8 Essential #EmergingTechnologies (#infographic)

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Posted by: bluesyemre | August 15, 2019

0.38 Second Rubik’s Cube Solve

Recently, Ben Katz and I collaborated on a Rubik’s Cube solving robot to try to beat the world record time of 0.637 seconds, set by some engineers at Infineon.  We noticed that all of the fast Rubik’s Cube solvers were using stepper motors, and thought that we could do better if we used better motors.

Our solve time of 0.38 seconds includes acquiring the image from the webcam, detecting colors, finding a solution, and actually rotating the faces of the cube.  In the video, the machine is solving a “YJ Yulong Smooth Sitckerless Speed Cube Puzzle”, available on Amazon for $4.55.  We used the cheapest cube we could find on Amazon Prime because we thought we’d end up destroying many of them, but somehow ended up only going through 4 cubes and 100’s of solves.

Ben made a blog post that describes the hardware and build as well as the insane nonlinear minimum-time sliding mode controller which let us do 90 degree moves in around 10 ms.  We used Kollmorgen ServoDisc motors, which have a very high torque-to-inertia ratio.  The motor is coreless, so there are no heavy steel laminations on the rotor, and there’s no steel to saturate, so it can accelerate insanely fast.  In a 10 ms quarter-turn move, the motor reaches over 1000 rpm.

On the software side, I used OpenCV for the color detection and this fantastic implementation of Kociemba’s Two-Phase algorithm called ‘min2phase’ .  We used Playstation 3 Eye webcams, which are only $7 on Amazon Prime, and work at 187 fps under Linux.  The software identifies all the colors, builds a description of the cube, and passes it to the min2phase solver. The resulting solve string is converted to a compact cube sequence message, and is sent to all motor controllers simultaneously using a USB to serial adapter connected to a differential serial IC.  This whole process takes around 45 ms.  Most of the time is spent waiting for the webcam driver and detecting colors.  All our software is on GitHub here:

The motor controllers step through the moves one by one and remain synchronized with the AND BOARD, which tells all the motor controllers when the current move is finished.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 15, 2019

When #libraries are also tourist draws


Libraries positioning themselves for a younger, more tech-savvy generation include China’s Tianjin Binhai Library with its ultra-modern architecture. PHOTO: NYTIMES

To stay relevant in the digital age, libraries are being re-invented into modern community spaces – a far cry from the book depots of yore.


Libraries positioning themselves for a younger, more tech-savvy generation include Finland’s Helsinki Central Library named “Oodi”. PHOTO: NYTIMES

ABOUT a decade ago, libraries across the world faced a dilemma. Their vital functions – to supply books and access to information for the public – were being replaced by Amazon, e-books and public WiFi.


Libraries positioning themselves for a younger, more tech-savvy generation include artist’s impression of Norway’s upcoming branch of its Deichman public library system. PHOTO: NYTIMES

To fight for their survival, said Loida Garcia-Febo, president of the American Library Association, libraries tried to determine what other role they could play.

“They invented these amazing new initiatives that are finally launching now,” she said. It took them this long to raise money and build them.


Libraries positioning themselves for a younger, more tech-savvy generation include Canada’s Calgary Central Library. PHOTO: NYTIMES

In the past few years, dozens of new high-profile libraries have opened across the world. And they certainly do not resemble the book-repository vision of libraries from the past. To attract visitors from home and abroad, many libraries have advanced, even quirky amenities. They have rooftop gardens, public parks, verandahs, play spaces, teen centres, movie theatres, gaming rooms, art galleries, restaurants – and more.

The new library in Aarhus, Denmark, has a massive gong that rings whenever a mother in a nearby hospital gives birth. Ms Garcia-Febo knows of multiple libraries offering free work space for growing numbers of entrepreneurs. These are not just alternatives to coffee shops, but spaces for people to pull out their laptops and work. The libraries have fancy meeting rooms for them to meet with potential clients, business librarians who can help them solve their financial challenges, and classes to teach them vital skills. At no cost, it’s a much cheaper option than spending hundreds of dollars for a desk at WeWork.

Libraries are supplying the public with other features they may not have at home. Twenty years ago that was books. Now it’s expensive new technology such as 3D printers, laser cutters and broadcasting studios for podcasts and movies. Visitors are going to libraries to try before they buy. Other people just want to play with something that may not ever be able to afford.

Meeting diverse needs requires a sophisticated building, and many libraries are employing the world’s best architects to create showstopping designs. The new buildings are transforming skylines, going viral on social media and attracting tourists from all over the world. For many of these libraries, the books are overshadowed by other amenities.

