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This is my summary of the history of Western philosophy showing the positive/negative connections between some of the key ideas/arguments/statements of the philosophers. It is not an automated text analysis project; the content and the connections are the result of my years of reading and taking notes, so it’s a never-ending work-in-progress. It started with Bryan Magee’s The Story of Philosophy and Thomas Baldwin’s Contemporary Philosophy as the main references but it keeps expanding with dozens of others. (The reference is noted with the book icon that appears when you click on a statement.)

First off, let me announce that though I read my share of philosophy and have a good grasp of the fields/philosophers I’m interested in, I’m not a historian of philosophy. This is a purely personal project that I’m doing in my own time, with my limited knowledge, for myself; and I’m sharing it to get feedback and to make it accessible to those who are interested. As much as I find this way of looking at philosophy productive (and fun) for many reasons, I’m not proposing that this is the right way to look at it; it is just one version that I like to see – an organized collection of notes, reminding the arguments and letting me see how they developed, from a distance. I like to think that it’s not just a historical project, useful for people specifically interested in the history of the field; what is also valuable here is the ability to see, by clicking on a sentence and displaying its connections, what different things can be said on a subject (how many perspectives there can be, which are hard to be all dreamed of by a single person) independently of who said them and when – independently of a direct interest in the history of philosophy.

What exactly am I doing? When I’m reading the texts, I’m summarizing argumentations with isolated sentences. In the next step, I’m optimizing them so as to include all of their ideas with the minimum number of efficient sentences, in a meaningful order. (I usually shorten/paraphrase the sentence if it’s coming from a secondary source like a book of history of philosophy, but I try to quote it as it is – as long as it’s not too long – if it’s from the philosopher.) Then I’m noting the positive/negative connections to other statements, putting all this information in a spreadsheet in a machine-readable format, going through everything to look for further possible connections, and finally feeding it to the visualization. If a statement agrees with or expands on an old one, they’re connected with a green line. If it disagrees with or refutes an old statement, they’re connected with a red line. Some of these connections are explicitly described by the philosophers or the historians, some of them are drawn by me.

Maybe you can complain that I have low standards for a connection in general. The question always arises: “Clearly these two statements are talking about the same thing, but did he really read that old guy, or did he come up with it all by himself?” Except for a few specific cases, I ignored this question for two reasons. First, most philosophers read most people before themselves and they don’t always add extensive lists of names/references for every argument they produce; so I usually assume there may be a direct connection even though it’s not written somewhere. (You could make a version with only the connections confirmed by the philosophers/historians, but that would be too boring for my taste.) Secondly, and more importantly, the fact that there may not be a direct reference (written or not) doesn’t spoil my concept of connection here: when I’m drawing a line I’m not always claiming that the philosopher directly took the idea from the connected philosopher. The lines here do not always depict a direct transfer between two people; I think of them as tracing the development and the diversification of ideas throughout time, connecting different perspectives on a subject. This choice is also evident in the non-directionality of the connection lines: the direction of a possible direct transfer is obvious when there are dozens of years between two philosophers, but for those who live and write during the same years, it is quite possible that they take ideas from each other, get in conversations, etc. In that broad sense I’m confident that these connections make sense but I may of course be mistaken with some of them; please warn me if you think so.

I am of course aware that not everybody is here and the arguments-connections of the included philosophers aren’t exhaustive. I am also aware that the level of detail isn’t the same for every philosopher. The content for some philosophers are more beginner-level because they come from books intended for general audiences, and some philosophers have more detailed and extensive content because I had the opportunity to concentrate on them by reading multiple documents, sometimes including their own output. My goal is to slowly go through everybody so as to keep a somewhat homogeneous depth overall – this is a continuous effort which will proceed in parallel with the work of adding new names. I don’t think this project can ever be “completed”, but I will be expanding it by adding information from everything I read – maybe until I die – in the hope of making it as complete as I can. And yes, I may be prioritizing philosophers/schools/subjects I like in the process. I’ll also be adding more thinkers who aren’t strictly “philosophers” but had considerable effect on philosophy (like Darwin, Freud, Turing, etc.) and philosophers from other traditions. So please don’t get angry if your favorite philosophers or ideas aren’t here: this is not a finished product, and they probably are in my to-add list. You can see the list of updates on the Updates page where you can also subscribe to get notification emails when I add new content or make interface upgrades. (Some people proposed that I switch to a collaborative content creation model – I have no intention of doing that, although I’m fully open to corrections and suggestions from philosophers or historians of philosophy.)

One warning: Browsing this visual summary cannot substitute reading a good book of history of philosophy, let alone reading the original texts by the philosophers. These sentences are dry summaries of long, intricate argumentations and some of them are not even comprehensible if you’re not already familiar with the subject/philosopher. Some of these ideas are best understood within the historical/political context, as they are presented in books of history of philosophy. So no, you shouldn’t expect to learn philosophy by just using this summary. As I wrote in the beginning, this is an organized collection of notes to myself, and I believe it can have this function for other people who have read some history of philosophy as well. (I also believe it can function as a teaser for people who aren’t familiar with the field, making them feel curious about an idea/discussion and start reading about that.) As Baldwin reminds,

“[C]ontemporary philosophy is dialectical in its method: new arguments necessarily make reference back to earlier positions which provide the background for understanding the commitments which the arguments seek to challenge. (…) The relation of present arguments to past debate provides by itself good enough reasons for regarding the continuation of such debates as the only way of improving our understanding.”

I conceived this project in February 2012 while organizing my notes from my readings (“There should be a global and systematic way to see all these relations! How about…”) and started working on it in February 2014.

I am deeply thankful to Hüseyin Kuşçu who offered his programming skills for the interactive version on the Browse page.

I also thank my friend Eser Aygün for writing the program that automatized to a great degree the transition between the spreadsheet that I fill in and the visual end-product for the static version in the beginning of this project.

And here are the names of nice people who offered content corrections or improvements that I was able to apply so far: Sedat Hasoğlu, Jakub Rudnicki, Matheus Schneider, César Tomé López‏, Sylvia Wenmackers, Miguel Mateo La Salle, Juan Antonio Ricci, Simo Raittila, Stephen Laudig.

— Deniz Cem Önduygu

https://www.denizcemonduygu.com/philo/browse/

isil-yilmaz-sumer-podcast

Podcast nasıl yapılır, nereye yüklenir, hangi mikrofonu almalıyım, konuk konuşmacıyla sohbet kaydımızı neyle nasıl yapabilirim, podcasti İtunes kabul edecek mi, Spotfy hemen yayımlayacak mı vs diye kafamda onlarca soruyla 1,5 ay önce başladığım podcast yayınlarının dördüncü bölümü geride kaldı.

Sezer İltekinCeren Varol ve Burak Göç‘ün ardından podcast yayınını paylaştığım dördüncü isim Işıl Yılmaz Sümer oldu. Her blog yazarının birbirini az çok “dijitalen” tanıdığı gibi Işıl’dan da bloğu sayesinde haberdardım ancak kendisiyle yüz yüze, Kadir Has Üniversitesinde 2017 yılında düzenlediğimiz 3. Blog Yazarları Çalıştayında tanıştık. O günün telaşından dolayı kendisiyle sohbet edemediğim Işıl’la o sohbetin acısını bu podcast sayesinde çıkardık. Hatta 25 dakikalık podcast kaydını sonlandırdıktan sonra, neredeyse bir o kadar daha sohbet ettik Skype’ta.

İlk üç podcastte olduğu gibi bu yayında da Işıl’la başta sıraladığım konulardan sadece ilki üzerinde konuşabildik: Teknoloji bağımlılığı. Bu konudaki sohbetimizden satır başlarını aşağıda sıralamaya çalıştım. iTunes Podcast veya Spotfy kullanmayanlar için podcast kaydını YouTube’dan da paylaştım:

https://www.evrengunlugu.net/2019/11/10/internet-gunlugu-4-isil-yilmaz-sumer/

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Geçtiğimiz yılın sonunda yasa teklifi olarak sunulan, bu yılın başında Genel Kurulda kabul edilen “Sinema Filmlerinin Değerlendirilmesi ve Sınıflandırılmasına İlişkin Usul ve Esaslar Hakkında Yönetmelik”in uygulanmasına ilişkin esaslar Resmi Gazete’de yayımlandı.

