Posted by: bluesyemre | September 25, 2018

10 idioms about #books (#infographic)


Posted by: bluesyemre | September 25, 2018

Mistral Gagnant – #Renaud

Ünlü Fransız şarkıcı Renaud, “Mistral Gagnant” şarkısını yeni doğan kızı için yazar ve çok özel bir şarkı olduğu için albümüne koymak istemez. Şarkıyı eşine dinletir ve eşi “Bu şarkıyı albümüne koymazsan seni terk ederim” der. İyi ki de der. “Mistral Gagnant”, tahmin edebileceğiniz gibi Renaud’nun çocukluğunda satılan ve artık bulunmayan bir şeker.


Posted by: bluesyemre | September 25, 2018

Palaces for the people: why #libraries are more than just #books


The New York Public library, founded in 1895. Photograph: Max Touhey Photography/NYPL

At the library, everyone is welcome –so can they help heal our divided, unequal society, asks NYU sociologist Eric Klinenberg in this edited excerpt from his new book, Palaces for the People…

It’s a balmy Thursday morning in the New Lots neighborhood of East New York, Brooklyn, 70F (21C) and sunny on the last day of March. Small groups of middle-aged men banter outside bodegas and on stoops of the small, semi-detached brick houses that are common in the area. Mothers and grandmothers push strollers and watch over preschool children who hop and skip and revel in the unseasonable warmth. The sidewalks have awakened.

Street life in East New York is busy, but not always congenial. The district is one of the poorest in the city, with about half the residents living below the poverty line. It’s also one of the most segregated. Nearly 95% of residents are black or Latino, and only 1% are white. The area is also among the most violent neighborhoods in New York City, with especially high levels of homicide, felony assault, and sexual assault.

Social scientists sometimes call East New York socially isolated, because its peripheral location and limited public transit options restrict access to opportunities in other parts of the city, while people who don’t live there have little reason to visit and strong incentives to stay away. Conditions like these are bad for everyone, but research shows that they’re particularly treacherous for older, sick, and frail people, who are prone to hunkering down in their apartments.

Living in a place like East New York requires developing coping strategies, and for many residents, the more vulnerable older and younger ones in particular, the key is to find safe havens. And on this and every other Thursday morning this spring, many residents who might otherwise stay home alone will gather at the neighborhood’s most heavily used public amenity: the New Lots branch library.

Libraries offer something for everyone, whether they’re a citizen, a permanent resident, or even a convicted felon

Libraries are not the kinds of institutions that most social scientists, policymakers, and community leaders usually bring up when they discuss social capital and how to build it. But they offer something for everyone, regardless of whether they’re a citizen, a permanent resident, or even a convicted felon – and all of it for free. Doing research in New York City, I learned that libraries and their social infrastructure are essential not only for a neighborhood’s vitality but also for buffering all kinds of personal problems – including isolation and loneliness.

The extra services and programming they provide for older people are particularly important. As of 2016, more than 12 million Americans aged 65 and above live by themselves, and the ranks of those who are aging alone is growing steadily in much of the world. Although most people in this situation are socially active, the risk of isolation is formidable. In neighborhoods where crime is high or the social infrastructure is depleted, old people are more likely to stay home, alone, simply because they lack compelling places to go.

There are more people living alone than at any point in history. That’s worrisome because, as a large body of scientific research now shows, social isolation and loneliness can be as dangerous as more publicized health hazards, including obesity and smoking. And while these problems may be particularly acute in older people in struggling neighborhoods like East New York, they’re hardly confined to them.

Consider Denise, a fashion photographer in her late 30s whom I met in the Seward Park library children’s floor on a chilly April morning. She’s wearing jeans, a long black coat, and large tortoiseshell glasses. The children’s floor might not be a second home anymore, not since her daughter started preschool, but during her first few years of being a mother Denise was here almost every day.

You can’t have a lot of books when you live in a small apartment, but here there are more than we could ever read

Denise, library user

“I live close,” she tells me. “We moved here six years ago. I didn’t think about what it would mean to live by a library, not at all. But this place has become very dear to me. So many good things have happened because we come here.” Denise stopped working when her daughter was born, but her husband, an attorney, didn’t. On the contrary, the demands on his time increased, and he worked well into the evening, leaving her in a small Manhattan apartment with a baby she loved intensely but also with a feeling of loneliness beyond anything she’d experienced before.

“I had a pretty bad case of postpartum depression,” she tells me. “There were days when getting out of the apartment was just a huge struggle. I suddenly went from working in this job I loved to spending all my time at home trying to take care of things that really matter but that I didn’t know how to do. I felt like I was in the trenches, you know? You can go crazy like that. I had to get out, but it was hard. And I didn’t know where to go.”

At first Denise tried taking the baby to coffee shops, hoping she’d nap or rest quietly while she went online or read. That didn’t happen. “I’d go to Starbucks and there would be all these people there working or having meetings. It’s a place for grownups, right? When the baby starts crying everyone turns around and stares at you. It’s like: ‘What are you doing here? Can’t you take her away?’ It’s definitely not kid-friendly.”

Denise had spent time in libraries as a child in California but hadn’t used the system much since moving to Manhattan. On one especially stressful day, though, she put her daughter in the stroller and brought her into the Seward Park library, just to see what was there. “An entire world opened up that day,” she remembers. “There were the books, of course. You can’t have a lot of them when you live in a small apartment, but here there are more than we could ever read. And then I discovered that there’s a whole social scene going on between everyone who comes here.”

I interviewed dozens of people about their memories of growing up in libraries and learned about all kinds of ways that the experience mattered: discovering an interest that they’d never have found without librarians. Feeling liberated, responsible, intelligent. Forging a new relationship, deepening an old one. Sensing, in some cases for the first time, that they belong.

Sharon Marcus grew up in a working-class family in Queens where money was tight and everyone was busy. “Home was not peaceful,” she recalls. “And the park, where I spent a lot of time, was rambunctious. There was never really any spot that you could just sit and be by yourself. I was an introvert, and I needed some time when I wasn’t gonna talk to anyone. I wanted to read for as long as I wanted, to be completely in charge of my time, my energy, how I was using my attention, where I was directing it, for how long. And the library was a place I could go and ignore people, but also know that I wasn’t alone.”

Marcus has vivid memories of the books she read in her branch library. It started with stories about ordinary kids in New York City living lives very different from hers, and in time she grew interested in books about female actors and film stars. “I remember finding a whole bunch of biographies of women who were queens and saints. Even now, I can physically see where this section was in the building. I was interested in queens because, well, why wouldn’t I be? They were like men who had done something.

“I don’t know how they organized that section but it was basically about women who had achieved things. I devoured it.”

The library became even more important to Marcus when she entered adolescence. “I was shy, but [the librarians] never made me feel weird. Nobody treated me like I was special or super-smart, either. They were just neutral. And that, I think, was a real gift. It made the library a space of permission, not encouragement that pushed you in a certain direction, where you feel like people are watching you and like giving their approval, but just freedom to pursue what you want.”

I was shy, but the librarians never made me feel weird

Prof Sharon Marcus, Columbia University

No other place in Marcus’s life worked that way: not home, where her parents monitored her choices; not synagogue, where she felt intense moral pressure but no sense of belonging; not school, where teachers and staff were quick to judge. The library, she learned, could accommodate nearly all of her interests, especially if she left her neighborhood and visited the main Queens library or the stunning central library on 42nd Street and Fifth Avenue in Manhattan.

“I remember going there to do a big research paper in high school,” she explains. “It was before the internet, and finding things took so much more effort … I realized that there were all these things I wanted to understand about how the world worked, and that here I could find the answers through books and reading.”

She remains a regular, to this day, though now that she’s the Orlando Harriman professor of English and comparative literature at Columbia University, finding time for public library visits isn’t as easy as it was when she was a kid.

Jelani Cobb, who grew up in Hollis, Queens, during the 1970s, also believes that the most important part of his education happened in his neighborhood library. His father, who migrated from southern Georgia, was an electrician who started working at age nine and had only a third-grade education; his mother, from Alabama, had a high school degree.

“They’d take a great deal of pride in reading the newspaper every single day,” he says, “going to the library, taking out books and so on, supplementing what they didn’t get as kids.”

Everything I do started from being able to read all those books when I was nine or 10

Jelani Cobb, journalist

Cobb remembers getting his first library card at about nine years old at the public library on 204th Street and Hollis Avenue.

“I said I wanted to get a library card. I think if you were old enough to sign your name you could get a card. And she gave me the thing! I signed my name and the card was mine!”

