Posted by: bluesyemre | September 20, 2021

Büyükada Hikayesi #MosheAelyon

Her ne kadar bu ilk YouTube videomuzun adı “Büyükada Hikayesi” olsa da aslında bu bir aşk hikayesi. Kökümü en çok hissettiğim toprak parçası. Hayatımın ilk 19 yılının yazlarının seti bu büyülü mekan. Yıllar onu eskitse de, kalabalıklaştırsa da, yıpratsa da, bana göre halen yer yüzündeki cennetim ada’m. Umarım bu akşam ve bu hafta sonu bu paylaşımımı YouTube kanalımızdan izlemek için bana 17 dakika 39 saniyenizi ayırırsınız. Biliyorum değişim yüzünden bazılarımız bu değerden uzaklaştık, ama ben ısrarla sihirin kaybolmadığını savunuyorum. Ve sahip çıkmamız taraftarıyım. Yalnız ve yalnız bizim duruşumuzla belki zamanla hakkettiği değere yeniden kavuşur Büyükada’mız. Sevgili ekibim @custommaker’a hikayemi yakalayabildikleri ve emekleri için teşekkür ediyorum. Sevenlere ve paylaşma kararı alanlara da önceden minnetlerimi sunarım. Sevgi paylaştıkça çoğalıyor. Hayat keşfetmeye değecek kadar güzel.Keyifli seyirler dilerim.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 20, 2021

North Meets South

Looking at this photo might make you feel a little topsy-turvy! This Picture of the Week captures both the Northern and Southern Hemisphere at once — the whole night’s sky in one mind-bending image — something that would be impossible to see in real life. 

To create this image, photographers Petr Horálek and Juan Carlos Casado took two pictures at observatories located at the same latitudes in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The top half is a photo taken at the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias’ Roque de los Muchachos Observatory in La Palma in the Canary Islands, 29 degrees north of the equator, whilst the bottom half was taken at ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile’s Atacama Desert, 29 degrees south of the equator. When digitally stitched together, they create a continuous sweeping view of the night’s sky. 

One of the most noticeable features in this picture is the eerie white glow radiating out vertically from its centre. This is the zodiacal light, a phenomenon caused by dust that pervades our Solar System scattering sunlight, which is only visible in areas with extremely dark skies free from light pollution. Shining brightly in the beam of the Northern Hemisphere Zodiacal Light is the planet Venus.

The bottom image shows several of the telescopes at La Silla, including the ESO 1-metre Schmidt telescope in the foreground. The reflective mirror seen upside-down in the top image is part of the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA), a group of gamma-ray telescopes observing some of the most energetic phenomena in the universe. A second array will be installed in the southern hemisphere close to ESO’s Paranal Observatory, via an agreement between CTA Observatory and ESO.

https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw2137a/

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 20, 2021

7 of the Most Beautiful #Libraries in the UK and Ireland

Many of us have rediscovered a love of reading in lockdown, but haven’t been able to enjoy doing so in our local library. Now, as restrictions begin to ease in some areas, we’ll hopefully be able to go back to perusing library shelves again.

Writer and Children’s Laureate Cressida Cowell has reminded us how precious these spaces are, signing an open letter to the British Prime Minister asking him to ring-fence funding for primary school libraries in particular.

Libraries can broaden our minds and transport us to different places – and it certainly helps if they’re in a special building. Due to Covid-19 restrictions, not all of these libraries are currently open, so it’s worth checking your area’s guidelines before visiting. At the very least, you can walk past and gawk at the exteriors of these impressive buildings…

1. Peckham Library

London’s Peckham Library was opened in 2000 and designed by Will Alsop. The unusual shape is an inverted L, with the lip of the building propped up by angled pillars. The majority of the exterior is clad in copper, with one side featuring colourful glass windows.

2. The National Library of Ireland

It doesn’t get more majestic than the reading room of the National Library of Ireland in Dublin. Visitors can settle down with a book beneath an ornate vaulted dome, decorated in blue, green and gold detailing. The exterior isn’t too shabby either – designed by Thomas Newenham Deane and finished in 1877, it’s an intricately decorated rotunda.

3. The National Library of Scotland

The National Library of Scotland in Edinburgh

The National Library of Scotland (NLS) is housed in a suitably dramatic Edinburgh building. Eventually finished in 1958 – after delays due to World War II – and designed by Reginald Fairlie, the imposing stone facade is decorated with sculptures.

4. Library of Birmingham

Situated in Centenary Square, this futuristic building appears as differently sized blocks stacked atop each other, with a gold and silver facade of interlocking rings – a nod to Birmingham’s metalworking history.

The library was designed by Dutch architecture firm Mecanoo and was opened in 2013. Rooftop terraces give visitors views over the square, and the golden rotunda at the top of the building is home to the Shakespeare Memorial Room – designed in 1882 and part of Birmingham’s first Central Library.

5. Linen Hall Library

Linen Hall Library is the oldest library in Belfast, dating back to 1788. The facade might not immediately take your breath away – an unobtrusive white arch leads you in from the street – but the interior will.

Inside, you’ll be transported back in time, with sweeping wooden spiral staircases, intricate metal balustrades and hefty bookshelves.

6. Liverpool Central Library

Liverpool’s main library is a celebration of both old and new. Half the site – including the facade – is housed in classical buildings dating back to the 1800s. It’s a different story when you walk through the entrance. The revamp was unveiled in 2013, giving the library a sweeping new atrium over five storeys, with staircases floating across the vast space.

7. The Long Room at Trinity College

The Old Library at Trinity College Dublin is a must-see, particularly for its historic Long Room. It’s been a working library since 1732, and is home to the 9th century Book of Kells and a whole lot of moody wooden beams.

This probably isn’t the kind of library you’d head to for the latest Bridgerton book – but it’s worth it to ogle the impressive architecture.

https://www.independent.co.uk/travel/libraries-prime-minister-covid-architecture-visitors-b1830541.html

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 20, 2021

KYK Bursuyla Beraber Alınabilen Burslar Nelerdir?

Bu videomuzda KYK Bursu ile alınabilen burslardan ve genel koşullarından bahsettik. Bu gördüğünüz kurumlara KYK Bursu alsanız dahil başvuru yapabilirsiniz ve eğer burs başvurunuz olumlu sonuçlanırsa KYK Bursu ile beraber bu burslardan da faydalanabilirsiniz.

İstanbul’un bir sarmala dönmüş taksi sorununa uzun bir süredir çözüm aranıyor ancak taksici birlikleri ve İBB arasında uzlaşı sağlanamıyor. İBB çözüm için yeni taksi projesini 8 defa UKOME’ye sundu ancak kente yeni taksiler kazandıracak proje, 8 defa reddedildi. Taksiciler ise önce mevcut sistemin rehabilite edilmesi gerektiğini savunuyor. İBB Meclisi, son olarak toplu ulaşım araçlarının denetlenmesi amacıyla Esenler’deki otogarda denetim merkezi kurulmasına karar verdi. İlk etapta 15 bin takside ‘i-taksi’ uygulamasına geçileceği, iç ve dış kamera takılacağı bildirildi. DW Türkçe mikrofonlarına konuşan vatandaşlar taksi sorununa acil çözüm bulunması gerektiğini söylüyor. Peki, İstanbul’un taksi sorununa neden çözüm bulunamıyor? Sorun nerede tıkanıyor? Merak edilen soruları konunun taraflarına sorduk. Sorun taksi sayısında mı yoksa taksi şoförlerinde mi?

Son 5 yıldır dağ turizmine kapalı olan Ağrı Dağı’nda inanılmaz bir yoğunluk yaşanıyor. Barış sürecinin sona ermesi ile yasaklanan Ağrı Dağı tırmanışları bu yıl yeniden açıldı. Özellikle temmuz ve ağustos aylarında dağdaki turist sayısında bir patlama yaşandı. Aynı anda yüzlerce kişi zirve tırmanışı yaptı. Yıllardır bölgede faaliyette bulunan rehberler yoğun talebe cevap veremediklerini anlatıyor. DW Türkçe, bu yıl hiç olmadığı kadar popüler hale gelen Ağrı Dağı’ndaydı. 

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 20, 2021

En İyi 10 Online CV Hazırlama Sitesi

Yurt dışı eğitim ya da iş başvurusu yapacak olan öğrenciler ve yeni mezunlar için etkili bir CV ya da bir diğer adıyla özgeçmişe sahip olmak, artık eskisinden daha çok hayati önem taşıyor. Zira giderek artan dünya nüfusu, beraberinde daha çok iş arayan mezun ve onların yarattığı rekabet ortamını getiriyor. 

Eskiden özgeçmiş hazırlamak için internetten hazır CV örnekleri indirip bunlar üzerinden düzenleme yaparken, gelişen teknoloji bu işlemi hızlı ve pratik bir şekilde online olarak yapmamızı sağlayan fırsatlar sunuyor. Peki, ücretli ve ücretsiz CV hazırlama imkanı sunan web siteleri ile çarpıcı özgeçmişler hazırlamak ister misiniz?  Sizin için birden fazla mevcut olan en iyi online CV hazırlama sitelerini bir araya getirdik.

1- Your CV Builder

Site, size 5 dakika içerisinde profesyonel ve ücretsiz CV hazırlama imkanı sunar. Internet üzerinden stajlar, lise ya da üniversite öğrencileri, pazarlama ya da farklı iş başvurularında kullanabileceğiniz hazır şablonlar arasından seçim yaparak hazırladığınız özgeçmişinizi bilgisayarınıza kaydederek iş ya da eğitim başvurularınızda kullanabilirsiniz.

2- Cake Resume 

Son derece kolay bir kullanıcı arayüzüne sahip online Cv hazırlama sitesi Cake Resume, ilk olarak sizden bir hesap oluşturmanızı ister. Hem premium hem de ücretsiz online CV hazırlama imkanı sunan sitenin ücretsiz sürümü birkaç şablona sahiptir, ancak tasarımları değiştirme ve sadece 1 özgeçmiş hazırlama imkanınız vardır. Ayrıca ücretsiz CV haPDF formatında indirebilir ve online olarak başvurularınızda kullanabilirsiniz. 

3- Resume Genius

Online CV hazırlama siteleri arasında sadece 15 dakikada profesyonel ve zarif bir özgeçmiş hazırlamanıza yardımcı olmayı sağlayan Resume Genius, oldukça basit bir kullanıma sahiptir. Premium kullanıcılar için birçok yararlı işleve sahip site, ücretsiz kullanıcılar için temel birkaç şablona sahiptir ve hazırladığınız özgeçmişinizin sadece bir kopyasını indirebilirsiniz. Online olarak özgeçmişinizi hazırlamadan önce tüm bilgilerinizi gözden geçirip not ederek daha hızlı ilerleyebilirsiniz. 

4- Resumonk 

Online CV oluşturmanın ve paylaşmanın en kolay yolunu sunan Resumonk, şu anda mevcut olan en iyi ücretsiz özgeçmiş hazırlama sitelerinden biridir. CV hazırlama ücretsiz sürüm size 4 temel şablon ve PDF formatında indirme imkanı sunarken, oldukça profesyonel görünüme sahip şablonlar işinizi görecektir. En iyi yanlarından biri de sitede çalışmak için bir hesap açmanız ve kaydolmanız gerekmez. 

5- Visual CV

Online özgeçmiş oluşturmak için bir diğer etkili site Visual CV’dir. Profesyonel özgeçmiş hazırlama konusunda oldukça iyi örneklere sahip olan site, 3 milyon insan tarafından kullanılıyor. Siteye Google ya da LinkedIn hesabınız üzerinden kolaylıkla kayıt olabilir, modern ve göz alıcı online CV örnekleri oluşturabilirsiniz. Ücretsiz sürüm 3 şablon ve sadece 1 kere Pdf formatında indirme imkanı sunuyor. 

6- Novoresume

Fazla detaylı olmayan, ama şık ve kaliteli bir online CV hazırlamak istiyorsanız, Novoresume tam size göredir. Belirli bir iş ya da duruma göre kişiselleştirilmiş bir özgeçmiş oluşturmanıza yardımcı olan site, CV’nizin benzersiz ve ilgi çekici olmasını sağlamak için faydalı ipuçları sunar. Kayıt olduğunuz takdirde, hazırladığınız özgeçmişinizi ücretsiz PDF formatında indirebilirsiniz. 

7- ResumUp

Fonksiyonel, klasik ve basit özgeçmiş örnekleri sunan ResumUP, bir işe başlama şansınızı %76’ya kadar çıkarmayı hedefliyor. Becerilerinize daha fazla vurgu yapabileceğiniz ve sizi çekici bir aday haline getirecek infografik şablonlar ve etkileşimli formatlara sahip site, hızlı ve kolay bir deneyim sunar. ResumUp, online CV hazırlama ücretsiz sitelerinden en popüler olanlarından biridir. 

8- Canva

Canva, yaratıcılığınızı gösterebileceğiniz ve benzersiz tasarımlar ortaya çıkarabileceğiniz en iyi sitelerden biridir. Biz onu daha çok sosyal medya ya da logo, broşür, afiş gibi grafik tasarım görselleri hazırlanan bir site olarak sıkça tanıtsak da Canva’nın bir diğer özelliği de harika online CV örnekleri barındırmasıdır. Çok sayıda şablon, yazı tipi, arka plan görüntüsü sunan site, aynı zamanda pdf, docx, jpeg gibi çoklu indirme formatları ve paylaşma seçenekleri ile de oldukça kullanışlıdır. 

9- Enhancv

Ciddi kurumsal tip özgeçmişler için en iyi ücretsiz cv hazırlama sitelerinden biri olan Enhancv, online olarak ulaşabileceğiniz çok sayıda şablon ve tasarıma sahiptir. Eğitim aldığınız konu ya da çalışıyor olduğunuz sektöre göre seçim yapıp özgeçmişinizi hazırlayabileceğiniz sitede, tasarımınızı PDF formatında indirebilirsiniz. Ücretli sürüm elbette daha iyidir, ancak ücretsiz hazırlayacağınız şablonlar bile profesyonel bir CV için yeterli görünüyor. 

10- CV Maker

Basit, hızlı ve tamamen ücretsiz harika özgeçmişler yaratma imkanı sunan CV Maker, hem online hem de ücretsiz seçeneklere sahiptir. Online CV oluşturucu sayesinde, herkesin profesyonel bir özgeçmiş hazırlamasında önemli bir role sahip site, iş bulma olasılığınızı da %65’e kadar yükseltiyor. Bugüne kadar 11 milyondan fazla indirilen şablonlar, hayalini kurduğunuz bir CV için mükemmel bir araçtır. 

https://www.hotcourses-turkey.com/study-abroad-info/latest-news/online-cv-hazirlama-sitesi/

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 20, 2021

Everything You Need to Know About #Energy 

PHOTOGRAPH: ALEXANDROS MARAGOS/GETTY IMAGES

We’ll talk about the different types—kinetic energy, electrical potential energy, etc.—and different sources, from fossil fuels to solar. 

IT SHOULD BE clear that our world runs on energy. Driving your car, washing your clothes, heating your house, and even running your computer (so you can read this post)—these things all require energy. But where does this energy come from? Does it even matter? Yes, it really does matter. Some forms of energy contribute to climate change and other sources are renewable. And since we are all living on the same planet, these energy choices can be quite important. This means that everyone should have a basic understanding of energy. Don’t worry, I’m going to explain this at the level every human should understand.What Is Energy?

Energy isn’t actually real—it’s just a way for us to keep track of interactions. (Humans deal with stuff that isn’t real all the time. Words—words aren’t “real,” they are just ways that one human can share an idea with other humans.) If we keep track of all the energy changes in different interactions, we find that energy is conserved. This means that if you could measure all the energy before an interaction, you would find that the total energy is the same after the interaction. It’s just in different places.

What about the units for energy? The most common energy unit in science is the joule. One joule is the amount of energy it would take to push with a force of 1 newton over a distance of 1 meter. That doesn’t really help you get a good feeling for this unit though. How about this? If you pick up a textbook off the floor and put it on a table, that’s about 10 joules of energy.