Here’s a look at some of the world’s newest and most creative libraries.

Helsinki, Finland

On Dec 6, 2018, Finland celebrated its 101st anniversary of independence from Russia. One day before, the Finns received an anniversary present: a new central library named Oodi.

The library’s facade is made almost entirely of spruce, sourced from Finland. It has steel and glass structures mixed in, creating a soft, inviting look. The Helsinki government allocated 68 million euros (S$105.5 million) to the project as well as a prime spot opposite the Finnish Parliament (the federal government provided 30 million euros more). A local firm, ALA Architects, won the commission over 543 other competitors.

Only one third of the 185,000-square-foot space is allocated to books (transported by specially designed robots); the rest is community space designed for meeting and doing. At the “book heaven” on the top floor, visitors sprawl out among potted trees and on specially commissioned wool carpets.

Dublin, Ireland

On St Stephen’s Green, the Central Park of Dublin, there are three grand Georgian buildings, one of which was built by architect Richard Cassels (also known as Richard Castle) in the 1700s. Behind them are lush Victorian gardens that open up to more secret oases. One has a 200-year-old strawberry tree.

These structures were previously the original home of the University College Dublin, where many of Ireland’s most famous writers studied. On Sept 20, they will be open to the public for the first time, as home to the Museum of Literature Ireland (MoLI).

Visitors will be able to see the old physics theatre where James Joyce set a chapter of his A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and the original print of Ulysses, famously called “copy number 1”.

The bedroom of poet Gerard Manley Hopkins is still intact and will be available for viewing. Private letters from Joyce have been pulled out of storage for display.

Calgary, Canada

Calgary’s New Central Library has a train running through it, as the site was designed to accommodate an active Light Rail Transit Line that already existed. The lobby is an arched bridge that lets locomotives go under it, and in “living rooms” patrons can sit on swirly chairs and watch them zoom by all day. The library, which opened last November, was built to replace the existing downtown branch.

The library goes from “fun” to “serious” as visitors ascend the spiral staircase. On lower floors there are two cafes, a teen centre, a children’s space and a 320-seat theatre. The highest floor is the Great Reading Room, a more traditional library space surrounded by wooden planks.

Doha, Qatar

Designed by Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas, the Qatar National Library, which opened in April 2018, is all about symbolism, a physical representation of the country’s reverence for learning. The entry way is full of stacks housing almost one million books, including 137,000 for children and 35,000 for teens.

“The way they are built on an incline, it looks like they are coming out of the floor,” said Sohair Wastawy, the library’s executive director. “It elevates the books and the knowledge people are looking for.” The 72-foot-tall ceiling is made entirely of glass, drilling home the message that light is essential to learning. The Heritage Library, composed of 11 rooms full of objects significant to Qatar and the region, is sunk 20 feet into the ground; it looks like an excavation site.

“The symbolism is that heritage is the root of the nation, the root of the land,” Mr Wastawy said. What the library has in looks it also has in programming. Every month the Qatar Philharmonic Orchestra performs for the public for free. This is only one of the 80 to 90 free events the library holds monthly.

Tianjin, China

The Tianjin Binhai Library was built for practical purposes, to serve the Binhai New Area, which was formed in 2009 by the merger of three districts of Tianjin, a port city in north-eastern China.

It opened in October 2017 and has everything you would expect from a library: reading rooms, learning spaces, book storage and a large archive. But the majority of guests don’t go there to utilise the services. They visit from all over the world to see the fantastical architecture created by the Dutch firm MVRDV and local architects from the Tianjin Urban Planning and Design Institute.

“I think for the first week the library had around 10,000 visitors per day,” said Winy Maas, a founding partner with MVRDV and the architect responsible for the library. “People were lining up in the street to enter.”

The 363,000-square-foot space is painted floor to ceiling in pure white. In the middle of the space is a spherical auditorium nicknamed “the eye”. Around it are undulating floor-to-ceiling shelves that form waves. On the lower levels there are shelves with real books. On the upper levels the shelves contain aluminium plates with paintings of books on them, due in part to fire regulations.

Staircases are incorporated into the bookshelves: It’s a popular place for selfies and Instagram posts. The space also has two rooftop decks offering views of the surrounding area. More traditional parts of the library are found to the side and below the attention-grabbing lobby.

Austin, Texas

The Central Library in Austin opened its doors on October 2017 with the Texas belief that bigger is always better. With six floors and 200,000-square-feet of space, it is twice the size of the former Old Faulk Central Library and located less than 1km away.