One of the first books he took out was about Thomas Edison, and it reported that as a child Edison read a one-foot stack of books each week. “I set out to do the same thing, and of course, I don’t think I did it,” Cobb recalls. “But that sparked a lifelong habit of spending many hours reading, which is amazing. And I remember being fascinated by the idea that as a young person, you could go to this place and read anything that you wanted. All these things were on the shelves! It was almost kind of like, ‘Do people know about this?’”

Cobb spent a lot of time alone in the library, exploring politics, art, and literature, and sometimes delving into controversial topics that he’d grown curious about during conversations at home or in church (he was raised Catholic). The library, he says, helped him become his own person, free to question authority and think for himself. Today, those are skills that he uses often. He’s a staff writer for the New Yorker and a professor of journalism at Columbia.

Cobb’s mother died in 2011, and he wanted to do something to honor her love for the library and his memory of the time they spent there together. “The year she passed away, I purchased a computer at our branch of the Queens library, the one where she’d taken me to get my first library card. I put a little plaque on it that says ‘For Mary Cobb’. I thought it would be a contribution to a place that my mother felt was valuable. And I felt like it was the right thing to do because it was so central for both of us. I mean, everything I do started from being able to read all those books when I was nine or 10.”


Social infrastructure provides the setting and context for social participation, and the library is among the most critical forms of social infrastructure that we have. It’s also one of the most undervalued.

In recent years, modest declines in the circulation of bound books in some parts of the country have led some critics to argue that the library is no longer serving its historical function as a place for public education and social uplift. Elected officials with other spending priorities argue that 21st-century libraries no longer need the resources they once commanded because on the internet most content is free. Architects and designers eager to erect new temples of knowledge say libraries should be repurposed for a world where books are digitized and so much public culture is online.

Many public libraries do need renovations, particularly the neighborhood branches. But the problem libraries face isn’t that people no longer visit them or take out books. On the contrary: so many people are using them, for such a wide variety of purposes, that library systems and their employees are overwhelmed.

According to a 2016 survey conducted by the Pew Research Center, about half of all Americans aged 16 and over used a public library in the past year, and two-thirds say that closing their local branch would have a “major impact on their community”. In many neighborhoods the risk of such closures is palpable, because both local library buildings and the systems that sustain them are underfunded and overrun.

In New York City, library circulation is up, program attendance is up, program sessions are up, and the average number of hours that people spend in libraries is up too. But New York City doesn’t have an exceptionally busy library culture, nor is it a national leader.

Those distinctions belong to other places. Seattle leads the nation in annual circulation per capita, while Columbus has the highest level of program attendance: five of every 10,000 residents participate in library activities there each year.

New York City also ranks low in per capita government spending for the system. The New York public library receives $32 for every resident, on par with Austin and Chicago but less than one-third of the San Francisco public library, which gets $101 per resident.

Political officials often view libraries as luxuries, not necessities

Urban library systems in the United States have long been public-private partnerships, and city governments have long relied on philanthropists to fund much of the library’s work. Still, it’s hard to understand why most cities give so little public support to their libraries. According to recent reports from the Pew Research Center, more than 90% of Americans see their library as “very” or “somewhat” important to their community, and in the past decade “every other major institution (government, churches, banks, corporations) has fallen in public esteem except libraries, the military, and first responders”.

Despite this support, in recent years cities and suburbs across the United States have cut funding for libraries, and in some cases closed them altogether, because political officials often view them as luxuries, not necessities. When hard times come, their budgets get trimmed first.

Today, we may have every reason to feel atomized and alienated, distrustful and afraid. But some places have the power to bring us together, and social bonding happens in thousands of libraries throughout the year.

Our communities are full of children whose future, like Cobb’s and Marcus’s, will be formed in the places where they go to learn about themselves and the world they’ll inherit. They deserve palaces. Whether they get them is up to us.

Palaces for the People: How To Build a More Equal and United Society by Eric Klinenberg is published by Bodley Head

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 24, 2018

Current #technology trends in #libraries


Previously we’ve looked at future technologies in libraries. This week guest writer John Garland, digital librarian and independent consultant, helps us look at how libraries are using technology to improve services for customers today. Innovative libraries are using digital tools to:

– Make services easier to use and access

– Inspire and inform

– Help customers learn new skills

Have a read and see which of these you could be adding next to your library.

1.Digital maker labs 

Digital maker labs offer customers the chance to learn and use some of the most cutting-edge technology around. From 3D printers, Computer controlled CNC routers, to hot presses for T-shirts and Laser cutter-engravers, Maker Labs are popping up in libraries all over the UK. While it’s fair to say you won’t see one in every library, chances are your nearest Maker lab won’t be too far away.

Devon’s Fablabs are a fantastic example of the range of technology and activities that are possible in libraries. They offer 3D design and printing, 2D design events for adults and children and work with local businesses to help them prototype new products.

2. Coding clubs

With digital and IT everywhere in our lives, there’s been a real revolution in how we treat technology. Coding clubs are great because they teach children (and us) how to make and use technology the way we want it. Microbits, a tiny programmable computer designed by the BBC, the Arduino and Raspberry Pi are now being used or loaned out in libraries across the UK to teach children how to code, but also how to solve problems and design solutions for them.

Plymouth Libraries run a range of code clubs from organized Code Club to the organized chaos and digital making of Hello World sessions, where children can play with Raspberry Pi’s Makey Makeys, and LittleBits, get involved in digital making.

3. Digital storytelling 

Libraries have always had a love affair with the written word, whether on paper, microfilm, CDROM or web page. Now libraries are working with writers and coders to create new interactive stories where the reader can become immersed and attempt to control the narrative flow.

Guildford Libraries in Surrey ran a Gothic Story Jam, to encourage people to create art and interactive fiction and celebrate the 200th Anniversary of the publication of Frankenstein and the birth of Emily Bronte. You can see all 46  Gothic Story Jam entries.In addition, the British Library is hosting the Narrative Games Convention in November to bring together developers and gamers with a passion for interactive storytelling.

4. Virtual reality

Allowing people to immerse themselves in a new universe is one of the main reasons why people enjoy reading books and visiting the library. This is where virtual reality comes into play! Many libraries have started offering to their users the chance to play, learn and explore other places just by sitting in the comfort of their local library. At the same time, virtual reality can be used to bring the library closer to the users by creating virtual tours of the library or even virtual workshops and training.

In the Wonder Lab at the Ferguson Library in Stamford, Connecticut, and California State Library, users are getting to play with virtual reality, and even learn how to code entire VR games from scratch!

5. Mobile apps

Mobile apps are a real trend right now, as people have access to their mobile devices constantly. Also, people are spending more time on mobile apps and less time on mobile browsers.  A mobile app can extend the library’s services outside their physical borders and facilitate the interaction with patrons.

An app that offers functionalities such as a library catalogue, interactive library guides, a library virtual tour, an interactive calendar with all the library’s events, the possibility to loan and read electronic books and articles, the possibility to reserve the library’s resources or to pay for some services represent a real benefit for the patrons, facilitating their activities at the library.

To think even further, the library can also use the mobile apps as part of a library service. Nicole Henning, a library mobile technology professional made a list of 50 ideas for creative uses of mobile apps in library services and includes ideas like app workshops, app clubs, augmented reality books, and more so check it out.

6. Open Libraries 

The more open library concept is relatively new and controversial, especially outside Scandinavia. Even so, this combination of staffed and unmanned library services is beneficial to the community and it ensures the need for libraries is fulfilled, especially in smaller communities. Thus, open libraries are being used to extend opening hours and not to reduce staffed hours.

In response to financial challenges, while wanting to improve services to the public, Peterborough Libraries were among the first libraries in the UK to roll out the UK’s first open model of libraries. In our chat with Lisa Roberts, Head of Culture and Leisure at Peterborough City Council, she emphasized that the way in which patrons use the library is changing: “the public consultation revealed that the most valued aspects of libraries are the ability to borrow books, access to information and the possibility to access the library outside of normal opening hours“.

7. RFID technologies 

Lately, as libraries have extended their hours of availability, new forms of self-service solutions have emerged in the form of machines or software for different processes. Tools such as inventory readers, fines payment or reception of returned materials are facilitating the user flow at the library and the staffs’ daily activity.

9. Robots

There is a number of libraries who have already successfully implemented some kind of automated technology. For example, the Joe and Rika Mansueto Library in Chicago has an automated storage and a retrieval system housed in a large underground space.

Another great example is Connecticut’s Westport Library, which recently acquired two robots, Vincent and Nancy, that will be used to help teach coding and computer-programming skills. Yes, it is a whole new level of social interaction, but it’s a very good way to get people’s attention and raise their interest in technology and most importantly in the library.

