Posted by: bluesyemre | September 12, 2020

#FlippedLearning

Dünya’dan 359 milyon ışık yılı uzakta bir galaksi keşfeden Astrofizikçi Burçin Mutlu Pakdil’in heykeli Teksas’daki Dallas NorthPark Center’da 10 önemli bilim kadınının heykelinin arasında sergilenmeye başladı. Tebrikler

Dr. Burçin Mutlu-Pakdil, 2009 yılında Bilkent Üniversitesi Fizik Bölümü’nden mezun oldu. Texas Tech Üniversitesi’nde yüksek lisansını tamamladıktan sonra Minnesota Üniversitesi’nden Astrofizik üzerine doktorasını aldı.  Galaksilerin yapılarını inceleyerek evrenin şimdiki haline nasıl geldiğini anlamaya çalışmaktadır. 2017’de yaptığı çalışmayla ilk defa çift halka yapılı bir eliptik galaksinin tanımını yapmıştır. Bu çalışması dünya basınında büyük yer almıştır. Üç sene, Arizona Üniversitesi’nde doktora sonrası araştırmacı olarak çalıştı. Çalışmalarıyla birçok prestijli ödül aldı. 2018’de Dünyanın en başarılı on genci arasına girdi. 2018’de TED Fellow, 2020’de TED Senior Fellow oldu. TED konuşması iki milyonun üzerinde izlendi. Şimdi, Chicago Üniversitesi’nde NSF ve KICP Fellow olarak aykırı galaksiler üzerine çalışmalarına devam etmektedir. 

https://www.burcinmutlupakdil.net/in-turkish

https://www.instagram.com/burcinmutlupakdil/

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 12, 2020

How a Massive Bomb Came Together in Beirut’s Port

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 12, 2020

The World’s Largest Intact Ancient #Mosaic in Antakya, Turkey

A 9,000 square-foot mosaic is opened to the public after its discovery nine years ago during the construction of a new hotel in Antakya, Turkey. Archaeologists believe the geometric work once decorated the floor of a public building one of the most important cities in the Seleucid Empire.

https://themindcircle.com/largest-mosaic/

Suriye barometresi yayınlandı. Barometredeki detayları Türk Alman üniversitesinden Murat Erdoğan ile konuşacağız. Öte yandan Trump Nobel Barış Ödülüne layık görüldü; yok devenin bale pabucu diyenler var. #nevşinmengü #muraterdoğan #suriyeliler

Artist Serene Teh created a brilliant page-flipping live animation of Assassin’s Creed with ink on paper. Permission granted by Serene Teh.

https://www.instagram.com/saggyarmpit/

Playing together is everything!: @M e r v e A k y ı l d ı z singing a love song from Anatolia with @Emre Dayioglu, Gabriel Meidinger and Toby Kuhn from france. All of this during the unique sunset on Patara Beach… Film by @Stephan Talneau. Sound by Toby Kuhn.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 10, 2020

Bilimsel Yayınların Trendsel Analizi #CemÖzel

“Modayı takip etmek”, “son trendler nelermiş” gibi kavramlar genellikle insanın giyimi kuşamıyla ilgilidir; ancak son moda trendler artık bilim dünyasına da sıçradı. SciVal veritabanında “Trends” diye bir modül bile var. Biz de buradaki “Trends” modülünden hareketle bilim dünyasında bu tür trendler nasıl analiz ediliyormuş, onu merak ettik. Bu yazımızın konusunu da ona ayırdık.

Bilimdeki trendler deyince öncelikle bir sınırlamaya gitmek gerektiğinin altını çizmek isterim. Bütün bilim kategorilerinin trendleri incelenebilir tabii ki; ama biz konuyu daraltmak adına bir konu üzerinden anlatma yoluna gidelim, istiyoruz. Konu olarak da “Bibliyometrik analiz” alanını seçtik. Konuyu incelemek için de kafamızdaki soruları masaya yatırdık ve SciVal’ın kapısını çalmaya gittik.

Sorularımıza bir bakalım:

Genel olarak bu konuyla ilgili durum nedir?

Bibliyometrik analiz konusunda en son kullanılan anahtar kelimeler nelerdir?

En çok hangi ülkeler/üniversiteler bu konuyla ilgili yayın yapmış?

Bu alandaki en üretken ya da en etkili araştırıcılar kimlerdir?

Scopus’ta indekslenen hangi dergilerde bu konuyla ilgili yayınlar yapılmış?

İlk soruyla başlayalım.

Genel olarak bu konuyla ilgili durum nedir?

2010’dan 2019 yılına kadar bibliyometrik analizle ilgili toplamda 3226 yayın yapılmış. 25.385 adet de atıf almış. Alan ağırlıklı puanı 1.53 ki, bu da dünya ortalaması olan 1’in üzerine çıktığını gösterir. Oldukça başarılı. Aşağıda da görselini görebilirsiniz.

Bibliyometrik analiz konusunda en çok kullanılan anahtar kelimeler nelerdir?

Bu alanla ilgili en çok kullanılan anahtar kelimeler ise aşağıdaki buluttan görülmektedir.

En çok hangi ülkeler/üniversiteler bu konuyla ilgili yayın yapmış?

Kurum olarak baktığımızda İspanyollar’ın “coğrafi keşif” yapar gibi bibliyometrik keşfe çıktığını görür gibiyiz. Güçlü bir rakip de onların peşinde. Bu güçlü üç harfli rakip her alanda olduğu gibi bu alanda da kendini gösterme gayreti içinde. Cin, çıkmış bir kere lambasından. Geri sokabilene aşkolsun; ama yine de sayılara daha yakından baktığımızda aşağıdaki tabloda da görüleceği üzere İspanyolların Granada Üniversitesindeki atıf sayısı, üç Çin üniversitesinin aldığı atıf sayısına denk nerdeyse. İspanyolların alan ağırlıklı puanı da oldukça iyi görünüyor.

Ülke olarak baktığımızda ise yayın sayısı olarak Çin’in birinci olduğunu görüyoruz; ancak atıf sayısına bakacak olursak da bir başka üç harfliyi, ABD’yi görmek mümkün. Ülkemizi de bu listede görmeyi çok isteriz.

Burada küçük bir karşılaştırma yapacak olursak; H-indeksin mucidi, eğer bu kriterlere göre, yani belirlemiş olduğumuz yıl aralığında olsaydı tek başına bütün ülkeleri geçerdi. Örneğin 505 yayın yaparak toplamda en çok (4005) atıf almış olan Çin’i çok rahatlıkla geçerdi. Şu an itibariyle, aşağıda da görüldüğü üzere, tek bir makaleden 5083 adet atıf almış görünüyor. İnanılmaz bir sayı. Darısı tüm araştırmacıların başına.

Bu alandaki en üretken ya da en etkili araştırıcılar kimlerdir?

Gelelim en çok yayın yapan ve bu alanda etkili olan araştırmacılara.

Ne yalan söyleyeyim, buraya aldığımız her görsel beni şaşırttı. Araştırmacı bazlı listeye bakacak olursak da bu kez Almanlar öne çıktı. En çok yayın yapan ve atıf alan araştırmacı Lutz Bornmann.

Lutz Bornmann’ın çalışmalarına yakından bakacak olursak, aşağıda da görüldüğü üzere 38 yayınından en çok atıf almış ilk beş yayınını inceleyebiliriz. Bu konularla ilgili çalışmak isteyenler belki, Lutz Bornmann ile iletişime geçebilirler.

Scopus’ta indekslenen hangi dergilerde bu konuyla ilgili yayınlar yapılmış?

Bu soruyu yanıtlamadan önce şunu diyorum ki, keşke konusu belli olan makaleler, o konuyla ilgili dergilerde yayınlanabilse. Literatür taraması daha kolay olur, bilgiye daha hızlı erişilir, o konuyla ilgili atladığımız bir makale kalmaz. Temennimizi belki birileri duyar diye, buraya koyalım, biz işimize bakalım.

İlk 10 yayına baktığımızda hepsinin dergi olmadığını görüyoruz. Sadece dergiler değil “lecture note” ve “conference proceeding” kaynak türlerini de görmek mümkün.  En çok atıf alan dergilere baktığımızda ise Scientometrics ve Journal of Informetrics’i görmek pek de şaşırtıcı gelmiyor.

Bilgi Bilimi alanının bir alt konusu olan ve bu aralar oldukça trend olan “Citation analysis” konusu üzerine bir çalışma yaptık. Birçok konu kategorisi için yapılabilecek bu çalışma, bize çok şey kazandırabilir. Aklımıza dahi gelmeyen kurumlarla ve araştırmacılarla ortaklaşa yayın yapma olanağı bulabiliriz, dergilerle sınırlı tuttuğumuz araştırma alanlarını “lecture note” ve “conference proceeding” gibi farklı kaynak türlerinde yapabiliriz. Yeter ki merak edip elimizdeki bilgi kaynaklarından yeterince faydalanalım.

https://www.bbyhaber.com/bby/2020/09/09/bilimsel-yayinlarin-trendsel-analizi

City of Newcastle’s manager libraries and learning Suzie Gately, lord mayor Nuatali Nelmes and manager customer experience Deborah Moldrich inside the new digital library and customer service centre.

A LIBRARY billed as the state’s most technically advanced will open in the City of Newcastle’s west end premises on Monday.

The council’s $2.8 million digital library will include a podcasting studio, an interactive digital wall, a programmable robot (pictured) and an industrial 3D printer.

More than $2.1 million of that funding came from the sale of the former Newcastle School of Arts in 2015.

Borrowing and returning is fully automated, with stock focused on new titles while older titles can be ordered. The automation is expected to allow library staff to focus on digital learning.

The design also allows the library to convert into a council chamber twice a month for regular council meetings.

Lord mayor Nuatali Nelmes said the ground floor design would complete the council’s move from its King Street administration centre, which was sold in 2018.

“I’m very pleased to be able to invite the community into this digital space, which completes our transition from the Roundhouse, the old Council administration building which was sold in 2018 and is now just months from becoming the city’s first five-star hotel,” Cr Nelmes said.

Manager customer experience Deborah Moldrich said her team was looking forward to sharing the new ground floor, which will include a customer service hub and a concierge service, with the public.

“We are the first point of contact for the community and we think they’ll love the new, modern digital amenities just as much as we do,” Ms Moldrich said.

The council is urging customers to use phone and digital channels as well as cashless payment where possible due to the pandemic.

Pepper the robot.
Pepper the robot

https://www.newcastleherald.com.au/story/6911820/high-tech-library-opening-final-step-in-newcastle-councils-move/

Libraries, as most organizations and businesses, are heavily affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Not only do libraries offer information and resources on many topics from multiple viewpoints, but also serve as community centers and welcoming environments on campuses and in communities. However, with the pandemic, many libraries have had to close their doors to in-person gatherings and services and transition to an online environment, often within hours. Librarians have had to make decisions and changes very quickly and continually during the current environment...