 

Uzun yıllardır üzerine konuşulan fakat ancak geçen yılın sonunda yapımcılar ve sinema salonları arasında patlak veren anlaşmazlıkların akabinde apar topar bir şekilde oluşturulan Yeni Sinema Kanununun uygulanmasına yönelik esaslar Resmi Gazete’de yayımlandı. Buna göre, sektörün birçok dinamiğinde değişikliğe gidildi.

Sinema salonlarının, sinema biletleriyle ilgili bilgileri Bakanlığa iletmesi zorunluluk hâline getirildi

Yapılan düzenleme ile sinema salonu işletmecilerinin sinema salonlarına, gösterilen filmlere ve sinema biletlerine ilişkin bilgileri Bakanlığa iletmeleri zorunlu hale getirildi.

Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı tarafından hazırlanan ve ülke genelinde satılan tüm bilet bilgilerinin eş zamanlı olarak toplandığı uygulama sektör paydaşlarının kullanımına açılacak.

Bu sayede bilgi paylaşımı hususunda şeffaflık sağlanırken paydaşların güvenilir bir ortamda faaliyetlerini sürdürmelerine katkı sağlanacak.

Reklam süreleri değiştirildi, tartışmalara sebep olan promosyon satışlara regülasyon getirildi

Düzenleme ile sinema izleyicileri tarafından sıklıkla şikâyet konusu edilen reklam süreleri 10 dakika ile sınırlandırılıyor. Ayrıca sinema seyircisinin sinemaya gitme tercihlerini etkileyen ve filmlerin tanıtımına imkân sağlayan fragmanların film öncesinde en az üç dakika gösterimi zorunlu hale getiriliyor.

Sinema salonu işletmecileri ile yapımcılar arasında krize sebep olan, kamuoyunda “mısır savaşları” olarak bilinen sorun yönetmelikte yer alan “Sinema salonu işletmecileri ya da sinema filmi bileti satan diğer gerçek veya tüzel kişiler, sinema filmi bileti ile birlikte başka bir ürünün satışını aynı anda yapamaz, sinema biletini başka bir ürün veya hizmetin satın alınması şartına bağlayamaz.” düzenlemesi ile son buluyor.

Sinema salonu işletmecileri bilet ve diğer ürün fiyatlarında ayrı ayrı indirimler yapabilecek, ancak sinema bileti ile birlikte başka bir ürünü paket halinde satamayacak.

Sinema filmleri için yaş sınırlandırmasında güncellemeye gidildi

Ülke içinde üretilen veya ithal edilen sinema filmleri için çocukların korunması amacıyla uygulanan yaş sınıfları, çocukların fiziki ve psikolojik gelişimleri, uluslararası uygulanmalar ve uzman görüşleri çerçevesinde “Genel İzleyici, 6A, 6+, 10A, 10+, 13A, 13+, 16+ ve 18+” olarak yeniden düzenlendi. Daha önceki sınıflandırma kategorizasyonu, “Genel İzleyici, 7A, 7+, 13A, 13+, 15A, 15+ ve 18+” şeklindeydi.

Kamuoyundaki özellikle çocuk filmleri öncesinde yetişkinler için uygun bulunan fragmanların gösterilmesi hususunda duyulan rahatsızlık “Sinema filmi öncesinde veya arasında gösterilen fragmanların, gösterimi yapılan sinema filmi için belirlenmiş işaret ve ibarelere uygun olması zorunludur.” hükmü ile son buluyor.

Bundan böyle fragmanlar da sinema filmleri gibi sınıflandırılacak ve  aileler çocuk filmlerinde korku filmi fragmanları görmeyecekler.

Filmler, salonlarda ve diğer platformlarda aynı anda gösterimde olamayacak

Yönetmelikte “Sinema salonlarında ilk kez ticari dolaşıma girecek değerlendirme ve sınıflandırması yapılmış sinema filmleri, gösterime girdiği tarihten itibaren ücretli yayın yapılan kablo, uydu, karasal, internet ve diğer ortamlarda beş ay geçmeden, ücretsiz yayın yapılan uydu, karasal, internet ve diğer ortamlarda altı ay geçmeden ticari amaçla yayınlanamaz veya umuma iletilemez.” hükmü yer alıyor.

Sinema sektörünün korunması amacıyla yapılan düzenleme ile sinema filmleri gösterim tarihinden itibaren 5 ay geçmeden ücretli yayın yapan platformlarda, 6 ay geçmeden ücretsiz yayın yapan platformlardan gösterilemeyecek.

Resmi Gazete’de yayımlanan Yönetmeliğe buradan ulaşabilirsiniz.

 

Sinema Filmlerinin Değerlendirilmesi ve Sınıflandırılmasına İlişkin Usul ve Esaslar Hakkında Yönetmelik

https://boxofficeturkiye.com/haber/yeni-sinema-kanununun-uygulanmasina-iliskin-esaslar-yayimlandi-yas-siniflandirmasinda-guncellemeye-gidildi–2323

Posted by: bluesyemre | November 14, 2019

32.Gün Arşivi @32gunarsivi

32. gün

Mehmet Ali Birand’ın sunduğu ekran klasiği 32. Gün programının 1985’ten bugüne video arşivi. Türkiye’den ve dünyadan tarihi olaylara tanıklıklar. Dünya liderleriyle, sanatçı ve sporcularla çok özel röportajlar. Cumhuriyet tarihinin en kritik dönemlerine ışık tutan belgeseller.

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https://www.instagram.com/32gunarsivi/

https://www.facebook.com/32gunTV

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJg-RcGXJ-cBAz5UePKLlkA/videos

Her hafta BSM stüdyosuna gelerek sezon sonunda Erasmus’a gitmiş kadar yol yapmayı hedefleyen vesaire ekibi, yine 10 dakikalık meseleyi Antik Yunan’dan alıp yaya yaya anlatıyor. Özgür düşüncenin yuvası, bilginin üretim yeri, eleştirinin adresi olması beklenirken Yeni Türkiye koşullarından kaçamayan akademi nasıl bir epidemiye dönüştü? Yanıtı hiç kimsenin merakla beklemediği bu videoda.

https://www.bagimsizsinema.org/

CTD

We are seeing unprecedented change to consumer experiences, fuelled by digital technology. Get our report on the big changes to look out for next year.

What’s inside the report?

Learn about the ways in which our world is changing profoundly – with the impact of accelerated trends.

  • How digital technologies and AI are changing healthcare.
  • What happens when data privacy meets digital currencies.
  • How a premium ‘human customer experience’ is emerging.
  • How travel browsing and buying will see more personalized consumer journeys.
  • The ways in which retail experiences are blending the physical store and digital technology.
  • How gaming will transform how we connect with each other.

Discover what we’ll be thinking and doing in 2020 – and how your brand can leverage trends to stand out from the crowd.

Connecting the dots (Consumer trends that will shape 2020)

Posted by: bluesyemre | November 14, 2019

#AkademikÖzgürlük, özerklik #ÇağlarGüven

AÖÖ1

AÖÖ2

Posted by: bluesyemre | November 14, 2019

Bir #CIA silahı olarak #ModernSanat

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Sanat çevrelerinde yıllarca ya bir söylentiydi veya şakaydı, artık gerçekliği doğrulandı. CIAJackson PollockRobert MotherwellWillem de Kooning ve Mark Rothko gibi sanatçıların eserleri de dahil olmak üzere Amerikan modern sanatını, Soğuk Savaş’ta silah olarak kullandı. Adeta sanatı destekleyen bir Rönesans prensi gibi davranan CIA (tek farkı gizliliğiydi) Amerikan Soyut Ekspresyonizm akımını dünya genelinde 20 yıldan daha uzunca bir süre teşvik etti ve tanıttı.

Hiç akla gelmeyecek bir bağlantı. 1950 ve 1960’lar öyle bir dönem ki, Amerikaların çoğu modern sanatı sevmediği gibi küçümsüyordu da. Başkan Truman bir seferinde bu popüler görüşü şu şekilde özetlemişti: “Bu sanatsa, ben de Hottentot’um” (güneybatı Afrika’da bir yerli topluluk). Sanatçıların birçoğu zaten McCarthy dönemi Amerika’sında zar zor kabul edilen eski komünistlerdi. Kesinlikle Amerika hükümetinin desteğini almaya alışık olmayan bir gruptu.