10. Kinetic bikes in the library

Want to add more innovative and unique services to your library? Offer users the opportunity to charge their phones, and exercise while using the library.

Libraries in Essex Libraries may have found the answer by installing Kinetic bikes in their libraries. These clever bikes charge your phone while you work or download an eBook to your device. There’s another example here from Warwick University who have installed four of these pedal-powered chargers in their library.

11. Single sign on to resources 

Single Sign On allows customers to sign into all the valuable electronic resources with just one sign in. Developed in partnership between Jisc, Libraries Connected (formerly SCL) and all the major UK Library software companies. Single Sign On gives fast and secure access to all the amazing content libraries purchase for their customers and you won’t find on the internet.

Bournemouth Libraries in England was the first library in the country to pilot Single Sign On giving their customers access to a digital library of reference information, newspapers, homework information and more. This video from Libraries Connectedexplains more.

12. Streaming services  

With a decline in DVD loans and the popularity of streaming TV and film, streaming for library customers is already a reality and one that may well become common in the years to come. West Vancouver Libraries are offering customers access to Netflix  and  State Library of Queensland offers free access to 30,000 films through the streaming service Kanopy. Library members can stream ten films or episodes per month.


This has been just a glimpse of some of the fantastic digital projects going on around the world. Libraries have always been about sharing knowledge, culture and skills and these new digital services are just one way of engaging with customers and providing them with services to help them and make their lives easier.

Want more insights from libraries across the world ? Stay tuned for our weekly posts and read the latest developments in libraries from around the world. Find us on Facebook and Twitter and sign up to our blog to receive new library insights directly to your e-mail.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 24, 2018

10 iconic #bridges around the world (#infographic) by CarRentals

car-rentals-iconic-bridges (1)

Throughout history, bridges have been significant for helping us get from one land mass to another — bringing people to places previously inaccessible. But these towering structures that rise above valleys, rivers and oceans represent far more than simply a means of getting from point A to point B, they are a testament to human ingenuity, willpower and the ability to overcome nature’s many obstacles.

Of course, all bridges are not the same. They can be long or short, steel or concrete, suspension or arch, thrilling or terrifying. There’s no shortage of these magnificent structures around the world and each of their designs is unique to the area in which they were built. Take the Golden Gate Bridge for example. Its ability to withstand the location’s strong winds, turbulent waters and absorb energy from possible earthquakes allows for 112,000 vehicles to safely cross San Francisco’s bay waters each day.

On the other hand, bridges like Japan’s Eshima Ohashi don’t give you the feeling of safety. At 144 feet high, it allows for ships to pass underneath, but this white-knuckle crossing is better known for its extreme gradients that will make you feel like you’ve hopped on an extreme roller coaster — not for the faint of heart!

It’s no doubt that bridges have captivated travelers for millennia. They’re pieces of history, Instagram-worthy destinations, and in many cases, both scenic and thrilling. So the chance to drive across each of these mammoth structures at some point in your life deserves a spot on your bucket list. We’ve rounded up our list of most memorable bridges and some of the most intriguing facts about them, that will inspire you to plan your road trip and make the journey — just don’t forget to hold your breath!

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 23, 2018

100 Sayfadan Kısa #Kitaplar (#idefix)


Her yanımızı sonsuz uyaranların sardığı dijital çağda kitap okumak için sakin bir ortamı ve gerekli zamanı bulmak hepimizin ortak derdi. Bu “akıl çelici”lere göğüs gerip tüm dikkatini kitaplara veren, klasik metinlerin, okurdan emek bekleyen sayfaların arasına dalanlarımız da yok değil. Yine de kabul etmeliyiz ki, hepimizin hayat koşulları farklı ve okuma fırsatları konusunda eşit değiliz. Burada hazırladığımız liste, okumak için uzun bir seyahati, bir pazar sabahını ya da hafta sonu pikniğini iple çekenlere hitap ediyor. Tamamı 100 sayfadan kısa olan bu kitapların içinde barındırdıkları dünyaları ve açtıkları algı kapılarını rakamlarla tarif etmek imkansız elbette. Okumanın yüzyılları aşan büyülü gücü de buradan geliyor zaten. Bir ayraca bile gerek duymadan bitirebileceğiniz bu kitapları çantanıza atmayı unutmayın!



Franz Kafka



Stefan Zweig

Benim Hüzünlü Orospularım

Benim Hüzünlü Orospularım

Gabriel Garcia…




Üç Hikaye

Üç Hikaye


Bilinmeyen Adanın Öyküsü

Bilinmeyen Adanın Öyküsü

Jose Saramago

Çocuğun Öyküsü

Çocuğun Öyküsü

Peter Handke



Lev Tolstoy

Yani Rüzgar Her Şeyi Alıp Götürmeyecek

Yani Rüzgar Her Şeyi Alıp Götürmeyecek

Richard Brautigan

Altın Gözlük

Altın Gözlük

Giorgio Bassani

Tasmalı Güvercin

Tasmalı Güvercin

Cemil Kavukçu

Seyrek Yağmur

Seyrek Yağmur

Barış Bıçakçı

Fakat Müzeyyen Bu Derin Bir Tutku

Fakat Müzeyyen Bu Derin Bir Tutku

İlhami Algör

Savaş Sanatı

Savaş Sanatı

Sun Tzu

Montaigne'den Montaigne'e

Montaigne’den Montaigne’e



Bir Bilim Adamının Romanı

Bir Bilim Adamının Romanı

Oğuz Atay

Milli Kültür ve Meseleleri ve Maarif Davamız

Milli Kültür ve Meseleleri ve Maarif…

Samiha Ayverdi

Gençlerle Başbaşa

Gençlerle Başbaşa

Ali Fuad Başgil

Etkili İnsanların 7 Alışkanlığı

Etkili İnsanların 7 Alışkanlığı

Stephen R. Covey

Bitmeyen Gece

Bitmeyen Gece

Doç.Dr. Mitat Enç

Ezilenlerin Pedagojisi

Ezilenlerin Pedagojisi

Paulo Freire

Sofie'nin Dünyası

Sofie’nin Dünyası

Jostein Gaarder

Eğitim Yazıları

Eğitim Yazıları

İsmail Gaspıralı

Eğitim-Bir Kitle İmha Silahı

Eğitim-Bir Kitle İmha Silahı

John Taylor Gatto

İşbaşında Duygusal Zeka

İşbaşında Duygusal Zeka

Daniel Goleman

Sosyal Bilimleri Açın

Sosyal Bilimleri Açın




Reşat Nuri…

Okulsuz Toplum

Okulsuz Toplum

Ivan Illich

Doğu Batı Arasında İslam

Doğu Batı Arasında İslam

Aliya İzzetbegoviç

Eğitim Üzerine (Ruhun Eğitimi-Ahlaki Eğitim-Pratik Eğitim)

Eğitim Üzerine (Ruhun Eğitimi-Ahlaki…

Immanuel Kant

Bir Eğitim Tasavvuru Olarak Mahalle / Sıbyan Mektepleri

Bir Eğitim Tasavvuru Olarak Mahalle…


Diriliş Neslinin Amentüsü

Diriliş Neslinin Amentüsü

Sezai Karakoç

Dünya Okulu

Dünya Okulu

Salman Khan

Wikipedia U

Wikipedia U

Thomas Leitch

Eğitici Tolstoy

Eğitici Tolstoy

Daniel Moulin

Kafa Karıştıran Kelimeler

Kafa Karıştıran Kelimeler

Rasim Özdenören

Okul Sıkıntısı

Okul Sıkıntısı

Daniel Pennac

Beyaz Zambaklar Ülkesinde

Beyaz Zambaklar Ülkesinde

Grigory Petrov

Cahil Hoca

Cahil Hoca

Jacques Ranciere

Emile - Ya da Eğitim Üzerine - Hasan Ali Yücel Klasikleri

Emile – Ya da Eğitim Üzerine – Hasan…


Eğitim,Gençlik,Üniversite (objektif

Eğitim,Gençlik,Üniversite (objektif

Peyami Safa

Bilim Tarihi Sohbetleri

Bilim Tarihi Sohbetleri

Fuat Sezgin

Türkiye'nin Maarif Davası

Türkiye’nin Maarif Davası

Nurettin Topçu

Benim Küçük Dostlarım

Benim Küçük Dostlarım

Halide Nusret…

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 23, 2018

Adım Adım #Kopenhag Keşifleri #ZeynepAtılganBoneval


Arnavut kaldırımlı daracık sokakları, kırmızı, turuncu, sarı, yeşil, mavi rengarenk evleri, rokoko sarayları, yemyeşil parkları, bahçeleri, çeşmeleri, ferah meydanları, heykelleri, yelkenliler ve tekne-evlerin dizildiği kanalları, adacıkları, köprüleri ve göletleri ile, su ile iç içe masalsı bir şehir Kopenhag.

