Open Science aims at transforming science through ICT tools, networks and media, to make research more open, global, collaborative, creative and closer to society. Open science is about the way research is carried out, disseminated, deployed and transformed by digital tools, networks and media. It relies on the combined effects of technological development and cultural change towards collaboration and openness in research. Open science makes scientific processes more efficient, transparent and effective by offering new tools for scientific collaboration, experiments and analysis and by making scientific knowledge more easily accessible.
The European Commission has launched the “European Cloud Initiative – Building a competitive data and knowledge economy in Europe” to endorse Open science. It will enable researchers to process the huge amounts of scientific data generated by research and to share their scientific results while improving access to knowledge and thus, innovation.
The initiative will bring supercomputing and data sharing to 1.7 million researchers and 70 million science and technology professionals in Europe through a virtual environment for the storage, management, analysis and re-use of data linked to their research. The Cloud will work accross borders and scientific disciplines, allowing researchers to reap the full benefit of data-driven science.