Peki, CIA onları neden destekledi? Çünkü Sovyetler Birliği ile propaganda savaşında, bu yeni sanat akımı yaratıcılığın, entelektüel özgürlüğün ve ABD’nin kültürel gücünün bir kanıtı olarak kabul görebilirdi. Komünist ideolojik deli gömleğine hapsolan Rus sanatı bununla rekabet edemezdi.

Uzun yıllardır konuşulan ve tartışılan bu politikanın varlığı, ilk defa eski CIA yetkilileri tarafından doğrulandı. Yeni Amerikan sanatı, sanatçıların haberi olmadan “uzun tasma” (“long leash”) adlı bir politika doğrultusunda gizlice tanıtılmıştı, CIA’in Stephen Spender’in editörlüğünü yaptığı Encounter‘ı dolaylı yoldan desteklemesine benzer bir şekilde.

Aslında kültür ve sanatı ABD Soğuk Savaş cephaneliğinde kullanma kararı CIA 1947’de kurulur kurulmaz alınmıştı. Komünizmin hâlâ Batılı entelektüeller ve sanatçılar için taşıdığı cazibeden korkan yeni ajans, zirvesinde 800’den fazla gazeteyi, dergiyi ve kamu bilgilendirme merkezlerini etkileyebilmiş olan “Propaganda Varlıkları Envanteri” adlı yeni bir bölüm oluşturdu. Bunun bir Wurlitzer müzik kutusu gibi olduğu esprileri yapılıyordu: CIA bir düğmeye bastığında, bütün dünyada çalınmasını istediği ezgileri duyabiliyordu.

https://vesaire.org/bir-cia-silahi-olarak-modern-sanat/

Posted by: bluesyemre | November 14, 2019

#OsmanlıArşivleri tehlike altında

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Uzmanların tüm uyarılarına rağmen 165 milyon liraya Kağıthane’de dere yatağına taşınan Osmanlı Arşivleri tehlike altında. Paha biçilemez 100 milyon tarihi belgenin bulunduğu arşivi kurtarmak için “susuzlaştırma” ihalesi açıldı. 13.7 milyon lira harcanarak yapılacak çalışmanın işe yarayıp yaramayacağı belli değil.

2013 yılında hizmete açılan Osmanlı Arşivi Külliyesi, hemen yanı başındaki dere yatağı nedeniyle alarm veriyor.

Uzmanların olumsuz görüşlerine rağmen, Bâb-ı Âli’deki tarihi binasından alınarak, TOKİ tarafından Siyahkalem Mühendislik’e inşa ettirilen Kağıthane’deki Milli Arşiv Sitesi’ne taşınan yaklaşık 100 milyon belge ve 370 bin defterlerden oluşan tarihi belgeleri kurtarmak için çalışma başlatıldı.

“Cumhurbaşkanlığı Milli Arşiv Sitesi için İlave Çevre Düzenlemesi İmalatları ile Temel Altı Susuzlaştırma Tedbirleri alınması ve Uygulamasının Yapılması İşi” ihalesi 13.7 milyon liraya Özülke İnşaat’a verildi. İhaleyi alan Özülke İnşaat 11 ayı geride bıraktı.

SÖZCÜ, Cumhurbaşkanlığı Osmanlı Arşivi Külliyesi’ndeki çalışmaları yerinde inceledi.9 hektarlık arazinin birçok noktasında dozerler ve kepçelerle kazılar yapıldığı ve kanallar açıldığı gözlenirken, bahçe ve cadde tarafında inşaat çalışmaları sürüyor. Susuzlaştırma çalışmasıyla dere yatağındaki Külliye’nin temelinin güçlendirilmesi ve tarihi belgelerin rutubetten korunması hedefleniyor.

ERDOĞAN’DAN MİMARA: HESABINI VERİRSİN

Cumhurbaşkanı Erdoğan, 2 Haziran 2013 günü gerçekleştirilen açılışta projenin dere yatağında yer almasını eleştirenlere sert yanıt vermişti. Erdoğan şunları söylemişti: “‘Nereden çıktı Kağıthane’deki bu yeni bina, burayı su basar, şu olur, bu olur’ gibi birçok olumsuz kampanyaların içerisine girenler oldu. ,’Bu ecdada saygısızlıktır’ diyenler oldu. (…) Gerek mimarımız, gerek mühendislerimiz buranın herhangi bir sıkıntı yaşamaması için bu projeyi o hassasiyet içerisinde ele aldı. Ve Allah’ın izniyle böyle bir şey de söz konusu değil. Eğer böyle bir şey olursa, Hilmi Şenalp (projenin mimarını işaret ederek), indi ilahide bunun hesabını sen verirsin. Biz önce Allah’a, sonra da sana inandık, yola çıktık. Bu belgeler, bu tarih, bizim bayrağımız kadar değerlidir mübarektir. Şu anda biz bu çok değerli belgeleri en uygun ortamda muhafaza edecek bir merkezi Türkiye’ye kazandırıyoruz.”

RUTUBET, NEM…

Arşiv binasının sızan sudan etkilendiği, depolardan rutubet kokusu yayıldığı, bazı belgelerin araştırmacıların önüne ıslak geldiği iddiaları daha geçtiğimiz yıllarda basına yansımıştı.

İnşaat Mühendisleri Odası, taşkın alanı içine arşiv gibi özellik taşıyan binaların yapılmasının yanlış olduğunu açıklamıştı. Dönemin TOKİ Başkanı Erdoğan Bayraktar, Cendere Vadisi’nin arka bölümündeki kayalık alanın oyulmasıyla elde edilen bölgede  inşa edilen Milli Arşiv Külliyesi’nin deprem ve sel başta olmak üzere her türlü doğal afete karşı dayanıklı olarak tasarlandığı, muhafaza altına alınacak belgelerin nükleer, biyolojik ve kimyasal saldırılardan en iyi şekilde korunacağı iddia etmişti.

PAHA BİÇİLEMEZ BELGELER

165 milyon lira yatırım bedeliyle TOKİ tarafından Siyahkalem Mühendislik’e inşa ettirilen Cumhurbaşkanlığı Osmanlı Arşivi Külliyesi’nde 13 blok yer alıyor.

Projede, 800 kişilik kongre merkezi, 200 çalışma odası, 120 depo alanı, üç büyük genel amaçlı toplantı salonu, 5 seminer odası ve 10 toplantı odası da bulunuyor. Komplekste bin personel çalışabiliyor. Fatih’in Bosna Fermanı, Karlofça Antlaşması’nı, Baltalimanı Sözleşmesi gibi paha biçilemez belgelerin yer aldığı arşiv 800 kamera ile izleniyor.

İLBER ORTAYLI DENSİZLİK DEMİŞTİ

Yaklaşık 100 milyon belge ve 370 bin defterin bulunduğu Osmanlı Arşivi için Cendere Vadisi’nde İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi’ne ait arsanın bir bölümü ile hazine tarafından Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı’na tahsisli arsanın bir bölümünden oluşan toplam 55 bin 809 metrekarelik alan ayrıldı.

Hassa Mimarlık tarafından projesi hazırlanan arşiv sitesinin dere yatağında inşa edilmesine uzmanlar karşı çıkmış, Devlet Su İşler Bölge Müdürlüğü de bölgede sel tehlikesi bulunduğunu ifade etmişti.

Şehir Plancıları Odası, yapılaşma nedeniyle toprağın emme gücünün kalmayacağını belirterek, su baskını riskine dikkat çekerken, akademisyenler, nem nedeniyle arşivde de bozulmalar görülülebileceği konusunda uyarıda bulunmuştu.

Prof. Dr. İlber Ortaylı da “Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivi’nin yeri Bab-ı Ali’dir. Kâğıthane arşivlerinin fenni olmadığı tartışılıyor. Dünyadaki arşivlerin durumunu biraz biliyorum. İmparatorluk Arşivi’ni Kâğıthane’ye taşımak, Babıâli’den uzak tutmak densizliktir, saygısızlıktır ve de lüzumsuz bir görüştür” diyerek keskin bir tavır koymuştu.