Because of these changes and adaptations to provide services, resources, and information, we at OCLC Research have identified a new research area, titled the New Model Library. We have conducted individual discussions with approximately 20 public and academic (community college, 4-year college, and university and research institutions) library leaders from different countries and regions throughout the world to identify how they envision libraries will emerge as short-term responses to the COVID-19 pandemic are converted into positive, long-term change.

Our broad questions include:
• Will the current environment of physical distancing and precautions persist in the post-pandemic era?
• If so, will most of our services and programs continue to be offered in an online environment?
• How will we – or can we? should we? – create experiences similar to the physical spaces in our libraries in our virtual library spaces?

We have learned that library leaders are making continuous changes and are interested in sharing and learning from each other in order to provide resources and assistance to their communities in this new environment. The New Model Library project is an opportunity to identify a version of libraries based on changes made to accommodate a new way of life.

Most library leaders had to make changes within 24-48 hours, with some discussing how the pandemic forced transformations that may have taken much longer to implement. When talking about the changes a community college in North America had to make very quickly, the Head Librarian referenced previous change efforts, saying of the past, “If we weren’t pushed, we would be doing smoke signals with the students.” In many cases, the pandemic has not allowed us to wait for that kind of “evolutionary” change—library operations have been “pushed” into immediate innovation.

Some of the themes that library leaders have discussed include both the challenges and opportunities of retraining and reassigning staff in either all online environments or in a hybrid environment that includes some in-person services as well as online services. Many librarians are “doing more with less,” i.e., less staff are available to duplicate services both for in-person and online users, hence, many staff are working harder to meet library users’ needs and expectations.

Library leaders described partnerships and collaborations with other departments within their communities, local businesses and industries, professional associations, and library consortia. Some library leaders have partnered with industry to acquire sponsored keyboard covers for library workstations to make it easier to sanitize. Others have become more dependent upon assistance from professional associations and regional or national consortia. All in all, library leaders recognize that cultivating already existing collaborations and partnerships and creating and developing new collaborations and partnerships have become extremely important.

When discussing collaborations and partnerships developed during COVID-19, the Chief Executive Officer of a large metropolitan public library in North America, stated “… I think that is the beauty of virtual – it is much easier to share. I think that will become more prevalent going forward.”

Some staff have been loaned to other community agencies and some libraries are lending sewing machines and 3-D printers to industry partners to make masks and PPEs. Many libraries have offered hot spots, laptops, chrome books, and tablets to their public and academic communities. However, the need for this equipment has increased and if there are funds to purchase more of this equipment, there is a great demand for them and a short supply available for purchase. Some students, faculty, and library staff had limited or no Wi-Fi service at home. Librarians stepped in to provide equipment and technology access enabling individuals to teach, learn, and work from home, highlighting the digital divide for both community members and library staff.

Some library staff have been retrained so they were able to transition their workflows to an online environment. Some library leaders perceived this as an opportunity to try new ways of working and providing programs, resources, and services. Others identified this transition as a challenge, such as creating metadata for open content, making physical resources available with no or minimal metadata, and providing library users the capabilities to order materials and to have them directly shipped to their homes. Most library leaders feel the intensified pressure of the challenges associated with e-resources, e-textbooks, e-book loan restrictions, and copyright and licensing agreements.

Reference services that were offered in person or as hybrid models (both in person and virtual) immediately switched to virtual. Chat and email reference services have increased, with library staff having to set up and learn virtual reference services. Reference consultations are being conducted through video conferencing tools or telephone.

Library programs, such as story times, author talks, artist exhibitions, and information literacy instruction, now are being offered through video conferencing and webinars. Academic library leaders have discussed how faculty have asked librarians to assist with preparing online courses and to embed information literacy instruction into courses and virtual learning environments. Librarians’ skills and comfort in the digital world have positioned them as key leaders on the instructional teams, often more difficult to accomplish prior to the pandemic.

For some libraries, interlibrary loan (ILL) has become more heavily used and depended upon, while others indicate that ILL has ceased. For some, patron-driven acquisition has taken the place of ILL. This means that library users are able to directly order materials from certain online sites and have the materials delivered to the individuals’ homes. The library staff retain records of the purchases and provide metadata for discovery based on the order information.

Many library leaders have mentioned decreased or limited budgets and staff attrition. Although library budgets and staffing restrictions and limitations have been challenges to the operation of libraries for quite some time, these uncertain times have made these pressures more concerning.

Articulating the library’s value has resonated throughout our discussions. A major concern is how to make the case that the physical library still is very important in a community. Some ideas include promoting and marketing the library’s offerings in the online environment as well as cultivating and developing online communities.

When discussing the changes implemented at a 4-year college library in North America during the pandemic, the University Librarian said, “The library is not just a place over there, the library is all around us. It is where you need to be wherever you are.”

Some of OCLC Research’s previous work is relevant to some of the changes and challenges mentioned. The challenges associated with “container collapse” in online resources may become more important when identifying and discovering resources in our current online environment. Our work with Digital Visitors and Residents (V&R) may be an interesting lens in which to view the challenge of transitioning to an online teaching and learning environment. The changes being made in libraries in response to the COVID-19 pandemic resonate with the V&R framework.

While the shift to online has certainly presented challenges, librarians also have found opportunities in these new circumstances. As the CEO of a large, urban public library in North America stated, there are “silver linings” that will come from this experience.

Lynn Silipigni Connaway

Director of Library Trends and User Research at OCLC Research. I study how people get & use information & engage with technology.oclc.org/research/people/connaway.html

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 10, 2020

#HüsnüArkan yeni romanında okurunu seyahate çıkarıyor

Hüsnü Arkan’ın yeni romanı “Nasreddin” Sia Kitap etiketiyle yayımlandı.

Tanıtım bülteninden

“Hâce’nin evi Akşar’ın en güzel evi değildi. Gençliğinde Hayranî Hazretleri’nin yardımıyla yerleşmişti bu eve. Bir dönümlük arsanın intifa hakkı kudretlilerden bir müride Konya sarayından bağışlanmıştı. Üstünde derme çatma tek göz bir virane vardı ki çilehanelerin ocaksız, penceresiz köhneliğinden hallice değildi. “Bunu senin mülkün edelim, bedelini peyderpey ödersin,” dediydi Hayranî Hazretleri.Hâce bu öneriyi bir hafta kadar gönül terazisinde tartmış, bin bir tasayla uyuyup, karabasanlarla uyanıp dilini olmaz demeye alıştırmaya çalışmıştı. O vakitler, dünyanın düzeni şimdiki gibi değildi. Birtakım adamlar vardı ki inayet şeyhten de gelse acaba kabul etmekte bir beis var mıdır diye yeis yeis düşünüp kavis kavis dertlenirlerdi.”

Hüsnü Arkan, bu yeni romanıyla okurunu farklı bir dünyaya, Anadolu’ya, birkaç yüzyıl öncesinin Akşar’ına,  şimdiki adıyla Akşehir’ine götürüyor. Selçuklularla Moğolların cirit attığı topraklardaki kanlı mücadelelere, el değiştiren kentlere, aşklara ve ihanetlere, esirlere ve cinayetlere, kısacası o dönemin insan hikâyelerine o günlerin diliyle, o günlerin bakış açısıyla hem maceralı hem eğlenceli bir pencere açıyor. Romanın başkişisi Hâce ise hiçbirimize yabancı değil; Hâce, diğer adıyla Nasreddin Hoca.

edebiyathaber.net (2 Eylül 2020)

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 10, 2020

How fast will the world move to cleaner #energy?

The speed of the energy transition will affect our ability to meet the Paris Agreement and SDGs.
Image: Karsten Würth (@karsten.wuerth)/Unsplash

The impending global energy transition is exciting – and it will have wide-ranging implications for the global climate, for business and for consumers. But at what speed is the transition moving – and more importantly, how fast will it go? Will our energy future be fundamentally different from the one we know today?

new report from the World Economic Forum’s Global Future Council on Energy explores these questions by looking at recent development and potential future scenarios.

What’s the World Economic Forum doing about the transition to clean energy?

There are two possible narratives: one of a gradual energy transition and one of rapid energy transition. And each narrative has its own advocates, and can be underpinned by facts.

Advocates of the rapid transition point to fast declines in costs and rapid growth in solar and wind energy, electric vehicles and digitalization of energy as well as decentralized energy solutions centred on customers as signs the transition is already happening quite fast – and will further accelerate, leading to transformative change in the next few decades. Advocates of gradual transition, on the other hand, point to the size of the global energy system and its traditional slowness in changing, as well as continuous growth in global demand and energy-related greenhouse gas emissions – trends that may continue as global populations and economies grow.

The gradual narrative says the energy world of tomorrow will look roughly the same as today. Gradual scenarios extrapolate current patterns of policy, industry, consumption and investment decisions implying the global energy system has strong inertia and the transition to true low-carbon systems will take many decades. The rapid narrative, meanwhile, says new energy technologies are quickly supplying all growth in energy demand, leading to peak fossil fuels demand in the 2020s. Rapid scenarios suggest current technologies and new policies will reshape markets, business models and patterns of consumption, challenging carbon-intensive investments and opening the way to a low-carbon global economy.

What the transition means for the Paris Agreement

Since energy consumption and production roughly represent two-thirds of global GHG emissions today, the difference between a gradual and rapid energy transition will largely determine the climate future of humanity. A gradual transition will mean the goals of the Paris Agreement will be badly missed. A rapid transition will give humanity a chance to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement and keep climate change well below 2 degrees Celsius.

The new report describes how the two narratives—gradual and rapid—are distinguished by four main features and how views on these issues largely determine conclusions on where we are heading.

1. What matters: To predict and understand the energy future, should we focus on how the energy system is today and the global energy mix and trends of past years? Or, should we focus on what is changing – such as growth in electricity consumption, renewables production and smart digital energy solutions?

2. Pace of technology growth: Will we see linear developments with steady improvements, or exponential developments with tipping points in cost and consumer adoption creating more fundamental systemic change?

3. Policy: Will policies affecting energy and climate be static, as policymakers remain cautious, or dynamic, as new technologies and climate concerns create a new environment for policymaking?

4. Emerging markets: Will emerging markets follow the path taken by developed markets historically with a high share of fossil fuels, or will they leapfrog to new lower-carbon energy technologies at scale?

The narratives can become self-fulfilling

Actions often follow beliefs. If energy companies, investors and policymakers believe future energy demand and supply structures will be broadly the same as today, they will invest and implement policies accordingly, locking in the current system. If they believe rapid change is likely, they will invest in and legislate for new opportunities, speeding up the transition.

Therefore, an interconnected feedback loop between governments, technology, industry, society and finance can increase speed of transition – or slow it down. To put a positive spin on it, society demands clean energy sources. Politicians are applying regulatory pressure to reflect society’s wishes – bolstered by the fact technology costs have come down and new jobs can be created. Financial markets react to regulation and societal pressure, deploying capital towards new technologies where new opportunities are emerging, and entrepreneurs and industry invent and bring superior solutions to the market.