Andersen masallarına ilham kaynağı olmuş şehir, gözü okşayan estetik mimarisi, bisikletten inmeyen stil sahibi şık şehirlileri, sade, zevkli ve özgün tasarımları, şef restoranları, karakterli kafe ve bistroları, çikolata, kahve, çay, karamel, kaktüs, seramik butikleri, rengarenk çiçekçileri ile bugün dünyanın en yaşanılası şehirlerinin başında geliyor.

Pırıl pırıl sokaklarda, bakımlı, güler yüzlü ve güzel insanların yürüdüğü, kahvelerde sohbet ettiği, park ve kanal kıyılarında güneşlenip biralarını yudumladığı… Araba, tramvay, bisiklet, kaykay, metro, otobüs, nehir tekneleri ve kanoların karmaşa yaratmadan biribirine saygıyla yol aldığı… Nereye baksanız keyifli, sade, karakterli insanlar, binalar, tasarımlar gördüğünüz… Gözünüzün, gönlünüzün, içinizin, ruhunuzun açıldığı Kopenhag, medeniyet, insancıllık, mutluluk ve huzur kokuyor.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 23, 2018

How To Build #LEGO #Bugatti Chiron (Working LEGO CHIRON)

When we say with LEGO Technic you can BUILD FOR REAL, we really mean it! Here’s our amazing 1:1 version of the iconic Bugatti Chiron. Not only does it look like the real thing, it also drives as well – and to prove it we took it for a spin on the same German track where Bugatti do their testing…


Herhangi bir yaşam, istediği kadar uzun ve karmaşık olsun, tek bir an’dan oluşur aslında – kişinin kim olduğunu keşfettiği andan…

Jorge Luis Borges (Alef kitabından)


Borges Alef’te düş ile gerçek, eski ile yeni, Batı ile Doğu arasındaki ikiliklerde gidip gelen bir zenginliğin anlatısını sunuyor.

Borges’in en verimli döneminde yazdığı hikâyeleri bir araya getiren Alef, İbrani alfabesinin ilk harfi olan “alef”i merkezine alarak, bizi evrenin kökenine ve sonsuzluk düşüncesine götürüyor. Alef uzay boşluğundaki tüm noktaları kapsayan bir noktadır; bu noktadan içeri bakan kişi evreni görür ve onu kucaklar. Burası, sonsuzluğun hem başladığı hem bittiği yerdir. Zaman, kimlik ve ölümsüzlük temaları çevresinde kurulan Alef, farklı gerçeklik ve anlam katmanları vaat eden bir metin. Üstelik Borges’in bu kitapta okuruna bir de sürprizi var: Modern edebiyatın zaman ve uzam sihirbazı, kitapta sadece anlatıcı olarak yer almıyor, karşımıza hikâye kahramanı olarak da çıkıyor.

“Jorge Luis Borges, kaderi ince, yıkıcı ve empatik bir tanrının çizimlerine göre cisimleştirir.”
-Riccardo Campa-

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 20, 2018

Transforming The #Library Space by Solus UK Ltd @solusuk

Solus UK Ltd offers a range of product to bring your library into the digital world, see just a few in this video.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 20, 2018

Deniz kıyısındaki #kütüphane – #MeltemGürle


Eğer belli bir yaşın üstündeki bir Dublinliyle konuşuyorsanız, bu kütüphanenin adı geçtiği anda size Mrs. McCarthy’yi anlatmaya başlıyor. Bütün ömrünü Marsh’s Library’de geçirmiş olan bu kütüphaneci kadın, her konudaki akıl almaz bilgisi ve bütün kütüphaneyi avcunun içi gibi bilmesiyle meşhur…

Geçenlerde The Irish Times’da İrlandalıların kütüphanelerini çok sevdiğine dair bir yazı okudum. Bu habere göre, her sabah Dublin’in meşhur Merkez Kütüphanesi’nin açılmasına on dakika kala kapıda insanlar sıraya girip beklemeye başlıyormuş. Sıra bazen o kadar uzun oluyormuş ki, şehre dışarıdan gelenler burada bir şey satıldığını zannedip soruyorlarmış.

Dünyanın başka yerlerinde kütüphaneler tehdit altındayken, İngiltere’de bile mahalle kütüphaneleri birer birer kapanırken, İrlanda’da bu geleneğin kuvvetlenerek devam etmesinin altındaki nedenleri araştırmak gerekir belki de. Benim okuduğum yazı da biraz bu amaçla yazılmış zaten. Merkez Kütüphanesi’nin müdavimlerine oraya neden geldiklerini ve zamanlarını nasıl geçirdiklerini sormuşlar.

Kimileri gündelik alışkanlığının bir parçası olarak burada vakit geçirmekten hoşlandığını söylemiş. Kütüphaneye düzenli olarak uğrayanlar arasında, kısa bir süre önce yakınlarını kaybetmiş yaşlılar var mesela. Onlardan biri, günlük gazetesini evde tekbaşına okumak yerine kütüphaneye gelmeyi tercih ettiğini anlatmış. “Hem burada gazete okurken, bazen gözüme bir kitap çarpıyor, o zaman onu da alıp eve gidiyorum,” demiş. Uzakça bir yerden geldiği için, o kadar uzun bir tren yolculuğuna değip değmediği sorulunca, “Mesele sadece evden çıkmak. Yaşlılar için seyahat kartım var, onu kullanıp geliyorum,” diye cevap vermiş. Gençten biri ise, kütüphaneyi beste yapmak için kullandığını, müzik odasında başkalarını rahatsız etmeden kulaklıkla piyano çalabildiğini ve bunun onu çok mutlu ettiğini anlatmış.

Kütüphanelerin gitgide daha popüler hale gelmesinin sebeplerinden biri de, İrlanda hükümetinin halktan gelen talebi karşılıksız bırakmamak için çaba göstermesi olabilir. Merkez Kütüphanesi başta olmak üzere kütüphanelerin açık kaldığı saatleri artırma, kitap cezalarını azaltma ve bütçeden bu ihtiyaç için daha çok para ayırma gibi kararlar alınması şu aralar gündemde. Hükümet daha geçen ay, ülkedeki yüzlerce halk kütüphanesinde kullanılmak üzere iPad’ler, bilgisayarlar, akıllı tahtalar ve diğer teknolojik araçlar almak için 8 milyon Euro harcayacağını duyurdu. Kitaplar için harcanacak miktarı saymıyorum bile.

Ben Merkez Kütüphanesi’nin müdavimlerinden değilim. Zamanımın çoğunu öğrenciler gibi üniversite kütüphanesinde geçiriyorum. Ama şehre kişiliğini kazandıran bu binaların bir kısmını dolaştım. Dünyanın en güzel on kütüphanesinden biri sayılan ve VI. yüzyıldan kalma elyazmalarına evsahipliği yapan Trinity’nin efsanevi kütüphanesi Long Room’u, St Patrick Katedrali’nin hemen yakınlarında yer alan Marsh’s Library’yi, Dublin Şehir Kütüphanesi’ni ve daha başkalarını.
Ne zaman bu kütüphanelerden birinin adını geçirecek olsam, Dublinliler muhakkak bir anılarını ya da işittikleri eğlenceli bir hikayeyi anlatıyorlar. Mesela Marsh’s Library. 1701 senesinde kurulmuş bu köklü kütüphane hakkında söylenecek çok şey var: Her şeyden önce, Newton, Kepler, Galileo ve Descartes gibi bilim insanlarının ve düşünürlerin eserlerinin ilk baskıları burada. 25,000 kitaptan oluşan müthiş bir koleksiyonu ve aralarında James Joyce’un da bulunduğu bir üye listesi var. Ama insanlar size bunlardan bahsetmiyorlar. Eğer belli bir yaşın üstündeki bir Dublinliyle konuşuyorsanız, bu kütüphanenin adı geçtiği anda size Mrs. McCarthy’yi anlatmaya başlıyor. Bütün ömrünü Marsh’s Library’de geçirmiş olan bu kütüphaneci kadın, her konudaki akıl almaz bilgisi ve bütün kütüphaneyi avcunun içi gibi bilmesiyle meşhur. Bir de tabii çok otoriter biri olmasıyla. Herkes onun önünde korkudan en az bir kere titremiş ve saygıyla ceketini iliklemiş. Onun için bu tecrübeyi asla unutmuyorlar. Muriel McCarthy çoktan emekli olmuş ama kütüphanenin yaşayan bir parçası olarak Dublinlilerin hayatında hâlâ önemli bir yer kaplıyor.