Bab-ı Âli’deki tarihi Osmanlı Arşivi binası, 2013 Haziran ayında boşaltılır boşaltılmaz tadilata alındı. Tabelaya “Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivi restorasyon çalışması” yazıldı. Ancak restorasyon çalışması lüks bir otelle sonuçlandı.

https://www.devletarsivleri.gov.tr/

https://www.sozcu.com.tr/2019/emlak/osmanli-arsivi-sulandi-5450046/

Posted by: bluesyemre | November 13, 2019

2019 Global Health Security #GHS Index

GHS

The Global Health Security (GHS) Index is the first comprehensive assessment and benchmarking of health security and related capabilities across the 195 countries that make up the States Parties to the International Health Regulations (IHR [2005]). The GHS Index is a project of the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) and the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security (JHU) and was developed with The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). These organizations believe that, over time, the GHS Index will spur measurable changes in national health security and improve international capability to address one of the world’s most omnipresent risks: infectious disease outbreaks that can lead to international epidemics and pandemics.

Turkey GHS

2019 Global Health Security GSH Index

https://www.ghsindex.org/about/

https://www.ghsindex.org/

Posted by: bluesyemre | November 13, 2019

The Complicated role of the Modern #PublicLibrary

homeless

A homeless patron, Allen Barkovich, sits in the Woodmere Branch of the Traverse Area District Library in Michigan, 2013.
—AP Photo / Traverse City Record-Eagle, Keith King

There aren’t many truly public places left in America. Most of our shared spaces require money or a certain social status to access. Malls exist to sell people things. Museums discourage loiterers. Coffee shops expect patrons to purchase a drink or snack if they want to enjoy the premises.

One place, though, remains open to everybody. The public library requires nothing of its visitors: no purchases, no membership fees, no dress code. You can stay all day, and you don’t have to buy anything. You don’t need money or a library card to access a multitude of on-site resources that includes books, e-books and magazines, job-hunting assistance, computer stations, free Wi-Fi, and much more. And the library will never share or sell your personal data.

In a country riven by racial, ethnic, political, and socioeconomic divides, libraries still welcome everyone. “We are open spaces,” says Susan Benton, the president and CEO of the Urban Libraries Council, whose members include public-library systems serving cities large and small across the United States. “We certainly are without judgment about anybody’s characteristics.”

That commitment to inclusivity, along with a persistent ability to adapt to changing times, has kept public libraries vital in an era of divisive politics and disruptive technological change. But it has also put pressure on them to be all things to all people, and to meet a vast range of social needs without correspondingly vast budgets. These days, a branch librarian might run story hour in the morning, assist with a research project at lunchtime, and in the afternoon administer life-saving medical aid to a patron who’s overdosed on the premises.

If the idea of libraries as frontline responders in the opioid crisis sounds far-fetched, look no further than the Denver Public Library. In February 2017, a twenty-five-year-old man suffered a fatal overdose in one of its bathrooms. That prompted the library to lay in a supply of Narcan, a drug used to counteract opioid overdoses. Other libraries, including the San Francisco Public Library, have followed suit and begun to stock the life-saving drug.

Such interventions indicate the expanded role our public libraries now play in a fraying social network. Eric Klinenberg, a sociologist based at New York University, spent a year doing ethnographic research in New York City library branches for his latest book, Palaces for the People: How Social Infrastructure Can Help Fight Inequality, Polarization, and the Decline of Civic Life. Klinenberg borrowed the title from Andrew Carnegie, the Gilded Age industrialist-turned-philanthropist who funded some three thousand public libraries—“palaces for the people”—in the United States and abroad.

In an update of Carnegie’s idea, Klinenberg describes public libraries as “social infrastructure.” That means “the physical spaces and organizations that shape the way people interact,” he wrote in a 2018 op-ed in the New York Times. “Libraries don’t just provide free access to books and other cultural materials, they also offer things like companionship for older adults, de facto childcare for busy parents, language instruction for immigrants and welcoming public spaces for the poor, the homeless and young people.”

Klinenberg’s book is just one of a series of recent high-profile tributes to America’s public libraries. The New Yorker writer Susan Orlean’s most recent book, called simply The Library Book, begins with a personal love song to the subject before diving into the rich, troubled history of the Los Angeles Public Library and its iconic building in downtown L.A. In 2014, the photographer Robert Dawson published a book-length photographic essay that lovingly documents the astonishing variety of the seventeen thousand or so public libraries across the United States, from one-room shacks in the tiniest of towns to branches in strip malls to breathtaking, Carnegie-era book palaces in center cities. And a forthcoming NEH-funded documentary, Free for All: Inside the Public Library, brings to life some of the history and personalities that have shaped this major force for public good.

All of these projects confirm how libraries have proved over and over again, through decades of rapid change and predictions of obsolescence, that they remain essential to Americans’ lives. In an era of extreme weather events and other disasters, they’re becoming even more necessary.

The journalist Deborah Fallows and her husband, James Fallows, road-tripped across the country to report their 2018 book Our Towns: A 100,000-Mile Journey into the Heart of America, in which public libraries play a starring role. “In Ferguson, Missouri, the public library stayed open when the schools were closed after the riots, to offer the kids a safe place and even classes taught by volunteers,” Deborah Fallows wrote in a May 2019 dispatch for the Atlantic. “After the hurricanes in Houston, some library websites were immediately up and running, announcing that they were open for business. After Hurricane Sandy, some libraries in New Jersey became places of refuge. And in the Queens Library’s Far Rockaway branch, which didn’t have heat or light, the librarians set up shop in the parking lot to continue children’s story hours.”

Beyond Books

There are limits to the civic responsibilities public libraries can shoulder. “We’re not the police, we’re not social workers,” says Monique le Conge Ziesenhenne, the director of the Palo Alto City Library system in Silicon Valley and the 2018–19 president of the Public Library Association, a division of the American Library Association. “We do provide an important thread to a community’s well-being and health.”

In calmer times, public library systems offer a staggering array of programming that goes well beyond the books-and-story-time model many of us remember from our childhoods.

Ziesenhenne rattles off a list of some of Palo Alto’s offerings: a seed-lending library, home-brewing tutorials, a “Knack 4 Knitting” club, bilingual story hours, programs designed to help immigrants learn how to live in the United States. Keeping up with a national trend, the library recently created a makerspace with 3-D printers. In July, one branch hosted a workshop on how to use “graywater” from inside a house to sustain native-plant landscaping in the yard.

The list goes on and on. There’s something for almost everyone at the local library, whether you’re a parent who needs literacy support for your preschooler, an immigrant working on language skills or bureaucratic forms, a mystery fan in search of the latest whodunit by a favorite author, or someone experiencing homelessness who needs assistance with social services or access to a computer and the Internet.

Or you could just check out a book, as generations of library patrons have done before you. As extra-literary programs and digital offerings have expanded, the codex has not faded away. “We are still crazy busy with the basic printed materials,” Ziesenhenne says. “In Silicon Valley you would not necessarily expect that, but it’s absolutely true.”

Being located at the wealthy epicenter of the tech revolution doesn’t mean that the library has bottomless funds, though. Like most libraries, “we never have enough money for what we want to do,” Ziesenhenne says.

Even as print thrives, public librarians everywhere spend a lot of time wrangling with the great digital shift and how to adapt to it. In Palo Alto and elsewhere, they’re seeing an increase in the use of digital content as patrons become more familiar with how to use streaming media.

To keep up with changing technology and user expectations, public libraries have invested in more computer terminals and Wi-Fi capability. They have upgraded and expanded facilities to provide more outlets, meeting rooms, study spaces, and seating that patrons can use for extended periods of time as they take advantage of free Wi-Fi.

New, bigger, brighter coworking spaces see high usage among millennials, according to Ziesenhenne. “We are the original sharing economy, I like to say.”

The explosion of information online hasn’t sidelined librarians. It’s only made them more essential at a time when too few of us know how to distinguish real news from the fake variety. “We’ve worked very hard to think about media and how information is presented and ways we can equip people going forward to look for clues on a website,” including asking how old the content is and who’s providing it, Ziesenhenne says.

Librarians have an advantage in making themselves heard through the noise and confusion: Along with nurses and firefighters, they’re among the few groups and institutions Americans still trust, according to Lee Rainie, director of
Internet and technology research at the Pew Research Center.

From 2011 until 2016, Pew did a number of deep-dive studies of public libraries, work funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. In those surveys, researchers found that trust in librarians remained high because of their proven ability to curate and share reliable knowledge. “That’s become one of the more precious skills in a world where gaming the information ecosystem is an everyday reality,” Rainie says.

Pew’s library research generated other findings that grabbed media attention: Millennials grew up loving libraries and continue to support and make use of them, Rainie says. Now that they have families of their own, they’ve remained loyal. Having a child under the age of six is the biggest predictor of library use, Rainie adds; parents of young children like the family-friendly programs libraries run.