The next 10 years will determine whether the rapid or the gradual scenario will play out. To see which narrative will prevail, watch the cost and growth rates of the key disruptive technologies – solar, wind, batteries, EVs and green hydrogen. In policy, focus on whether politicians implement more rigorous actions to meet global climate goals. In emerging markets, the question is whether China and India will be able to continue to implement new clean energy and energy efficiency technologies at scale and whether they will be followed by South-East Asia and Africa.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/09/will-the-energy-transition-happen-fast-enough-two-scenarios

Most open-access journals lack the technical means and plans to preserve their articles, despite a mandate from some funders that they do so. 
 
SEZERYADIGAR/ISTOCK.COM

Eighty-four online-only, open-access (OA) journals in the sciences, and nearly 100 more in the social sciences and humanities, have disappeared from the internet over the past 2 decades as publishers stopped maintaining them, potentially depriving scholars of useful research findings, a study has found.

An additional 900 journals published only online also may be at risk of vanishing because they are inactive, says a preprint posted on 3 September on the arXiv server. The number of OA journals tripled from 2009 to 2019, and on average the vanished titles operated for nearly 10 years before going dark, which “might imply that a large number … is yet to vanish,” the authors write.

The study didn’t identify examples of prominent journals or articles that were lost, nor collect data on the journals’ impact factors and citation rates to the articles. About half of the journals were published by research institutions or scholarly societies; none of the societies are large players in the natural sciences. None of the now-dark journals was produced by a large commercial publisher.

Still, “The analysis demonstrates that research integrity and the scholarly record preservation … are at risk across all academic disciplines and geographical regions,” says Andrea Marchitelli, managing editor of JLIS.it, the Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science, who was not involved in the study. Publishers should dedicate money to improve preservation, he says.

A new mandate by research funders set to take effect in January 2021 requires preservation schemes—but most online-only journals currently lack such plans, the authors say. The new preservation rule is contained in Plan S, backed by mostly European research funders. Scholars financed by Plan S funders must make the articles OA (immediately free to read upon publication).

Overall, only about one-third of the 14,068 journals indexed in the Directory of Open Access Journals in 2019 ensure the long-term preservation of their content, the preprint study found. Some commercial services offer it, and at least one—the Public Knowledge Project Preservation Network, a multiuniversity initiative—does so for free.

It’s not clear how many subscription-based journals also have gone dark in recent years. But such journals have some advantages over OA titles when it comes to preservation, says Mikael Laakso of the Hanken School of Economics, one of the authors of the new study. “Subscription-based content has historically been better covered by libraries, either by having paper copies on shelves or electronically,” he wrote in an email. “There’s been established processes, budgets, and culture in place for libraries to preserve purchased content, while what is just out there available for anyone to download for free has not been enrolled in such processes and thus runs the risk of falling through the cracks if the publisher vanishes.”

There’s little consensus about who is ultimately responsible for digital preservation of OA journals—publishers, authors, libraries, or universities. Preserving OA journals may pose a particularly big financial challenge for those publishers that do not charge authors to publish articles. Library budgets, meanwhile, have faced cuts or minimal growth. Articles that appeared in vanished journals could also be preserved in university repositories—a form of preservation called “green” open access— but not all institutions or funders mandate that the manuscripts be deposited in such repositories.

Preservation “is a time-consuming activity,” Marchitelli says, “and sometimes seems less important than working on the inclusion of the articles in bibliographic databases,” which European funders often use to evaluate the quality of university scholarship.

To determine the list of the 176 vanished journals, the authors of the new preprint did some digital detective work because clues about them are fragmentary. After the journals go dark, for example, their names no longer appear in bibliometric databases.

The authors—Laakso, Lisa Matthias of the Free University of Berlin, and Najko Jahn of the University of Göttingen—defined a vanished journal as one that published at least one complete volume as immediate OA, and less than 50% of its content is now available for free online. Some of the content may be accessible as printed copies or in paywalled commercial services.

They used a historical archive of internet content, the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine, to determine when production ceased (6 years after the journal started, on average) and when content disappeared from the internet (within 5 years for three-quarters of the journals). The journals had been based in 50 different countries, most of them high-income ones. Most of the lost journals published articles only in English.

Laakso notes that many predictions have been made that OA journals represent the future of scholarly publishing. But, he adds, his study suggests that “maybe we could also spend a bit more time looking at more problematic aspects that could be improved as the publishing model matures.”Posted in: 

doi:10.1126/science.abe6998

Portrait of Jeffrey Brainard

Jeffrey Brainard

Jeffrey Brainard joined Science as an associate news editor in 2017. He covers an array of topics and edits the In Brief section in the print magazine. 

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/09/dozens-scientific-journals-have-vanished-internet-and-no-one-preserved-them

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 10, 2020

A byte-sized guide to #TikTok and the new #SocialMedia

chart showing reasons for using TikTok

TikTok has been in the media spotlight for quite some time. Even in light of its speedy climb to success, it’s not easy to figure out why the app succeeded where so many social media challengers failed.

Creative, fast-paced, and always delivering content to users, TikTok has given creators and influencers a substantial profile, and arguably the biggest shortcut to a huge audience – all of which are possible explanations. 

But the question many are now starting to ask, as the app increasingly receives more attention from marketers and government bodies worldwide, is how do consumers and brands actually use it? And, what does this suggest about the future of social media? 

Research from a recontact study we conducted in June among U.S. and UK internet users, and insights from the latest wave of our B2B dataset, put forward some possible answers. 

Why consumers use TikTok

TikTok’s ability to shape the cultural sphere has been obvious since it powered “Old Town Road” to top of the charts, and gave artists like Lil Nas X and Lizzo a substantial boost. It’s easy to obsess over the celebrities and big-name influencers on the platform, but our data highlights the platform’s broad package of use cases. 

The motivations often attributed to TikTok, like following influencers and self-promotion, come significantly behind the broader reasons for using social media – like entertainment and filling up spare time.

Compared to other platforms, the “social” reasons for using the app are much further down the list. With the focus on content creation, TikTok’s direct messaging features aren’t front-and-centre, in the way that social media sites have generally taken shape. 

52% of social networkers in the U.S./UK mainly use social media to stay in touch with what their friends are doing, compared to 22% of TikTokers in our chart. 

So though it’s worth noting the often overlooked similarities between TikTok and other social sites – which also help fill in time during the day – there are several important differences. While only 11% claim to be using TikTok to get famous, around 3 in 10 use it to express themselves, with the app’s inspirational qualities also shining through our research. 

Learning, for example, is not a word typically associated with TikTok. But with a quarter of TikTokers using the app to discover how to do new things, it clearly has many unexplored capabilities. 

The trend of using TikTok as a means to teach science to Gen Zs emerged last year, and university researchers have since used it to explain a diverse range of topics. High school chemistry teacher Phil Cook first posted a lab demonstration last August, and now has over a million followers.

With big names in the tech space lining up to buy and control TikTok’s U.S. arm, there’s plenty of opportunity for further expansion. Many have wondered what Microsoft would do with TikTok, but a future acquisition could leave room for “imaginative synergies in gaming, chat and education”.

How consumers use TikTok

TikTokers are regularly viewing a string of recommended videos, as well as hashtag challenges and livestreams – which offers countless opportunities for exposure.

chart showing actions while using TikTok

The pandemic has led many to have a go, with 27% of Gen Z creating more videos during lockdowns.

But despite users upping their creation efforts, TikTokers are still less likely to participate in challenges themselves.

Committed creators remain in the minority and should therefore be considered separately by brands: among those who regularly create videos and participate in challenges, the desire for inspirational content is much higher and over half like to watch trending videos, which spark the imagination.

Campaigns that draw on popular culture and recent events in ingenious ways will capture the attention of this resourceful group – enabling them to stay on top of, as well as participate in, the birth of new trends. 

The potential audience on TikTok has led some brands to dabble with social selling, but the platform’s nuances in this area have to be respected. Fewer TikTokers cite researching products to buy as an incentive for using the app (14%), than social networkers do for using social media sites in general (28%).

However, compared to other social networkers in the U.S. and UK, TikTokers are over 80% more likely to cite a “buy” button on a social platform as a purchase driver. As the platform’s selling tools develop, it’s likely that impulse buying will be most at home on it, rather than a detailed researching of products. 

While TikTok introduces selling features in the U.S., commerce capabilities are already well-embedded in the Chinese version (Douyin). It’s had success in its home country, largely thanks to a partnership with shopping app Alibaba. 

With impulse buying seemingly in mind among TikTok users, selling strategies in the West may well end up akin to the “drop” model often used in China, where limited runs of merchandise are teased and sold through the app.

This points to the sort of direction this platform, and others like it, can hope to move in the future.

TikTokers are clearly open to interacting with branded content and buying via social media, but brands need to make full use of the app’s capabilities and introduce relevant content to drive engagement. 

Popular hashtag challenges come from the likes of Walmart (#dealdropchallenge) and Chipotle (#Boorito) – with the former urging customers to express how its savings make them feel through dance, and the latter using the Halloween season to bring costumes into the creative mix. 

By inspiring entertaining content that can be linked to the brand, these companies offer demonstrations of how TikTok can be put to good use. 

Why brands use TikTok

The agricultural sector may not be the first that comes to mind when contemplating TikTok usage stats, but a quick Google search reveals that a massive 1.8 billion people have watched a video with the farm hashtag. 

The app has been credited with connecting farmers and consumers during the pandemic, which speaks to the reasons brands use TikTok. 

Surprising as it may seem, you can understand a lot about TikTok and similar apps’ potential by looking at farmers. Douyin has been a revelation to Chinese farmers, giving them a direct line to their end-consumers for the first time. When you think about it as a D2C model, you can see the potential for businesses in other sectors to connect directly with consumers.

At the moment, around 1 in 10 knowledge workers are aware of their team or company having a work-related TikTok account. This does vary significantly by sector – rising to 25% for the agriculture industry, followed by the likes of PR (20%) and IT (18%). 

chart showing why brands use tiktok

TikTok is primarily used in the early stages of a sale: for raising brand awareness and driving consumer engagement. 

This holds a lot of potential for D2C companies more broadly, as small businesses can reach a huge audience without the traditional spend on marketing.

What’s more, over 1 in 4 knowledge workers in this group claim to use TikTok for the purposes of selling.

TikTok has gradually been adding to its shopping features over time, while involving creators. Levi’s is one of the first retailers to integrate a “Shop Now” button into its creator videos, and has already witnessed increased traffic to its website as a result. 

Though the reasons for brands using the app generally center around communication, certain countries and industries are breaking this pattern. 

Selling is the top reason for businesses using TikTok in the U.S., and peaks in industries like marketing (50%), insurance (50%) and the environmental sector (45%) – known for its grass-themed merchandise

While it’s early days, we can expect the selling-related stats in our chart to slowly increase as companies become better acquainted with the app’s evolving purchase tools. 

What brands should know about advertising on TikTok 

We’ve laid out the reasons why TikTok is well-suited to lend itself to social commerce and given examples of how brands have used it in the past. But also worth pointing out is that the app has a distinct vibe, which gives off a different energy to that of other social platforms. 