Bütün bu namlı kütüphanelerin arasında, diğerleri kadar güzel bir bina olmamasına rağmen konumu ve toplumsal hayatta oynadığı rol nedeniyle muhakkak anılması gereken bir yer daha var: Dún Laoghaire Halk Kütüphanesi. Dublin’in denize doğru bakan banliyö semtlerinden birinde kurulmuş bu büyük ve biraz da hantalca bina henüz inşaat halindeyken, semt sakinleri tarafından tepkiyle karşılanmış. Daha küçük ve “düşük profilli” bir kütüphaneyi tercih edenler ile, denizin dibindeki bu görkemli yapının çok isabetli olacağını düşünenler arasındaki tartışma bina tamamlanana kadar sürmüş. Ancak kütüphane tamamlandıktan sonra, galiba herkes buranın harika bir mekan olduğu konusunda tamamen ikna olmuş. Neredeyse denizin üzerinde yer alan konumuyla, seyir halindeki bir teknedeymişsiniz hissi veren bu bina, şimdilerde her yaştan okurlarla dolup taşıyor ve bölgedeki kültürel hayatın merkezi olarak faaliyet gösteriyor.

Benim şehir merkezinin oldukça dışında kalan bu kütüphaneyle tanışmam ise bir şiir sayesinde oldu. Dún Laoghaire’de yaşayan ve çocuk kitapları yazan Lucinda Jacob’un “Hopscotch in the Sky” (Gökyüzünde Seksek) adlı kitabını karıştırırken, “Deniz Kıyısındaki Kütüphanede” adlı şiir dikkatimi çekti. Bu şiirde yorgun bacaklarını dinlendirmek için, sahildeki kütüphaneye sığınan denizkızlarından söz ediliyordu. Havanın ve ışığın peşinden gelmişlerdi. Biraz da meraktan tabii. Bazıları ıslak ıslak bir köşede oturuyor. Daha cesur olanlar yeni ayakları üzerinde dengesizce yürüyordu. Üzerlerinden sular akarak, fısıl fısıl konuşarak raflar arasında dolaşıyorlar ve insan olmanın nasıl bir şey olduğunu anlamaya çalışıyorlardı.

Bazen de bankonun önüne sıralanıyorlar
iri gözlerini kocaman açıp
tıpkı balıkçıların önüne dizilen foklar gibi.

Önce şiire, ardından da kütüphaneye vuruldum. Daha sonra bir tesadüf eseri Lucinda ile tanıştığımızda, bu şiiri neden yazdığını sordum ona. Kütüphane inşa edilirken, pazarda iki kadının konuşmasına şahit olduğunu anlattı. Binanın denize bu kadar yakın olmasından rahatsız olduğu belli olan biri diğerine demiş ki: “Neden burayı seçtiler anlamadım. Denizkızları mı gelip kitap okuyacak sanki?”

“Geldiler mi bari?” diye sordum hikayeyi dinledikten sonra. Bunun üzerine Lucinda uzun uzun güldü. Gülünce gamzeleri ortaya çıktı ve bir çocuğa benzedi. “Bütün Dún Laoghaire orada,” dedi sonunda, “Denizkızları da gelmiştir herhalde. Kitapların arasında bir yerde sessizce dolaşıyorlardır.”

9780472130948 (1)

Mistranslation and understanding constructs international relationships

International politics often requires two or more languages. The resulting interlingual relations mean translation, either by interpreters who are quite literally in the middle of conversations, or by bilingual statesmen who negotiate internationally in one language and then legitimize domestically in another. Since no two languages are the same, what can be argued in one language may be impossible in another. Political concepts can thus be significantly reformulated in the translation process. State of Translation examines this phenomenon using the case of how 19th-century Ottoman and later Turkish statesmen struggled to reconcile their arguments in external languages (French, then English) with those in their internal language (Ottoman, later Turkish), and in the process further entangled them. Einar Wigen shows how this process structured social relations between the Ottoman state and its interlocutors, both domestically and internationally, and shaped the dynamics of Turkish relations with Europe.
“A stunning example of what we can learn about international relations and political change when we attend carefully to language and translation. The chapters on civilization, empire, citizenship, and democracy are gems. Wigen has put the study of ‘interlingual relations’ on the map.”
—Frederic Charles Schaffer, University of Massachusetts Amherst

“This book sets the agenda for studying what happens to key political concepts when they enter unfamiliar semantic terrain. International relations have always been among languages and not just states. Anybody interested in interlingual relations should read this book.”
—Jörg Friedrichs, University of Oxford

State of Translation advances an innovative argument about the importance of translation across linguistic divides in international relations. This pioneering monograph will trigger other studies exploring politics across other linguistic divides.”
—Bahar Rumelili, Koç University

Einar Wigen is Associate Professor of Turkish studies in the Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages at the University of Oslo.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 14, 2018

#OyunBağımlılığı Gerçek Bir Sorun


José Antonio Hita Ruiz ergenliğini yaşayan bir çocukken pek de iyi bir hayatı yoktu. Babası alkolik, annesi çok fazla çalışan bir kadındı ve Hita okulda zorbalığa uğruyor ve notları pek de iyi gitmiyordu. Okulu bıraktı. Tüm arkadaşlarının çevre illerde üniversitelere gidişini izlerken kendisi günde 16 saate yakın oyun oynuyordu. Şimdi 24 yaşında ve hayatıyla barışık olan Hita 3 yıl önce, acılarını ve yalnızlığını, izolasyonunu bitirmek için intihar düşünüyordu.

Her türlü sorununun ilacını video oyunlar olarak gören Hita bir noktadan sonra hatasını fark etti ve internette Game Quitters isimli bir foruma üye oldu.

“Başka insanlarla bile oynamıyordum; sadece ben ve aynı birkaç oyun, tekrar tekrar. Bazı insanlar ‘uyuşturucu gibi’ dediğimde yanlış yorumlayabilirler. Ancak benim deneyimlerimde uyuşturucu gibiydi.”

Dünya’da yaklaşık 2 milyar insan oyun oynuyor. The national Bureau of Labor Statistics’in araştırmasına göre 2003 ile 2016 arasında oyun oynama oranı %50 yükseldi.

Oyun oynamak artık sadece bir odaya çekilip yalnızlığa gömülmek değil sosyal bir aktivite, arkadaşlarla etkileşim ve hatta ülke dışından insanlarla sosyal etkileşim haline geldi. Hatta artık yıllık 11 milyon dolar ödül dağıtılan ve her insanın hayallerini süsleyen bir ‘profesyonel spor’ görünümüne de sahip.

Cameron Adair’ın da Hita gibi bir hikayesi var. 5 yaşından itibaren oyunlara bağımlı hale gelen Cameron’ın 15 yaşında okulu bırakma sebeplerinden birisi de buymuş. (Diğer sepeb ise en yakın arkadaşının zorla rehabilitasyon merkezine yatırılması olmuş.)

Adair da oyun bağımlılığından kurtulmak için 92 ülkeden 2000 üyesi bulunan. Yaş ortalaması 24 ve üyelerin %94’ü erkek olan Game Quitters’a üye olmuş.

Okulda kötü notlar, insan ilişkilerinde sıkıntılar ve beslenme bozuklukları gibi sonuçlar verebilen oyun bağımlılığı bu yıl, World Health Organization (WHO – Dünya Sağlık Örgütü)) tarafından ilk defa bir sağlık bozukluğu olarak tanımladı ancak Amerika’da henüz psikologlar bu konunun üzerine eğilmiş değil. Hatta bu durumun bir bağımlılık/hastalık olmadığını ve tıpkı yemek yemeyi, dans etmeyi, cinsel ilişkiyi ve çalışmayı çok abartanlar olduğu gibi oyunu abartanların da olduğunu düşünen psikologlar da bir hayli fazla.

Bu konuda Türkiye’ye dair istatistiksel bir veriye sahip değiliz ancak çocuklarımızın gereğinden fazla oyunlar ile meşgul olduğunu çıplak gözle de görmek mümkün. Yakın gelecekte sahip olacağımız sanal gerçeklik gibi seçeneklerle birlikte gerçek ile sanal boyut biribirinin içerisine geçecek ve oyunlarımız çok daha gerçekçi bir hal alacak. O günler geldiğinde psikolojik olarak ayakta kalabilmemiz için de bazı önlemlerin alınmış olması, psikologlarımızın hazır halde olması büyük önem arz ediyor.