Pew’s research also found that families often see libraries as sanctuaries. “They were zones of peace, sometimes, in neighborhoods and communities where that was a precious commodity,” notes Rainie.

For many teens and adults, especially those from underprivileged backgrounds or without computer access at home, the local branch also functions as an on-ramp to the Internet. “Libraries have rebranded themselves as tech hubs without a lot of fanfare,” he says. They allow customers to learn and experiment with new digital resources such as 3-D printers without having to invest in them at home. “People treat libraries as petting zoos for new technology,” as Rainie puts it.

All of those activities require staff time and/or money. As they decide where to spend finite resources, libraries rely on survey data and on detailed conversations with their communities to keep content and programming up to date and adjust what they offer as times and needs change. Library staffers often act as community liaisons even when they’re not on duty, bringing back grassroots knowledge that helps the library add or adapt services in response.

“The library of my youth made all the rules,” says Patrick Losinski, CEO of the Columbus Metropolitan Library in Ohio. The mantra of today’s library, he says, is: How do you meet people where they want to be?

To get answers, the Columbus library recently hired a survey firm to gather information on patrons’ use of and views on the library. The results revealed a virtual town square of activity, with visitors dropping by to check out and return books (41 percent), bring their kids to play area (13 percent), do research (14 percent), read and relax (13 percent), study (9 percent), and use Wi-Fi, computers, printers, or copiers (about 27 percent combined). “Our customers also checked out more than fifteen million items last year, so we’re still a library,” Losinski says.

The survey confirmed that the community views its library as a force for social good. Ninety-one percent of respondents said helping kids by working more closely with schools should be one of the library’s top priorities; 50 percent said that should be its highest priority. Losinski reports that over 50 percent of the area’s youngsters do not have the literacy skill set they need for kindergarten, including basics such as how to hold a book and how to pronounce words they encounter.

Being able to read well gives kids a leg up in schooling and in life, but many children do not have the resources—books at home, parents with time and literacy skills and good child care—to help them master that skill. Public libraries around the country are stepping up to the challenge.

Children participate in 37,000 sessions a year in the Columbus library’s reading-buddies program, which helps kids prepare for a reading-proficiency test in third grade. In Los Angeles County, libraries have recast traditional story time as “school readiness time” and rebranded bookmobiles as “Reading Machines” to visit day care centers and bring parenting-support strategies out into the community.

“Libraries are not about books, they’re about people,” says Skye Patrick, who since 2016 has been the director of the Los Angeles County Library system. When Library Journal named Patrick its Librarian of the Year for 2019, it saluted her “efforts to eliminate barriers and increase access to services for her residents.”

“Equity means different things for different people,” Patrick says. “We wanted to challenge our staff to have a better awareness both of the experience of their colleagues and the experience of their customers.”

Patrick’s strategy to improve library access included putting in place a program called iCount, which provides tools and training for supervisors and staff on how to recognize inherent biases in programs and services. Thinking hard about equity and a wide range of patron experiences and needs is a must for L.A. County’s librarians, who work in one of the four largest and most diverse public library systems in North America. (The other three are the Toronto Public Library, the New York Public Library, and the Los Angeles Public Library system that serves the city of L.A.) The county has 86 library facilities (plus three bookmobiles) that collectively serve about 3.4 million residents; the system covers some 3,000 square miles and 49 cities.

Statistics for the fiscal year that ended June 30, 2018, give a sense of the scale at which it operates: annual circulation—10,857,015; e-book circulation—1,184,289; reference and information questions handled—5,908,474; number of Wi-Fi sessions—4,388,244.

Patrick is no stranger to large library systems; she ran the Broward County Library in Florida before she took her current job. In her experience, there is no workable one-system-fits-all model for public libraries. When she arrived in L.A. County, she set up a listening tour to meet with some of the county’s 3.4 million residents to hear what they wanted from their library.

“I called it a community visioning system, because I wanted the community to actively participate in the creation of the library they needed,” she says. One of the biggest takeaways: “a resounding desire for more hours.” Along with money constraints, “that’s always the issue for every library,” she says.

In response, the system added fifteen thousand more public service hours with some creative strategies that included the use of self-checkout technology, staggered staff schedules, and an additional 1 to 4 service hours per branch per week. “It was low-hanging fruit for us, and it garnered some true goodwill from the community,” Patrick says.

Other requests, such as a kindergarten class’s request to install slides and serve ice cream every day, weren’t feasible—“although we did think about it!” Patrick says. But “based on that response, they associated us with fun, and that’s a big win.” The kids didn’t see the library as stuffy and rule-bound.

Beyond being fun, libraries create sanctuaries for patrons who have few safe spaces in their lives. “There’s a tremendous amount of comfort and safety for people experiencing mental health issues,” Patrick says. “When they’re here, they’re not on the street.”

That inclusivity brings challenges. Some are minor, as when patrons wash up in library bathrooms because they’ve been living on the streets without access to personal-hygiene essentials. But if mental illness is at work, a library user may need a lot more than a place to clean up.

The vast majority of library users do not represent a danger to other patrons or staff, but libraries’ openness carries risks. Librarians have been threatened or killed in the course of doing their jobs. In January 2019, while getting ready for a book sale, the director of the Fort Myers Beach library in Florida was targeted and stabbed to death by a homeless man. A month earlier, in December 2018, the supervisor of the North Natomas branch of the Sacramento Public Library was shot to death in her car in the library’s parking lot by a man she had banned from the library for bad behavior. Her widower wrote an op-ed in American Libraries magazine to call attention to the dangers that library workers face. But security measures like metal detectors or monitoring systems don’t align well with libraries’ commitment to maintaining patron privacy and creating truly open spaces.

Pew’s Lee Rainie describes libraries as “early warning systems for broad cultural phenomena.” Those phenomena can be positive, such as the thirst to experiment with new technology and the desire to broaden access to good information and social services. But they can also be negative. Tensions between different social groups can arise when people who otherwise rarely interact rub elbows at the library.

Skye Patrick identifies a fracture point between what she calls “our two customer bases.” Some patrons ask for more security at library branches or express dismay about disruptions created by homelessness. Her job involves trying to educate one group about the rights of the other. The bottom line for all patrons: “As long as they are adhering to our code of customer expectations, they have the right to use the library,” she says.

The L.A. County bureaucracy, of which the library is a part, can help smooth the way for the disenfranchised. For instance, the Department of Social Services will provide an address for homeless patrons to use in order to get a library card. The library also offers fine-free cards for young people under 21, eliminating one common barrier to full access. (The system hasn’t dispensed with fines altogether yet, although like many libraries it is moving away from fines and has held amnesty periods in which patrons can return overdue materials without penalty.)

Librarians have long helped users navigate life challenges like finding a job, studying for an exam, or applying to school. More and more they play a crucial role in connecting patrons in need of social or mental health services with relevant agencies. “Our branch staff has been trained to at least point to the kinds of services that are available,” Patrick says.

Along with a growing number of libraries, it joined forces with the mental health department to bring social workers on-site to work with patrons in need. Beyond such partnerships with other county agencies, the Los Angeles County Library focuses on fostering what Skye Patrick calls “protective factors”: meaningful social connections, positive parent-child interactions, positive cultural identity, literacy support, and school readiness.

“Time will tell, but I feel really confident that it’s working,” Patrick says, adding that library staff also feel safer with that extra support in place. “That does not mean it solves everything.” Even an institution as resourceful, flexible, and resilient as the public library has its limits.

 

https://www.neh.gov/article/complicated-role-modern-public-library

2019 İstanbul Kitap Fuarı’nda ziyaret ettiğimiz Günışığı Kitaplığı ve ON8 Kitap Genel Müdür Yardımcısı Banu Ünal “1 Soru 1 Cevap” için sorumuzu yanıtladı: “Ekonomik krizin yayınevlerine ve okurlara etkisini nasıl yorumluyorsunuz?”

https://kitapeki.com/ekonomik-krizin-yayinevlerine-ve-okurlara-etkisini-nasil-yorumluyorsunuz/

Post-modern çağda yaşamak ne demek? Modernitenin can çekiştiği ve yeni bir çağa doğru adım attığımız günümüzde hangi değerler kayboluyor, hangi değerler önem kazanıyor? Fransız sosyolog Michel Maffesoli’nin Sputnik Fransa’ya verdiği mülakatı izliyoruz.