We also find it extremely useful to describe energy as different types. Here are the most common energies that you might might talk about:

  • Kinetic energy. This is the energy associated with objects in motion. The kinetic energy depends on both the mass of the object and the speed.
  • Electric potential energy. If you take two electric charges, they will of course interact. The electric potential energy is a measure of this interaction. This energy is actually very important. Since pretty much everything is made of electric charges (protons and electrons), a lot of other energies are based on this.
  • Gravitational potential energy. This is the energy associated with the gravitational interaction between objects that have mass (so pretty much everything).
  • Thermal energy. It takes energy to increase the temperature of the object—so we say objects have thermal energy. Since matter is made of particles, this is actually a combination of kinetic energy (due to the motion of the particles) and electric potential energy (in the interactions between atoms).
  • Chemical potential energy. When you have some type of chemical reaction that transfers energy, we call this chemical potential energy. This includes humans eating food, cars using gasoline, and chemical batteries. But really, this is just a fancy term for electric potential energy—again, because the interactions between atoms is almost exclusively an electric charge interaction.
  • Particle energy. OK, maybe that’s not the best term—but I like it. Essentially, all particles have energy because of both their motion (the kinetic energy is technically part of this) and their mass. But this means that even a particle at rest still has energy. Mass is a form of energy.

One more thing to mention: power. If you take that textbook off the floor and move it to the table—we said that was 10 joules of energy. But clearly there is a difference if that move takes 1 second or if it takes 1 hour. Although the energy required is the same in both cases, the power is not. Here, we define power as the rate of change in energy.

Since power is actually a rate of energy use, we talk about the change in energy per change in time. If this change in energy is in units of joules and the change in time is in seconds, the power would be in units of watts. In the textbook example above, the first lift would require a power of 10 watts, the second one would only require 0.0028 watts. A typical (LED) light bulb uses around 20 watts of power, and if your car is electric, it uses about 20 kilowatts.

But you have to be careful. One unit you will see quite often is the kilowatt-hour. Although it might look like a unit of power, it’s not. It’s actually a unit of energy. Start with the definition of power above, but solve for ΔE, and you can see that the change in energy is equal to the power multiplied by the time interval. That means that we can describe a change in energy in units of power and time. That’s the kilowatt-hour, where one kilowatt-hour is the amount of energy you get from a power of 1 kilowatt for a time interval of 1 hour (3,600 seconds). So, 1 kilowatt-hour is equal to 3.6 million joules.Fossil Fuels

Let’s move on to the practical aspect of how we use energy. Fossil fuels are probably the most common energy source and one that humans have been using for the longest time. The basic idea of fossil fuel energy is to take some carbon and combine it with oxygen, forming carbon dioxide along with some energy (which is the part we want). Yes, it’s true—you get energy from forming chemical bonds, not from breaking them. Of course the oxygen usually comes from the atmosphere (which is about 21 percent O2), but where do you get the carbon? Well, you could chop down a tree and burn it. Or you could dig up some old trees that over time turned into coal, oil, or natural gas. Since these are super old trees, they are fossils—boom, fossil fuels.

So, what’s great about fossil-fuel-based energy? The best thing is that it’s easy. You just need to get this stuff out of the ground and then burn it. It’s like instant energy just waiting there for humans to use it. Most forms of fossil fuels also have a high energy density. There’s quite a bit of energy in gasoline, which has an energy density of 46.4 MJ/kg. Even though an automobile is only 25 percent efficient, just 1 kilogram of gasoline can give you 11.6 million joules of energy. Remember, it was 10 joules to lift a textbook ofg the ground and onto a table. This is why you can get a car to drive 20 to 50 miles on just a single gallon of gasoline. You have to admit that’s really impressive.

OK, then, what’s not great about fossil fuels? Hopefully, you already know the answer to this question. When you burn a fossil fuel, you produce carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas, and it contributes to climate change. If we keep burning fossil fuels, the increase in carbon dioxide is going to change the climate in a way that will make it difficult for humans to keep doing things we have always done—like living near the coast or growing crops in certain regions. So, that’s what’s bad about fossil fuels.

But let me just be clear. It’s not just the use of gasoline in automobiles. We also burn fossil fuels for the production of the electrical energy used in houses and stuff. The basic idea is to burn the fossil fuel to heat up water and convert it to steam. This steam then pushes on the blades of an electric turbine engine to spin it. These spinning turbines create electrical energy through an electromagnetic interaction (using loops of wires and magnets). A number of energy sources use spinning turbines, actually.Solar Energy

If you just go outside during a sunny day, you can feel it. You can feel your body warming up as a result of the interaction with the light from the sun. In fact, at our location in the solar system, the sun gives us about 1,000 watts per square meter of power. Of course, the trick is to get this energy into something more useful like electrical energy. One way to do this is with a solar panel (photovoltaic cell). This is essentially a solid-state device (with no moving parts) for which light can cause an electron energy transition to produce electric current. Yes, that’s an over simplification—but you get the idea. It turns light energy into electrical energy.

But wait! There’s another way to use solar power. It’s called a concentrated solar power plant. The idea is to arrange a bunch of mirrors to all reflect sunlight to a central point. The object at this solar focal point will then get extremely hot, and you can use that hot thing to heat up water to produce steam and then turn an electric turbine. Oh, usually the extremely hot thing will be a liquid—maybe like molten salt. That way you can heat up some stuff and then move it to make some steam while still heating up other parts of the liquid.

OK, but is solar power also renewable? It’s fine if you say that it’s a renewable energy source, but technically it’s not. The solar energy comes from the sun (that’s probably obvious). But the sun produces energy mostly due to nuclear fusion reactions in the core. Guess what? In 5 billion years, the sun is going to run out of energy. So it’s not technically renewable, but in the time span of the life of the sun, it’s practically unlimited.Hydroelectric Power

I would like to call this “hydropower” instead of hydroelectric, but that’s the common name that everyone uses. The thing is that we have been using some form of hydropower for a long time—the water wheel is much older than the invention of electricity. In terms of electrical energy, it’s not too complicated. In fact it’s mostly like the electrical energy from fossil fuels. However, instead of using steam to turn an electric turbine you use falling water, or, technically, moving water resulting from a change in height.

The key to all forms of hydropower is that water wants to move down closer to the center of the Earth. When 1 kilogram of water moves down 1 meter, the change in gravitational potential energy is about 10 joules (yes, it’s the opposite of lifting up a textbook). That might not seem like a lot of energy, but now imagine moving an entire lake lower by 1 meter. That’s a bunch of energy.

But would we run out of hydropower? What if we take all the water that is above sea level and move it down to sea level? Well, that would be the end of hydropower. But it won’t happen because of solar power. Yes, hydropower is a form of solar power. The Sun heats up water and causes evaporation. This means there is water vapor in the air which eventually comes back down to the surface of the Earth to fill up all those lakes and stuff. Hydropower is as renewable as solar (as long as the Sun keeps shining).Wind Power

I wonder what else we could get to turn one of those electric turbines. What if we put a large blade on the front of the turbine so that wind could turn it. Yup. That’s wind power.

Since energy is conserved, that must mean that when you get electrical energy from the wind turbine then something else must decrease in energy. Yes, this is true. As the wind moves through the turbine, it pushes the blades to make them spin. In the process of this interaction, the air decreases in speed—even if just a little bit. That means the air decreases in kinetic energy, and that’s where the electrical energy comes from.

Why does this air move in the first place? Well, that’s what we call “weather.” But maybe you won’t be too surprised to learn that the sun is at least partially responsible for wind. As the sun warms the atmosphere, the air increases in pressure and expands. Now you have regions of air with higher pressure and regions with lower pressure. The air moves into the lower pressure regions, and that’s wind. Wind power is as renewable as solar (as long as the sun keeps shining).

Oh, I hate to say this—but I guess I should add it for completeness. No, wind turbines don’t cause cancer.Nuclear Power

Technically, there are two kinds of nuclear power—fusion and fission. Humans have not quite figured out how to make an efficient fusion reactor, so let me focus on a fission reaction. The fission reactor starts with a heavy atom like uranium-235 and hits it with a neutron. The atom absorbs this neutron to become uranium-236. However, U-236 is unstable and breaks into smaller parts—maybe palladium-117 and a palladium-118 plus some neutrons. But here’s the weird part: If you look at the mass of the original U-236 and the mass of all the pieces, they aren’t the same. The mass of the two palladium atoms plus neutrons is less than the mass of the uranium. So, mass isn’t conserved—but energy is. This is where the famous E = mc2 equation comes from, where c is the speed of light (about 3 x 108 m/s).

A loss in mass in the system of particles just means that there is an increase in some other type of energy. In this case, it’s an increase in kinetic energy of the resulting particles. Since the value of c is so large, a tiny decrease in mass results in a huge increase in kinetic energy. Now you can use that energy to … wait for it … heat up some water and make steam. This steam is then used to turn an electric turbine (don’t pretend to be surprised). But remember, you are getting this energy just by converting mass into energy—it’s so crazy, it almost looks like you are getting energy for free.

Although it might seem like a perfect way to get some electrical energy, there is one small problem. You now have this leftover palladium and stuff that’s both radioactive and chemically active. No one wants to be around dangerous radioactive chemicals, but this nuclear waste has to be stored somewhere safe. It’s not as simple as putting it in a box and burying the trash, because it can remain radioactive for thousands of years. Imagine building a box that keeps stuff contained for that long and you see the problem. But it’s the price you pay for seemingly “free” energy.

So, which power plant is the best? At this point, there’s no clear answer—except that fossil fuels are probably the worst choice. Hopefully we can figure something out for the future.

Rhett Allain is an associate professor of physics at Southeastern Louisiana University. He enjoys teaching and talking about physics. Sometimes he takes things apart and can’t put them back together.

https://www.wired.com/story/everything-you-need-to-know-about-energy/

A mother helps her daughter pick out books at a public library in Gray, Me., in 2020. Investing in libraries is investing in America’s future, Wong writes. (Shawn Patrick Ouellette/Portland Press Herald via Getty Images file photo)

There’s an old proverb: If you plant a tree, it provides shade for generations. As Congress prepares a budget package aimed at expanding opportunity, we must plant the tree of knowledge by rebuilding our nation’s libraries.

America’s 16,000 public libraries are footholds for working families, especially during uncertain times. They’re centers of lifelong learning, job training, digital access and lifeline services for folks from all walks of life. But our libraries are in fragile shape, and in many communities, they’re falling behind — or falling apart.

The busiest library branch in America is in the Flushing neighborhood of Queens, New York. In 2019, it welcomed 1.7 million visitors — more than the season-long attendance of the New York Knicks and the Brooklyn Nets combined. In addition to providing internet access, technology workshops and job readiness classes, more recently it was New York City’s second-busiest COVID-19 vaccination center. That is, until the library announced last month that it must close indefinitely due to the failure of the building’s heating, ventilation and air conditioning system.

The public library in Bisbee, Ariz., is smaller but no less vital to its community. It was named the Best Small Library in America in 2019. At 114 years old, the library is an architectural gem that has served the public longer than Arizona has been a state. However, roof leaks have destroyed library books, and the building’s spacious veranda has been deemed unsafe. During extreme heat, the library has to rely on swamp coolers, which add moisture and that can further damage books.

Big or small, libraries work hard to help all Americans succeed in the global economy, thrive in school and stay connected with their family and community. Parents bring babies to library storytime programs to cultivate early literacy. Technology coaching at libraries helps ensure seniors won’t be left out in our increasingly digital world. Free homework help and after-school tutoring provide a leg up for students — especially urgent now to address the pandemic learning gap.

While libraries are committed to promoting equity and inclusion, sometimes the buildings we operate in create barriers. The library in Whitehall, N.Y., located just outside the Adirondacks, was built during the Civil War. The children’s room is in the basement, with no elevator. If your child uses a wheelchair, you’d have to carry them downstairs.

In Williams, Ore., the library didn’t have a bathroom until a port-a-potty was placed outside last year so the librarian could wash her hands during the pandemic. How can a kid browse for their new favorite book if there’s nowhere to take a bathroom break?

Extreme weather and natural disasters also interfere with libraries’ ability to deliver needed services. Due to an old HVAC system, the library in Arlington, Wash., has to close on hot days and when wildfire smoke lingers. When storms pass over Portsmouth, Va., the library’s outdated electrical system can lose power.

Yet, when funding is available, libraries are also leading the way to improve energy efficiency and combat climate change. Under construction now, a new library in Barboursville, W.Va., will be the first in the state powered by geothermal energy.

The budget reconciliation package offers a once-in-a-generation opportunity to ensure that libraries in every community can meet the needs of working families.

The Build America’s Libraries Act would provide $5 billion to modernize and repair our public libraries. It’s crucial that these funds are included in the reconciliation bill.

Congress last dedicated construction funding for libraries in 1996, but many members believe it’s time for that to change. The bipartisan Build America’s Libraries Act has 149 co-sponsors in the House and 30 in the Senate, including a majority of the Democratic Caucus in both chambers. The bill has also been endorsed by over 30 organizations, including the AFL-CIO, the American Federation of Teachers, MomsRising and the National Association of Counties.

Investing in libraries is investing in America’s future. To return to the old proverb, we must plant that tree now, so our children and their children can thrive in its shade.

Patty Wong is the president of the American Library Association and director of Santa Monica Public Library in Santa Monica, Calif. She has worked in numerous public libraries in California and serves part time on the faculty of the San Jose State University iSchool.

https://www.rollcall.com/2021/08/30/we-cant-build-back-better-without-libraries/

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 19, 2021

Tırışkadan işler fenomeni üzerine #DavidGraeber

İllüstrasyon: Martina Paukova, The New Yorker.

1930 yılında John Maynard Keynes, yüzyılın sonuna kadar teknolojinin İngiltere ve Amerika Birleşik Devletleri’nde haftada 15 saat çalışmayı başarmaya yetecek kadar gelişeceği tahmininde bulundu. Haklı olduğuna inanmak için her türlü sebep mevcuttu. Teknolojik anlamda bunu yapmamız gayet mümkün. Ancak yine de tahmini gerçekleşmedi. Onun yerine, teknoloji bilakis hepimizi daha fazla çalıştırmak için yollar bulmaya seferber edildi. Bunu başarmak için gerçekte anlamsız işlerin icat edilmesi gerekti. Yığınlarca insan, özellikle Avrupa ve Kuzey Amerika’da, tüm çalışma hayatlarını içten içe gerçekten yapılması gerektiğine inanmadıkları görevleri yerine getirerek harcıyorlar. Bu durumdan kaynaklanan ahlaki ve manevi hasar çok şiddetli. Kolektif ruhumuzda boydan boya uzanan bir yara. Yine de neredeyse kimse bunun hakkında konuşmuyor.

Keynes’in söz verdiği —1960’lı yıllarda hâlâ hevesle beklenen— ütopya neden gerçeğe dönüşmedi? Bugünlerdeki standart yanıt, tüketimdeki devasa artışı hesap edememiş olduğu. Daha az çalışma saati ile daha fazla oyuncak ve zevk-ü sefa arasındaki seçimde topluca ikincisini tercih etmişiz. Bu önerme hoş bir ahlaki masal sunuyor, ama üzerinde bir anlık düşünmek bile gerçekte bunun doğru olamayacağını gösteriyor. Evet, 1920’li yıllardan bu yana sınırsız sayıda meslek ve endüstrinin oluştuğuna şahit olduk, ancak bunların pek azı suşi, iPhone veya havalı spor ayakkabıların üretimi ve dağıtımıyla ilgili.

O halde bu yeni işler tam olarak ne? ABD’de 1910 ve 2000 yıllarındaki istihdamı karşılaştıran yakın tarihli bir rapor oldukça açık bir fotoğraf sunuyor (raporun İngiltere’deki durumu da hemen hemen aynen yansıttığını not edeyim). Geçtiğimiz yüzyıl boyunca, sanayide ve tarım sektöründe istihdam edilen işçi sayısı çarpıcı oranda düştü. Aynı süreçte “profesyonel, yönetici, büro çalışanı, satışçı ve hizmet sektörü işçileri” toplam istihdamın çeyreğinden dörtte üçüne çıkarak üçe katlandı. Başka bir deyişle, üretime yönelik işlerin büyük kısmı, tahmin edildiği gibi otomatize edildi (sanayide çalışan işçileri Hindistan ve Çin’deki gibi çalışan kitlelerini de dahil ederek saysak bile küresel ölçekte bu tip işçilerin sayısı dünya nüfusunun eskisi kadar büyük bir oranına tekabül etmiyor).