“If you want to change, you have to know that there’s a whole community of people that have gone through the same situation as you,” Jose says. “It’s about knowing your options. After all, it’s your time and your life.”

Kaynak: Futurism

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 14, 2018

#Reading by Laura Lacambra Shubert


TKD Genel Başkanı Ali Fuat KARTAL istihdam sorununa dair açıklama yaptı. Açıklaması aşağıdaki gibidir:

Son günlerde özellikle sosyal medya üzerinden genç meslektaşlarımız haklı olarak, kadro taleplerini dile getiriyorlar.

Zira çalışma hakkı İnsan Hakları Evrensel Bildirgesinin 23. ve 24. Maddelerinde düzenlemiştir. Söz konusu maddelerde özetle; “Her şahsın çalışmaya, işini serbestçe seçmeye, adil ve elverişli çalışma şartlarına… hakkı vardır” derken, TC Anayasasının 49. Maddesi ise; “Çalışma, herkesin hakkı ve ödevidir. Devlet, çalışanların hayat seviyesini yükseltmek, çalışma hayatını geliştirmek için çalışanları ve işsizleri korumak, çalışmayı desteklemek, işsizliği önlemeye elverişli ekonomik bir ortam yaratmak ve çalışma barışını sağlamak için gerekli tedbirleri alır.” demektedir.

Bugün yaşamakta olduğumuz ekonomik kriz nedeniyle, herhalde hiç kimse işsizliği önlemek için elverişli bir ortam olduğunu söyleyemez. Bu gerçeklikten hareketle genç arkadaşlarımızın, peki bu durumun sorumlusu ben miyim? Sorusuna ne denebilir ki?

Elbette siz değilsiniz. Benim diyeceğim; ama gerçekten ben değilim. Keşke ben olsaydım. İnanın gereğini yapardım. Yukarıda yazdım. Anayasamız devlet diyor. Peki devlet kim? Her ile bir üniversite açtık diye övünenler mi? Hiçbir veriye dayanmadan kafalarına göre bölümler açan rektörler mi? Yoksa hiçbir bilimsel veri kullanmadan bölümlerin kontenjanını artıran YÖK mü?

Değerli meslektaşlarım bu tür sorunları konuşmak için Kültür ve Turizm Bakanından randevu talep ettim. Özel Kalem Eylül ayı programının dolu olduğunu söyledi.

Bugün Maliye Bakanlığı Genel Müdür Yardımcısı ile görüştüm. 2018 yılı için kadro sayısının belli olduğunu, bunun dışına çıkılamayacağı, bunun dışında sözleşmeli personel alımının da ekonomik nedenlerle mümkün olmadığını olsa bile yeni düzenleme ile Cumhurbaşkanının vize vermesi gerektiğini belirtti. Bu konuda Cumhurbaşkanlığının 2 Nolu Genel Kadro ve Usulü Hakkında Cumhurbaşkanlığı Kararnamesi’ne bakabilirsiniz.

Zaten dün de Sayın Cumhurbaşkanımız TESK Genel Kurulunda personel alımında da tasarruflu olunacağını söyledi.

Ülke olarak biran önce bu olumsuz durumdan kurtulmamız dileğiyle saygılarımı sunuyorum.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 14, 2018

Le Tour du Monde – André Henri Dargelas (1828–1906)

André Henri Dargelas (1828–1906)




Photographer Christy Lee Rogers produces luminous scenes of swirling figures swathed in colorful fabrics. She creates a painterly quality in her large-scale images not by using wet pigments, but rather by completely submerging her subjects in illuminated water and photographing them at night.

The works shown here are part of Rogers’ most recent series, titled ‘Muses’, which were in response to a year of personal loss. She shared in an interview that “these final images represent a soft and peaceful place that I imagine exists, where you can be free to let go and experience the beauty surrounding you.”

Rogers grew up in Hawaii and continues to shoot there, though she now lives in Nashville. Her works are exhibited widely, alongside video installations, one of which can be viewed below.  The photographer recently had a solo show at Art Labor Gallery, who will also be representing her work at PHOTOFAIRS | Shangai, opening on September 21, 2018. You can see more from Rogers on Facebook and Vimeo.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 13, 2018

How the ‘brainy’ #book became a #publishing phenomenon


These uncertain times have seen a renewed interest in serious nonfiction, as people try to make sense of an unstable world

This is a story about a book that just kept selling, catching publishers, booksellers and even its author off guard. In seeking to understand the reasons for the book’s unusually protracted shelf life, we uncover important messages about our moment in history, about the still-vital place of reading in our culture, and about the changing face of publishing.

The book is Sapiens, by the Israeli academic Yuval Noah Harari, published in the UK in September 2014. It’s a recondite work of evolutionary history charting the development of humankind through a scholarly examination of our ability to cooperate as a species. Sapiens sold well on publication, particularly when it came out in paperback in the summer of 2015. What’s remarkable about it, though, is that it’s still selling in vast numbers. In its first two and a half years of life, Sapiens sold just over 200,000 copies in the UK. Since 2017, when Harari published Homo Deus, his follow-up, Sapiens has sold a further half million copies, establishing itself firmly at the top of the bestseller lists (and convincingly outselling its sequel). Sapiens has become a publishing phenomenon and its wild success is symptomatic of a broader trend in our book-buying habits: a surge in the popularity of intelligent, challenging nonfiction, often books that are several years old.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 13, 2018

Tarihte Türkiye Haritaları – Boyut Yayıncılık

Tarihte Türkiye Haritaları ilk kez kitaplaştı!

İlk çağlardan günümüze kadar merkezinde Asia Minor’un (Anadolu) yer aldığı 2000 yıllık eşsiz bir harita koleksiyonu. Konusunda ilk ve tek eser. Tarihin coğrafya ile harmanlanarak anlatıldığı TÜRKİYE KİTABI. İngiltere, Fransa, Hollanda, Rusya ve ABD’nin başlıca müze ve kütüphanelerinden derlenen haritalarla zenginleştirilen koleksiyon, Türk hakimiyeti altındaki toprakların en geniş sergisi niteliğinde. 50×70 cm sayfalarda, 6000’nin üzerinde harita arasından seçilen 265 haritanın yer aldığı kitap, 20 yıla yakın bir çalışmanın ürünü. Koleksiyonunu müze ve kütüphanelerdeki haritaların dijital kopyalarıyla zenginleştiren kitabın editörü Bülent Özükan, Sanat Yönetmeni Murat Öneş. Boyut Koleksiyon Kitaplarının en nadide kitaplarından biri…

“Ülkelerin kendi geçmişine ilişkin harita koleksiyonları üzerine geniş bir sunum” yazısını hazırlayan Celal Şengör (Prof. Dr., İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Jeoloji Mühendisliği) yazısında Türkiye’ye ilişkin koleksiyon haritaların ilk kez bu kitapta bir araya getirildiğini anlatıyor. Coğrafyanın ve haritacılığın tarih bilgisiyle harmanlandığı tarihi haritaların yazımını Doğan Uçar (Prof. Dr., İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi Geomatik Mühendisliği Bölümü eski Başkanı)  gerçekleştirdi. Osmanlıca yazılımlı haritaların düzenlenmesini ise Mustafa Kaçar (Prof. Dr., Fatih Sultan Mehmet Üniversitesi Bilim Tarihi Anabilim Dalı Başkanı) hazırladı.


Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales talks exclusively to IP’s Rob Green about the search for trusted information and the role of libraries and librarians in the face of the rise of fake news, clickbait and the erosion of trust in news and information sources.

When Wikipedia was launched in 2001, we were living in a very different world. Mobile phones were still largely speaking and texting devices. It would be a full six years before the -notion of a smartphone gained traction with -consumers, following the release of the first iPhone. Today’s connected generation take fingertip computing power for granted, and have instant access to information and data from across the internet. Anyone with a connected device not only -consumes data, they curate it and create it – constantly adding to the deluge of data and information available.

Sources of trusted information

Huge chunks of that information is benign, but the ease with which it can be created and accessed means it has become simple to manipulate and distort the truth. Jimmy says that how people judge this proliferation of information needs to be addressed – and points to libraries and librarians as the facilitators to improve skills.

He said: “One of the things I want to talk about is how when I was a kid or teenager, the range of quality information available to me was actually fairly narrow. It ranged from quality newspaper and magazines, books, down to tabloid newspapers and up to academic journals – although they were not always so easily available. Now, all of those things are available at your fingertips, and a lot more.”