Çeviri: İlker Kocael

sos med ulu

Sosyal Medya ve Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi Kütüphanesi

Posted by: bluesyemre | November 12, 2019

#Population of #Europe throughout #History (1600-2020)

The past four centuries have seen great changes in the size and composition countries in Europe and the surrounding area. This data series focuses on what the largest polities were throughout recent history. Given the challenges of demography, the visualization begins in 1600 and details the numerous changes to population within the interim period. Europe today has eight times the amount of people it did just 400 years ago.

A wide variety of sources were employed in order to project the data. Tacitus.nu, Penguin Atlas of Recent History, various academic studies, and Eurostat provided most of the information. The population of colonies and holdings outside of Europe are excluded with the exception of the Russian and Ottoman Empires. Given the numerous changes in borders, the continental total can sometimes be erratic, shifting downwards or upwards for seemingly no reason. Generally, this is because various other nations are either no longer being recorded or diverging sources, not necessarily due to massive casualties. Examples include after the fall of the Soviet Union, where many former Soviet Republics are no longer included in the total, and the decline of the Ottoman Empire, with the loss of Egypt and North Africa. I’ve attempted to include as many states as possible, though there are a few excluded during portions of the presentation due to logistical difficulties. Obviously no data set is perfect, especially on matters so speculative such as population growth in the 1600s and 1700s, but I have put in my best effort. Please comment if you notice any serious errors so they can be rectified.

Posted by: bluesyemre | November 12, 2019

Skies of Turkey – Türkiye’nin Semaları by #HalilBekar

İki yıl önce bu projeye başladığımda bu kadar süreceğini düşünmemiştim. 6 ay video biriktirdikten sonra yaparım diye düşünmüştüm. Ama burası da güzelmiş orası da güzelmiş bunu da çekeyim derken aradan 2 yıl geçti. 2 yıldır biriktirdiğim bu görsellerle derlediğim çalışmamı sonunda bitirebildim. Bu proje her ne kadar uzun sürse de üstünde çalışmak çok keyifliydi. Umarım siz de keyif alırsınız. Video hakkında siz ne düşünüyorsunuz? Yorumlarda görüşlerinizi belirtmeyi ve bu videoyu paylaşıp daha fazla insana ulaşmama yardımcı olursanız çok sevinirim 🙂 Sağlıcakla, Halil .

The video shows the diversity of Turkey via drone shots. It took me 2 years to gather these video clips. So this is a work of two years of shooting in different locations of Turkey. I have been editing this video for a while now. But finally I finished it. I hope you like it. Please share it with your friends you want to show Turkey and feel free to comment below.

http://www.halilbekar.com/

https://www.instagram.com/bekartravels/

Bahar Biçen Aras

Üniversite Kütüphanelerinde İletişim ve Öğretim İçin Sosyal Medya MEFte Kütüphane

ANKOS Akademi Çalışma Grubu işbirliği ile 07 Kasım 2019 Perşembe günü düzenlenmiş olan ANKOS Akademi’den Sayın Emre Hasan AKBAYRAK’ın moderatorlüğünde İstanbul Medeniyet Üniversitesi Bilgi ve Belge Yönetimi Bölümünden Sayın Doç. Dr. Alpaslan Hamdi KUZUCUOĞLU’nun konuşmacı olduğu “ Bilgi Merkezlerinde Acil Durum ve Afetlere Hazırlık” adlı webinar kaydına yukarıdaki ve aşağıdaki bağlantılar aracılığı ile erişim sağlayabilirsiniz.

07 Kasım Webinar

Posted by: bluesyemre | November 8, 2019

Norway is returning Easter Island #artefacts to Chile

There are many forms of cultural appropriation but surely the most stark was the removal of hundreds of thousands of artefacts from countries that were colonized by European nations. Now calls to return what was taken are proving harder to ignore.

Perhaps the most famous case is that of the so-called Elgin Marbles, removed from the Parthenon in Athens by the 7th Lord Elgin at the beginning of the 19th century. Less than 30 years after they were taken, a newly independent Greece began efforts to get them back.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/04/norway-is-returning-easter-island-artefacts-to-chile/

ef

The world’s largest ranking of countries and regions by English skills with 100 countries & regions, this year’s report is our biggest league table to date. In today’s world, the English language demonstrates a strong network effect: the more people use it, the more useful it becomes. This report investigates how and where English proficiency is developing around the world. To create the ninth edition of the EF English Proficiency Index, we have analyzed the results of 2.3 million adults who took our English tests in 2018.

global ranking

europe

EF English Proficiency Index 2019

https://www.ef.com/wwen/epi/

Posted by: bluesyemre | November 8, 2019

How #Libraries can turn energy into action @RauhaMaarno

How-Libraries-can-turn-energy-into-action

It is well-known that libraries have always been a stronghold of information and resource within their communities, a place to go for answers to questions and to attain personal development.

For these reasons many people have come to love and become passionate about libraries and the importance they have to people, communities and societies.

But can these advocates of libraries be transformed into a super-strength which libraries can look to for help and support.

In this week’s blog we talk with the Director of the Finnish Library Association, Rauha Maarno to have her discuss her perspective on how libraries’ and library associations can turn the love of libraries into actionable energy.

How to turn energy into action?

At the Finnish Library Association, we work to achieve better libraries. We want people to love, cherish and use their library.

Working in a non-profit organization is first of all about channeling energy. A large amount of the FLA’s work is done by volunteers or partners. That really boosts up the volume of work we can achieve. This kind of volunteering, networking and leadership is useful in many different organizations.

Usually people just love their libraries. At the association we strive to turn this love into action. We need politicians to understand the value of what the library does and stands for, and to invest in libraries because of this.

We need to continue to develop the profession and inspire professionals to work even better for literate and civilized societies.

Action Steps

The steps discussed by Rauha are great reminder to involve and accept support from a passionate library community. The above five points are great ways to begin turning people’s energy into action to help and grow the library.

Whether delving deeper into social media, giving inspirational talks, or starting a vlog; maintaining a steady stream of relevant content is always going to attract the interest of people. People will be more involved in an event, entity or initiative the more they feel they understand and can relate with that thing.

Once you have their attention, let the energy that comes from their passion, direct itself into all the amazing creative outlets which the library is fully equipped to cultivate.

Rauha Maarno

Rauha Maarno

Director at Finnish Library Association

 

https://princh.com/how-libraries-can-turn-energy-into-action/#.XcVQwjMzaUk

Posted by: bluesyemre | November 8, 2019

#ZeigarnikEtkisi

Zeigarnik etkisi, ilk kez Rus psikolog Bluma Zeigarnik tarafından keşfedilmiştir ve yarım kalmış, tamamlanmamış şeylerin daha kolay hatırlanabildiğini ortaya koyan bir kavramdır.

https://www.fikriyat.com/psikoloji/2018/10/12/tamamlanmamis-keskelerin-zihin-muhasebesi-zeigarnik-etkisi

https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Bluma_Zeigarnik

farabi

Osmanlıca olarak kaleme alınan eserler, yapay zeka (AI) temelli dijital bir kütüphane olan İslam Tarih, Sanat ve Kültür Araştırma Merkezi (IRCICA) Farabi Sayısal Kütüphanesi’ne aktarıldı.

Uluslararası standartlarda dünyada tek olan yerli Osmanlıca OCR yazılımı oluşturan IRCICA, Osmanlıca olarak kaleme alınan eserleri bu yazılımdan geçirerek IRCICA Farabi Sayısal Kütüphanesi’nde araştırmacıların hizmetine sundu.

IRCICA Osmanlıca OCR Proje Koordinatörü Abdullah Topaloğlu, AA muhabirine yaptığı açıklamada, Sanayi ve Teknoloji Bakanlığı koordinasyonunda çalışan İstanbul Kalkınma Ajansı’nın (İSTKA) desteğiyle gerçekleştirdikleri Osmanlıca OCR Projesi kapsamında Farabi Sayısal Kütüphanesi ile Osmanlıca eserleri dijital dünyaya aktardıklarını bildirdi.

Topaloğlu, IRCICA’nın 56 Müslüman ülkenin üyesi bulunduğu İslam İşbirliği Teşkilatı’nın (İİT) tarih, kültür, medeniyet ve sanat alanında araştırma, yayın, enformasyon, arşiv çalışmaları yapan bir alt kuruluşu olduğunu belirterek, İslam ülkelerinin tarih, kültür, medeniyet ve sanat dünyalarıyla ilgili organizasyonlar planlayarak düzenlediğini anlattı.