Ancak dünya nüfusunun kendi projelerinin, zevklerinin, vizyon ve fikirlerinin peşine düşmelerine olanak sağlayacak şekilde çalışma saatlerini kayda değer şekilde azaltılmasına imkan vermektense yönetim sektörünün —hizmet sektörünün çoğunun bile değil— balon gibi şiştiğini gördük: Bu balon finansal hizmetler veya telemarketing veya şirketler hukuku, akademi ve sağlık yönetimi, insan kaynakları ve halkla ilişkiler gibi sektörlerin daha önce benzeri görülmemiş şekilde genişlemesini içeriyordu. Üstelik bu rakamlar, işi bu sektörlere yönetim, teknik veya güvenlik desteği vermek olan veya sırf diğer herkes vaktinin çoğunu bu tür işlerde harcadığı için var olan yardımcı sektörlerde (köpek yıkayıcılar, gece boyu pizza dağıtımı yapanlar) çalışan insan sayısını tam olarak yansıtmıyor bile.

Bunlar benim “tırışkadan işler” diye adlandırmayı teklif ettiğim işler. Sanki birileri sırf hepimiz çalışmaya devam edelim diye anlamsız işler uyduruyormuş gibi. Tam da burada, işin içinde bir iş var. Kapitalizmde tam da bunun olmaması beklenirdi. Tabii canım, istihdamın hem bir hak hem de kutsal görev sayıldığı eski Sovyetler Birliği gibi verimsiz sosyalist ülkelerde, sistem icap ettiği kadar iş uydururdu (bu yüzden Sovyet marketlerinde bir parça et satmak için üç tezgahtar gerekiyordu). Ama, tabii ki, bu tam da piyasa rekabetinin çözmesi beklenen türde bir sorundur. İktisat teorisine göre, en azından kâr peşinde koşan bir şirketin yapacağı son şey, aslında ihtiyacı olmadan çalışanlara para dökmektir. Yine de, her nedense, bu oluyor.

Şirketler acımasızca küçülmeye gittiklerinde, işten çıkarmalar veya çalışan başına düşen iş yükünün artması, kimsenin açıklayamadığı bir garip simya tepkimesi sonucu, hep gerçekten bir şeyleri yapan, hareket ettiren, tamir eden ve bakım yapan sınıftan insanları vuruyor, kâğıt kürek işlerini yapan maaşlı çalışanların sayısı son kertede artıyor ve giderek daha fazla çalışan kendini, kâğıt üzerinde haftada 40 hatta 50 saat ancak etkin olarak, tam da Keynes’in tahmin ettiği gibi 15 saat çalışan Sovyet işçileri gibi, zamanlarının geri kalanı motivasyon seminerini organize edip katılmakla geçtiği için Facebook profillerini günceller ve TV dizilerini indirirken buluyor.

Sorunun cevabı belli ki ekonomik değil, ahlaki ve politik. Yönetici sınıf serbest zamana sahip mutlu ve üretken bir nüfusun ölümcül bir tehlike olduğunu fark etti (1960’lı yıllarda bu aşağı yukarı gerçekleşmeye başladığında bile olanları düşünün). Öte yandan, çalışmanın kendisinin ahlaki bir değer taşıdığı, bir çeşit sıkı çalışma disipliniyle uyanık saatlerinin büyük kısmını teslim etmeyi istemeyen birinin hiçbir şey hak etmediği düşüncesi de onlar için olağanüstü kullanışlıdır.

vesaire’nin eski ve yeni yazılarından itinayla derlediğimiz tematik bültenler, her pazar sabahı e-posta kutunuza düşmeyi bekliyor. abone olmak için buyursunlar: ve’posta

Bir keresinde, İngiliz fakültelerinin yönetim sorumluluklarının -görünüşe göre asla bitmeyecek -büyümesi üzerine düşünürken, bir çeşit cehennem tasavvuruna ulaştım. Cehennem, zamanlarının büyük kısmını sevmedikleri ve çok iyi de olmadıkları bir işle geçiren bireylerin birlikteliğidir. Diyelim ki bu kişiler, mükemmel dolap imalatçıları olduğu için işe alınmışlar ve sonra zamanlarının büyük kısmını balık kızartarak geçirmelerinin beklendiğini fark etmişler. Bir de bu işin gerçekten yapılmasına da pek gerek yok — en azından kızartılması gereken pek az balık mevcut. Ama yine de bazı meslektaşlarının vakitlerinin çoğunu kendi balık kızartma sorumluluklarını yerine getirmektense, dolap imalat etmekle geçirdiği fikrine öyle saplantılı bir şekilde içerliyorlar ki, çok geçmeden işyerinin her yerinde kötü pişmiş balık yığınları oluşuyor ve herkesin tek yaptığı bu oluyor. Bence bu ekonomimizin ahlaki dinamiklerinin oldukça isabetli bir tasviri.

Şimdi, böyle bir argümanın hemen itirazlarla karşılaşacağının farkındayım: “Sen kim oluyorsun da hangi işlerin ‘gerekli’ olduğuna karar veriyorsun? Hem zaten gerekli ne demek? Sen bir antropoloji profesörüsün, ona ne “gerek” var?” (Gerçekten de boyalı basın okuyucularının çoğu için benim mesleğimin varlığı tam olarak israf edilen sosyal harcamaların tanımıdır). Ve bir açıdan, bu itiraz bariz şekilde doğru. Sosyal değerin objektif bir ölçüsü olamaz.

Dünyaya anlamlı bir katkıda bulunduğuna ikna olmuş birine aslında öyle olmadığını söyleyemeye cüret edecek değilim. Peki, ya mesleklerinin anlamsızlığına kendileri ikna olmuş kişiler? Kısa süre önce, 12 yaşından beri görmediğim bir okul arkadaşımla irtibata geçtim. Bu süre zarfında önce bir şair, sonra da bir indie rock grubunun solisti olduğunu öğrendiğimde inanamadım. Şarkıcının tanıdığım biri olduğunu bilmeden radyoda bazı şarkılarını duymuştum. Tabii ki harikuladeydi, yaratıcıydı ve yaptığı iş şüphesiz dünyanın her yerinde insanların hayatlarını aydınlatmış ve geliştirmişti. Yine de birkaç başarısız albümden sonra, sözleşmesi feshedilmiş, yeni doğmuş bir kız çocuğu ve borç harç içinde kendini, kendi deyimiyle, “yönsüz insanların kafadan tercihi” hukuk fakültesinde bulmuştu. Şimdi New York’un önde gelen şirketlerinden birinde şirket avukatı. İşinin anlamsız olduğunu, dünyaya hiçbir katkısı olmadığını ve kendi değerlemesine göre aslında var olmaması gerektiğini başta kendisi söylüyor.

Burada sorulabilecek bir çok soru var, başta: Cemiyetimizin yetenekli şair-müzisyenler için çok kısıtlı, ama şirketler hukuku uzmanları için, görünen o ki sınırsız bir talep üretiyor olması onunla ilgili ne söyler? (Cevap: Eğer nüfusun %1’i kullanılır varlıkların çoğunu kontrol ediyorsa, piyasa dediğimiz şey sadece onların önemli veya işe yarar bulduğu şeyleri yansıtır, başkalarınınkini değil) Bunun da ötesinde, bu işlerdeki insanların çoğunun bunun farkında olduğunu gösterir. Aslına bakarsanız, işinin tırışkadan bir iş olduğunu düşünmeyen tek bir şirket avukatı tanıdım mı, emin değilim. Aynısı yukarda bahsettiğim tüm iş kolları için geçerli. Bir partide tanışsanız ve ilginç kabul edilebilecek bir iş yaptığınızı söyleseniz (mesela bir antropolog), kendi işlerinden bahsetmekten bile kaçacak koca bir maaşlı profesyoneller sınıfı mevcut. Onlara birkaç kadeh içirince, işlerinin ne kadar anlamsız ve aptalca olduğuna dair tiratlara başlayacaklar.

Burada yoğun bir psikolojik şiddet var. Birisi içten içe işinin var olmaması gerektiğini düşünürken nasıl emeğin onurundan bahsedebilir? Bu nasıl olur da derin bir öfke ve küskünlük hissi yaratmaz? Yine de toplumumuzun benzersiz dehasıyla, yöneticiler bir yolunu buldular ve balık kızartıcıları örneğindeki gibi, o öfkenin tam da gerçekten anlamlı işlerler yapanlara yöneltilmesini sağladılar. Mesela, bizim toplumumuzda, birisinin işi diğer insanlara ne kadar fayda sağlıyorsa bu iş için o kadar az para alması beklenir diye bir kural varmış gibi görünüyor. Ve yine, objektif bir ölçü bulmak zor olsa da, bir fikir edinmek için şu sorulabilir: “Bu işi yapan tüm insanlar ortadan kaybolsa ne olurdu?” Hemşireler, çöpçüler veya tamirciler hakkında ne derseniz deyin, bu insanlar puf diye ortadan kaybolsalar, sonuçları ani ve yıkıcı olurdu. Öğretmenlerin veya liman işçilerinin olmadığı bir dünyanın başı tez zamanda belaya girer, hatta bilimkurgu yazarları veya ska müzisyenlerinin olmadığı bir dünya daha kötü bir yer olurdu. Özel sermaye CEO’ları, lobiciler, halkla ilişkiler araştırmacıları, aktüeryacılar, telemarketingciler, icra memurları veya yasal danışmanlar ortadan kayboluverseler insanlığın ne zayiat vereceği ise açık değildir. (Bir çok kişi gözle görülür şekilde gelişeceğinden şüpheleniyor). İyi bir eğitim gerektiren birkaç istisna dışında (doktorlar) kural şaşırtıcı derecede doğru işliyor.

Daha da çarpık olan şu, işlerin zaten bu şekilde olması gerektiği gibi geniş bir kabul var. Bu sağ kanat popülizminin gizli güçlerinden biri. Boyalı basın, sözleşme ihtilaflarında Londra’yı felç ettiler diye metro işçilerine karşı kin kışkırttığında bunu görebilirsiniz: Metro işçilerinin Londra’yı felç edebiliyor olması yaptıkları işin gerçekten gerekli olduğunu gösterir, ama tam da bu gerçek insanları kızdırıyor gibi görünüyor. Bu, Cumhuriyetçilerin öğretmenlere veya otomotiv işçilerine karşı sözde yüksek maaş ve sosyal hakları nedeniyle (ama bu sorunlara sebep olan okul yönetimlerine ve otomotiv endüstrisi yöneticilerine karşı özellikle değil) hınç yaratmakta olağanüstü başarı gösterdiği Amerika’da daha belirgin. Sanki onlara “ama siz çocuklara eğitim veriyorsunuz! Veya araba yapıyorsunuz! Sizin gerçek işleriniz var! Bir de üstüne orta sınıf emeklilik hakları ve sağlık hizmeti mi istiyorsunuz!” deniyor.

Eğer birisi finans kapitalin gücünü muhafaza etmesi için bir emek rejimi tasarlasaydı, nasıl bundan daha iyi bir iş çıkarabilirdi, düşünmesi zor. Gerçek, üretken çalışanlar insafsızca sıkılıyor ve sömürülüyor. Kalanlar terörize edilmiş ve evrensel olarak tiksinilen işsizler ile yönetici sınıfın –özellikle finansal avatarlarının — bakış açısı ve hassasiyetleri ile özdeşleşmeleri için tasarlanmış pozisyonlarda hiç bir şey yapmamaları için maaş alanlar (müdürler, yöneticiler vs) olarak ayrışmış durumdalar, — ama aynı zamanda işi açık ve inkar edilemez şekilde sosyal fayda sağlayan kişilere karşı da kaynayan bir kıskançlık besliyorlar. Belli ki, bu sistem asla bilinçli olarak tasarlanmadı. Neredeyse yüzyıllık deneme yanılma sonucu ortaya çıktı. Ancak teknolojik kapasitemize rağmen günde 3–4 saat çalışmayı neden başaramadığımıza dair elimizdeki tek açıklama bu.


*Bu yazı, Caner Ataseven tarafından David Graeber’in Strike!’da yayımlanan makalesinden çevrilmiştir. İlk kez Medium’da yayımlanmıştır.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 19, 2021

İşgücü piyasasında Suriyeliler #TEPAV

For immediate release: A new survey reveals that most people and nations strongly support free speech in principle but have reservations in practice.

A global survey “Who Cares about Free Speech?” has been conducted by YouGov for the legal think tank Justitia, which asks citizens in 33 countries questions about their attitude towards free speech in principle and testing their attitude when confronted with controversial speech and trade-offs.

Support for the principle of free speech is very high, averaging around 90 percent in all countries, but it drops substantially when put to the test against supposedly competing values such as statements offensive to religion and minority groups or statements disclosing information that could destabilize the national economy.

To assess the actual support for free speech in a country, the survey includes a composite measure, the Justitia Free Speech Index, based on answers to eight “tough” questions. The top scorer is Norway with 80 points average approval on all eight questions while Pakistan is at the bottom with only 38 points.

http://justitia-int.org/en/report-who-cares-about-free-speech-findings-from-a-global-survey-of-free-speech/

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 19, 2021

Mayrig – Ezhel #HrantDinkAward 2021

This video is prepared for the 13th International Hrant Dink Award Ceremony streamed on September 15, 2021.
music:
lyrics by: Sercan İpekçioğlu
music by: David Tobias Hofmann, Joachim Piehl, Jonas Nikolaus Lang, Martin Peter Willumeit
produced by: Jugglerz
vocals & guitars: Sercan İpekçioğlu (Ezhel)
bass: Rene Flächsenhaar
keys: Cristian Keymer
drums: Josi ( BigFinga )Coppola
recorded and mixed by: Giuseppe Coppola at planetEarthStudios Berlin
mastered by: Ganjaman
video:
location: KINDL, Berlin
director: Hasan Kuyucu
producer: Josi Müller
on-set producer: Max Bohl
production assistant: Philipp Fransisco
hair & make up: Darja Crainiucenco
edit & color: Umutcan Yıldırım
artist coordination: Alp Okcu
executive producer: Rıza Okcu on behalf of Koal Arts GmbH

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 19, 2021

Countries with the fastest e-commerce growth in 2020

“Keder kuşlarının başının üzerinde gezinmesini engelleyemezsin ama saçına yuva yapmasına mani olabilirsin.” Çin Atasözü

Son aylarda güzel okudum.

Tüller açık camda uçuşurken, yarın beni bekleyen işler yokmuşçasına, kanepede bir o tarafa bir bu tarafa dönerek, saati göğün renginden tahmin edecek kadar kendimi hayattan koparıp kitaba verdiğim günlerde, ancak içinde böyle zaman geçirebildiğimde evimi yuva gibi hissettiğimi fark ettim.

Bir evi yuva yapmak nasıl bir şeydi? Eşyaların yerini elinle koyduğun için ezbere bildiğin, sokağın sesinde ya da evin sessizliğinde uyumaya alıştığın, duvarında seni anlatan resimler, anısı olan nesnelerle kavuşmanın mutluluk verdiği yerdir yuva.

İster güler yüzle bir karşılayanı olsun isterse dingin bir yalnızlık sarmalasın insanı, yuva huzurdur, hayatın tüm sillelerinden kaçış yolu, sana ait bir sığınak.

Peki bir ülkeyi memleket yapan neydi?

Kökler mi sadece? Çocukluk hayallerinin yeşerdiği yer, kurallarını ve kuralsızlıklarını bilmenin getirdiği güven, tanıdık şehirler, sokaklar ve gördükçe canlanan anılar. Mutfağın, kitapların, alışkanlıkların, arkadaşların, ailen, sokakta kulağına çalınan ezbere bildiğin şarkılar, başını hatırlayınca gerisi kendiliğinden gelen şiirler, yaprağından tanıdığın ağaçlar, el birliğiyle yeşertilmiş bazı değerler, erdemler, etik duvarlar, tanış olmaktan öte parçası olmak.

“Ev bulunur ama benim yuvam gitti” dedi bir arkadaş geçenlerde. Çıkarmış ev sahibi 12 yıllık kiracısını. Bir boya badana, iki katına verilecekmiş ev kiraya.

Yeni bir kiracı bulunur elbet ama köşesini sevdiği için tavana kadar uzayan Areka ve Benjamin saksıları ne diyecek bu işe?

Yeni kiracı hatalı vavieni düzgün kullanıp salon ışıklarını açabilecek mi? İhtiyaca ve beğeniye göre değil mutfaktaki boşluğa göre seçilen buzdolabı ne olacak?