Jimmy points out that for a lot of people it is difficult to not only discern what sources can be trusted, but also to judge sources in the proper context. For instance, ­peer-reviewed medical journals are clearly sources to be trusted – but

Jimmy says: “One of the things we know about medical literature is that studies get published with findings that are intriguing and interesting – but maybe it’s a study of 20 people that shows an ­unusual result. Now, medical professionals know to say, ‘that’s interesting, we should do some more studies and find out more’. After a few more years of research and some meta-analysis we find that that is an unusual outlier.

“But it’s quite easy for a person, particularly if they are ill and vulnerable, to read something and take it at face value. There are tons of people who can take that kind of information in the wrong context”.

The crackpot and the bogus

At the other extreme, convincing fakes can be created – “crackpot, bogus ideas and medical treatment online where you have people claiming all manner of complete nonsense. And some of them are on nice looking websites, with credentials that sound impressive if you don’t actually know,” according to Jimmy. He adds: “Because we have this incredible access to both low quality information and high quality information that may be hard for us to contextualise, people really do need skills to help them work through that.”

#1Lib1Ref campaign

Wikipedia has been running its ­#1Lib1Ref campaign for a number of years, asking librarians to become Wikimedians and add their own pages or edit existing ones. The aim is not just about getting more trusted contributors to update pages (although that inherent trust in the profession is one reason why the campaign is aimed at librarians), but also to help libraries make more of their collections by making them discoverable through to the Wikipedia community.

It is clear that the value of libraries and librarians is not lost on Jimmy and he sees the potential for the profession to become the facilitators for improving information literacy understanding and skills in local communities.

He says that while individuals within the profession, and the profession as whole, already understand how they can help, there are constraints because decision-makers do not have the same grasp. This leads to a scenario where librarians are undervalued and misunderstood.

Give a man a fish…

“There is no big surprise that it is skills that are important – ‘give a man a fish and he’ll eat for a day, teach him how to fish and he’ll eat for a lifetime’. That is what education is fundamentally about – helping people to gain the skills they need to explore the world in an efficacious manner,” Jimmy says. “I think a lot of educators get that, but unfortunately the systems we have in place don’t always recognise that. It’s one of the paradoxes we have that groups of individuals can understand something but the system hampers that.”

Having said that he believes that things can be changed, and it could be the rise of fake news that helps force the change. The traditional news media has seen an opportunity to regain some of its lost trust by focussing on fake news and trying to tackle it. The idea that fake news is real and potentially dangerous to society is now part of the media agenda as they look to regain readers, regain trust and ultimately regain advertising revenue.

For librarians there is an opportunity to be at the forefront of that agenda. Librarians are already widely trusted and well-placed in local communities, with a genuine public service ethos.

Devalued concept of news

Summing up the rise of fake news, Jimmy says it has stemmed from an over reliance on cheap-to-produce content which has undermined professional journalism. He said: “What has changed a lot is the business models. The advertising-only model has been incredibly destructive for journalism. It leads even quality publications to feel a financial pressure to go for clickbait – vast amounts of low quality content. Rather than go for long-form, good quality, well-researched pieces which are expensive to produce and require a certain degree of professionalism.

“If you make the same amount of money revenue-wise, from something that takes a senior reporter three weeks to work on compared to something an intern churned out in an hour, then it’s hard to justify from a business perspective.”

That skewing of news provision has devalued the concept of news, and has allowed the growth of fake news (or lies) to take hold. Jimmy cites Hannah Arend’s treatise on fascism and totalitarianism in which she views the first step on the road to tyranny, not as indoctrination in a belief system but to undermine people’s belief in anything at all.

“The fact that Donald Trump calls fake news anything he doesn’t like hearing is problematic because it undermines people’s trust in media and in professional journalism. That makes them vulnerable.” Says Jimmy. “If people do not know what is true or not, then they find it very difficult to evaluate.”

Revenue from readers

Jimmy does see some positives in the way news organisations are looking at different business models, from the Guardian’s supporters model – one he pushed for during his time on the paper’s board, and which he has since adopted with the launch of WikiTribune; and The New York Times’ push for digital subscriptions, which has seen a rise in paying-users from one million to more than three million in just a couple of years.

He says: “That is huge because revenue from readers really is the incentive to produce content that is meaningful and can be used to change lives in a meaningful way.

“Those are some good signs, and finally we look at Putin and Trump and all of that – these things are hopefully passing phenomena, but although it is a passing phenomenon it is real and it does matter.”

Wikipedians don’t fall for fake news

While the rise of fake news has not hampered Wikipedia, according to Jimmy, he is worried that the general public are at a disadvantage. He says: “The ­phenomenon of true fake news – websites set up to spread viral content that has no discernible truthful element to it and has no concern for the truth whatsoever – has had no impact on Wikipedia.

That’s because the kind of people who become Wikipedia volunteers and who become experienced, spend their lives judging sources. To fool a Wikipedian with ‘Pope endorses Trump’, they are going to say ‘hold on a second, that doesn’t sound right’. That kind of skill is not rocket science and I think most people who are avid consumers of news or information gain those skills and learn those skills quite readily. But they need to be taught more widely – it’s crucially important.

Teaching key skills

“The librarian is a key point in this because students do turn to them to sort through and find information. Obviously, a school librarian’s task is not just to say ‘here’s something good, now go do your homework’, but to say ‘here’s how you judge what is good. Let me show you how to think through why you use this as a source, and not that’. That is really important and I think it should be embedded in the school curriculum as well.”

Libraries and librarians in the digital age

Looking at the digital transformation that is happening in the world, there are parallels in the shift to digital between news production and libraries. Both are born from a paper and ink world and both are having to find their places in an electronic world. The media is slowly finding its place in that world and is continuing to experiment and innovate.

Jimmy says the same must be true of libraries and librarians, who he sees as guides to information, knowledge and the skills needed to navigate the digital information sphere. He said: “One of the things I think is really interesting about libraries and librarians is the challenge of technology. I don’t think we should be looking at the meaning of the word library in the future as effectively a museum for old ­objects, with paper in them. That is kind of a dead idea of what a library is. Fundamentally, that is not what a library is.

“A library 50 years ago was a living and breathing place that happened to be full of books because that was the most efficient way of getting and storing information. Now books are still, in many cases, the most effective ways of getting and storing information – but not in all cases.

“People forget that the job of the librarian is not to tell you ‘It is on aisle 7, on the right’, but to actually help people with the process of research and the process of working things through. The digital transformation has been a challenge for that. A lot of libraries have had a hard time finding their place in that world.”

And while he happily admits he is not the first to point this out, he says there is still a need for libraries, their staff and their users to explore new ways of working. He said: “I’m not saying anything particularly new, a lot of people have said that a library shouldn’t be a place for dead books. But there is the challenge of how do libraries serve a community, if that ­community is not coming to you for a recommendation for a history book but they are actually interested in exploring a range of resources that are available to them at their fingertips all the time. I don’t think we really know what the future library looks like yet, except it’s going to have a big online component to it.”

Better to question

Having spoken about trust in sources, Jimmy says he is sanguine about ­Wikipedia retaining trust issues from its very early days when there was a small community of editors, limited numbers of articles and more opportunity for malicious or unmalicious falsehoods to perpetuate within articles. He says: “My approach is that I’m happy for people to question their information sources. If that means people question Wikipedia as a source, then I’d rather have that than no questions at all.”


Photo: Princeton University, Office of Communications.
Princeton University

1. Princeton University

Total undergraduate enrollment: 5,400

Tuition and fees (2017-2018): $47,140

Average first-year student retention rate: 98 percent

Graduation rate: 97 percent

2. Harvard University

Total undergraduate enrollment: 6,710

Tuition and fees (2017-2018): $48,949

Average first-year student retention rate: 97 percent

Graduation rate: 96 percent

3. Yale University (tie)

Total undergraduate enrollment: 5,472

Tuition and fees (2017-2018): $51,400

Average first-year student retention rate: 99 percent

Graduation rate: 97 percent

3. University of Chicago (tie)

Total undergraduate enrollment: 5,941

Tuition and fees (2017-2018): $54,825

Average first-year student retention rate: 99 percent

Graduation rate: 93 percent

3. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (tie)

Total undergraduate enrollment: 4,524

Tuition and fees (2017-2018): $49,892

Average first-year student retention rate: 99 percent

Graduation rate: 94 percent

3. Columbia University (tie)

Total undergraduate enrollment: 6,113

Tuition and fees (2017-2018): $57,208

Average first-year student retention rate: 99 percent

Graduation rate: 96 percent


Choosing a college is difficult. While there are plenty of resources to help students estimate hard costs, it can be hard to understand which features make one school a better fit than another.