And with rival apps emerging as well, these might herald broader changes in social media behavior – especially in light of what some are calling “COVID-fatigue”, as social networkers begin to crave more light-hearted material.

chart showing main vibes on tiktok

We asked TikTokers what content they most like to see on the app, and the most-cited video qualities were funny and creative. 

Various brands have figured this out. In contrast to what’s usually shared on its YouTube and Instagram accounts, the NBA’s TikTok clips are typically more laid-back – once featuring a chihuahua dunking a basketball during its halftime show.

This doesn’t mean brands shouldn’t vary the nature of their videos; the league regularly posts motivational videos on the app, which is a type of video content that around a third of TikTokers like to watch. And the agricultural industry may be better suited to an informative tone, which is equally popular among users. 

By the same token, different age groups also take more of a liking to certain types of content: 35-44s are the leading enthusiasts when it comes to motivational snippets (44%), while 25-34s take a shine to informative videos (41%). 

TikTok is dancing, for now

With a third of TikTokers in the U.S. and UK following brands they like on the app, the platform is well-positioned to boost its commercial qualities. 

TikTok may be facing a long list of pressures, most noticeably in areas like data privacy; but its success has forced rivals to move, as evidenced by the creation of Instagram Reels.

Though the app’s continued presence in the West isn’t guaranteed, it’s introduced several new ingredients to the social media mix that are worth noting. 

From taking creativity to a whole new level, to establishing fresh space for D2C companies to flourish and brands to display character, TikTok has left a permanent stamp on the social sphere – and serves as an example for platforms looking to enhance these qualities in the future. 

Written by

Shauna Moran

Shauna is a Junior Insights Analyst & Content Writer at GlobalWebIndex. Shauna produces a wide range of assets including reports, infographics and blogs, with a particular interest in food and travel trends. Before joining GlobalWebIndex, Shauna was studying Politics and International Relations at the University of Exeter.

Living in a wealthy nation is no guarantee of happiness, according to a new UNICEF report.
Image: REUTERS/Kevin Coombs

This article is part of the Sustainable Development Impact Summit

  • New research shows many rich nations still have room for improvement when it comes to ensuring policies and social contexts lead to children’s well-being – and COVID-19 has exaggerated many divides.
  • Children in Nordic countries generally have the highest rates of well-being, but Mexico and Romania have among the highest levels of life satisfaction.
  • Many more children with low levels of life satisfaction feel they lack a support network. Body image also has a role to play.
  • There are signs that some countries are regressing – particularly following the pandemic – and will struggle to meet their commitments to the Sustainable Development Goals.

Living in a wealthy nation is no guarantee of happiness. Even before the COVID-19 crisis created greater divides, the daily lives of millions of children in the richest countries fell far short of a good childhood.

No matter the wealth of these countries, better health or education is not universal. Many children suffer from stress, anxiety and depression, lag behind their peers at school, and are physically unwell. And, according to new research from the United Nations Children’s Fund, UNICEF, even the best-performing countries have room for significant improvement when it comes to ensuring consistently high child well-being.

Have you read?

The latest UNICEF Innocenti Report Card measures 41 countries against three main categories: mental well-being, covering life satisfaction and suicide rates; physical health including rates of obesity and child mortality; and skills, both academic and social.

What is the World Economic Forum doing about the coronavirus outbreak?

How rich countries stack up on child well-being

children kids child youth index poverty physical health mental body image success countries comparison rich nations poor nations
Children’s mental and physical well-being, academic and social skills.
Image: UNICEF

As the table above shows, the top-performing countries against these measures may not be that surprising to many. A strong track record in mental well-being and skills places the Netherlands at the top of the table, with other regularly well-performing Nordic nations clustered not far behind.

What may be less obvious, though, is how disrupted this hierarchy becomes when looking at children’s life satisfaction.

Fifteen-year-olds were asked how satisfied they felt with their life on a scale from 0 to 10. In all countries, most children were reasonably happy with their lives, scoring five and above.

children kids child youth index poverty physical health mental body image success countries comparison rich nations poor nations
Life satisfaction rates in each country.
Image: UNICEF

While 90% of children in the Netherlands reported a score over the halfway point, kids in Mexico and Romania were not far behind.

The report cautions that while it is encouraging many children are happy with their lives, there are still many that are struggling. In 12 of the 41 countries less than three-quarters of children aged 15 have a high life satisfaction.

It highlights research in the UK showing that, compared to children with moderate or high levels of satisfaction, children with low life satisfaction were eight times more likely to report family conflict. They were also five times as likely to be bullied and more than twice as likely not to look forward to school.

Support networks

Compared to children happy with their lives, far fewer children with low life satisfaction felt that they had people who supported them. Almost a quarter of them said they didn’t feel safe at home.

children kids child youth index poverty physical health mental body image success countries comparison rich nations poor nations
Youth suicide rate per country.
Image: UNICEF

Good relationships are crucial for children – those with more supportive families have better mental well-being.

Although about child mental health across rich countries is patchy, suicide is one of the most common causes of death for adolescents aged 15 to 19.

The shape of mental health

Body image is highlighted as a key factor influencing well-being and self-confidence. And being “too fat” or “too thin” bothers a lot of teenagers: more than half of those asked in Poland are unhappy with their weight. Girls in particular are prone to thinking they are overweight despite tipping the scales healthily. Body image is also far more closely linked to life satisfaction for girls than it is for boys.

children kids child youth index poverty physical health mental body image success countries comparison rich nations poor nations
Body dissatisfaction per country.
Image: UNICEF

Still a way to go

Many countries need to make significant improvements if they are going to deliver on their commitments to the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. And following the pandemic, there are worrying signs of regression, particularly in areas such as immunization, learning and mental health, UNICEF warns.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/09/child-well-being-health-happiness-unicef-report/

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Posted by: bluesyemre | September 8, 2020

Game theory designed #Library experiences in support of #reading

Our guest featured for today’s blog is a very special Knovvmad from Spain, Ana Ordás. Ana is a librarian with more than 20 years of experience in the world of business as a library consultant for physical and digital libraries. She authored the book: Gamification in Libraries: The game as inspiration. Her work as a freelancer focuses on the professional development in libraries, focused on digital marketing and gaming theory as a way to provide solutions for consumer participation and visibility for libraries in our society.

In this article, we’ll wear our jocular glasses to see how some libraries have addressed the challenge of fomenting readership by using game theory. Reading clubs and reader challenges are classic library examples of methods used to encourage readership and engender habits that will accompany and enrich people for a life time. But too often these efforts become repetitive and libraries seek to surprise and inspire.

Clearly table top and video games can be appropriated to garner attention to, and motivate reading, or even to increase the reader’s comprehension of the lecture, what is more, if you haven’t done so, I invite you to explore this path first. Games are the essence of game theory, the point of departure to get to know their elements and understand the mechanisms of diversion in their broadest sense.

The diversion and with it, the emotion we feel is what hooks us on a game. In continuation and based on the “4 Keys 2 Fun,” by Nicole Lazzaro I am going to review the emotions games provoke in the players and relate those to reading. Not all of us are looking for the same things in reading and we should identify the different needs in order to design reading programs that generate emotions we will not forget and we will wish to experience again.

  1. Hard fun, is what makes us enjoy solving problems, overcoming challenges, dominating certain abilities or developing strategies. These actions manage to make us feel an emotion, pride. Reading is a tool for learning across the life span, for reflection for acquiring understanding and mastery.
  2. Easy fun, serves as the vehicle for imagination, causing us to enjoy fantasy, creativity and all there is to explore. Reading has always been a fountain of inspiration as it awakens in us curiosity, an emotion we experience when we enjoy the artistic part, leading us to experiment, to create. Through this, many enter reading by way of the aesthetics of the work, of the stories that it tells
  3. People fun, is what makes us enjoy experiences in which other are involved. Reading clubs are a faithful reflection of the sentiment that comes with the community that develops as a result of gathering, cooperation, competition and conversation. Human beings are social by nature and are drawn to what others have read and share the points of view that make us complicit.
  4. Serious fun, is the one that provides a sense of social value. The calm or enjoyment that produce a bond with a read that makes one lose track of time, helping others to read or understand a text, recommend a read, write a review, or any way to contribute to the wellbeing of another or contribute to society.

This is gamification, understanding the elements of games and applying them as reading, as a way of generating those emotions that we feel when we enjoy a game. In the design we have to be clear regarding the objectives and indicators to be measured and focus on the design of an enjoyable and meaningful experience that will provoke people to be attracted to it and make them desire to involve themselves for the long term. One more way to challenge people to give the best of themselves, create social ties, and be a part of something much larger.

QUEST

“In an ideal world, libraries would be valued as treasures of knowledge. Parents would encourage reading and children would always pick the library as their favorite place to spend a Sunday”

Chan 2010.

This is the beginning of an article by the Counsel that manages the Singapore National Library, Public libraries and Archives (NLB) which presents two game designed projects, “Quest” and “Read and Reap” meant to attract young readers to the library and add value to the reading experience. Both use a visual impact and a change of packaging of the traditional text to reach a digital generation. The Quest project is aimed primarily at children that are at or near the point of falling in to the category of recurrent readers. Within the auspices of the popularity of graphic novels and the incessant popularity of trading cards among children, Quest uses the same format with manga illustrations on one side and stories on the other; a powerful mechanic of collecting in games. 

The NLB in Singapore organized writing and drawing contests. Additionally, they had a web site with downloads of the manga drawings of the Quest universe.

On the 31st of March, 2010, less than a year after its launch, 1.33 million Quest cards had been generated and more than 2 million loans were done in the libraries of Singapore. Of the 70,000 participants, 75% were children. The public libraries saw loans to users between the ages of 9 and 12 increase by 30% relative to the same time the preceding year. In summary, the numbers demonstrated that as a project, Quest was a success in its objective of attracting young readers (Chan 2010, 6)

CONQUEST OF THE REALM

The O’Neill Middle School Library in Downer’s Grove, Illinois was able to increase participation in their reading program from 30% to 80% thanks to a game designed experience. The challenge, led by Tasha Squires, served to highlight the library’s responsibility to alphabetization of the information and to help students enjoy their reading. 

The Conquest of the Realm has as its objective to challenge students to create critical thinkers that will collaborate voluntarily and that would be original and creative in their written works.

The reading program was voluntary, working to motivate and engage the students in the process of applying apprenticeship and innovative abilities in the school. It allowed the students to interact between classes, form alliances, connect to online tools, and share ideas to resolve together the problems presented. 

Rules of the game: Every student who wanted to participate would join a group to make a team of four, a “casa” or house. These houses have to recapture the throne of the lands of Oneillia and the house that accumulates the most points wins the throne. 

Data: 120 members in each team. There were 34 videos made promoting the books. 30 original stories for the state competition. There were 42 presentations for the collaborative blog. 63 stories about the personalities in the game. And, there were 217 comments about the books in the catalogue. Elements of games that were used: narrative, teams, chats, special powers time limits, challenges, collaborations, choices, items search, points, feedback and collecting, among others.