Kolay mı bir evi yuva yapmak öyle bir anda? Kapı girişine asılan, her biri ayrı bir antikacıdan toplanmış askıların uyumla yan yana gelmesi kim bilir kaç sene sürmüştü?

“Bak, işte memleket dediğimiz yer de burası” dedi bir arkadaş da. İstiklal Caddesi’ndeydik. Bir zamanlar odamıza asmak için afiş aradığımız Atlas Pasajı’nda altın renkli kahve fincanları ve hediyelik lokum satıyordu birileri, işporta pabuçlar, taklit marka tişörtler ve bangır bangır müzik, uğultu. İstiklal’in kendiliğinden oluşan gidiş ve geliş yönü vardı. Meydana doğru gidiyorsanız sağdan gidilir, Tünel’e inenler solunuzda kalır. O bile keşmekeş olmuş, omuz atan bir özür bile dilemiyor.

40 milletten insan gezdirmişimdir İstiklal’de hepsinin sözü aynıydı: “Ömrümde 24 saati aynı coşkuyla yaşayan böyle bir yer görmedim.”

İstiklal şimdilerde kesik kesik, hızlı hızlı yaralı bir hayvan gibi soluyor.

Birer kahve içmek istedik, 10 sene önce o fiyata fiks menü rakıya giderdik.

Gideceğim dedi, vermiş kararını. Kırkından sonra bilmediği bir ülkede yeniden başlayacak.

Sezen Aksu’dan bir şarkıya girdim

“Gel haydi yine bir daha dene

Belki olur bu son deneme

Hiç düşündün mü ne zor anlatmak

Kendini yeni birisine”

Güldü. Dedi ki “Kendimizi anlatabildik mi ki burada? Yeterince zorlanmadık mı?”

Bu yaz okuduğum kitaplardan biriydi Türker Armaner’in “Tahta Saplı Bıçak”ı. 1979’un bir yaz gününü anlatıyordu. O tek bir günde bu memlekete dair pek çok şeyi anlatıyordu.

Ana karakterlerden biri, 1939 yılında Almanya’ya eğitim ve nasyonel sosyalizm ile ilgili rapor hazırlaması için gönderilen üniversiteli bir kadındı.

O döneme göre çok olası, 19 yaşında bir kadını akademik vazifeyle yurt dışına göndermek, hem de oldukça riskli dönemde. Aynı hikaye 2021’de geçemiyor diye düşündüm. 20 yılda ne kolay unvan dağıtılmış, evrime inanmayanlar tıp fakültelerini yönetiyor. Akademinin büyük kısmının pasaportuna el koydular, çıkamıyorlar. Çıkan da geri gelemiyor.

Evrim Kuran’ın yeni kitabı “Onlar Göçtü Buradan”ı okudum. Bu ülkeden kimlerin, neden göçtüğünü anlatıyor, verileriyle ve kendi hikayesiyle harmanlayarak.

Geri dönüş mitinden de bahsediyor.  Göçenlerin, dönebilmeye dair inançlarını koruması ve bununla motive olması hali. Ravenstein’ın göç kanunlarından bahsediyor: Göç edenlerin yerini başka göçmenler doldurur.

O güzel insanlar o demir kuşlara binip gittikçe, İstiklal de gidiyor, Kadıköy de sahiller de, sanat da, bilim de.

118 ülkenin 728 kentinde 3 bin 253 katılımcı ile Türkiye’nin yeni göç nesline dair bir araştırma yapmışlar. Gitme nedenlerinde ilk üç sırada ekonomi, ülkenin siyasi iklimi ve iş olanaklarının yetersizliği var. Yaşadıkları ülkede mutlu olmalarının ilk üç nedeni ise; özgürlük/demokrasi/insan hakları, ekonomi, sakin ve huzurlu ortam.

Bunu şöyle okudum: giderken belki ekonomik nedenler başı çekiyor ama bir yere göçünce de insan kaybettiği şeyi buluyor, hatırlıyor, ona sarılıyor, yani ekonomi ikinci sıraya düşüyor, özgürlük/demokrasi/insan hakları ilk sıraya yükseliyor.

Haklarımız ve özgürlük bize unutturulmuş.

Toronto’da yaşayan 1992 doğumlu genç bir kadının hikayesinde şu cümle geçiyor: Ev benim için hiçbir yer değil artık. Ortada uzayan bir boşluğun içindeyim.

Stockholm’den 1985 doğumlu bir anne ise, “Mutluyum diyemem ama Türkiye’dekinden daha az mutsuzum” diyor.

Buralardan gitmeyi düşünen arkadaşıma kitabın son sayfasından bir cümlenin altını çizip gönderdim:

“Kendimize, sözümüze, toprağımıza, birbirimize yabancılaştıkça derinleşen yalnızlığımız gurbet. Yani gurbet, epeydir içimizde.”

Sonra da İTÜ mezuniyetinde Umutcan Ay’ın yaptığı konuşmayı yolladım. Ben demiyorum, gençler diyorsa kalıp kolları sıvayalım diye, bir kulak verip dinlemek lazım.

Gurbete gitmek içindeki gurbet hissini katlayacak sadece dedim.

Yüzdük yüzdük kuyruğuna geldik gibi. Burası bir zamanlar Nazi Almanya’sından kaçan akademisyenlere kapısını açan ülke.

Prof. Dr. Gerhard Kessler ilk sendikanın kuruluşunda yer aldı.

Eduard Zuckmayer, P. Hindemith ve C. Ebert ile birlikte Ankara Devlet Konservatuvarını kurdu.

Mimar ve Şehir Planlamacısı Bruno Taut bu ülkede ömrünün yettiği 2 yılda onlarca okul projesi hazırladı ve Ankara Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Binası onun projesine göre inşa edildi. Ve daha nicesi geldi, üretti, gitti.

Aydınlanmayı bir başka toprağın aydınlarının desteğiyle başarmışız bir zamanlar, kendi aydınlarımız yetişene kadar. Şimdi yetişmiş aydınımızı dünyaya savuruyoruz, kalmışız karanlıkta. Uzak ülkelerdeki zaferleriyle gıyaplarında gurur duyuyoruz, hakkımızmış gibi.

Belki kendi toprağında mülteci ya da gurbette hissetmektir yaşadığımız, bizi anlayan, anlatan, tanımlayan ve sırt dayadığımız ne varsa bir bir gitmiştir elimizden.

Yuvasız kuşlar gibi kalmışızdır belki, tedirgin.

Ama inanıyorum ki gidenlerin çoğu bu ülkeyi yeniden yaratma sürecinde o aydınlanmanın bir parçası olma heyecanıyla dönecekler geriye. Kendi sürgünlerine yeniden kapısını ardına kadar açacak bu ülke. Bir aydınlanma çağına gireceğiz. Hele şimdi gidilir mi, işin en heyecanlı yeri

Akın Olgun’un El Alem kitabında, aynı adlı öykünün ilk cümlesiydi:

“Düşlerinizi kimsenin kırmasına izin vermeyin. Kırılmasına izin verdiğiniz her düş, mutlaka ayaklarınıza batar.”

Toplasın tası tarağı keder kuşları, dağılacak yuvaları, asıl onların göç zamanı.

Gücümüze bir bakın, biz kitap okudukça, şahsen kitabın özetini dinlemeyi savunanlar bile kitap yazmak zorunda kalıyor.

Yuvayı baştan yapmak vaktidir.

Gidenler düşlerimizin aydınlığına kapılır, illaki geri gelir.

Bu memleket bizim.

Güzel okumalarla dolu bir pazar dilerim.

https://www.evrensel.net/yazi/89490/yuvasi-bozulanlara-alip-da-basini-gidesi-gelenlere

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 17, 2021

Where Is Our #Spotify for #Books?

Libraries have been thwarted in their attempts to expand e-book offerings. Photo by Susan Q Yin/Unsplash

For many families and schools, e-books were a lifeline to keep kids reading during lockdown.
Total numbers of digital books borrowed from libraries hit 289 million in 2020—a 33 percent increase over 2019. That makes the feisty public library the main challenger to Amazon, which almost completely monopolizes private sales of e-books and sold 487,000 in 2020.

But there is a giant problem.

Many e-books have incredibly limited availability or are not available at all at public libraries, and library budgets are strained covering the escalating costs of e-book demand.

Publishers make the costs for e-books prohibitive for libraries. For example, before COVID hit, a typical deal at Macmillan was that public libraries had to pay $60 for any e-book and could lend it out only 52 times or for two years, whichever came first, after which they had to repurchase the e-book. Publishers temporarily lowered some prices and loosened rules on select titles during the pandemic, but the costs overall still severely limit the ability of libraries to offer many books. Some publishers, particularly Amazon, still refuse to let libraries get access to any of the e-books they publish, while publishers like Macmillan have withheld new releases from libraries

The reason publishers can charge higher price is because of a quirk in copyright law, called the “first sale doctrine.” Unlike with physical books, the courts have said libraries have no right to buy an e-book and then lend it to their members. Instead, publishers only “license” e-books and can deny that license to a library or condition the right to lend the e-book on paying that much higher price.

Some state legislators are outraged enough they have proposed legislation to force publishers to license e-books they are currently withholding from libraries, and Maryland enacted such a law this spring. But these will likely be challenged by publishers in court as preempted by federal copyright law.

For university libraries and their student patrons, the restrictions on electronic textbooks are even more severe. By one estimate, publishers refuse to license 85 percent of electronic versions of textbooks to university libraries, forcing students to either buy directly from the publisher or do without.  And according to a survey during the pandemic of 82 campuses conducted by US PIRG, a consumer group focused heavily on student concerns, 65 percent of students have skipped at least one textbook purchase because of the costs.

When an e-textbook is made available to universities, it’s often more than 10 times the retail price, and may come with additional conditions and subscriptions that drive the costs even higher. “You have to pay thousands for a package with a few eBooks you need and lots of things you don’t,” complains librarian Joanna Anderson, who co-authored a letter protesting these costs signed by 3,000 librarians, academics and students.

The complicated legal distinction between selling physical books and “licensing” e-books is one reason private attempts at subscription book services for monthly fees have mostly failed or had limited book availability. In the publishing trade, publishers have the right to sell books, but authors often retain the copyrights that would allow licensing to monthly subscription services and have their own demands for fair compensation, so deals for subscription services are often legally impossible or economically untenable. One version, Oyster, shut down a few years ago. Epic! Books has had modest success with a subscription service solely for a subset of kids’ books used mostly by schools. Scribd, the most successful surviving version, still lacks most popular books.

Amazon has created an end-run around this problem by creating an unlimited reading program for subscribers solely with authors who self-publish with Amazon itself and opt into the program. Estimates are that nearly 50 percent of paid e-books downloaded are now self-published, largely due to the popularity of Amazon’s Kindle Unlimited, making Amazon’s program the most successful model for a monthly unlimited reading service—but for only a limited subset of books.

What is clear is that private deals are unlikely to deliver any service that makes a wide range of e-books available to Americans, even aside from the issue of private services leaving out the families who could not afford an additional monthly fee.

So improving library access to e-books needs to be a priority.

Congress could fix the problem instantly by extending the first sale doctrine to allow school and public libraries to purchase e-books at regular retail prices and keep them in their collections permanently. At a stroke, this would triple to quadruple the number of e-books libraries could purchase with current budgets and, since the books would never expire, increase their e-book holdings by orders of magnitude over time.

The Congressional Research Service in an April 2020 review of the issue noted that Congress considered doing this back in 1998, the last time the federal copyright law was updated, but put off that decision until the market for e-books “has matured sufficiently and in a manner that would warrant further action.” Obviously, with nearly $2 billion in annual sales, e-books have reached that point.

At the same time, authors who often already struggle financially have reasonable fears that reducing library fees to publishers will further reduce their incomes. But instead of depending on strapped local library budgets to supply the income authors need to keep writing, Congress could, at the same time they restore the first sale doctrine, also institute a federal “Public Lending Right,” or PLR, a mechanism used by 35 nations around the world, including almost all of Europe, to offer authors payments for each book, physical or digital, borrowed from a public library.

In fact, the Authors Guild, which promoted a PLR in the U.S. decades ago, relaunched a campaign in 2019 to enact legislation to have the National Endowment for Humanities distribute payments to authors for each book borrowed from a library.  “PLR recognizes two fundamental principles,” then-Authors Guild President James Gleick wrote in 2019, “the need for society to provide free access to books, and the right of authors to be remunerated for their work.”

This combination—restoring the first sale doctrine for libraries and instituting a federal PRL system—would allow libraries to radically expand the availability of e-books online. And this would address a separate problem writers and publishers highlight, the rise of online piracy that the Authors Guild estimates may be eroding book sales by as much as 28 percent. A more robust public library system offering most books online would likely shift much of that pirated downloading back to libraries and ensure compensation for authors.

Similarly, a side benefit of a strengthened public library e-book lending system is a check on Amazon’s dominance of the private e-book sector that will limit any price hikes or other manipulations of the e-book sector by Amazon. And, as a bonus, this new system would make it possible for something like a Spotify for books to finally become a reality.

All of this would protect the incomes of writers while restoring libraries to their long-time role providing the widest range of books for all our communities in the new digital age.

Future Tense is a partnership of SlateNew America, and Arizona State University that examines emerging technologies, public policy, and society.

https://slate.com/technology/2021/06/spotify-e-books-amazon-publishers-libraries-licensing.html

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 17, 2021

Undertaking Inclusive Employment at a Public Library

Photo by cottonbro from Pexels

In 2019, the Public Libraries Victoria (PLV) Shared Leadership Program produced a report called Who do we think we are? Understanding diversity in the Victorian public library workforce (pdf), which aimed to evaluate the current state of diversity in the Victorian public library workforce.

Among its key findings was that there is a broad lack of representation within libraries, particularly of LGBTQI+ people, people with a disability and culturally and linguistically diverse people. Ageism is an issue; library qualifications are seen as a barrier to hiring and advancement; and many staff felt that their organisations were not doing enough to ensure that diversity and inclusion was prioritised during recruitment processes.

But why is this important? The report noted that diversity and inclusion is incredibly important to the public library sector — with inclusive workplaces engendering a sense of pride and belonging.

Moreland City Libraries hold inclusion as an organisational value, and have been undertaking to ensure that its staff reflect the diversity of the community we serve.

In early 2021, Moreland City Libraries found itself with 12 roles to advertise and the Library Leadership Group saw it as an ideal opportunity to undertake an inclusive recruitment process that would increase diversity within our workforce.

The twelve roles included five library officers (Band 3 level), four library technicians (Band 4 level) and three librarians (Band 5 level).
Some of the tactical approaches we took included:

Leadership discussions. Moreland’s Library Leadership group discussed our inclusive hiring priorities such as ensuring our workforce reflects the cultural makeup of our community, and that experience was valid in place of library qualifications. While the Library Leadership Group is supportive of diversity in hiring, it was helpful to have the conversation up front and ensure we were all on the same page from the outset as to what we were trying to achieve.

Form hiring committees. Rather than individual team leaders leading recruitment of staff for their branches, we had one group hiring the library officers together, another doing library technicians and another hiring librarians. This was to ensure we could see the diversity of the candidate pool at each band, something which cannot be seen with separate recruitment processes. As part of our commitment to this, we also invited a member of Moreland City Council’s social inclusion team to join a recruitment panel too which provided a non-library perspective.

Being clear in recruitment ads that certain skills and experience — while not essential to do the role — would be looked upon favourably. ‘Ability to speak community languages’ was listed as a favourable skill in all the recruitment ads. We also noted that library experience was not essential.

Marketing widely. While we did utilise library channels for advertising, including internally and via the PLV mailing list, we put some effort into listing the job ads more broadly. We listed the library officer roles on Ethical Jobs and ArtsHub, and sent out the listings to a local Disability Employment Service agency and many of our community partners, such as Neighbourhood Houses, to request that they share with their networks as well.

Running group interviews. For our library officer roles we ran group interviews which enabled us to interview dozens of candidates easily across one day, where a typical panel style interview would see us undertake half a dozen interviews only across one or two days. The group interviews allowed us to really test the values and attitude fit of staff, as well as digital confidence. It was especially good to see how applicants with no library experience would fare in ‘library tasks’ like customer service and tech help. It gave us a strong insight into how the candidate would perform in the role, which panel interviews don’t always do.