The U.S. News & World Report annual ranking helps make this process a little easier. The publication has long tracked and analyzed data from hundreds of schools, studying metrics such as graduation rate, retention rate and class size. For the first time, the rankings will also consider a school’s ability to promote the social mobility of low-income students. The list also features a four-way tie for third place.

Once again, Princeton University topped U.S. News’ rankings of the best universities thanks to a perfect 100 out of 100 overall score and an impressive five-to-one student-to-faculty ratio.

Common among these top-ranked institutions are sky-high first-year retention and graduation rates. These figures are often overlooked by prospective students but are incredibly important when considering colleges.

The National Center for Education Statistics reports that just 40 percent of first-time full-time students earn a bachelor’s degree in four years, and only 59 percent earn their bachelor’s in six years.

Since students often struggle to graduate on-time, they are forced to pay for extra years of college which can quickly increase the cost of their degree.

While not all students will attend one of this year’s top-ranked 6 schools, understanding the traits these institutions share can go a long way toward selecting a university that serves them best in the long term.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 12, 2018

Vakıflı’da (#Antakya) ‘yaşayan’ bir #müze kuruluyor…

ismail zubari 2

Türkiye’nin ayakta kalmayı başarmış tek Ermeni köyü olan Antakya’nın çokkültürlülüğünün önemli yapıtaşlarından birini oluşturan Vakıflı’nın tarihi ve kültürü yepyeni bir projeyle gelecek kuşaklara aktarılacak. Doğu Akdeniz Kalkınma Ajansı’nın (DOĞAKA) desteğiyle köyün tarihini, kültürünü, dününü ve bugününü anlatan bir müze kurulacak. Vakıflıköy Surp Asdvadzadzin Kilisesi Vakfı’nın Nisan ayında Doğu Akdeniz Kalkınma Ajansı’na yaptığı başvuru olumlu sonuçlandı. Ajansın 27 Temmuz Cuma günü açıkladığı başarılı projeler arasında yer alan Vakıflıköy Müzesi projesi için 14 Ağustos Salı günü ajans ile vakıf arasında sözleşme imzalanarak çalışmalara start verildi. 12 aylık bir çalışma sonrasında açılması planlanan müze sayesinde Vakıflıköy’ün sosyokültürel tarihi interaktif bir ortamda sergilenecek. Projenin koordinatörlüğünü üstlenen Lora Çapar’la, önümüzdeki yıl Ağustos ayında, Asdvadzadzin Yortusu’nda açılması planlanan müze hakkında görüştük.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 12, 2018

BookXcess (A #bookstore in #Malaysia) is open 24/7


The plight of bookstores in the West – as well as the changing shopping and reading habits of consumers – is much discussed, with many independent retailers already forced out of business. Meanwhile in Malaysia, one company has just opened the country’s biggest-ever bookstore that will stay open twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week.

BookXcess stocks half a million titles in its 3,437m² complex, as well as offering a stage, a cafe and private reading spaces to encourage customers to spend more time and money inside its cavernous depths. It is also characteristic of the new wave of businesses that are cashing in on Malaysia’s new-found wealth. Alongside other new high-end enterprises, businesses like this are emerging to meet the changing needs of Malaysia’s citizens.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 12, 2018

This is why Finland’s #schools are so good


Posted by: bluesyemre | September 12, 2018

Educational attainment of 25-64 year-olds (2017) (OECD countries)



Posted by: bluesyemre | September 11, 2018

@YapayZeka Dosyası

yapay zeka 1

yapay zeka 2

yapay zeka 3

yapay zeka 4

yapay zeka 5

Şarkı besteleyebiliyor, resim çizebiliyorlar, senaryo yazabiliyor, hastalık teşhis edebiliyorlar, satrançta usta olabiliyor, lezzetli yemekler pişirebiliyorlar, kısacası verilen görevlerin büyük bir kısmını yerine getirebiliyorlar. Peki ya sevgilerini katıyorlar mı? Sadece on yıl önce çılgınca – hatta belki de delice – gelen bu soru çoktan normalleşmiş görünüyor. İnsanlar artık duygularını ifade edebilen yapay sistemler geliştiriyor. Uzun zamandır akıllı teknolojilerle hayatımızda olan, yapay zeka konusunun kapısını aralama kararı aldık. Kolay, tuhaf, hızlı, çok yeni ve eğlenceli bir hayat bekliyorsa bizi, bunun sorumlusu olan Yapay Zeka hakkında bilmen gereken ilk bilgileri en hafif şekilde özetledik.

Yapay zeka dosyası

PLYTO_Winner_Text1 (1)


“You can get married in the theatre or celebrate your birthday in the café. Everything is possible in School 7,” declares Jacinta Krimp, director of the School 7 library in the Netherlands (KopGroep Libraries), winner of the 2018 Public Library of the Year award.

An application field of 35 libraries from 19 different countries across six continents was initially whittled down to five nominees – and then to one winner. The Dutch School 7 public library, placed in the city Den Helder and part of the KopGroep Libraries organisation, wins the 2018 award for Public Library of the Year.

Nominees for the award were:

This year’s recipient of the award has just been announced at the annual meeting of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

“The recognition means a lot for School 7, but also for the whole KopGroep Libraries organisation. Winning this award shows that in a new building, with an open and functional architecture, you can undertake many activities that are appreciated by the public,” says Jacinta Krimp, Director of KopGroep Libraries, and continues:

“The inhabitants of Den Helder are proud of their new library, and it shows every day!”

“We want everybody to feel at home in our library”

The winner library was announced by Vice President Martin Brøchner-Mortensen of Systematic, which – together with the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) – selects the world’s best new public library each year.

“At Systematic, we are really excited to provide this annual recognition to international libraries that make a difference for their users. As the supplier of a unique national library solution in Denmark – the Joint Library System – it is important for us to also be able to support library work in the rest of the world. We believe libraries play a crucial role in information and education, as well as being a focal point in society,” explains Martin Brøchner-Mortensen.


The winner is selected by an international panel of experts consisting of representatives from the IFLA’s many different member associations. For this year’s winner, it is particularly important that the library is accessible to all the different groups within the larger community.

“We want everybody to feel at home in our library: children, adults, seniors, immigrants and people with language difficulties. School 7 is a real ‘third place’ where you can not only borrow books, but also work, read, take courses or attend activities. You can even get married in our atmosphere-laden theatre, or hold a birthday event in the café. Anything and everything is possible in School 7,” points out Jacinta Krimp.

Becoming the community’s living room

The Public Library of the Year award is presented each year to a public library that is either newly built or set up in premises not previously used for library purposes. Applicants are assessed on six different criteria, including the extent to which the library considers new digital development, local culture and sustainability. In the case of School 7, it was the criterion of “interaction with surroundings and the local culture” that they considered particularly relevant when they applied to be considered for the prize.

“When we started School 7 we wanted to be able to serve as ‘the living room for the community’ – and we’ve already succeeded in that. People come to the library to read, to work, to attend a lecture or to take part in a workshop. Young people study in our library, and new Dutch citizens practice the language. Enthusiastic volunteers teach children programming, children are often read to aloud, and writers tell about their books. People drink coffee in our coffee corner (the Leescafé), read the paper and meet for a chat. All these facilities are now located under the same roof,” explains Jacinta Krimp.

When we started School 7 we wanted to be able to serve as ‘the living room for the community’ 

The prize must cater for the young visitors

The title of the world’s best new public library is accompanied by a USD 5,000 prize sponsored by Systematic. At the KopGroep Libraries (School 7), the prize will be used to accommodate the needs of younger visitors to the library, in particular.

According to Jacinta Krimp, “Children are important in society and therefore also for us. We have noticed that the material we provide for our younger users needs revitalising, so we will certainly spend part of the prize money on buying more children’s books. And, of course, we will organise a party for all our employees and volunteers. They do their best to make School 7 a success every single day!”

”Public Library of the Year” is an annual award presented to the best new public library in the world, embracing user wishes and local culture as well as digital development and functional architecture. The award is made by by the International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA), while Systematic sponsors the USD 5,000 prize, which goes directly to the winning library.

Previous winners:

  • Public Library of the Year 2016: Dokk1, Denmark
  • Public Library of the Year 2015: Kista Public Library, Sweden
  • Public Library of the Year 2014: Craigieburn Library, Australien

The award was not presented in 2017. This year’s jury consists of 7 members coming from the IFLA departments Public Library Section, Metropolitan Library Section and Building and Equipment. The chairman of the jury is Jan Richards, who is Manager of Central West Libraries in Australia.

Read more about the jury members here.!/

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