HARRY POTTER READING CHALLENGE

This project for the 2018-2019 school year, designed by the Municipal Library of Vega-La-Camocha (Red municipal library of Gijon, Asturias, Spain) with specific objectives designed to stimulate visits to the library, foment interest in literary genres in least demand, such as poetry and theater and for other library resources such as a family space and one for leisure, objectives that were achieved.

The reading challenge has other elements from games, such as: challenges, levels, competitions, classifications, badges, points, teams, rewards, and surprises among other things, but on top of everything it has a theme and a story to tell that accompanies the participants during the experience. The challenge is begun with the mailing of owl letters to the families interested in participating, informing them that they have been pre-selected to be trained as magician readers and they are called upon for a selection ceremony for one of the four houses.

The challenge concludes with a presentation of awards to the magician that obtained the most points with his reading, to the family with the most reading, and to all the members of the winning house. This challenge managed to keep the interest of 228 participants until the end, with 130 young readers achieving the category of magician and 4,803 resources loaned.

The three examples have in common a narrative as the conductive wire that should have a simple boarding, in which the players should progress at their rhythm, and at which it is important that they are moved emotionally through different mechanisms, dynamics and elements we can learn from games: collecting, challenging, creating, cooperating, competing, leading, debating and others.

The gamification takes an additional step beyond the use of games, for this reason it is important to have experimented with the games before engaging in the planning of gamified experiences. Using the example of cooking, you cannot be a chef of high cuisine without knowing the basic ingredients and having experimented with them to create new recipes. In continuation, I share from those recipes to create motivating experiences that I hope will serve to inspire you to create your own adapted to your consumers.


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Posted by: bluesyemre | September 8, 2020

The Incredible Architecture of #Bees

Bees are perhaps the insects that most arouse our fascination and curiosity. With the exception of Antarctica, they are found on all continents, in all habitats that contain insect-pollinated flowering plants. Representations of humans collecting honey from wild bees date back to 15,000 years ago, and pots of honey have even been found in the tombs of Egyptian pharaohs like Tutankhamen. Although we generally have a fixed idea about what cartoon bees look like, there are thousands of species around the world, with different sizes, colors and behaviors. There are even several examples of solitary bees, many without stingers, and even some species that survive by plundering other weaker colonies. But something that has consistently impressed researchers is the organization of their hives, which are truly highly populated cities with an efficiency to make any urban planner envious.

Bee societies are complex, divided into hierarchical groups. Among females, there is the queen bee, much larger than the others, responsible for laying eggs. There are also the workers, who divide themselves to perform all the other functions in the hive, such as the construction of brood cells, feeding, collection of food outside the hive, defense and cleaning of the nest. The colony males are drones, in smaller numbers, whose only function is to fertilize the queen during the nuptial flight. This organization has slight differences between species. For example, the Mirim Droriana species, common in Brazil, always keeps a princess bee imprisoned (an unfertilized queen bee), ready to exercise its function in the event of the death of the queen bee.

When we approach the physical structures of the hives, the variety of construction types is also huge. While Apis Melifera stocks honey in traditional hexagonal combs, there are species that create true nesting skyscrapers. The Australian species Tetragonula carbonaria, for example, is one that lacks the well-known and feared stingers for defense. That does not mean that they do not have protection mechanisms, however. The architecture inside their hives is constructed in a way that beetles and other invading insects who try to infiltrate the nests end up lost in the maze and are killed covered by a mixture of wax, mud and vegetable resin.

This species in particular has been studied a lot due to the designs discovered in its hives. Scientists have observed a variety of structures in the honeycombs in three dimensions that can be classified into target and spiral patterns, which can reach 20 floors. What has aroused the researchers’ curiosity is how the workers know what type of structure to follow. How are they aware of where to start building the next cell and what exact dimensions to follow, without a project or a masterplan?

Each small circular cell is an egg chamber, built by a worker bee that secretes wax there to form the structure. This cell is supplied with food regurgitated by a nurse bee and then filled with an egg by the queen bee. Within these cells, bees grow from egg to adulthood in about 50 days. When the construction of the cell is completed, the workers move on to the next, building outward and upward in a spiral pattern. That is, the higher the level, the smaller the radius.

In this paper published in the Journal of the Royal Society, scientists observed that the resulting morphology is similar to the pattern of crystal growth. According to the researchers, both in the crystals and in the combs of this species of bee, the growth occurs in layers. Each layer grows by the addition of individual units, and both can be described within the mathematical structure of the excitable media. Crystals, viscous fungi, the brain, the heart, chemical oscillators, forest fires and many other systems can function as excitable media; in this case, bees making their combs do too. What mathematics tells us is that the processes that drive atoms or molecules to aggregate like a crystal have the same mathematical structure as the processes that drive bees when building their combs, so that both have the same spiral patterns and target. “There is a beautiful mathematical equivalence between how molecules build a crystal and how bees build a honeycomb.”

As noted in this text published on the Live Science website, researcher Julyan H. E. Cartwright saw a viral image of the infamous brood combs a few years ago and immediately recognized the pattern; at the time, he was studying mother-of-pearl mollusks, whose iridescent shells also reveal distinctive spiral structures when viewed under an electron microscope. These are laws or orders that seem to govern the entire universe, which scientists are beginning to search for.

We have already discussed here how important these small creatures are for life on the planet, especially for the production of most of the food we consume. In fact, when we start to go deeper and deeper into nature, we see how much we still need to understand about it, both its complexity and simplicity. By knowing more about these processes, we can seek to work in a more integrated way with nature, not exploring it indiscriminately, and often arrogantly, as we have done throughout history. This can be, first of all, an exercise in humility for human beings. Understanding natural solutions can be a good way to create more sustainable architecture.

https://www.archdaily.com/946778/the-incredible-architecture-of-bees

Clouds are reflected in the Geisel Library at UC San Diego on Wednesday, Aug. 12, 2020.
(K.C. Alfred / The San Diego Union-Tribune)

Daily visitors are expected to surpass 6,000 after the pandemic ends

A vending machine stocked with books? In the lobby of a library? On a campus teeming with STEM students hooked on smartphones?

It seems like the last thing you’d find at UC San Diego’s Geisel Library, whose futuristic facade inspired a key scene in the sci-fi movie “Inception.”

But the grab-and-go dispenser will soon be put in place, one of many efforts large and small to serve the growing masses and keep things moving on a campus that’s become far bigger than anyone imagined.

The question is: When will students get to use it? Or to even be allowed to roam the stacks of a library that resembles an inverted pyramid rising out of a canyon?

A student studies at Geisel Library at UC San Diego in April 2019.
A student studies at Geisel Library at UC San Diego in April 2019. 
(K.C. Alfred / The San Diego Union-Tribune)

UCSD is experiencing a bittersweet moment. As it prepares to turn 50 on Sept. 29, Geisel ranks among the top 25 public research libraries in the nation. It just finished creating a digital reconstruction of the ancient Temple of Bel in Syria, which was destroyed five years ago.

But the La Jolla landmark — which draws aahs from architects — is closed to foot traffic due to the coronavirus pandemic.

And it’s unclear when it will fully reopen, even though thousands of students are about to arrive for the fall quarter.

There will be virtual celebrations. But students are likely to want more. They joke that UCSD’s initials stand for University of California Socially Dead. But that doesn’t apply to Geisel, the busy and buzzy center of campus.

Geisel attracts upwards of 6,000 people, mostly students who want to be in the “mothership,” the name they’ve given to an other-wordly structure.

They mash together chairs in a second-floor reading room, creating a communal experience that is missing from many areas of campus that has nearly 40,000 students.

UC San Diego students walk to Geisel Library at the school on April 24, 2019.
UC San Diego students walk to Geisel Library at the school on April 24, 2019.
(K.C. Alfred / The San Diego Union-Tribune)

Students scan phone apps to check on available seating. Many show up early, hoping to find a spot near windows that offer prime views of La Jolla and beyond.

Like Hoover Tower at Stanford, Geisel’s appearance is so striking it is used in virtually all of UCSD’s advertising, a symbol of how San Diego County became a mecca of science, technology and medicine in the early days of the Space Age.

“It seems like every kid who graduates from UC San Diego takes a picture in front of this building,” said Erik Mitchell, UCSD’s head librarian. “I’m sure they do that because it’s iconic. But I think they also have had a moving experience. There’s a reason they’re coming to this school rather than going somewhere else.”

Theodor Geisel
Theodor Geisel
(Union-Tribune file photo)

The library also benefits from being named after the late Theodor Geisel, the La Jolla author-illustrator known to most as Dr. Seuss.

His writings and drawings are housed at Geisel — something tour guides mention when they lead prospective students through the library.

The only thing Geisel has been missing throughout its history is the general public.

UCSD’s walled-off design can make it hard for visitors to find the library. Parking is scarce. And as Chancellor Pradeep Khosla has noted, the school hasn’t done a good job of welcoming the public to campus.

That’s about to change.

UCSD is building its first “front door,” an entrance that will make it easy to reach the center of the university. It’s being built at the foot of the Pepper Canyon Blue Line trolley station that will empty on to a grand plaza, guiding people to Geisel and other sites.

The story of how the library was created, and the effect it has on the people who know it well, are told in the following passages and quotes.

THE STORY OF A LIBRARY

Freshman Valerie Lipiniski and Chancellor John S. Galbraith study model of UCSD's new Central Library in 1967.
Freshman Valerie Lipiniski and Chancellor John S. Galbraith study model of UCSD’s new Central Library in 1967.
(Photo by Robert Glasheen, UCSD Special Collections & Archives)

1957: By the late 1950s it was obvious that the University of California system would need more campuses. The state’s population was soaring. And the Cold War had increased the demand for engineers and scientists, especially in San Diego County’s huge military and defense industries.

Prominent architect William Pereira was hired to find suitable sites. He came up with 19 possibilities, including a spot in north La Jolla that was later chosen by UC Regents. It had ample room for a major library.

1960: UCSD was formally established and quickly enrolled graduate students in physics, emphasizing the school’s focus on science.

1963: Planners originally wanted UCSD to be composed of science institutes that included some graduate students. But the need to also serve undergraduates was apparent, leading to the creation of humanities programs that heavily rely on old printed book collections.

1964: Historian John S. Galbraith agreed to become UCSD’s second chancellor after being assured there would be enough money to create a major library. He said the library would help ensure that UCSD wasn’t a mere satellite of UCLA.

1965: The UC again turned to Pereira for help, hiring him to design a building that would be known as Central Library. Pereira, a sci-fi fan, had become famous for his bold, futuristic designs, including a building at Los Angeles International Airport that resembles a space ship with legs. Regents wanted something equally iconic for UCSD.

UCSD's Central Library (now Geisel Library) under construction in 1968.
UCSD’s Central Library (now Geisel Library) under construction in 1968. 
(UC San Diego Special Collections )

1967: Pereira began designing a library that would reflect Brutalist architecture, a style featuring big, heavy structures that are often made of concrete. Examples include the J. Edgar Hoover FBI building in Washington, D.C. Workers broke ground on Central Library the following year.