So, how did we fare? Most importantly, the new staff hires brought a varied and focussed skill set including amazing customer service experience and digital proficiency. They are community-minded, have outgoing personalities and demonstrated a passion for libraries. Happily, they were also an excitingly diverse group.

While it’s uncomfortable to consider staff based on their ‘diversity’, of the 12 roles we advertised, we recruited several gender diverse people; many who are fluent in community languages — some more than one; a Muslim woman; and several people of colour. Within the library officer (Band 3) roles, half of the hires had never worked in a public library before. Of the library technician (Band 4) roles, one did not have formal library qualifications.

Excitingly, as we progressed along our inclusive hiring journey, the conversations we had with HR and others internally at Council saw a new opportunity arise, and as part of a Council initiative we were offered the opportunity to take part in an Inclusive Traineeship Program. Through that initiative we have hired a young disabled person as a library trainee.

Inclusive hiring practices should be enshrined in organisational policies and procedures, and increasingly are, but where there are gaps, this case study highlights some tactics that library managers can implement to assist them to diversify their workforce through recruitment.

Written by:
Narelle Stute, Library Coordinator, Customer Service and Programs
Lisa Dempster, Manager Cultural Development
Moreland Library Service

First published: ALIA’s Workforce diversity: digital INCITE supplement — July/August 2021

https://bit.ly/3tMzTAh

Muğla’nın Milas İlçesi’nde, ulusal öneme haiz sulak alan niteliğindeki Bargilya Tuzla Sulak Alanı sınırında binlerce konut, otel ve golf sahalarını içeren, “Turizm Kenti” isimli Ağaoğlu projesinin planlandığı ve etkileyeceği alanları görüntüleyen Medyascope, projenin Bargilya Tuzla Sulak Alanı için yaratacağı tehdidi Muğla Çevre Platformu üyesi Umay Karabaş ve doğa koruma uzmanı Levent Erkol’dan dinledi.

Ağaoğlu ile Net Holding ortaklığında kurulması planlanan binlerce konut, oteller ve golf sahalarından oluşan, 10 binlerce kişinin yaşaması planlanan “Turizm Kenti“, Muğla-Milas’taki koruma altındaki Bargilya Tuzla Sulak Alanı sınırına inşa edilmek isteniyor. Hem arkeolojik sit alanı hem de doğal sit alanı niteliğinde olan, aynı zamanda ulusal öneme haiz sulak alan olma özelliği taşıyan Bargilya Tuzla Sulak Alanı, birçok kuş ve balık türüne ev sahipliği yapıyor.

Medyascope hem Bargilya Tuzla Sulak Alanı’nı hem de Turizm Kenti projesinin inşa edilmesinin planlandığı kıyıları görüntüledi ve projenin haritasını çıkardı.

Muğla Çevre ve Ekoloji Politikaları Derneği ile Türk Mühendis ve Mimar Odaları Birliği (TMMOB) Muğla İl Koordinasyon Kurulu, 2 Haziran 2021’de Çevre ve Şehircilik Bakanlığı tarafından proje hakkında verilen ÇED Olumlu Kararının iptali için dava açtı ve projenin iptalini istedi.

Muğla Çevre Platformu (MUÇEP) üyesi Umay Karabaş, ulusal öneme haiz sulak alan niteliğindeki Bargilya Tuzla Sulak Alanı kıyısına yapılmak istenen proje kapsamında karada yürütülecek inşaat faaliyetlerinin ve artacak nüfus yoğunluğunun, koruma altındaki sulak alanın ölüm fermanı olduğunu anlatıyor:

“Net Holding ve Ağaoğlu ortaklığında yapılmak istenen bir turizm kenti projesi var. Golf sahaları, oteller, turizm tesisleri, binlerce konut. Buraya getirmek istedikleri nüfus için bir kaymakam atanması gerekiyor. İlçe gibi bir nüfustan bahsediyorlar. 30-40 bin civarında söyleniyor ama başka kaynaklarda bu nüfusun 80 bini bulabileceği, öyle hayallerinin olduğunu görüyoruz. Bodrum-Milas arasında siz 80 bin nüfuslu bir kent daha kurduğunuzda değil sulak alan, buradaki yaşamın ne kadar sıkışacağını hayal etmek mümkün değil.

“İkinci-üçüncü evlerimizi yapacağız diye sulak alanda yaşayan canlıların evlerini mahvedemeyiz”

Karabaş, Tuz Gölü ve daha pek çok sulak alanın insan kullanımı yüzünden kuruduğunu anımsatarak, Turizm Kenti projesi iptal edilmediği takdirde Bargilya Tuzla Sulak Alanı’nın da yok olan sulak alanlara ekleneceğini söylüyor:

“Geçtiğimiz aylarda Tuz Gölü’nün ne hale geldiğini gördük. Türkiye’deki pek çok sulak alan maalesef kullanım odaklı çalışmalardan kurumuş, ölmüş durumda. Milas-Tuzla Sulak Alanı hala yaşayan, ulusal öneme haiz sulak alan tescilli ve bu özelliğini kaybetmemiş, 2001 yılından beri önemli kuş alanı olarak belirlenmiş ve bu değerlerini hala koruyan bir sulak alan. Bizim ülkemiz adına bir sulak alanı daha kaybetme lüksümüz yok, bunun da pazarlığı yok. İkinci ve üçüncü evlerimizi yapacağız, daha iyi manzaralı bir yere geleceğiz diye öbür canlıların evlerini mahvedemeyiz. Ortak yaşam alanlarımızı korumak zorundayız. 1 Temmuz itibarıyla Muğla Çevre ve Ekoloji Politikaları Derneği ve TMMOB Muğla İKK olarak davamızı açtık. Doğal sit sınırının, arkeolojik sit sınırının yanı başında böyle bir proje olmasını tabii ki istemiyoruz.”

Proje, kuş ve balık popülasyonlarını etkileyecek

Doğa koruma uzmanı Levent Erkol ise Turizm Kenti projesinin ekosisteme yaratacağı hasarın ölçülemeyecek kadar büyük olabileceği görüşünde.

“Bargilya Tuzla Sulak Alanı, Güllük Körfezi’nden başlayıp Milas-Bodrum Otoyolu’na uzanan bir alan. Burası hem Mazı Çayı’nın hem de diğer akarsuların, taşkın ovaları ve denizle bağlantısı sonucu oluşmuş bir lagün ekosistemi. Hem tatlı su hem tuzlu su baskısı altında olan ama acı su karakteristiği gösteren kıyı sulak alanlarından bir tanesi. Burası ulusal öneme haiz bir sulak alan. Yani Türkiye’deki ilgili Çevre Kanunu, Sulak Alanların Korunması Yönetmeliği gibi mevzuatlarla tamamen koruma altında. Su kuşları için çok önemli bir alan. Güney Ege’de böyle kıyı sulak alanları çok az sayıda. Bu da özellikle göç ve kışlama dönemlerinde su kuşlarının burada toplanması için gerekli habitatı sağlıyor. Kış aylarında binlere varan ördek türleri, flamingolar, gri balıkçıllar ve diğer balıkçıl türleri için çok kıymetli bir alan. Balıkçılık için de çok önemli çünkü sığ bir ekosistem olduğu için avcı türler, yani küçük balıkları yiyebilecek türler buralara gelmiyor. Burada beslendikten sonra tekrar açık denize ulaşıyor balıklar. Yani buraya bir şey olması halinde Güllük Körfezi’ndeki ve Güney Ege’deki bütün balıkçılığın etkileneceğini söyleyebiliriz.”

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 17, 2021

Communications to prepare for the 2021-22 academic year

As students return to campus for the 2021–22 academic year, it will be critical for universities to communicate effectively with students and local communities. Although Covid-19 restrictions are lifting, the public health situation remains unpredictable. 

University communications will play a critical role in making sure:

  • Students understand what the university experience will look like in 2021–22 (including in different public health scenarios).
  • Students know what support is available to them before they return to campus and know how to access that support. 
  • Students are aware of the behaviour that is expected of them to ensure responsible and respectful behaviour.
  • Students are strongly encouraged to get vaccinated and know how t to get a Covid-19 vaccine. 
  • Students are given clear advice on any ongoing asymptomatic testing they need to do. 
  • Local communities are reassured about students returning to campus.

About this checklist 

This checklist can be used by universities to help identify actions before the new academic year. The checklist can be adapted to individual settings and contexts. It can also be used alongside the examples of different university approaches.

The checklist and examples cover student-focused communications and communications to the wider community. A staff communications checklist is being developed by UCEA.

Checklist: Pre-arrival communications

Safety on campus

  • Provide reassurance on what measures the university will be undertaking to keep the university community safe. 
  • Ensure students who are new or returning to campus understand whether the university will be providing hand sanitiser, cleaning products for communal spaces and where/when face coverings may be required etc.
  • Reassure students on safety measures and cleaning protocols in university accommodation. 

Expectations of students’ behaviour

  • Develop communications assets which reinforce core behavioural expectations on campus such as continuing to behave responsibly, respecting individual choice, the university’s approach to face coverings.
  • Develop communications assets which reinforce core behavioural expectations in the community eg, in local hospitality settings, on public transport.
  • Signpost students to relevant university codes of conduct and charters

Further resources available: Our briefing: Covid-safe behaviours and returning to campus (April 2021)

Information on student experience

  • Set out how teaching and learning will be delivered and how it may change if there is a shift in the public health situation.
  • Provide clear information on the wider student experience and how it may change if there is a shift in the public health situation, for example Students Union activities, freshers’ week.

Student welfare

  • Provide clear and prominent information on the student support available to new and returning students including on:
    • mental health support available
    • hardship support and how to apply
    • how any students needing to self-isolate in 2021–22 will be looked after
    • initiatives to address digital poverty and how to access them

Further resources available: Our self-isolation checklist (updated March 2021)

International

  • Ensure there are clear communications to international students on their expected learning experience, including for those unable to travel to the UK for the start of the academic year.
  • Make sure that students understand the current travel restrictions in place for entry to the UK and that these are subject to change and should be checked regularly.
  • Provide clear information to students travelling from red list countries on any quarantine arrangements and what support will be available for those in managed quarantine facilities.
  • Provide clear information to students travelling from amber list countries on whether they will be required to self-isolate, whether any exemptions are relevant to them and what support will be available to those needing to self-isolate
  • Ensure international students have access to clear information on vaccinations which explains their eligibility and how to get the Covid-19 vaccines.
  • Consider how communications to international students can provide reassurance on the university’s health and safety measures. 
  • Signpost international students to clear information on the wellbeing support in place including mental health support, student services, health services and financial hardship.
  • Provide clear information to outward mobility students on how to ensure they understand and comply with Covid-19 regulations during their period of time overseas

Further resources available: 

Preparing for university life

  • Develop information for students starting university in the autumn which highlights steps they can take to prepare for beginning university and the support available to help them transition to higher education smoothly.

Further resources available: Our case studies: Support for new students starting university in autumn 2021 (June 2021)

Vaccination

  • Strongly encourage students to get vaccinated without delay. 
  • Provide advice to students on getting vaccinated locally including making clear that GP registration is not a prerequisite for getting vaccinated.
  • Promote local pop-up sites or vaccine centres. including information about their locations and how to access them. 
  • Ensure information on vaccines includes useful information  for international students. 
  • Signpost to official vaccination information on NHS.UK 
  • Make sure students have access to resources designed to address any hesitancy of getting the vaccine and counter misinformation.
  • Consider how information on Covid-19 vaccines can be disseminated to students alongside information on other non-Covid vaccines that they should consider having.
  • Be mindful of other public health diseases such as Meningitis that occur around the start of term and ensure messaging on the wider public health challenges mentions these.
     

Further resources available:

Testing

Provide clear information to students on asymptomatic testing including any expectations to test before travel, test on arrival and test at regular intervals during term time.

Working with students’ unions

  • Explore how the students’ union can co-produce, amplify and reinforce key messages to students. 
  • Identify other clubs, societies and groups to reach out to students and work with them.

Reassuring local communities

  • Engage with local public health to explore how core messages and communications can be aligned and/or joined up to reassure students and local communities.
  • Explore with other universities in the town or city any opportunities to work together on messaging for the local community on the return of students to campus eg, joint letters or securing local media coverage.

Examples from universities

We have pulled together a collection of case studies of how universities are developing communications to help students and local communities prepare for the start of term. 

Behavioural expectations

York St John University is carrying out a “Keep it kind on campus” campaign which will promote key expectations around student behaviour, foster mutual respect, and promote collective responsibility.

Imperial College London’s website highlights that despite the lifting of restrictions, the spirit of individual responsibility and respect for others continues. The website sets out expectations on students on face coverings, testing and adhering to local measures which may differ between departments based on specific risk assessments.

University of Gloucestershire’s Student Charter includes a section on Covid-19 which includes clear commitments from the university and students’ union and expectations on students.

In 2020–21 the University of the Creative Arts published a Covid-19 addendum to its student code of conduct.

Health and safety

Newcastle University has published detailed information on How we’re keeping you safe during Covid-19 including FAQs on the 2021–22 experience

In 2020, University of the Arts, London produced a Keeping you safe in halls video on keeping students safe in halls which offered easy to understand explainers on how halls were being kept safe.

Imperial College London has developed general advice on keeping safe on campus including the university’s approach to face coverings, details of its return to campus framework and other health and safety measures. Links to relevant information can all be found from one central web page. The university has also published information for those in university accommodation on what to expect in 2021–22 covering cleaning protocols, households, self-isolation and guests.

Clear information on the student experience

Imperial College London has published information for students outlining how its student experience may alter if there are changes in the public health situation. The information covers three scenarios: minimal restrictions, partial restrictions, and full Covid-19 restrictions (lockdown). The information published includes details of the academic experience and community experience under each scenario.

The University of Nottingham has developed clear website content outlining what students can expect in the 2021–22 academic year.

University of the Arts, London has published a Coronavirus update on 2021/22 academic year which sets out the university’s approach to teaching and learning, signposts to the university’s Community Pledge and confirms that students will be given a health and safety briefing at the start of the new academic year.

Nottingham Trent University has published a message from the vice-chancellor to students looking ahead to term one of the 2021/22 academic year.

Reinforcing local public health messaging

Coventry University has regularly retweeted key public health messages from Coventry City Council on staying safe in hospitality venues and use of face coverings.

Joint messaging to provide community reassurance

In 2020, the vice-chancellors of the University of Warwick and Coventry University issued a joint statement to the local community on the return of students to campus. The statement shared the measures that the universities were putting in place on their campuses and in the wider community and aimed to provide reassurance to the local community in advance of the new academic year.

Vaccination messages

Coventry University has been promoting video clips of students who have just been vaccinated at the university medical centre

The University of Nottingham is using strong messaging to reinforce the need for students to get vaccinates – “vaccinate to keep our community safe”, “vaccinate to study safely”, “vaccinate to play sports safely”. The university has brought together detailed vaccine information including Q&As and directions to local vaccination sites.

The University of Nottingham has also led on a collaborative initiative between the University of Nottingham, University of Southampton and King’s College London to establish COVIDVAXfacts.info to address vaccine concerns and hesitancy. The site includes information and evidence from independent experts working in immunology, vaccination and Covid-19. Students are signposted to the site from the University of Nottingham website. 

The University of Sunderland Students’ Union is promoting videos about vaccinations on social media and the students’ union’s website.

The University of Manchester has been regularly retweeting local vaccination site information from Manchester Health and Care Commissioning (MHCC). The university has also been using university experts to explain how vaccination hesitancy might be addressed. Information on vaccinations is also featured on the homepage of the students’ news site.

University of Sussex has published a clear position on vaccinations. It states that the university is in favour of vaccinations as an effective means of protecting public and individual health and strongly encourages all members of the university who are able to do so, to be vaccinated against Covid-19 and other diseases.

Student welfare

Sheffield Hallam University’s Welcome 2021 page includes a wide range of information for students from getting vaccinated to study skills training to booking welcome week events and learning about available support services.

The University of Brighton has published resources for students on Managing fears and anxiety around Coronavirus

Canterbury Christ Church University’s Welcome Hub includes links to different elements of the student experience including student support and tailored information for different cohorts.  