IRCICA’nın çok güçlü bir kütüphaneye sahip olduğunu vurgulayan Topaloğlu, “Hem fiziki hem de Sayısal Kütüphane’miz çok kuvvetli. Dünyanın muhtelif ülkelerindeki araştırmacılar, bu koleksiyonları kullanmaktadır. Genelde bizim koleksiyonumuz akademiktir. Entellektüel düzeyde kitaplardır. Araştırmacılarımıza iki tane seçenek sunuyoruz; bir tanesi, normal klasik kütüphane uygulaması, diğeri, Sayısal Kütüphane…” ifadelerini kullandı.

“O kelimenin hangi sayıda, hangi sayfada, hangi satırda geçtiği listelenebiliyor”

Abdullah Topaloğlu, Sayısal Kütüphane’yi 2011 yılında kurduklarını ve Osmanlıca eserleri dijital dünyaya aktardıklarını belirterek, şunları kaydetti:

“Osmanlıca OCR çalışmalarımıza 2015 yılından itibaren İSTKA’nın desteğini de alarak devam ettirdik. Bu destekle 4 yıldır da faaliyetlerimizi sürdürmekteyiz. Kütüphane koleksiyonumuzda copyright hakkı olmayan eserleri dijital ortama aktardık. Şu anda 2 milyona yakın görüntüye Farabi Dijital Kütüphanesi’nin web sayfasından ulaşılabiliyor. Daha da önemlisi, eserler içerisinde search yapmanız mümkün. Yani, haftalar süren bir araştırmayı çok daha kısa sürelerde yapmak mümkün hale geldi.

Bu iş daha önce şöyle oluyordu; düşünün ki Tasvir-i Efkar gazetesinde siz bir konu arıyordunuz. Konunuz da diyelim ki Sultanahmet Camisi… Orada bununla ilgili veriye ulaşmak için bütün gazetelerin her bir sayfasını tek tek gözden geçirip her bir sayıyı okumanız gerekir ki aradığınız konuya ulaşabilesiniz. Halbuki Farabi Sayısal Kütüphanesi’nde arama çubuğuna Sultanahmet Camisi yazdığınız takdirde o kelimenin hangi sayıda, hangi sayfada, hangi satırda geçtiği listelenebiliyor.”

“Diğer kütüphanelerin de bu ağa katılmasını isteriz”

IRCICA Osmanlıca OCR Proje Koordinatörü Abdullah Topaloğlu, geliştirdikleri sayısal kütüphanenin araştırmacılar için zaman tasarrufu ve verimlilik sağladığını ifade ederek, bu çözümün, dünyadaki tüm bilim insanları ve araştırmacılara hizmet verdiğini anlattı.

Projenin ticari amaçlarla değil, tarih, kültür ve sanat ekosistemi için geliştirildiğine işaret eden Topaloğlu, şunları kaydetti:

“IRCICA, bunu satmayı düşünmüyor. Türkiye’deki kütüphaneler arasında iş birliği yapıp ortak bir sayısal kütüphane veri tabanı oluşturmayı hedefliyoruz. Yani ülkemizden veya yurt dışından her bir kütüphane, her bir veri merkezi bu ağa katılarak kitaplarını buraya yükleyebilir ve okuyucularına ulaştırabilir. Elinde Osmanlıca eser bulunduran Türkiye’deki Milli Kütüphane, Süleymaniye Kütüphanesi, Beyazıt Devlet Kütüphanesi, İstanbul Üniversitesi ve diğer kütüphanelerin de bu ağa katılmasını isteriz.”

https://e-library.ircica.org/

https://www.aa.com.tr/tr/kultur-sanat/osmanlica-eserler-dijital-dunyaya-tasindi/1634112

download (2)

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Geoffrey Robertson says it should ‘wash its hands of blood and return Elgin’s loot’

The British Museum has been accused of exhibiting “pilfered cultural property”, by a leading human rights lawyer who is calling for European and US institutions to return treasures taken from “subjugated peoples” by “conquerors or colonial masters”.

Geoffrey Robertson QC said: “The trustees of the British Museum have become the world’s largest receivers of stolen property, and the great majority of their loot is not even on public display.”

He criticised the museum for allowing an unofficial “stolen goods tour”, “which stops at the Elgin marbles, Hoa Hakananai’a, the Benin bronzes and other pilfered cultural property”. The three items he mentioned are wanted by Greece, Easter Island and Nigeria respectively.

“That these rebel itineraries are allowed is a tribute to the tolerance of this great institution, which would be even greater if it washed its hands of the blood and returned Elgin’s loot,” Robertson said.

He accused the museum of telling “a string of carefully-constructed lies and half- truths” about how the marbles “were ‘saved’ or ‘salvaged’ or ‘rescued’ by Lord Elgin, who came into possession of them lawfully.”

He criticised “encyclopaedic museums” such as the British Museum, the Louvre in Paris and the Metropolitan in New York that “lock up the precious legacy of other lands, stolen from their people by wars of aggression, theft and duplicity”.

Robertson’s views appear in his book, Who Owns History? Elgin’s Loot and the Case for Returning Plundered Treasure.

He writes: “This is a time for humility – something the British, still yearning for the era when they ruled the world, ie for Brexit, do not do very well. Before it releases any of its share of other people’s cultural heritage, the British Museum could mount an exhibition – ‘The Spoils of Empire’.” Others argue that the empire also brought benefits, including education and legislation.

Advocating the return of cultural property based on human rights law principles, Robertson observes that the French president, Emmanuel Macron has “galvanised the debate” by declaring that “African cultural heritage can no longer remain a prisoner of European museums”.

“Politicians may make more or less sincere apologies for the crimes of their former empires, but the only way now available to redress them is to return the spoils of the rape of Egypt and China and the destruction of African and Asian and South American societies,” he writes.

“We cannot right historical wrongs – but we can no longer, without shame, profit from them.”

Robertson prepared a report on the reunification of the Elgin marbles for the Greek government with Amal Clooney and the late Professor Norman Palmer. In his new book, he acknowledges that restitution might well encourage further claims, “although – because the Marbles are unique – not necessarily successful ones”.

He writes: “The Benin bronzes, for example, are art which is important to Africa, but not to the world in the way that the marbles have international resonance. On the other hand, the barbaric manner of the taking of the bronzes amounted to a war crime, which is morally more despicable than Elgin’s theft and duplicity.”

He accuses museum trustees and the government of passing the buck when it comes to answering requests for the return of cultural property. He also criticises the lack of diversity among trustees.

Julian Spalding, the former head of Glasgow, Sheffield and Manchester museums, agreed that the British Museum should give the Elgin marbles back “because they’re an intrinsic part of one the world’s greatest works of art”.

A British Museum spokeswoman confirmed that it allows a “stolen goods tour”, run by an external guide. She said the Elgin marbles were acquired legally, with the approval of the Ottoman authorities of the day.

“They were not acquired as a result of conflict or violence. Lord Elgin’s activities were thoroughly investigated by a parliamentary select committee in 1816 and found to be entirely legal,” she said.

“The British Museum acknowledges the difficult histories of some of its collections, including the contested means by which some collections have been acquired such as through military action and subsequent looting … In the case of the Benin bronzes, the museum visited Benin City in 2018 to talk about plans for a new Royal Museum in Benin City and how the museum could help.”

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/nov/04/british-museum-is-worlds-largest-receiver-of-stolen-goods-says-qc

https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/art/news/british-museum-stolen-property-collection-gallery-history-exhibition-a9185436.html

https://www.independentturkish.com/node/88636/k%C3%BClt%C3%BCr/%C3%BCnl%C3%BC-insan-haklar%C4%B1-avukat%C4%B1-robertson-british-museum-d%C3%BCnyadaki-en-b%C3%BCy%C3%BCk-%C3%A7al%C4%B1nt%C4%B1-mal

https://books.google.com.tr/books/about/Who_Owns_History.html?id=TRieDwAAQBAJ&source=kp_cover&redir_esc=y

Posted by: bluesyemre | November 8, 2019

My #Turkey time lapses by #CanerCangül

https://www.canercangul.com/

boat_cover

A team of researchers from the University of Maine revealed the largest 3D printed part in the world. It is a boat, the 3Dirigo, designed on a large-format polymer 3D printer developed by the UMaine Advanced Structures and Composites Center. The piece is 7.62 meters long and weighs 2.2 tons! The project teams were awarded 3 World Records: the largest 3D printed solid part, the largest 3D printed boat and finally the largest 3D printer. This is a promising initiative for the maritime sector, which take advantage of the benefits of additive manufacturing.