1970: Central Library opened and soon had 750,000 volumes. Most of the collection was print. But Galbraith foresaw the coming of a coming digital age that would transform society, and change was occurring. MIT introduced email a short time later, and Canon introduced its pocket calculator.

1973: The library added its one millionth volume, John Ogilby’s America, a rare account of early discoveries and expeditions to America.

1978: Theodor Geisel delivered the commencement speech, speaking entirely in verse.

1985: UCSD celebrated the 15th anniversary of Central Library.

1990: Construction began on an expansion that added 200,000 square feet to the library, doubling usable space for patrons, staff and book storage.

1991Ted Geisel died at age 87 after living in La Jolla for more than 40 years. He and his wife Audrey had become big fans of UCSD, especially the library. “The first time Ted saw the form of that building he said to me, ‘If I had turned my thoughts toward designing a building, it might have looked strangely similar to this,’” Audrey Geisel later told the Los Angeles Times.

The following year, she donated nearly 10,000 of her husband’s original drawings, sketches, notebooks and memorabilia to the Library.

1992: The library celebrated the addition of its two-millionth volume, a 1493 printing of The Nuremberg Chronicle, a hand-colored history of the world from its creation to 1492.

1995: The library was renamed Geisel Library after Audrey Geisel donated $20 million to the university. The change was meant to honor both Audrey and Ted. She continued to donate original works and memorabilia to UCSD, eventually pushing the number of items to more than 20,000. That same year, UCSD opened Library Walk,a pedestrian path that better connects the library to other parts of campus.

1999: Brian E.C. Schottlaenderwas appointed head librarian. A short time later, he began to provide access to electronic journals, making it faster and easier for faculty, especially in science, engineering and medicine, to see the latest research. E-journals didn’t catch on as fast with humanities faculty, who tend to like older, historic tests. Today, faculty can access hundreds of thousands of journals.

2004: The library celebrated the acquisition of its three-millionth volume.

2006: San Diego author Vernor Vinge released “Rainbows End,” a sci-fi novel that prominently features Geisel Library. The plot raised the possibility that all of the library’s physical books would cease to exist.

“The very notion of a library is changing before our eyes, and some radicals are even questioning the value of reading,” said sci-fi writer and UCSD graduate David Brin. “But every medium of communication has always been disruptive, before it eventually expanded human mental capabilities.”

2008: UCSD began shipping books to Google as part of a massive digitization project. More than 600,000 have been digitized.

Sources: UC San Diego, University of California, Los Angeles Times, William Pereira & Asociates

PERSONAL VOICES

Scott Paulson, exhibits & events coordinator, Geisel Library
There’s a small cement box on the roof of Geisel. It contains an electric clock — the Library clock. And there are actual, acoustic chimes hanging there, which automatically ring out on the hour. But there’s also a piano keyboard connected to the chimes. I play it live on Fridays at noon. Yes, I take requests! The most requested song? “Stairway to Heaven.” The second? “Iron Man” by Black Sabbath. Classic rock and old heavy metal is a surprising solicitation, but KPOP is gaining traction.

My biggest challenge, thanks to a set of particular STEM students: finding a way to relay a Rap song motif (through ceremonial bells?). Hard to do, but worth a try!

Barbara Carlton, UCSD alumna
When I was a freshman at Revelle College in 1974-75, I commuted from East County. I used to spend hours at a time between classes in the Central Library, as it was called then, studying and reading. My favorite spot was in one or another of the large armchairs in the corners of the fourth floor, hanging out in space with no part of the building visible above or below me, looking out at the eucalyptus groves.

Frequently, fog off the ocean drifted through the trees, giving everything an air of mystery. The moisture frizzed up my hair, so that I even looked like someone other than myself. It was wonderful to be so immersed in a completely new environment, one that not only sparked my intellectual curiosity but my imagination as well.

Malik J. Minert, age 11, La Jolla
My first time in the library, I was very young, and it was years before I could read. My mother and father say they habitually took me to see the Seuss Collection. I loved the clean display of the original concepts for beloved characters concealed in glass boxes. Old and frayed notebooks lay open-face on stands, the margins flooded with scribbled-down words and rough illustrations, perfectly arranged on the pages.

Subconsciously or consciously, this first experience is one of the many intertwined reasons that I now find myself mesmerized by books, and find myself reading almost infinitely throughout the day, escaping into these fantastical realms full of characters and filled with adventure.

Alessandro Milio, senior, UCSD
I slid my hand across the eroded concrete walls, trying to feel every divot formed by the years. Some parts of the wall were rougher; a texture reminiscent of the sandstone cliffs above Blacks Beach. Others were cold in the evening air, and smooth. Its roughness disguised by the grey lacquer it had been coated with nearly 50 years ago.

The dwindling sunlight and clouds reflected off the polished windows; it was like they weren’t there at all. The laughs and sighs of students could be heard all around me as they returned home after a long day. A few went against the current, a late lecture still awaiting them. The ever pervasive essence of eucalyptus wafted past everything in sight.

Soon I’ll get to return to the musty air of the 6th floor, or the coffee-tinted scent of the 2nd. I’ll be winded from an 8-story climb in the dankness of a darkened stairwell. I’ll be able to look out and see the place and people that I and many others call home. But for now, my phone’s wallpaper will do.

GEISEL’S MANDEVILLE SPECIAL COLLECTIONS includes the personal archives of Jonas Salk, who developed the first effective vaccine against polio; Nobel laureate Francis Crick, who co-discovered the structure of DNA; Nobel laureate Harold Urey, who co-discovered deuterium and helped develop the atom bomb; Nobel laureate Maria Goeppert Mayer, who proposed the nuclear shell model of the atomic nucleus; biologist Walter Munk, the “Einstein of the oceans”; political activist Herman Baca, co-founder of the Committee on Chicano Rights; poet Rae Armantrout, winner of the 2010 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry.

GEISEL’S CONTROVERSIAL WORK

Theodor Geisel, better known as Dr. Seuss.
Theodor Geisel, better known as Dr. Seuss. 
(Ted Winfield, U-T file)

2019 academic study by Katie Ishizuka and Ramón Stephens says, “Before and during his career publishing children’s books, Dr. Seuss (Ted Geisel) also published hundreds of racist political cartoons, comics, and advertisements for newspapers, magazines, companies, and the United States government.”

UCSD almost never mentions the issue.

But Susan Brandt, president of Dr. Seuss Enterprises in San Diego, told the Union-Tribune, “Many of (Geisel’s) books have inspiring messages and deal with a wide range of topics such as the environment, the arms race, the dangers of tyranny, and prejudice. However, some early books contain images portraying people in stereotypical ways. While unintended, the images are hurtful and wrong. Dr. Seuss Enterprises is reviewing his entire body of work to assess what changes need to be made to address these hurtful image.”

GEISEL LIBRARY BY-THE-NUMBERS

The Geisel Library on the campus of UC San Diego.
The Geisel Library on the campus of UC San Diego.
(Courtesy of UC San Diego)

Floors: 8
Height: 130 feet
Construction costs: About $5.4 million, at the time it opened. Or about $25 per square foot
Collections: More than 7 million digital and print volumes, journals, and multimedia materials.
Urban legend: There is a myth that says Geisel has so many books the library is sinking.

Sources: UC San Diego, William Periera & Associates, University of California system

https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/education/story/2020-09-06/uc-san-diego-geisel-library

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 7, 2020

Federal Library Reopening Plans by FEDLINK

Two FEDLINK working groups, Leadership and Research and Metrics, have authored a new report on how federal libraries, across a range of government agencies, plan to reopen their libraries in response to COVID-19.  In collaboration with the National Science Foundation (NSF) Library, who was developing a similar survey of academic, federal, and public libraries, FEDLINK and the NSF Library agreed to combine their questions to collaborate on a standalone federal library survey and contribute to the broader NSF report.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 7, 2020

#Plagiarism detectors are a crutch, and a problem

Academics and editors need to stop pretending that software always catches recycled text and start reading more carefully, says Debora Weber-Wulff...

When it comes to plagiarism, many academics seem to believe in magic numbers. Last month, a company offering plagiarism-detection software announced that it would be acquired for US$1.7 billion later this year. It is one of several firms offering software systems that apply ‘black box’ algorithms to produce a score that purports to show how well one text matches others. Because these systems do find some cases of plagiarism, there is a misguided belief that they duly document all cases.

Horsefeathers, my grandmother would have said. I have been testing plagiarism-detection software for the past 15 years. The results are often hard to interpret, difficult to navigate, and sometimes just wrong. Many systems report false positives for common phrases, long names of institutions or even reference information. Software also produces false negatives. A system might fail to find plagiarism if the source of the plagiarized text has not been digitized, contains spelling errors or is otherwise not available to the software system. Many cases of plagiarism slip through undetected when material is translated or taken from multiple sources. Assessments depend on both the algorithms used and on the corpus of work available for comparison. For systems that check random samples, repeating the test of the document minutes later can produce different results. I have also seen different systems rank a text as completely or partially plagiarized, or plagiarism-free.

Yet the number that these systems produce — variously known as ‘originality score’, ‘non-unique content’ or ‘PlagLevel’ — is usually taken at face value. A second opinion is seldom sought, although there are dozens of systems available. Actually reading the reports produced by the software can reveal correctly quoted material, such as a properly referenced methods section, marked as plagiarism.

But time-pressed editors, professors and administrators often focus on that simple number when making decisions that are crucial to scholars and scholarship. If the software reports a low number, the person assessing the paper might skip over obvious indicators of plagiarism such as style shifts, misspellings, font changes or underlined words that suggest the text has been pasted from Wikipedia. And, yes, I’ve seen this in dozens of doctoral dissertations and scientific publications.

If the software reports a high number, editors or professors might unjustly consider a submission as unequivocal plagiarism. Universities formally define ‘acceptable’ levels of plagiarism, evaluated by the software, for various degree levels. Teachers want the software to flag up the ‘bad’ papers, so they don’t have to read them. But students, afraid of having accidentally plagiarized, use the same systems to rewrite their work, swapping words with synonyms and rearranging sentences until the number looks good, to the detriment of readability.

Journal editors use the numbers as a crutch to quickly filter out papers that they can reject outright, or that they can publish without worry if reviewers give a thumbs up. Some journals and conferences even publish their threshold online.

Duplicated and plagiarized texts do harm: they distort scholars’ true academic output and make the literature even harder to navigate. It cannot be tolerated, but these dodgy numbers are not the solution. I have been corresponding with journal editors about problematic publications for years. Duplicate publications are those that have essentially the same text (or even data) and share at least one author. In some cases, the title and the abstract are different, and authors have been added, removed or shuffled. Plagiarized articles have no authors in common.

Some of the editors I contact are quite surprised. They use plagiarism-detection software, so they expect to be in the clear. But duplication evades detection for many reasons. Potential sources, such as doctoral theses, might be stored in a repository or behind a paywall and are not available for comparison. Texts that have been cleverly (or even algorithmically) reworded will also fall below thresholds.