University of Wolverhampton has developed Get Set resources to provide new students with as much support as possible before they start their university journey. It includes Zoom events introducing students to aspects of university life and available support services.

https://www.universitiesuk.ac.uk/what-we-do/policy-and-research/publications/checklist-communications-prepare-2021-22

University course readings are pivotal to advance student knowledge and prepare them for class discussions. Despite this, only 20-30% of students read the assigned materials. Drawing on research findings that help explain this alarmingly low rate, this article offers some strategies to help students engage with their required readings.

Over the past two decades educators have raised concerns about changing patterns of student motivation, engagement and comprehension of academic reading. The power of technology, media and apps have affected student reading patterns.

Studies indicate that students are reading more slowly and comprehending less. They often struggle to read anything beyond an excerpt.

The challenging statistics on reading show a steep decline in student reading compliance. These trends are emerging not just at primary and secondary education level, but increasingly at a university level.

Students often underestimate the centrality of course readings. They rarely regard textbooks and academic papers as their primary source of information.

This often results in a lack of class participation, rich conversations and, at times, assessment quality.

In our increasingly technological world, new online and application solutions have assisted students with motivation and supported their learning preferences. Digital technology has made access to academic texts more flexible. However, some researchers argue screen-based reading may compromise the quality of the readers’ engagement.

Why are readings so often left unread?

A comprehensive study identifies four main reasons university students don’t engage with course readings:

  1. unpreparedness due to language deficits
  2. time constraints
  3. lack of motivation
  4. underestimating the importance of the readings.

“Unpreparedness” is an alarming finding, as it highlights deficits in language understanding and use. Some students have limited knowledge of technical terms used in courses, which explains why they struggle to understand assigned course literature.

Social and cultural dimensions also influence student engagement (or disengagement) with readings. For example, students’ previous experiences, year in university, and native versus non-native (English) speakers can all play an important role in their perception of, and attitudes to, readings.

Students naturally approach the assigned content with their own unique expectations and strategies. Some may review the reading, take notes and google summaries, while others may translate each unknown word or difficult concept.

Don’t just blame the problem on students

The engagement with readings is often seen as an exclusively student-centred problem. I urge a move away from this view. Instead, I invite educators, learning designers and educational developers to reconsider the methods we use to integrate assigned academic literature in the course design.

Research indicates that educators struggle to clearly communicate the rationale for why students need to read and how these texts contribute to their learning. We need to recognise different student personalities and anxieties, and to develop flexible ways for students to interact with academic literature.

But don’t students know that reading matters? Isn’t that what being at uni is about? Maybe, but here’s the problem.

Teachers regularly engage with complex papers, books and reports. Over the years they develop effective approaches to tackling the academic content.

Most students, on the other hand, have limited, if any, exposure to such texts. Many have low reading confidence. This results in situations where students face a black box (of readings) and are simply expected to know what to do with it, how to do it and, importantly, why. First-year and international students are particularly familiar with this scenario.

How can educators improve engagement with readings?

Educators often use questions and reflections to determine whether students have learned or missed anything in the readings. While it is a good starting point, quite often these sessions are done to test students rather than foster their learning. So, what else can we do?

With the development of blended (in person and online) and technology-rich learning environments, educators can use mixed approaches to engage students with assigned readings. We can divide these into pre-class and in-class strategies.

Ideas for pre-class strategies:

  • Students participate in pre-class activities online. Learning management systems and collaborative tools – such as quizzes, polls and collaborative apps – offer multiple interactive options. Invite students to practise different approaches, including unfamiliar reading strategies.
  • Offer clear expectations and strategies on what, how and why to read. For example, should I skim, review the text or look for best practice? Sometimes a discussion early on is enough.
  • Gradually introduce technical terms and cognitive load. Don’t assume students know all specific terms from the start.

Ideas for in-class strategies:

Various techniques are effective in different contexts. What strategies have you found to meaningfully engage students with readings?

https://theconversation.com/amp/up-to-80-of-uni-students-dont-read-their-assigned-readings-here-are-6-helpful-tips-for-teachers-165952?

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 17, 2021

Very + sıfat yerine kullanabilecek sözcükler

Günümüzden yaklaşık 3.300 yıl önce Kadeş Savaşı’nın ardından hazırlanan “dünyanın ilk uluslararası yazılı barış antlaşması”nda, Mısır firavunu II. Ramses ve Hitit Büyük Kralı III. Hattuşili ile birlikte bir Anadolu kadını olan, Hitit Büyük Kraliçesi Puduhepa’nın da mührünün olduğunu biliyor muydunuz? Bir Anadolu kadınının mührünü taşıyan bu tarihi antlaşmanın büyütülmüş bir kopyası bugün hâlâ New York’taki Birleşmiş Milletler binasında asılıdır. Coğrafyamızın iyi tanınması gereken kadın profillerinden biri olan Puduhepa’nın hikayesini, Meselenin İki Yüzü programımızda ağırladığımız konuşmacılarımız Bağımsız Araştırmacı Doğa Taşlardan ve Sosyal Girişimci Renan Tan Tavukçuoğlu’nun “Tarihe Mührünü Basan Kadın: Hitit Kraliçesi Puduhepa” başlıklı zihin açan söyleşilerinde dinlemeye ne dersiniz?

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 17, 2021

COVID-19 Hasta Kitapçığı #TürkToraksDerneği

https://toraks.org.tr/

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 17, 2021

#Audiobooks Take Off With Students During #Pandemic

Set of books with headphones

Like e-books, the use of audiobooks grew substantially during the pandemic for both kids and adults. With many school and public libraries closed for print book checkout, readers had to resort to borrowing books online in digital formats. And for audiobooks, a groundswell of listeners also subscribed to services such as Audible, the Amazon-owned audiobook market leader.

With many libraries open again and hard copy books more readily available, one might wonder if the use of digital books will wane. But since receiving laptops from their schools for virtual learning, more students now have devices for reading ebooks. And with the popularity of smart speakers helping drive audiobook use, it’s a safe bet the growth of digital books — both ebooks and audio — will continue apace, and libraries are taking note.

I’ve written about some of the challenges libraries face in working with publishers and third-party providers like OverDrive to license e-books for their patrons. And a recent New Yorker article takes a good look at these issues, as well as how the pandemic has shifted libraries’ budgets and spending patterns for e-books and audiobooks.

However, the use of e-books among kids has raised questions for parents and educators about their potential downsides. The main concerns are increased screen time with ebooks, plus research that shows retention of digital texts is less than when the same material is read in hard copy form. But one can’t muster a good argument that reading e-books isn’t, in fact, “reading.”

The same can’t be said for audiobooks. The role they play in developing students’ literacy skills is an ongoing point of contention for those who see them as a form of literary “cheating,” or at least not actually “reading.”

The audiobook debate raises such questions as: Does a student who listens to an audio version of a book glean the same amount of information as a student who reads it? Should teachers, especially in the upper grades where students have presumably mastered the mechanics of reading, let their students use audiobooks in lieu of texts, or care one way or another if they do? Is listening to To Kill a Mockingbird inherently better or worse than reading it?

In discussing the pros and cons of audiobooks, it’s useful to divide listeners into two groups: Developing readers and proficient readers. For developing readers, the assumption is that audiobooks will help them become proficient readers, but will not be used to replace reading altogether. For proficient readers, the discussion is more nuanced.

Audiobooks and Developing Readers

Research shows that audiobooks can play an important role in developing literacy skills in developing readers because:

  • The brain works in the same way to decode words whether listening to them or reading them.
  • Audiobooks help listeners develop comprehension skills that are transferable to print reading, and they also expand students’ vocabularies and phonemic awareness — their ability to identify and manipulate the sounds in spoken words.
  • For developing readers, listening to an audiobook while simultaneously reading along can help build reading fluency through modeling. This reading-while-listening approach is especially important for kids whose parents aren’t fluent readers or don’t spend quality time reading to and with them.
  • For struggling readers, audiobooks allow them to stretch beyond their reading levels and engage with a wider range of books in genres and topics of personal interest. And doing so can motivate them to continue working on their reading fluency. Some studies have shown this is especially important for boys.

Audiobooks and Proficient Readers

In 2018, an opinion piece in the New York Times, “Is Listening to a Book the Same Thing as Reading It?,” Daniel Willingham, a psychology professor at the University of Virginia, fired up a wave of debate that still continues. Citing research, Willingham concluded audiobook listeners aren’t cheating and should feel no guilt in continuing their practice. But he also described a study conducted with students who listened to a 22-minute scientific podcast and subsequently scored far worse on a written quiz than their class counterparts who had read the material.

Willingham wrote, “What happened? Note that the subject matter was difficult, and the goal wasn’t pleasure but learning. Both factors make us read differently. When we focus, we slow down. We reread the hard bits. We stop and think. Each is easier with print than with a podcast.”

And that’s an important point for teachers as they consider the role of audiobooks or podcasts in their classrooms. Using Willingham’s thesis, allowing students to listen to The Grapes of Wrath for a high school literature class may be fine, but less so for a treatise on Einstein’s theory of relativity.

Seeing the benefits of the reading-while-listening approach, elementary teachers long ago adopted books on tape, setting up listening corners in their classrooms where students were encouraged to listen to a book while following along with its print version.

So the audiobook phenomenon is nothing new in education, and even some of Thomas Edison’s early phonographs were recordings of stories. But with the growth of digital audiobooks and podcasts, new opportunities are now available to educators and students at all levels.

https://www.govtech.com/education/audiobooks-take-off-with-students-during-pandemic

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 17, 2021

Doğru Türkçe doğru iletişim #KurumsalİletişimcilerDerneği

https://www.kid.com.tr/

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 16, 2021

Ally Venable Band @allyvenableband

Ally Marie Venable (born April 7, 1999 in Kilgore, Texas) is an American blues rock guitar player, singer, and songwriter. She is the 2014, 2015 ETX Music awards female guitar player of the year, and she and her band were the ETX Music Awards 2015, 2016 blues band of the year.[1][2][3]

Ally Venable was just 14 when she released her debut EP, Wise Man (2013), which earned her a reputation as a rising star in the Lone Star State’s blues community.[4]

Venable’s third album, No Glass Shoes, with Connor Ray Music finished at number 16 in the RMR Electric Blues Charts for 2016. Venable is touted a must see act for under-30-year-olds by America’s Blue’s Scene.[5] Her second album, Puppet Show, debuted at No. 7 in the Billboard Blues Albums Chart.[6] The album Texas Honey was released in 2019; video directed by John Chambers.

In 2016, Ally Venable attended her High School prom with her childhood friend and global marketing professional, Chris Degenaars. [7]

She resides in Kilgore, Texas, United States.

Discography

  • No Glass Shoes 2016
  • Puppet Show 2018
  • Texas Honey 2019
  • Heart of Fire 2021

(Filmed by Natasha in 1080 HD) Ally Venable – Guitar & Vocals, Braeden Stubbs – Bass, Elijah Owings – Drums Filmed & Recorded at the Hot August Music Festival in Cockeysville, MD on August 28, 2021

Ally Venable does a stunning rendition of The (1972) Bill Withers classic “Use Me”
The moment she rears back & cuts her Les Paul loose is reminiscent of the classic rock guitar
heroes we Boomers grew up with….Gary Rossington of Lynyrd Skynyrd, Jimi Page of Led Zeppelin, Joe Perry from Aerosmith..one and all produced a “wall of raw power ” that pushed us back into our seats.The Blues & Rock Gods have surely smiled on The Kilgore,Texas native as they let out a
Collective “Oh Hell Yeah”

The Ally Venable Band was filmed live at Antones in Downtown Austin on 06/11/2021
using the Sony A7s3 in 4K 10BIT 4.2.0 with a Sony 70mm to 200mm lens
Audio was provided by ZOOM H5

The Band : Guitar & Vocals – Ally Venable
Bass Guitar – Brandon Stubbs
Keyboards – Fernando Del Los Santos
Drums – Elijah Owings

Ally Marie Venable – Guitar & Vocals
Fernando De Los Santos – Keys
Braeden Stubbs – Bass
Elijah Owings – Drums

Special Thanks to:
Al Poliack & Ira Maltz for The Funky Biscuit
Kudos to Sharon Wolf for help filming
Jesse Finkelstein for the camera angle & friendship
Jeff Kissinger for the original audio

https://allyvenableband.com/

https://www.facebook.com/AllyVenableBand/

https://www.instagram.com/allyvenableband/

https://www.youtube.com/c/allyvenableband

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 16, 2021

Counting Happiness and Where it Comes From

Researchers asked 10,000 participants to list ten things that recently made them happy. The result was HappyDB, a collection of 100,000 happy moments. For each moment, I parsed out the subject, verb, and object to better see what makes people happy overall.

For example, someone might have said “I watched a good movie yesterday.” The subject was “I”, the verb was “watched”, and the object was “movie”.

Then I counted and connected the dots.

From my previous analysis, I knew the subject part of the moments was split between “I” and everything else, so it seemed reasonable to look at happiness that started with the self versus happiness that came from others. There’s a difference between “I ate some good pizza.” and “My parents are coming home.” It’s the difference between what we do to make ourselves happy and what we do to make others happy.

Here are the top five subject-verb-object combinations from each group:

Subject / Verb / Object with “I”

  1. I / had / dinner
  2. I / watched / movie
  3. I / got / job
  4. I / spent / time
  5. I / had / lunch

With Others

  1. Team / won / game
  2. Husband / surprised / me
  3. Son / gave / hug
  4. Friend / told / me
  5. Husband / came / home

The team-won-game surprised me at first, but it’s mostly people who were happy their favorite sports team won a game. Some moments were parents happy their child’s team won a game.

There’s overlap between the categories, so it seemed worth looking at the distributions only for moments with other people.

Again, the data was collected through Mechanical Turk, which isn’t a representative sample of the population. A large majority of participants were between 20 and 40 years old, which increases the counts for children and spouses. If the sample skewed younger, I suspect we’d see more “girlfriend” and “boyfriend” responses. I’d also expect to see more work-related people, but maybe those on Mechanical Turk are less likely to have a full-time boss, manager, or coworker.

The distribution of verbs (action) and objects (what) seems more interesting here. Generally speaking, it’s about someone making time for another, which might come as a meal together, a gift, or a hug.

When you look at the breakdown for pets, the actions become more specific: snuggled, jumped, curled, etc. Dogs and cats are expectedly at the top.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 16, 2021

The World’s top 50 websites (#infographic)

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 16, 2021

Dungeons And Dragons In The Library

Dungeons and Dragons is in its renaissance right now. The rising popularity of shows like Critical Role, Dimension20 or Not Another DND Podcast, brings new players to the world’s most popular role playing game. But is this trend something your library should capitalize on and introduce the game to its community? In this week’s post Jake Hutton shares his experience with running a D&D game for teens at the library.

For the last year, I have been running a once a week game of Dungeons and Dragons (D&D) at the Aberdeen Branch of the Harford County Public Library, in Maryland. The program has consistently been my most popular, pulling roughly 15-20 teens every week, some from as far as 30 minutes away.

Not only has D&D been really well received, it ticks numerous boxes libraries strive for in their programming. D&D is an outlet for creativity, encourages social interaction between people of diverse backgrounds, and fosters reading comprehension and critical thinking skills. In this article, I will briefly describe why I wanted to try D&D in the library, how it has gone, and how anyone interested can give it a try. For my program, I have worked primarily with teens, but this is an opportunity many adults would enjoy as well.

Why D&D?

I have been an avid fan of D&D for most of my life, and play frequently in my free time. Once I started working as a librarian, I noticed how seamlessly the game integrates concepts important to libraries.

Dungeons and Dragons is a pen and paper role playing game (RPG). A single player plays as the Dungeon Master, creating a world that the players interact with. Players act as a group of adventurers working together to complete quests, slay monsters, and achieve their own personal goals. The game uses a series of dice to help simulate how successful characters and monsters are at achieving their various goals. The game doesn’t require anything other than a few books, paper and pencils, and some dice.

The vast majority of the game takes place in the collective imaginations of the players. The Dungeon Master uses evocative descriptions to make the game come alive; and players then decide their characters’ actions, creating an exciting and limitless narrative experience. The rules of the game provide a framework for what characters can and cannot achieve, and how difficult actions are. Before, during, and after play, players will frequently reference rulebooks to check how abilities and spells work, in order to figure out the best ways to overcome challenges created by the Dungeon Master.

I am hoping this description makes it obvious why this game is perfect for library programming; it has social interaction, imaginative play, and reading comprehension.