More and more additive manufacturers are turning to large-format 3D printing, hoping to create large structures in one go and avoid assembly or post-processing steps that are expensive and time-consuming. The University of Maine is therefore joining this trend, with an emphasis on the use of composite materials. Last May, its partner the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) received $20 million to develop a large-format additive manufacturing program based on 3D printing materials that contained wood fiber. The 3D printing of the boat is therefore a significant step forward in this government-supported project.

3D Printed Boat: The Manufacturing Process

The UMaine teams worked with Ingersoll Machine Tools to develop their 3D printer, it presents a printing volume of 30 x 6.70 x 3 meters (length, width and height) and a speed of 227 kilos per hour. The print head is fixed on a gantry mounted on rails, making it easier to move along the length. As of today, the manufacturer is not offering a wide-range of compatible materials, however the machine was designed to use raw materials of biological origin, in particular cellulose from wood. Apparently, the 3D printer was designed for rapid prototyping applications for civil, defence and infrastructure applications.

In order to demonstrate the capabilities of their large format 3D printer, the teams created  the 3D printed boat 3Dirigo. It was manufactured in just 72 hours from a mixture of plastic and wood cellulose. The part is 7.62 meters long and weighs 2.2 tons, making it the largest solid structure ever 3D printed.

Other Projects

The University of Maine took the opportunity to present a second project, a 3.6-metre long 3D printed communication shelter for the US military. The university worked in collaboration with the Combat Capabilities Development Command (CCDC), a branch of the army that consists of rapidly deploying shelter systems for soldiers. Col. Frank Moore, Military Assistant at CCDC Soldier Center, explains: “The innovation that we have witnessed here at the University of Maine will revolutionize how the Army prototypes and manufactures shelters, vehicles and other large systems. The lighter yet stronger 3D printed systems will advance the state of the art in additive manufacturing, forging the future of expeditionary equipment IAW with the Army’s new policy on advanced manufacturing.”

The machine is also expected to meet the needs of rapidly deployable and logistically weak infrastructure systems. With this in mind, the teams printed a 2.2-ton, 6.4-metre-long 3D mold to make a 23-metre-long bridge girder. The bridge is expected to be built in Hampden, Maine, in the summer of 2020. Habib Dagher, Executive Director of the UMaine Advanced Structures and Composites Center concludes: “We are truly honored to be working with leaders from the Maine boatbuilding industry, Maine Forest Products Industry, the national construction industry, Maine Technology Institute, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the U.S. Dept of Energy Advanced Manufacturing Office, the U.S. Office of Naval Research, the U.S. Army, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. With this large printer, we will be able to accelerate innovation and prototype development in both the civilian and military sectors.” Find more information HERE.

https://www.3dnatives.com/en/3d-printed-boat-university-of-maine-161020195/

Posted by: bluesyemre | November 6, 2019

2019 #Softtech #Teknoloji Raporu

softtech

softtech tek

https://softtech.com.tr/2019-teknoloji-raporu/

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KÜTÜPHANECİLER HEP BİRLİKTE AĞAÇ DİKİYOR DOĞAYA SAHİP ÇIKIYOR…

70. yılımızı kutlamaya hazırlandığımız bugünlerde Türk Kütüphaneciler Derneği olarak daha yeşil bir Türkiye için Geleceğe Nefes Projesi’ne destek olmaya gidiyoruz.

Etkinlik Yeri: YENİMAHALLE / SUSUZ / BATIKENT ÇAKIRLAR A.O.Ç ARAZİSİ

Proje sayfası : https://gelecegenefes.com/

Etkinliğe kendi imkanları ile katılamayacak için servis kaldırılacaktır.
Sınırlı sayıda kontenjan için lütfen 0 312 230 13 25 numaradan rezervasyon yaptırınız.

Posted by: bluesyemre | November 5, 2019

Okuma kültürünü yaygınlaştırma #AyşegülDomaniçYelçe

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Birleşmiş Milletler Eğitim, Bilim ve Kültür Örgütü’nün (UNESCO) verilerine göre Türkiye kitap okuma oranında dünyada 86’ncı sırada, yoksul Afrika ülkeleri ile aynı kategoride bulunuyor. Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu’ na (TÜİK) göre, Türk halkının ihtiyaç listesinin 235’inci sırasında yer alıyor. Yapılan araştırmalara göre ise Türkiye’de sadece 100 kişiden dördü kitap okuyor.

Geçen yıl gerçekleştirilen Türkiye’nin kitap okuma alışkanlıkları ve yayınevi verilerine ilişkin bir araştırma Türkiye’de kişi başına yaklaşık sekiz kitap düştüğünü, Türk insanının kitap okuma eylemine günde sadece yedi dakika ayırdığını gösteriyor.

Bu tabloyu değiştirmek isteyen Türkiye Yayıncılar Birliği Türkiye’de okuma kültürünün geliştirilmesi ve yaygınlaştırılması yolundaki ilk adımı attı ve bu amaca hizmet edecek bir platform kurulmasına öncülük etti. Ve sivil toplumla ve kamuyla ortaklıklar ve ağlar kurarak faaliyetini sürdürecek olan “OKUYAY Platformu” (Okuma Kültürünü Yaygınlaştırma Platformu) hayata geçirildi.

T.C. Dışişleri Bakanlığı Avrupa Birliği Başkanlığı tarafından yürütülmekte olan Ortaklıklar ve Ağlar Hibe Programı kapsamında hibe almaya hak kazanan OKUYAY Platformu, 15 Ocak 2019 tarihinde resmi olarak çalışmalarına başladı. Platform, okuma kültürünü desteklemeye çalışan sivil toplum kuruluşlarına, aktivistlere ve gönüllülere destek vererek Türkiye ve Avrupa’daki iyi örnekleri Türkiye geneline yaymayı hedefliyor.

OKUYAY Platformu çalışmalarını Türk Kütüphaneciler Derneği (TKD), Anne Çocuk Eğitim Vakfı (AÇEV), Kadıköy Belediyesi ve Kingston Üniversitesi (Birleşik Krallık) ortaklığıyla yürütüyor. Türkiye’ nin seçilen dört bölgesinde çocukları, ebeveynleri, öğretmenleri, kamu kuruluşlarını, kütüphaneleri ve sivil toplumu yayıncılık paydaşları ile bir araya getirerek pilot uygulamalar yapıyor. Platform ayrıca, İstanbul Taksim’deki çalışma ofisinde düzenlenen toplantılar ve etkinliklerle, okuma kültürünü geliştirmeye destek olabilecek STK, aktivist ve gönüllüleri bir araya getiriyor.

Çalışmaları 15 Ocak 2019 tarihinde başlamış olan 24 ay süreli proje, yedi kişilik bir ekip tarafından yürütülüyor.

2000 yılında kurulan, Türkiye Yayıncılar Birliği’ nin de üyeleri arasında yer aldığı, EURead Avrupa’da okuma kültürünün yaygınlaştırılması ve geliştirilmesi için çalışmalarda bulunuyor. 18 ülkeden 23 sivil toplum kuruluşunun üye olduğu kurumun halen yürütmekte olduğu en önemli kampanya, “Europe Reads” (Avrupa Okuyor). Bu kampanyayla üye ülkelerde okuma konusundaki farkındalığı arttırmayı hedefleyen EURead, aynı zamanda Avrupa Birliği Parlamentosunun dikkatini okuma kültürü konusuna çekmeyi ve bu alanda çalışmalar yapılmasını sağlamayı amaçlıyor.

Türkiye’ nin Avrupa ile eş zamanlı olarak okuma kültürünü yaygınlaştırmak için çalışıyor olması son derece sevindirici. Umarım çok yakın bir gelecekte ülkemizin kitap okuma oranı konusunda dünya sıralamasında hak ettiği yere geldiğini müjdeleyen bir yazı kaleme alabilirim. Bunu gerçekten çok istiyorum.

Engellerimizi hissettirmeyecek engelsiz bir yaşam dileği ile…

http://okuyayplatformu.com/

http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/yazarlar/aysegul-domanic-yelce/okuma-kulturunu-yayginlastirma-41364128

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