The library sits next to Shoal Creek and Lady Bird Lake, areas of natural beauty. Many amenities take advantage of the location by focusing on the outdoors. “The design gives you a sense of peace,” said Ms Garcia-Febo, the library association president who recently visited the space. “It is very helpful for communities to have these spaces where they can feel peace.”

Oslo, Norway

Construction of a new main branch of Deichman, Oslo’s public library, is currently under way in the newly established neighbourhood of Bjorvika. Scheduled to open in the spring of 2020, it will serve as a public landmark, time capsule and entertainment hub.

This library is designed to see and be seen. Large, open entrances will be placed on the east, west, and south sides to welcome visitors from many directions.

At night, the library will change colours to reflect the events taking place that evening. Viewing areas inside the library will offer spectacular views of Oslo, the fjord, and the city’s green, rolling hills. NYTIMES

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 15, 2019

The Top 100 Websites in the World (#infographic)


As a greater portion of the world begins to live more of their life online, the world’s top 100 websites continue to see explosive growth in their traffic numbers.

To claim even the 100th spot in this ranking, your website would need around 350 million visits in a single month. Using data from SimilarWeb, we’ve visually mapped out the top 100 biggest websites on the internet. Examining the ranking reveals a lot about how people around the world search for information, which services they use, and how they spend time online.

Note: This is a ranking of biggest websites, specifically. Brands that extend across platforms or serve the majority of their users through an app will not necessarily rank well on this list. As a result, you’ll notice the absence of companies like WeChat and Snapchat.


“10 Steps Towards Becoming a Great Librarian and Information Manager” This work started some years ago when Julián Marquina asked me to share my ideas with his students about how to become a great manager of information professional Together with Eli Ramirez we are pleased to show you our info-graph.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 15, 2019

YÖK’ten ‘reklama değil Ar-Ge’ye harca’ kararı


YÖK, bazı vakıf üniversitelerinin Ar-Ge faaliyetleri ile reklam-tanıtım giderleri için ayırdıkları bütçe arasında çok büyük fark tespit edilmesi üzerine harekete geçti.

Yükseköğretim Kurulunca (YÖK) vakıf üniversitelerinin toplam öğrenci gelirinin en az yüzde 1’i kadar araştırma-geliştirme (Ar-Ge) bütçesinin olmasına, reklam-tanıtım giderlerinin de öğrenci gelirlerinin yüzde 1’ini aşmamasına karar verildi.

AA muhabirinin aldığı bilgiye göre, YÖK tarafından vakıf yükseköğretim kurumlarına yönelik rutin değerlendirme ve denetimlerde kurumların bazılarında, toplam bütçe ve öğrenci gelirine göre Ar-Ge harcamalarının olması gerekenden çok düşük düzeyde gerçekleştiği saptandı.

YÖK tarafından temmuzda açıklanan Vakıf Yükseköğretim Kurumları 2019 raporunda da söz konusu kurumlarda toplam öz kaynaklı Ar-Ge bütçesinin 41 milyon 399 bin 81 lira olduğu, reklam-tanıtım için ise toplamda 219 milyon 476 bin 23 lira ayrıldığı tespitine yer verildi.

Bazı vakıf üniversitelerinin Ar-Ge faaliyetleri ile reklam-tanıtım giderlerine ayırdıkları bütçe arasında çok büyük fark olması üzerine harekete geçen YÖK, yükseköğretim sisteminin önemli bir parçası olan vakıf yükseköğretim kurumlarının Ar-Ge faaliyetlerini artırıcı ve geliştirici tedbirler alarak, ulusal ve uluslararası çalışmalara katkıda bulunmasını sağlamak amacıyla yeni bir çalışma başlattı.

“Öğrenci gelirinden elde edilen kaynaklarda Ar-Ge’ye öncelik verilmeli”

YÖK’te bu kapsamda, vakıf yükseköğretim kurumlarının bütçelerinin oluşturulması ve kullanılmasında kurumun misyon ve vizyonuna uygun kaynak kullanımının sağlanması, öğrenci gelirlerinden elde edilen kaynakların eğitim-öğretim ve Ar-Ge faaliyetlerine öncelik verilerek harcanması gerektiği değerlendirildi.

Ayrıca yanlış yorumlamaya ve suistimale açık reklam-tanıtım, danışmanlık harcamaları ile sponsorluk ve bağış harcamalarının uygun olmayan kaynak aktarımı olarak kullanımına zemin oluşturulmaması için konuyla ilgili nesnel ve ölçülebilir kriterler ortaya konulması gerektiği belirtildi.