How the program has gone

When I started D&D programming at the library, it initially started slow, with 3-4 teens playing. I had a tough time telling if they were truly enjoying playing, or if they were merely humoring me. After about three weeks, the program still hadn’t gained much momentum, so I decided to go back to playing Super Smash Brothers during my teen program. Immediately, all four of my teen regulars asked why we weren’t playing D&D, and what would happen to their characters. They wanted to keep playing.

This got me pretty excited, so I decided even if I only drew these same four teens every week, if they were having fun, then it was worth it. After about two more weeks of playing, two new teens showed up, saying they heard we were playing D&D, and that they wanted to give it a try.

Since then the program has really gained momentum. I have roughly 15 teen regulars that show up every week, with 6-8 that play but are less frequent attendees. Our group grew so large that we split into two groups, one which is entirely teen run, and the other I still run. We are even contemplating creating a third group.
I have noticed several benefits from this program. I see teens from diverse backgrounds interacting regularly through D&D, both before, during, and after the program. While I am not certain, I think many of these teens did not know each other before playing D&D, and now they hang out once or twice a week, talking about school, D&D, and their hobbies.

A large portion of my players has also bought dice and rulebooks of their own, taking pride in reading through spells and abilities in their own time. They spend quite a bit of time digging through these books to come up with fresh ideas to slay monsters. Teens that haven’t bought books of their own frequently request and check out the library’s circulating D&D books. I see groups of them collaborating in the teen section in preparation for the day’s session, which has been amazing to see. Many of my players told me they do not frequently read, and yet they are going out of their way to dig through a several hundred page rulebook.

I have also used our D&D sessions as a chance to recommend many fantasy and science fiction books that I think players will enjoy.

How can you get started?

Right, so after all this, you are probably (hopefully?) wondering how you can start a D&D program of your own, in the most time- and cost-efficient way.

For those of you brand new to D&D, I would recommend purchasing the D&D Starter Set* for the most recent, 5th Edition, which in my opinion is the best edition to play. This starter set costs $20, it contains a full set of dice, a starter version of the rules, several pre-made characters for players to play, and a great prewritten adventure for new Dungeon Masters to use, which will walk you through how to play the game. This little box contains at least 20 hours of play in it, perhaps more, and it is all you need to get started. If you have a local game store in your area, maybe they will even consider donating the item to your library, it’s always worth asking.

*Editor’s note: Wizards of the Coast has since then released an Essentials kit as well, containing rules for character creation, a different adventure, more dice, a DM screen and cards for spells and items. You can see a comparison between the two kits here.

If you are looking for expanded content, or content for more veteran players, all you need to purchase in addition to dice, is the Players Handbook and the Monsters Manual. These two books will give you limitless content, and give you the complete rules to play the game. The Dungeon Masters Guide is the final book of these core rulebooks, but you can probably skip it until you get a feel for the program.

In addition to these two books, I would strongly recommend purchasing a pre-made adventure, as this makes your job as the librarian much easier; rather than creating encounters, cities, and people to populate these areas from scratch, you can just read what professional adventure writers have created. I would personally recommend Tales from Yawning Portal; these are a series of dungeons that are loosely interconnected, rather than a large adventure, spanning continents, so it will be easier for a new Dungeon Masters to manage. It also means that players can come and go easier during the adventure, without creating problems for the group.

Editor’s note: Waterdeep Dragon Heist is another pre-made adventure that can be recommended. It has an extensive world, supporting characters and a storyline that is different based on in which season the story happens, offering great replayability.

Time is almost always a factor when we try to allocate our few precious slots of planning and programming time. You do not need to run a game every week to have success, you could also try running it once a month, having two sessions spread out over two weeks, or even a longer one-day session. If you want to schedule a D&D program, but can’t manage to schedule a staff member to run it, stop by the local game store, see if there is someone that the game store owner can recommend to you to potentially come and volunteer to run the game. Wizards of the Coast (the company that makes D&D) also has a volunteer organization called the Adventurers League found here http://dnd.wizards.com/playevents/organized-play .

Hopefully, this article has gotten you interested in Dungeons and Dragons and perhaps instilled some tips to let you run your own library D&D programs. I have found it to be an extremely enjoyable program to run, and one that participants talk about and look forward to.

If you have any questions about the program or how to run D&D at your library, check out the comment section under the original post here.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 16, 2021

Doç. Dr. #NevzatÖzel ile #AkademikDürüstlük ve #Etik

How is the Job Market Shifting Over the Next Decade?

The employment landscape is constantly shifting. While agricultural jobs played a big role in the 19th century, a large portion of U.S. jobs today are in administration, sales, or transportation. So how can job seekers identify the fastest growing jobs of the future?

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects there will be 11.9 million new jobs created from 2020 to 2030, an overall growth rate of 7.7%. However, some jobs have a growth rate that far exceeds this level. In this graphic, we use BLS data to show the fastest growing jobs—and fastest declining jobs—and how much they each pay.

The Top 20 Fastest Growing Jobs

We used the dataset that excludes occupations with above average cyclical recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. For example, jobs such as motion picture projectionists, ticket takers, and restaurant cooks were removed. Once these exclusions were made, the resulting list reflects long-term structural growth.

Here are the fastest growing jobs from 2020 to 2030, along with the number of jobs that will be created and the median pay for the position.

OccupationPercent employment change, 2020–2030PNumeric employment change, 2020-2030PMedian annual wage, 2020
Wind turbine service technicians68.2%4,700$56,230
Nurse practitioners52.2%114,900$111,680
Solar photovoltaic installers52.1%6,100$46,470
Statisticians35.4%14,900$92,270
Physical therapist assistants35.4%33,200$59,770
Information security analysts33.3%47,100$103,590
Home health and personal care aides32.6%1,129,900$27,080
Medical and health services managers32.5%139,600$104,280
Data scientists and mathematical science occupations, all other31.4%19,800$98,230
Physician assistants31.0%40,100$115,390

Showing 1 to 10 of 20 entriesPreviousNext

Wind turbine service technicians have the fastest growth rate, with solar photovoltaic (solar panel) installers taking the third slot. The rapid growth is driven by demand for renewable energy. However, because these are relatively small occupations, the two roles will account for about 11,000 new jobs collectively.

Nine of the top 20 fastest growing jobs are in healthcare or related fields, as the baby boomer population ages and chronic conditions are on the rise. Home health and personal care aides, who assist with routine healthcare tasks such as bathing and feeding, will account for over one million new jobs in the next decade. This will be almost 10% of all new jobs created between 2020 and 2030. Unfortunately, these workers are the lowest paid on the list.

Computer and math-related jobs are also expected to see high growth. The BLS expects strong demand for IT security and software development, partly because of the increase in people that are working from home.

The Top 20 Fastest Declining Jobs

Structural changes in the economy will cause some jobs to decline quite quickly. Here are the top 20 jobs where employment is expected to decline the fastest over the next decade.

OccupationPercent employment change, 2020–2030PNumeric employment change, 2020-2030PMedian annual wage, 2020
Word processors and typists-36.0%-16,300$41,050
Parking enforcement workers-35.0%-2,800$42,070
Nuclear power reactor operators-32.9%-1,800$104,040
Cutters and trimmers, hand-29.7%-2,400$31,630
Telephone operators-25.4%-1,200$37,710
Watch and clock repairers-24.9%-700$45,290
Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers-24.1%-13,000$29,730
Switchboard operators, including answering service-22.7%-13,600$31,430
Data entry keyers-22.5%-35,600$34,440
Shoe machine operators and tenders-21.6%-1,100$30,630

Showing 1 to 10 of 20 entriesPreviousNext

Eight of the top 20 declining jobs are in office and administrative support. This could be cause for concern, given this category currently makes up almost 13% of employment in the U.S.—the largest of any major category. Jobs involved in the production of goods and services, as well as sales jobs, are also seeing declines.

In all cases, automation is likely the biggest culprit. For example, software that automatically converts audio to text will reduce the need for typists.

While the fastest declining jobs typically fall within the lower salary range, there is one outlier. Nuclear power reactor operators, who earn a salary of over $100,000, will see employment decline at a steep rate of -33%. No new nuclear plants have opened since the 1990s, and nuclear power faces steep competition from renewable energy sources.

Warning: Education Required

As the composition of employment shifts, it eliminates some jobs and creates others. For instance, while production jobs are declining, new opportunities exist for “computer numerically controlled tool programmers.” These workers develop programs to control the automated equipment that processes materials.

However, while many of the fastest growing jobs are higher paying, they typically also require advanced education.

 Top 20 Fastest Growing JobsTop 20 Fastest Declining Jobs
# with median salary > $41,950175
# with post-secondary education required 160

Seventeen of the top 20 fastest growing jobs have a median salary higher than $41,950, which is the median salary for all jobs in total. Most also require post-secondary schooling. These opportunities are replacing jobs that only required a high school diploma.

With tuition costs soaring relative to inflation, this could create challenges for displaced workers or young people entering the workforce.

https://www.gazeteduvar.com.tr/dergi/duvar-kitap-sayi-179-edebiyattan-arastirmaya-yeni-cikan-kitaplar-6140b707bb2c413a5652e2a2

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 16, 2021

The cost of starting a business in every country (#infographic)

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 16, 2021

15 Leadership Lessons From Female Founders and CEOs (#infographic)

https://www.marketingprofs.com/chirp/2021/45678/15-leadership-lessons-from-female-founders-and-ceos-infographic

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 16, 2021

The best selling car in nearly every country (#infographic)

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 15, 2021

Türkiye Burs Analizi 2017-2018, 2018-2019

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 15, 2021

16. Ankara Kitap Fuarı, 22-31 Ekim 2021, ATO Congresium

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 15, 2021

E-Bursum (Türkiye’nin En Büyük #Burs Platformu)

2015 yılında kurulan E-Bursum, her seviyeden öğrencinin eğitim olanaklarına eşit şekilde ulaşmasını sağlamak amacıyla Türkiye’deki burs ekosistemini daha demokratik hale getirmeyi hedefleyen bir sosyal girişimdir.

Bursların herkes için ulaşılabilir olması ve burs süreçlerinin daha adil, eşitlikçi ve kolay olmasını sağlamak amacıyla bu yolculuğa çıktık ve öğrenci ve burs veren kurumlar arasında köprü görevi görmenin yanında kendini burs ekosistemini değiştirmeye de adadık.

Sistematik hale getirilmiş burs sisteminin yanı sıra, 21. yüzyıl yetkinliklerine sahip bireyler olarak yetişmeleri için temel finansal okuryazarlık eğitimi, kariyer videoları sunuyoruz. Bunun yanında sosyal etki ölçümü ve online mentorluk ile burs verenlerin öğrenciler üzerinde yarattıkları etkiyi en üst düzeye çıkarmayı hedefliyoruz.

E-Bursum olarak, her bir öğrencinin günümüz ve geleceğimiz için değerli birer birey olduğuna inanıyor ve bu bağlamda çalışmalar yürütüyoruz. Çünkü biliyoruz ki bir öğrenci bir okulu, bir okul bir toplumu, bir toplum dünyayı değiştirebilir.

https://e-bursum.com/

Dindar olmak kimi kesimler tarafından Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi’ni desteklemekle özdeşleştirilse de, dindar kesim içinde İslam felsefesini farklı yorumlayan kişi ve gruplar mevcut. Onlar, alışılmış dindarlığın dışında kalmayı seçen muhalifler… Dindarlık deyince akla AK Parti’nin gelmesinden rahatsızlık duyan muhalif Müslümanlar, İslam inancı konusunda iktidardan oldukça farklı düşünüyor. Bu isimlerden biri olan Antikapitalist Müslümanlar’ın kurucusu İhsan Eliaçık, “Müslüman sağcı olmak zorunda değil. Müslüman solcu da olabilir. Camiden çıkıp 1 Mayıs’a gidebilir. Allah, ekmek, özgürlük diyebilir” sözleriyle düşüncelerini özetliyor. Feminist olan Zeynep Duygu Ağbayır ise cemaatin bünyesinde medresede eğitim gördüğünü söylüyor. Bu eğitimin ardından sübyan mektebinde hocalık yapmaya başlayan Zeynep, burada gördüklerinden duyduğu rahatsızlığı dile getirdikten sonra işten kovulduğunu anlatıyor. Müslüman kimliği hayatının merkezinde dursa da, o İslam düşüncesi konusunda çoğu Müslümandan farklı bir bakışa sahip. Hayatında mevcut iktidara oy vermediğini söyleyen Zeynep, “Yine de AKP’li olmakla suçlanıyorum” diyor. +90, 3 muhalif Müslüman ve KONDA’nın Genel Müdürü Bekir Ağırdır ile Türkiye’deki dindarlığı ve dinin siyasetle ilişkisini konuştu.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 14, 2021

Ensuring the success of data sharing in Canada

The Canadian federal Tri-Agency Research Data Management Policy has recently been released. This will require Canadian universities and other research institutes to create and share strategic plans regarding data management and to equip their researchers with skills to complete data deposits. To help maximize the success of data sharing we outline five domains for research institutions to consider during implementation: training and education, paying for data sharing, audit and feedback, meta-science, and career advancement.

“Everybody’s knowledge, nobody’s property”1

Open science (OS) refers to making the scientific process (e.g., protocols, materials) and its outputs (e.g., reports of completed research, data, code) freely and transparently available to everybody. There have been valiant efforts to ensure easy access to COVID-19 research reports and the sharing of its underlying data. A Wellcome initiative to mandate a set of OS practices for COVID-19 research (Wellcome Trust 2020) was started early on in the pandemic and subsequently endorsed by hundreds of organizations. Despite these efforts, we have not seen meaningful change; many of the materials and outputs of COVID-19 studies remain inaccessible. An analysis of 535 COVID-19 articles on preprint servers found that “only 21% of authors included data availability statements, and only 11% of those made their data available in external repositories” (Sumner et al. 2020). None of the data underlying any of the COVID-19 vaccine trials is directly and easily available to the scientific community, patients, or the broader community (Baden et al. 2021). Only a handful of biomedical journals have strong data-sharing policies (Naudet et al. 2018) that prospective authors must agree to as part of the submission/acceptance process.This is about to change in Canada. Canada’s Chief Science Advisor has established a “Roadmap to Open Science” that aims to create change and embed OS into all aspects of Canadian research culture (Canadian Federal Government 2021). A key component of Canada’s transition to OS will revolve around sharing research data. Canada’s federal Tri-Agencies have recently released their Tri-Agency Research Data Management Policy (RDM Policy 2021). This policy will require action on behalf of institutions, mandate data management plans for grant applications, and includes a strong preference for data sharing. This analysis focuses on five topics to help implement data sharing successfully in Canada (see Table 1).

https://www.facetsjournal.com/doi/full/10.1139/facets-2021-0031

İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi’nin 248’inci yıl birincisi Hüseyin Umutcan Ay’ın mezuniyet törenindeki konuşması büyük ilgi gördü. Kadına yönelik şiddet konusundaki sorunlara, vatandaşın geçim sıkıntısına ve gençlerin gelecek kaygılarına değinen Ay, “Geriye kalan bizler ve bizim yetiştireceğimiz çocuklar, hegomanların elinde yozlaşmış bu sistemi değiştireceğiz. Değiştirmeliyiz” sözleriyle alkışlandı.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 14, 2021

Yapay Zekâ Etiği (Editör #UtkuKöse)

Yapay Zekâ ile ilgili sıkça tartışılan ve çözüme kavuşturulamayan konular, genellikle insanla bağlantılı soyut unsurlara dayanmaktadır. Bu unsurlar arasında yer alan etik, geniş etki alanı ve felsefi karakteri sebebiyle yapay zekâ tartışmaları içerisinde önemli bir popülarite kazanmıştır. Bu kitap; Yapay Zekâ Etiği başlığı altında incelenebilecek etik, ahlak, vicdan, hukuksal düzenlemeler, ön yargı, açıklanabilirlik, sorumluluk, mahremiyet, yaratıcılık, transhümanizm ve teknolojik tekillik gibi birçok kritik konuyu incelemekte; insan ve yapay zekâ arasındaki etkileşimi günümüz ve gelecek açısından tartışmaktadır.

https://www.nobelyayin.com/kitap_17448.html

Tamron sponsorluğunda, kadın yaratıcıları onurlandırdığımız 6 videodan oluşan minik seride, farklı alanlarda hepsi birbirinden değerli 6 Kadın’ın, yaratım hikayelerini, yaşadıkları sıkıntılarını ve kadın olmanın bu sürece etkisini hep beraber dinleyeceğiz. Rahşan Gülşan moderatörlüğünde gerçekleşen “Woman Creators” serimizin dördüncü konuğu, değerli yazar Ayşe BALIBEY. Bu seride başta sayın Rahşan Gülşan’a ve bizleri kırmayıp bu projemize ortak olan tüm konuklarımıza buradan tekrardan teşekkür ederiz.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 14, 2021

Slow life, slow librarianship by #MeredithFarkas

It’s been a quiet summer over here, focused on family, recovering from the stress of the academic year, and doing a lot of reading. I’d had fantasies of getting a lot of writing done over the summer (more on that below), but I didn’t get nearly as much done as I’d hoped. I’m trying to be very gentle with myself. I know I’m burnt out and emotionally exhausted. I’m dealing with stressful family health issues. I feel demoralized at work between the College trying to take away faculty and staff cost-of-living increases (which proved unsuccessful — woo hoo! union strong!), the increasing lack of voice and agency for faculty and staff in an ever-expanding hierarchy, and the fun of working during a pandemic. And I’m feeling really okay with not getting much done. I had some wonderful moments with my family this summer and that is without question the most important thing I could have accomplished in these months.