This year, abstracts submitted to the World Conference on Research Integrity were analysed by software, with a text-overlap threshold set at 30%. And, indeed, 38 out of 449 submitted abstracts registered above this level. After investigating, 15 were considered to be plagiarism and 23 contained text from the author’s previously published research. Most of the abstracts were rejected; in some of the instances in which authors had recycled their own text, the abstracts were demoted to posters. This amount of plagiarism and duplication is shocking, especially for a conference on academic integrity; it is also probably an underestimate.

Software cannot determine plagiarism; it can only point to some cases of matching text. The systems can be useful for flagging up problems, but not for discriminating between originality and plagiarism. That decision must be taken by a person. The most important method for finding plagiarism is reading a text and studying the references for inconsistencies. A spot check with an Internet search engine, using three to five words from a paragraph or a particularly nice turn of phrase can uncover copyists. Searching for a reference that looks odd might turn up a source that mangled the reference in the same manner. Only if a text is somehow off, and online searching does not help, should software systems be consulted. In those cases, it’s best to use two or three systems, and to read the reports, not take the numbers at face value.

Academic integrity is a social problem; due diligence cannot be left to unknown algorithms. Keeping science honest depends on scientists willing to work hard to protect the literature.

Nature 567, 435 (2019)doi: 10.1038/d41586-019-00893-5

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-00893-5

Sizde bu bal var mı bilemeyiz ama günde bi’ kaşık balla kışı keyifle geçirebilirsiniz! #BallısınTabii Ballı Adam karakteri, şansımıza yani balımıza güvenmektense günde bi’ kaşık bal yiyerek kışı keyifle geçirebileceğimizi söylüyor. Balparmak bu filminde başrolü Honeybana, Çıt Kapak ve Katla Balla’ya verirken, özel teşekkürlerini klasik Balparmak kavanozuna veriyor. Merak edilen o şarkı da Erkut Taçkın’ın “Sevmek İstiyorum” isimli parçası.

https://www.balparmak.com.tr/

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 7, 2020

Jale Sancak’ın seçtiği 20 #kitap

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 7, 2020

#Satış Sahasında 7 Basit Kural…

Satış Sahasında 7 Basit Kural…

▶️Kendine ve müşterilerine dürüst ol.
▶️Sorunlardan sorun değil, çözümler üret.
▶️Rakiplerini kötülemek yerine kendini iyileştir.
▶️En zor ve stresli anlarda dahi sakin olmaya çalış.
▶️Üç değeri hep bir arada düşün. “Seni, ekibini ve şirketini.”
▶️İnsanları dinle. Anlamadıysan bir kez daha dinle. Ama dinle.
▶️Ve gülümse…

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 7, 2020

Best 5 Academic Search Engines for Research (Multidisciplinary)

Best 5 Academic Search Engines for Research (Multidisciplinary)

In this post, we will go through the best 5 free multidisciplinary academic search engines and get to know about their use.

There are a plethora of scholarly materials on the web. It is a difficult task for a researcher to find reliable and relevant scholarly articles from these dense piles of academic materials on the web. The academic search engine alleviates the problems smoothly.

If you want to know the best search engines for academic research, you have come to the right place.

When we talk about web resources searching for our research work, the first name that comes to our mind is the Google search engine.

This is a list of the five best free multidisciplinary academic search engines for accessing influentials and relevant research papers.

List of the Best Five Academic Search Engines

  1. Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE)
  2. Microsoft Academic
  3. Google Scholar
  4. COnnecting REpositories (CORE)
  5. Semantic Scholar

Let’s explore the academic search engines.

#1: Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE)

Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE) is a free open-source multidisciplinary academic search engine. The BASE lets you search scholarly resources on the web. You can search journal abstracts, articles, preprints, images, and videos. 

The BASE search engine was designed and developed by Bielefeld University, Germany. At the time of this writing, this tool provides more than 241,960,866 documents from more than 8,348 sources. 

The academic search engine indexes the metadata of various types of academically relevant materials such as journals, institutional repositories, digital collections, etc.

Here is the snapshot of the web search interface of the BASE search engine:

BASE web search interface a academic search engine for researchers
BASE Web Search Interface

Now, you just enter the keyword of interest in the search area and hit the search button. Here, we use “Open Educational Resources” for searching the relevant academic research articles.

Once you click on the search button, you will then be taken to the search result page:

BASE Search Engine Result using Academic Search Engine
BASE Search Engine Results

Using this tool, you can perform a verbatim search and multilingual search. Besides, it also allows you to search open access scholarly documents.

To search the relevant scholarly articles, you just click on the “Advanced Search” tab. The advance search interface will appear.

 Advanced Search using the BASE Academic Search Engine
BASE-Advance Search

You can narrow a search using the advanced search. There are various types of fields such as DOI (Digital Object Identifier), title, author, ORCID ID ((Open Researcher and Contributor ID), and subject headings in the search engine.

In addition to that, you can also enter part of the URL, the entire document as per your requirement. This tool allows you to narrow your search on Creative Commons (CC).

This state-of-the-art tool lets you search carefully on open access content and free publicly available academic resources. It indexes metadata such as author, title, abstracts of the scholarly documents.

Once you get the search results then you can export bibliographic data in various formats such as RIS, and BibTeX.

This search engine supports modern web browsers like Google Chrome, Apple Safari, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge.

The BASE website is properly designed to comply with all kinds of operating systems. 

Go to this link for more information- FAQ-Link

#2: Microsoft Academic Search Engine

Microsoft Academic is one of the most important academic search engines. This tool allows you to search journal titles, authors, conference names, and many research topics from various sources on the web.

Microsoft Academic searches meta-data rather than the full-text. This search engine does not allow a boolean search like AND, OR.

This web search engine has been designed and developed over the open dataset provider Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG). You can process the dataset of scholarly metadata offline through the MAG subscriptions.

We have accessed this website on 28th August 2020, the following stats of various resources are displayed on their site.

Numbers of publications, journals, authors, institutions in Microsoft Academic Search Engine
Entire Stats

In order to access this search engine, navigate to Microsoft Academic Homepage, you should see the web search interface like this:

Web Search Interface of Microsoft Academic Search Engine
Microsoft Academic Search Interface

Using this interface, you can search any topic, author and journal, or any combination of these topics.

In our case, we have used the term “Open Educational Resources” for searching purposes. We just put this term in the search box and hit enter.

Once you hit the enter, the following web page will appear.

Search Results for Open Educational Resources by Microsoft Academic Search engine
Search Results

Once the engine completes the search process, you will get the information related to your search topic:

  1. Top Authors and Institutions
  2. Publication Types and Top Topics
  3. Top Journals and Conferences

Besides, it also displays the parent, child, and related topics based on your search topic.

Search related Topics by Microsoft Academic
Related Topics

Moreover, the search engine lets you sort the articles by relevance such as saliency, newest first, oldest first, etc.

Articles sort by relevance using Microsoft Academic search Engine
Articles Sort by Relevance

Once you complete the search then you can export bibliographic data in various formats like APA, MLA, and BibTeX.

The Microsoft Academic web pages comply with all kinds of modern web browsers and operating systems. 

In our earlier post, we briefly described Microsoft Academic Engine.

Go to this link for more information- FAQ-Link

#3: Google Scholar-Academic Search Engine

Google Scholar is one of the largest and most advanced academic search engines. It was launched in 2004. It is a free multidisciplinary, easy to use, robust search engine. The search engine lets you find relevant work across the world of scholarly literature.

You can search across various disciplines and sources like abstracts, articles, theses, books, patents, conference proceedings, online repositories, and other web materials.

It indexes 390 million scholarly literature across a range of disciplines. You can access both open and closed source scholarly materials using this discovery tool.

To perform the above-mentioned job, you open Google Scholar and then enter the search topic. Here, we enter “Open Educational Resources” for obtaining scholarly resources.

Here is a snapshot of the search results page:

Search Results using the free academic search engine
Search Results

Google Scholar lets you create an online library to organize your scholarly articles and so that you can use it later.

In addition, you can create a search alert to know when new scholarly resources on your topic have been uploaded on the web. Since the launch of Google Scholar in 2004, search alert has been the most popular mode of notifying alert among the researchers.

The search alert is one of the most important features of Google Scholar. We have to visit the site repeatedly to perform the same search. A search alert solves this problem and saves you precious time.

You do not need to visit the search engine site repeatedly for the same work. It lets you know when new scholarly materials on your topic have been included on the web.

In a previous post, we wrote about how to set up Search Alert in Google Scholar.

There are various types of search fields in Google scholar such as article, title, author, publication, and date.

If you want to do an advance search, click on the three dash bar on the extreme left. You will see the sub-menu window.

Advanced Search using Google Scholar Academic Search Engine
Advanced Search

Now, once you click on the “Advanced Search”, you will then be taken to the following webpage.

Advanced Search Fields in Google Scholar Academic Search Engine
Advanced Search Web Interface

Once you get the search results then you can export bibliographic data in various formats such as APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard, Vancouver, RIS, and BibTeX.

The Google Scholar supports all kind of modern web browsers like Google Chrome, Safari, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, and operating systems.

Go to this link for more information- Link

#4: COnnecting REpositories (CORE) Academic Search Engsine

COnnecting REpositories (CORE) is one of the largest aggregators of open access research papers. It is a multidisciplinary not-for-profit service delivered by The Open University and JISC.

CORE is designed and developed with more filters and facets. It provides open accessed scholarly literature. Besides, this aggregator harvests and caches full-text scholarly articles from various registries.

In this web search, we just put the keyword “Open Educational Resources” for searching the academic research articles. You should see the window like this:

CORE Search Results

There are two types of search processes such as simple search and advanced search.

Here is the snapshot of the advanced search along with its fields.

Advanced Search using CORE Academic Search Engine
CORE Advanced Search

The advanced search lets users narrow their search to specific fields as shown above. You can export BibTex file using this tool.

From various registries, such as OpenDOAR and DOAJ, it uses the information to include new repositories and journals into CORE.

The CORE supports all kinds of modern browsers like Google Chrome, Safari, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, and operating systems.

Go to this link for more information-FAQ Link

#5: Semantic Scholar Academic Search Engine

Semantic Scholar is a free, multidisciplinary AI-powered academic search engine that lets you discover relevant scholarly materials on the web.

This discovery tool was launched in 2015 at the Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence.

You navigate to Semantic Scholar for searching the high quality, peer-reviewed academic research articles. This state-of-the-art AI-backed tool supports modern web browsers like Google Chrome, Safari, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge.

Here, we enter “Open Educational Resources” for obtaining influential scholarly resources. Once you press the search button you will get the following results.

Semantic Scholar Academic Search Engine for Researchers
Semantic Scholar Search Results

Using the Artificial Intelligence baked engine, this robust tool extracts the meaning from the scientific literature. This multidisciplinary tool indexes high-quality research articles from all fields of science.

“My Library” is one of the most important features in Semantic Scholar. You can use “My Library” in this tool to add the publications. This allows you to easily revisit any publication in your library through your free account.