Öğrenci gelirinin en az yüzde 1’i kadar toplam Ar-Ge bütçeleri olacak

Söz konusu değerlendirmeler neticesinde, YÖK’ün 4 Temmuz’da düzenlenen Genel Kurul toplantısında vakıf üniversitelerinin toplam öğrenci gelirinin en az yüzde 1’i kadar Ar-Ge bütçesinin olmasına karar verildi.

YÖK tarafından yükseköğretim kurumlarına da bildirilen karar, müstakil vakıf meslek yüksekokulları haricindeki vakıf yükseköğretim kurumlarının tamamını kapsayacak.

Reklam-tanıtım giderleri, öğrenci gelirinin yüzde 1’ini aşamayacak

Bu karar kapsamında, dış kaynaklı Ar-Ge bütçesi de toplam Ar-Ge bütçesinde yer aldığından, üniversiteler öz kaynaklı Ar-Ge’ye zorlanmayacak, dış kaynak bulmaları da hesaba katılacak.

Toplantıda, ayrıca vakıf yükseköğretim kurumlarının reklam-tanıtım giderlerinin toplam öğrenci gelirlerinin yüzde 1’ini aşmaması kararı da alındı.

Ar-Ge bütçesi ve burs oranları yüksek olana “pozitif ayrımcılık”

Toplantıda alınan kararlarda, öz kaynaklı Ar-Ge bütçesi yüksek olanlara reklam-tanıtım giderleri limitinde ayrıcalık tanındı. Buna göre, öz kaynaklı Ar-Ge harcamaları öğrenci gelirinin yüzde 1’inin üzerinde olan vakıf üniversitelerinde en fazla öz kaynaklı Ar-Ge harcamaları kadar reklam-tanıtım harcaması yapılabilmesine karar verildi.

Ön lisans ve lisans düzeyindeki programlarının her birinde en az yüzde 20 tam burslu öğrencisi bulunan ve herhangi bir ad altında bu tam burslu öğrencilerden eğitim öğretim süreçlerine yönelik ücret talep etmeyen vakıf yükseköğretim kurumları da reklam-tanıtım ve Ar-Ge hesaplamaları için belirlenen oranların kapsamı dışında bırakıldı.

Genel Kurul toplantısında alınan kararlar, vakıf üniversitelerinin bütçe planlamalarını yaptıkları göz önünde bulundurularak, 2021-2022 eğitim-öğretim döneminden itibaren geçerli olacak.

İlgili yükseköğretim kurumu tarafından birim veya program açma talepleri ile kontenjan taleplerinin değerlendirilmesinde ise söz konusu kriterlere uyum göz önünde bulundurulacak.

Olumsuz algının yıkılması amaçlanıyor

Söz konusu kararların alınmasında, vakıf yükseköğretim kurumları hakkında son zamanlarda gittikçe artan olumsuz algının giderilmesi, Ar-Ge’ye, niteliğe önem veren bazı vakıf üniversitelerinin bu konuyu YÖK’e şikayet konusu yaparak, taşımaları da rol oynadı.

Kararlar, 2547 sayılı Yükseköğretim Kanunu’nda yer alan, “Yükseköğretim kurumları olarak yüksek düzeyde bilimsel çalışma ve araştırma yapmak, bilgi ve teknoloji üretmek, bilim verilerini yaymak, ulusal alanda gelişme ve kalkınmaya destek olmak, yurt içi ve yurt dışı kurumlarla iş birliği yapmak suretiyle bilim dünyasının seçkin bir üyesi haline gelmek, evrensel ve çağdaş gelişmeye katkıda bulunmaktır.” hükmü göz önünde bulundurularak alındı.

Posted by: bluesyemre | August 15, 2019

#Libraries are increasing usage by going #Fine-Free


Through the years, public librarians have struggled with the idea of charging fines and fees for late, lost, and damaged materials. Today, many libraries have decided to eliminate certain fines and/or fees. How they remove them, for whom, and for what types of materials vary from library to library.There is no doubt that overdue fines and replacement fees present a significant barrier to use for those patrons who are most in need of library services, particularly children of low-income families and the elderly. ALA supports the idea of equal access to all, as noted in its core values statement: “All information resources that are provided directly or indirectly by the library, regardless of technology, format, or methods of delivery, should be readily, equally, and equitably accessible to all library users.”

Mapping Fine-Free Libraries

The Urban Libraries Council (ULC) is “an innovation and impact tank of North America’s leading public library systems.” It fosters “cutting-edge research and strategic partnerships to elevate the power of libraries as essential, transformative institutions for the 21st-century” and compiles a map of fine-free public libraries in the U.S. and Canada that is updated regularly. It currently includes 128 systems.