That would not have cut it a few years ago; I’d have been beating myself up for my laziness and lack of productivity. Back in the day, the worse I felt, the harder I’d work. I’d bury myself in work to focus on something other than my feelings. I’d work hard in the hopes of getting external validation that might make me feel better (spoiler: it never did). I taught classes through migraines and told myself that it would take my mind off the pain. And in a way it did, but these strategies of muscling through pain just led to burnout. We need to feel our feelings. We need to rest when our body or our mind is unwell. I’m immensely proud of the fact that I have not once felt guilty for not getting a lot done lately and I’ve resisted the pull to get involved in things that wouldn’t give me time to prioritize taking care of myself and my family. It’s taken a long time to get into recovery for my workaholism and I still do slip into bad habits from time to time, but those are getting fewer and I’m getting better and better at saying no to things.

One of the hardest parts of recovering from workaholism is having colleagues who still are active workaholics, constantly go above and beyond, and have very few boundaries. I don’t worry much about how my performance looks compared to theirs (though I used to), but I sometimes feel like I’m abandoning them. Last year, I was determined not to work on our annual instructional assessment project because I had worked on it or led it for so many years in a row and it is hard thankless work. But then my friend (who has worked on it even more times than I have) volunteered to lead and no one else was volunteering to help so I didn’t want her to have to do it alone. I’m struggling with the conflict between having boundaries and being in solidarity with my fellow workaholics. In the end though, I can’t make other people erect boundaries, and if I am ever to truly recover, I have to stay true to my own.

For the past couple of years, I’ve been thinking about something I call slow librarianship. It was in response to the realizations I had about my workaholism and the ideas I explored around ambition, striving, productivity, self-optimization, and achievement culture on this blog two years ago. It felt like the answer to all this was to slow down, to notice and reflect, to focus more on being true to our values than innovating, to build relationships, to really listen (to our communities our colleagues, and ourselves), and to be in solidarity with others. I then discovered that another librarian, Julia Glassman, had written an essay in 2017 sharing her vision of slow librarianship called “The innovation fetish and slow librarianship: What librarians can learn from the Juicero.” In it, she brought up many of the concerns I have about achievement culture, reward structures that create a sense of scarcity and thus toxic competition, and the focus on flashy innovative work. While she wrote that defining slow librarianship was beyond the scope of her essay, I think she got a pretty good start with the last sentence she offers:

Perhaps, if we reject the capitalist drive to constantly churn out new products and instead take a stand to support more reflective and responsive practices, we can offer our patrons services that are deeper, more lasting, and more human.

It sounds about right to me. I can’t tell you how good it felt to see that someone was thinking along the exact same lines as I was. Thank you Julia for starting this conversation!

Last Fall, I gave a talk at the New York Library Association’s annual conference where I started sketching out my vision of slow librarianship. And I’ve been surprised since then to have been asked to speak at 8 different events on the topic (many of which I’ve turned down due to my own focus on slow living), when I’ve barely been asked to do any speaking outside of my state in YEARS. Clearly, we’re at a place where people are questioning the roles whiteness and capitalism play in our work and are looking for a new path. I’ve done a lot of reading and have made refinements since the NYLA talk and I have so many things in my head that I want to get onto the page. I started work this summer on something. I’m thinking it will be a book, since I’ve already written 9,000 words and have barely scratched the surface. I don’t exactly know what I’ll do with it when I’m done, but I know I want it to be open access and I don’t want it to be some perfectly polished scholarly product.

In my first draft of the first chapter of whatever it is I’m writing, I defined slow librarianship this way:

Slow librarianship is an antiracist, responsive, and values-driven practice that stands in opposition to neoliberal values. Workers in slow libraries are focused on relationship-building, deeply understanding and meeting patron needs, and providing equitable services to their communities. Internally, slow library culture is focused on learning and reflection, collaboration and solidarity, valuing all kinds of contributions, and supporting staff as whole people. Slow librarianship is a process, not a destination; it is an orientation towards our work, ourselves, and others that creates positive change. It is an organizational philosophy that supports workers and builds stronger relationships with our communities.

I’ve been thinking a lot about how individualism is at the root of so many of our problems and how things like solidarity, mutual aid, and collective action are the answer. Capitalism does everything it can to keep us anxious and in competition with each other. It gave us the myth of meritocracy – the idea that we can achieve anything if we work hard enough, that our achievements are fully our own (and not also a product of the privileges we were born to and the people who have taught us, nurtured us, and helped us along the way), and that we deserve what we have (and conversely that others who have less deserve their lot in life). It gave us petty hierarchies in the workplace – professional vs. paraprofessional, faculty vs. staff, full-time vs. part-time, white-collar vs. blue-collar – that make us jealously guard the minuscule privilege our role gives us instead of seeing ourselves in solidarity with all labor. It’s created countless individual awards and recognitions that incentivize us not to collaborate and to find ways to make ourselves shine. It’s created conditions of scarcity in the workplace where people view their colleagues as threats or competitors instead of rightly turning their attention toward the people in power who are responsible for the culture. This is how the system was made to work; to keep us isolated and anxious, grinding away as hard as we can so we don’t have time or space to view ourselves as exploited workers. It is only through relationships and collaboration, through caring about our fellow workers, through coming together to fight for change, that things will improve. But that requires us to focus less on ourselves and our desire to shine, rise, or receive external recognition, and to focus more on community care and efforts to see everyone in our community rise. It goes against everything capitalism has taught us, but we’ll never create meaningful change unless we replace individualism with solidarity and care more about the well-being of the whole than the petty advantages we can win alone.

I’m honestly really proud of myself for working so slowly on this. It used to be that I’d stay up until 2am writing if I felt passionately about something, so impatient to get my thoughts out of my brain and onto the screen. At the pace I’m working and with the academic year starting, it’s going to be a long time before this book sees the light of day, so I thought I’d share some things I’ve read, watched, and listened to that really influenced my own thinking (thank you all for your labor in getting these ideas out there and letting me learn from you!!). I hope these are just as inspirational for you as they have been to be.

(sorry my citations are sloppy and I don’t always include the url to articles (you know how to google/google scholar) )

Andrews, Nicola. “It’s Not Imposter Syndrome: Resisting Self-Doubt as Normal For Library Workers.” In the Library with the Lead Pipe, 2020.

Bowler, Kate. Everything Happens for a Reason: And Other Lies I’ve Loved. Random House, 2018. (Kate’s podcast is also consistently AMAZING!!!)

brown, adrienne maree. Emergent Strategy: Shaping Change, Changing Worlds. AK Press, 2017.

Ettarh, Fobazi. “Vocational awe and librarianship: The lies we tell ourselves.” In the Library with the Lead Pipe 10 (2018).

Ferretti, Jennifer A. “Building a Critical Culture: How Critical Librarianship Falls Short in the Workplace.” Communications in information literacy 14.1 (2020): 134-152.

Gallagher, Brian. “How Inequality Imperils Cooperation.” Nautilus, 9 Jan. 2020, nautil.us/issue/79/catalysts/how-the-rich-imperil-cooperation.

Glassman, Julia. 18 Oct. 2017. “The innovation fetish and slow librarianship: What librarians can learn from the Juicero.” In the Library with the Lead Pipe, 18 Oct. 2017, www.inthelibrarywiththeleadpipe.org/2017/the-innovation-fetish-and-slow-librarianship-what-librarians-can-learn-from-the-juicero/

Graeber, David. “After the Pandemic, We Can’t Go back to Sleep.” Jacobin, 4 Mar. 2021, www.jacobinmag.com/2021/03/david-graeber-posthumous-essay-pandemic.

Graeber, David. The Utopia of Rules: On Technology, Stupidity and the Secret Joys of Bureaucracy. Melville House, 2016.

Han, Byung-Chul. “The Tiredness Virus.” The Nation, 12 Apr. 2021, www.thenation.com/article/society/pandemic-burnout-society/.

Han, Byung-Chul. “Why Revolution Is No Longer Possible.” OpenDemocracy, 23 Oct. 2015, www.opendemocracy.net/en/transformation/why-revolution-is-no-longer-possible/.

Headlee, Celeste. Do Nothing: How to Break Away from Overworking, Overdoing, and Underliving. Harmony, 2020.

Honoré, Carl. In praise of slowness: Challenging the cult of speed. Harper Collins, 2009.

Hudson, David J. “The Displays: On Anti-Racist Study and Institutional Enclosure.” up//root: a we here publication. October 22, 2020. https://www.uproot.space/features/hudson-the-displays.

Soooooo many episodes of the podcast Hurry Slowly inspired me — they’re too numerous to name.

Kendrick, Kaetrena Davis. “The low morale experience of academic librarians: A phenomenological study.” Journal of Library Administration 57.8 (2017): 846-878. (all of Kaetrena research and writing is amazing and her more recent works are OA, so look ’em up!)

Leung, Sofia and Jorge López-McKnight (Eds.), Knowledge Justice: Disrupting Library and Information Studies through Critical Race Theory. MIT Press, 2021.

Mountz, Alison, et al. “For slow scholarship: A feminist politics of resistance through collective action in the neoliberal university.” ACME: An International Journal for Critical Geographies 14.4 (2015): 1235-1259.

Nicholson, Karen P., Jane Schmidt, and Lisa Sloniowski. 2020. “Editorial.” Canadian Journal of
Academic Librarianship
 6: 1–11. https://doi.org/10.33137/cjal-rcbu/v6.35194

Nicholson, Karen P. “The” value agenda”: Negotiating a path between compliance and critical practice.” Canadian Libraries Assessment Workshop (CLAW) 2017 Conference, Victoria, BC.

Ndefo, Nkem. “Nkem Ndefo on the Body as Compass.” In Young, Ayana. For the Wild podcast, 24 March 2021, https://forthewild.world/listen/nkem-ndefo-on-the-body-as-compass-227

Odell, Jenny. How to do nothing: Resisting the attention economy. Melville House Publishing, 2020. (if you don’t have time for her book, the conference talk she gave that became the book is excellent!)

Okun, Tema. White Supremacy Culturehttps://www.dismantlingracism.org/uploads/4/3/5/7/43579015/okun_-_white_sup_culture.pdf

Parkins, Wendy. “Out of time: Fast subjects and slow living.” Time & Society 13.2-3 (2004): 363-382.

Petersen, Anne Helen. “Why Office Workers Didn’t Unionize.” Culture Study, 18 Oct. 2020, annehelen.substack.com/p/why-office-workers-didnt-unionize.

​​Petrini, Carlo. Slow food: The case for taste. Columbia University Press, 2003.

Sandel, Michael J. The Tyranny of Merit: What’s Become of the Common Good? Penguin Books, 2021.

Seale, Maura, and Rafia Mirza. “The Coin of Love and Virtue: Academic Libraries and Value in a Global Pandemic.” Canadian Journal of Academic Librarianship/Revue canadienne de bibliothéconomie universitaire 6 (2020): 1-30.

Solnit, Rebecca. “When the Hero Is the Problem.” Literary Hub, 2 Apr. 2019, lithub.com/rebecca-solnit-when-the-hero-is-the-problem/.

Spade, Dean. Mutual aid: Building solidarity during this crisis (and the next). Verso Books, 2020.

Walters, Alicia. “Centering Blackness: A World Re-imagined.” In Parker, Priya. Together Apart podcast, 17 June 2020, https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/centering-blackness-a-world-re-imagined/id1506057555?i=1000478317059

Weber, Max. 2001 [1930]. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. New York, NY: Routledge.

Wolff, Richard D. Democracy at Work: A Cure for Capitalism. Haymarket Books, 2012.

Image credit: slow by elycefeliz on Flickr (CC-BY-NC-ND)

Meredith Farkas

MEREDITH FARKAS

Meredith Farkas is a faculty librarian at Portland Community College in Oregon and an adjunct faculty member at San Jose State University’s iSchool. She is the author of the book “Social Software in Libraries: Building Collaboration, Communication and Community Online” (Information Today, 2007) and writes the monthly column “Technology in Practice” for American Libraries. Meredith was honored in 2014 with the ACRL Instruction Section Innovation Award, in 2008 and 2011 with the WISE Excellence in Online Education Award and in 2009 with the LITA/Library Hi Tech award for Outstanding Communication in Library and Information Technology. She has been writing the blog Information Wants to be Free since 2004.

https://meredith.wolfwater.com/wordpress/2021/09/08/slow-life-slow-librarianship/

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 14, 2021

Bir kitabın maliyeti #MürselÇavuş

BİR KİTABIN MALİYETİ

Geçen gün bir yayıncı arkadaşımla konuşurken başladı maliyet kalemlerini saymaya, dur dur dedim, not alıyorum. 😄 Bir kitabın maliyeti kaça çıkıyor merak ediyorsanız, hesap şöyleymiş. 256 sayfalık, 13,5×21 bir kitap için konuştuk.

TELİF: 500-2000 dolar arasında değişiyormuş ama konuştuğumuz kitap için 500 dolar ödemiş, yani 4250 lira.  

AJANS KOMİSYONU: Ajans varsa ajans komisyonu+ %18 KDV var. 90 dolar+ KDV. 590 lira ajans bedeli.

ÇEVİRİ: Telifli veya telifsiz anlaşmaya göre değişmekle birlikte, sayfa başı 12-18 lira arasında değişiyormuş. Buna bir de %20 stopaj ekleniyormuş. Bahsettiğimiz kitap için çevirmene 9000 lira ödemiş.

ÇEVİRİ EDİTÖRÜ: Bu kitap özelinde 4000 lira ödemiş.  

DÜZELTME: Temiz metindi, 500  lira verdim, dedi.

TASARIM: İkisi toplamda 1000 lira tutmuş.

MATBAA VE KAĞIT: 5.500 lira. (1000 kitap için)

E-KİTAP YAPMA: 500-700 lira.

BANDROL: 33 lira. (ISBN ücretsiz.)

İŞLETME GİDERLERİ: Yayınevi ayda 1 kitap çıkarıyor. Depolama ve sabit giderler 2500 lira.  

YAZILIM: xx lira.
VERGİ: xx lira.
NAKLİYE: xx lira.

Kabaca bir kitabı 1000 basmanın kapı açılışı, matbaa aşamasına kadar 25 bin lirayı buluyor. Üzerine e-kitap, işletme, vergi, nakliye vs koyarsanız herhalde 30 bini rahat geçer ve elinize sadece 1000 tane kitap geçiyor. Şimdi siz olsanız bu kitaba kaç lira etiket koyarsınız?

Bu hesap renkli, fotoğraflı, ciltli kitaplarda tabii ki değişiyor.

Not: Etiket fiyatının yüzde 50’si de dağıtımcı ve satıcının…

https://www.linkedin.com/posts/murselcavus_bi%CC%87r-ki%CC%87tabin-mali%CC%87yeti%CC%87-ge%C3%A7en-g%C3%BCn-bir-yay%C4%B1nc%C4%B1-activity-6843409453266567168-XoHI

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 14, 2021

Original choreography by #SadeckWaff

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCrPZz0V-gahhgGn-DHCgObg/videos

https://www.instagram.com/sadeckwaff/

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