In addition to that, you can also create an email alert to stay up-to-date on scholarly literature in your field of study. There are various types of alerts in the Semantic Scholar like authors, papers, and topics.

Once you get the search results, Semantic Scholar lets you export the BibTeX and Endnote file using the “cite” on the search page. In order to export the BibTex(.bib) file, you just click on the BibTex button. You can also download EndNote (.enw) file.

Here is a snapshot of cite tab for exporting data:

Exporting .bib file using BibTex button
Exporting BibTex File

It supports BibTeX, MLA, APA, and Chicago format. You have to select the options from the “cite” tab.

Semantic Scholar supports the latest versions of the most popular operating systems.

Hopefully, this article was useful to you! If you enjoyed this post, lets others know about the best 5 academic search engines.

Dr. Ujjal Marjit leads the Centre for Information Resource Management of the University of Kalyani, India. He received his bachelor honours degree from Visva Bharati, Central University and Master in Computer Application from Jadavpur University, India.He did his BLISc and MLISc from Madurai Kamraj University, India. He obtained his PhD in Computer Science and Engineering from University of Kalyani. He was also a visiting researcher at Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway. Dr. Marjit was a member of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), USA. He has coauthored several book chapters and over 70 research publications in various International Journals and Conferences. Dr. Marjit attended many national and international conferences in India and abroad ( Germany, London, Finland, Norway, Netherlands). He has been working in University since 2001.

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 7, 2020

#Sciwheel (Reference manager and generator)

Beyond a reference manager. An easy and intuitive way to discover, read, annotate, write and share scientific research.

Instantly save references from the web

Save references directly from the web, including Google Scholar and PubMed. Whenever you come across an interesting article we’ll save the web link, full citation data and the PDF (when available).

Highlight and add notes to PDFs and web pages

You can see your notes and co-author comments without leaving your document. Once you make a note, you can easily search to find them. Notes are accessible wherever you view the article or PDF on the web.

Get the most relevant articles

Our algorithm suggests articles to ensure you never miss an important paper. You can also search for related articles while writing your paper.

Access all you need to write your paper in a single location

Find your references and search multiple databases, all within Microsoft Word and Google Docs. Automatically generate your bibliography in one of 7,000+ styles. Never miss an important article with Smart citation suggestions*.

Access your references and PDFs from any device

Read, annotate and save articles from any computer, mobile or tablet (Android and iOS). Have all your references, notes and suggested articles available across your devices.

https://sciwheel.com/?lg

https://www.sciwheel.com/blog/how-can-sciwheel-help-libraries/

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 7, 2020

Osmanlı Yer Adları #TahirSezen

Posted by: bluesyemre | September 7, 2020

Transformation of #AcademicLibrary services

This ongoing COVID-19 crisis has compelled not only the tertiary educational institutions to continue their business via online mode, but also their stakeholders – staff and students – to adopt this unexpected shift from face to face to online or blended delivery of learning and teaching. Picture: https://online.usc.edu

The beautiful planet has seen unbelievable threats and challenges because of the Novel coronavirus, causing COVID-19.

This pandemic has jolted not only public health, but also the economy. In most parts of this wonderful globe, the lockdown situation for controlling the movement of people and blocking the proliferation of this deadly disease has occurred.

However, the COVID-19 cases worldwide have grown, resulting in enormous challenges, and global uncertainty to organisations or temporarily closure of businesses.

During this pandemic, the capability, collective imagination, and thoughtful action of senior management plays a very crucial role in dealing with the present difficulties, changing business practices, and rewriting the sustainable business future.

Fiji consists of an archipelago of 300 tropical islands and 540 islets and is known as “heart of South Pacific” and “home to happiness”. It was not an exception to the closure of its most businesses on this fragile planet when COVID-19 cases had been identifying.

With the herculean efforts and viable approaches of the Government, Fiji became COVID-19 free, and the business started.

However, this ongoing calamity is closely monitored by continuing the night curfew, launching CARE Fiji app., etc.

This pandemic has also forced the educational institutions to bring temporary closure to their core business which has impacted 90 per cent of the world’s student population.

In Fiji, this ongoing crisis has compelled not only the tertiary educational institutions such as Fiji National University, and The University of South Pacific to continue their business via online mode, but also their real stakeholder’s (staff and students) to adopt this unexpected shift from face to face to online or blended delivery of learning and teaching (L&T).

This era is also known as the “Era of Technological Fusion” that has brought a paradigm shift not only in publishing format from print to electronic or digital but also to universities libraries in making the right choice for digital and online resources and services as well as in avoiding the possible risks associated with the journey of printed books from publishers to users.

These digital information resources have enrooted to the doorsteps and desktops for quenching the hunger of their users and also opened the gate to discover the solution to this ongoing destructive COVID-19 crisis.

Similarly, the libraries of these universities had hard choices in offering services ranging from minimal restrictions to full closure as well as in assessing the possible risks to library users and staff members.

In order to avoid the potential identified risks, the universities library staff members working either from home or on campus respected the strictest measures suggested by Fiji Government, World Health Organization (WHO), International Federation of Library Association and Institution (IFLA), etc.

Also, the flexible policies and standard operating procedures (SOPs) have provided a viable way to libraries to respond strategically to this pandemic by replanning, redesigning, repackaging and relaunching the transformed resources and services for remote access as well as to move forward towards their re-openings.

In addition, libraries have taken several feasible precautionary measures and initiatives regarding their smooth operation as per the suggested guidelines.

So the universities library have been working hard in transforming and providing access to their collections and services remotely.

These libraries already rowed their boat in building robust digital scholarly resources through the subscription of electronic/online/digital databases consisting of e-books, e-journals, e-theses and dissertations, trade journals, magazines, conference proceedings, reports, case studies, audiobooks, videos, etc.

The formation of Fiji Library Consortium in 2013 with the help of EIFL (Electronic Information for Libraries) has added a wide range of scholarly electronic and digital resources to the libraries collection.

To provide round the clock seamless and global access to these digital resources of universal knowledge, libraries use EZproxy and web-scale discovery services (EBSCO Discovery Service) and enterprise (SirsiDynix), one search platform for all the resources at one place.

During this calamity, several world-leading prominent university presses, publishers, and vendors have taken a great initiative by unlocking their databases of digital resources as free access.

This free access initiative continues until the normalcy is returned.

Apart from this, open educational resources (OER) also played a crucial role in learning, teaching and research which made available under the open licences to retain, reuse, revise, remix, and redistribute.

All the above tools and resources together have created not only a unique platform but also the ideal search experience for their users.

During this devastating period, libraries have also transformed their marketing strategy by adopting different modes as library website, social media (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, etc.), virtual open day, online information literacy, webinars, common e-mail circulation by public relation department, reference enquires through ask-a-librarian or contact us, etc.

The library professionals have been blessed with the marvellous experience of working from home and attending webinars and online workshops/conferences.

Lastly, the library professionals and libraries worldwide are trying their level best to provide the right resources to the researchers, scientists, doctors and other stakeholders in order to combat COVID-19 for mitigating the public health impact.

Now there is no doubt COVID-19 has halted most of the academic activities, but the libraries have confirmed their immense backing to their educational institutions in achieving their goals.

Dr Tanveer Haider Naqvi is the deputy university librarian under the Department of Library Services at Fiji National University. The views expressed are his and does not reflect the views of this newspaper. For comments or suggestions, e-mail DUL@fnu.ac.fj

Heather Piwowar and Jason Priem are working non-stop to accelerate the pace of the open science revolution.

The pair co-founded the non-profit organization Our Research, which recently developed and debuted Unsub, a data dashboard and forecasting tool that helps academic libraries cut their subscriptions to expensive bundles of toll-access journals.

“Libraries are stuck with these expensive Big Deal subscriptions, even as the growth of Open Access makes cancellation relatively painless. Librarians aren’t confident about their options about whether they can walk away,” Priem says. “That’s what Unsub is meant to fix.”

Unsub (formerly known as Unpaywall Journals) has widely been hailed as a game changer in the scholarly communications market, providing institutions with the leverage they need when negotiating with publishers over journal subscription packages.  The tool forecasts the value and costs of individual journals to specific institutions, leveling the playing field for the first time for libraries when conducting negotiations with publishers. 

“Librarians have felt like the Big Deal isn’t a good deal for a while, as prices went steadily up and budgets didn’t,” Piwowar says. “Unsub provides librarians with the data about the actual value of the collection they being asked to purchase to back up their intuitions, and to present to faculty and administration, making the case that other fulfillment paths are usually much more cost effective.”

When Piwowar and Priem built the platform in late 2019, interest was immediately very high among universities in North America. Now the company is signing up national labs, consortia, libraries around the world, and as well working with industry librarians. More than 300 libraries are signed up for Unsub, which costs between $500 and $3,000 per library per year, depending on the library’s size 

“Everyone needs to be more efficient with their money right now, and Unsub provides the data to help you do that,” says Piwowar. “Institutional mandates increasingly require immediate Open Access. This future simply isn’t consistent with the high-profit, toll-access business model of the past. The long-term goal of Unsub is to speed the transition to business models to the future:  a future where everyone can read and build on human knowledge for the betterment of society.” 

SPARC hosted a webinar in July where librarians shared their experience with using Unsub. Several touted the benefit of having evidence to show their institution’s administration the potential savings they could achieve by eliminating journals critical mass of content that could otherwise be accessed freely — and legally — online. The tool was instrumental in helping the State University of New York (SUNY) track the use of scholarly articles and create a list of journals that were most vital. 

“Emotionally and philosophically we were there in wanting to negotiate a better deal,” says Mark McBride, Library Senior Strategist in the Office of Library and Information Services at SUNY. “We had a strong appetite to walk away, but we also needed access. The key with Unsub is that the data put us in the driver seat.”

The system had been spending about $9 million a year before it decided to cancel its bundled Big Deal with Elsevier. Now it subscribes to a few hundred individual Elsevier journals at an estimated savings of $7 million annually.

“The point of Unsub is to take away much of the uncertainty of doubt around cutting journals,” Priem says. 

The tool is designed to be easy to use and to provide customized information to each institution. Librarians input information about their collection into Unsub and a forecast is provided that can eliminate the guesswork about the potential impact of canceling a journal. The options take into account both immediate and long-term savings, based on calculations of the institution’s contracts.  Unsub incorporates detailed information about subscription history, journals by discipline, ILL requests, citations by faculty and other metrics to help institutions make decisions having a clear sense of the potential outcome.

In addition to the enterprise, the mission side of Unsub is to make it unprofitable for publishers to continue using a toll-access model. “We want to basically poison that well – because there is another, better well – a great fresh water well that is the open access model,” says Priem. “We can beg and plead the publishers to change, but as long as they are making huge profit margins, why would they ever switch? We want to make it more appealing to switch.”   

As Unsub gains traction, its developers are encouraged about the broad impact of their growing company.

“It’s about making research that belongs to everybody and that can be used by everybody,” Priem says. “Whether that’s getting information to patients with open access or getting data and code to scientists – across the open spectrum, we want to improve the way humanity does science.”

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