Curtis Rogers, ULC’s director of communications, describes some of the rationale behind libraries choosing to go fine-free and the different approaches they take:

By a wide margin, the most common reason that libraries are explaining their decision to go fine-free is that it will remove unfair barriers to library access for youth and patrons from disadvantaged backgrounds. A common, related driver is increasing engagement with the library and inviting users back who had been shut out because of fines. Some libraries have also cited that the cost to collect and oversee overdue fines did not justify the revenue generated by the fines—and they have found that eliminating fines saves on money and staff time. Several of the larger library systems have noted that overdue materials fines were generating a negligible percentage of their annual budget (sometimes less than 1%).

Rogers explains ULC’s findings on the differing ways libraries are implementing fine-free programs, which are identified on its map: “Some libraries cease overdue fines on books, but still use them for DVDs, movies and other content. Some libraries have ceased overdue fines for youth materials, while others have done so for all patrons. Each community and each library is unique, and so the libraries’ fine policies are unique as well. Sometimes the policies are implemented on a temporary or trial basis. Several libraries have fine-free summers, or months.”

There is no right or wrong answer to going fine-free. Whether or not to implement such a program and how to do so are entirely up to the individual library—and are influenced by the users and usage profiles of its constituency. What works for the Boston Public Library may or may not work for the MidPointe Library System in Ohio. Each library should investigate not only its current user base, but also the community it supports in order to determine the correct approach to going fine-free.

Fine-Free Increases Library Usage

Linda Devlin is the director of the Camden County Library System in New Jersey. The system serves 334,343 residents in 26 communities throughout the county. Devlin describes the libraries’ mission as providing “access to information, services, and opportunities that empower, enrich and enhance the quality of life for all.” Its management team aims to remove roadblocks to that access: “We saw overdue fines as a barrier that was discouraging or preventing many residents from using the library, particularly vulnerable populations who would often benefit the most from our services. We realized that most of us had the financial means to pay library fines. However, others could make one mistake and be restricted from the use of library resources simply because they could not afford to pay their fines.” Devlin adds, “The Library eliminated overdue fines for items checked out on children’s cards in 2016 and saw an increase in borrowing and library use among children.”

As of July 1, 2019, the Camden County Library System went fine-free except for “two high-demand collections with limited availability: museum passes and Grab and Go items (extra copies of high demand books and DVDs with a three-day loan).” Materials on loan from other libraries are also not included.

Devlin reinforces the clear benefits of eliminating fines, noting the following statistics from the first 3 weeks since July 1:

  • Number of previously blocked patrons who renewed their accounts: 38
  • Number of items returned by patrons who were previously blocked: 75 items returned by 14 patrons
  • Number of checkouts by patrons who were previously blocked: 812 checkouts by 143 patrons
  • Number of overdue items that were returned: 239 (significantly higher than the same time period last year)

“The change has been enthusiastically received by the community,” Devlin says. “People are unexpectedly surprised when they find out they don’t owe the Library any money. This is resulting in a surge of positive feedback and press about Library services, which is invaluable.”

Patrons’ Positive Reactions

Some library systems have only eliminated overdue fines on children’s materials, while others offer amnesty periods during which users may return overdue items with no fines charged. Still others waive fines in return for food items, while some have dropped the amount to mere pennies per day per item.

The Denver Public Library (DPL) is a good example of how fines may be implemented differently depending on the age group. DPL has “never charged late fees for seniors, and in 2008, the library stopped collecting fines for [children’s] materials, and in 2014 for young adult materials,” says Michelle Jeske, Denver city librarian.

Jeske elaborates on the impact of moving to a fine-free environment: “Our customers love the new fabulous fine free change, and they have told us so, via messages, comments and actions. As of April 1, 22% of customers who had fines forgiven have re-engaged with the library in some form—that’s 23,000 customers being welcomed back into our spaces.”

Jeske continues, “Too often, fines penalize the most vulnerable families and individuals who can least afford them; we want to reverse this trend and get community members back into our buildings to use materials and enhance their quality of life and education.”

Districts in northern Illinois, Massachusetts, and Ohio have been in the news for going fine-free, while libraries in communities such as San Jose, Calif., have drastically lowered daily fines. Regardless of whether a library decides to eliminate fines altogether or just for certain segments of patrons, it should definitely place a magnifying glass on the community it supports to assess whether it is creating barriers preventing library use within that community.

Corilee Christou is president of C2 Consulting, a firm that specializes in leveraging and licensing digital content of all types to traditional and internet-based companies using new and innovative business models.

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